WHAT ARE TOPICAL ALPHA AGONISTS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?
Topical alpha agonists are medications used to treat a skin disorder known as rosacea. Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory facial disorder characterized by redness and visible blood vessels (vasodilatation) on the face.
Alpha adrenergic receptor agents include agonists and antagonists that bind to the alpha-1 and alpha-2 adrenergic receptors. Topical alpha agonists bind to alpha-2 adrenergic receptors, mainly present in the brain and periphery. When these receptors are activated, they cause the blood vessels to constrict.
Topical alpha agonists work in the following ways:
HOW ARE TOPICAL ALPHA AGONISTS USED?
They are used to treat skin conditions including:
- Rosacea (persistent facial erythema)
- Flushing of face
WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF TOPICAL ALPHA AGONISTS?
Common side effects include:
- Erythema (redness)
- Burning and/or stinging
- Application-site dermatitis
- Pain and itching at the site of application
Other rare side effects include:
- Blistering, burning, crusting, dryness, or flaking of the skin
- Itching, scaling, severe redness, soreness, or swelling of the skin
- Blemishes on the skin
- Nasopharyngitis (swelling of the nasal passages)
- Increased intraocular pressure
- Allergic reaction
Information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.