HOW DO PARENTERAL LOCAL ANESTHETICS WORK?
Local anesthesia causes the temporary loss of sensation, including pain, without depressing the consciousness. It acts within nerve fibers to inhibit the rapid inflow of sodium necessary for impulse generation. When there is no impulse generation, there is no transmission of pain around that area. Also, there is a loss of sensation around that area.
HOW ARE PARENTERAL LOCAL ANESTHETICS USED?
Parenteral local anesthetics are used to cause loss of sensation before:
- Minor surgery
- Dental procedures
- Obstetrical procedures
WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF PARENTERAL LOCAL ANESTHETICS?
Side effects of parenteral local anesthetics include:
- Fungal infection
- Decreased appetite
- Abnormal heart rate
- Facial swelling
- Paresthesia (tingling and prickling sensation)
- Gingivitis (inflammation of gums)
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Acidosis (a buildup of acid in the blood)
- Urinary retention
The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.
WHAT ARE NAMES OF PARENTERAL LOCAL ANESTHETICS?
Generic and brand names of parenteral local anesthetics include: