You might be amazed how soon your cute, little, naughty son has turned into a handsome hunk. You might find it hard to believe that your son is not just a school-going child but also an adolescent. Adolescence is a phase just before adulthood, which is also time for major physical changes and intellectual, social, and emotional development. Although a typical developmental milestone may vary from boy to boy, there are some general development milestones to look for.
At this age, boys continue to grow in height, and they
- Need excess sleep.
- Get taller and more muscular.
- Eat a lot and are almost always hungry.
- Can be clumsy because they are growing.
Your teen's thought process becomes complex by 15 years of age. Some of the changes include the following:
- Starting to make their own decision
- Developing a sense of right and wrong
- Understanding the long-term effects of their decisions
- Developing a passion for something and cultivating deeper interests
- Starting to set a goal for the future
- Appreciating other's opinions
- Developing the ability to solve problems
- Successfully juggling school, outside activities, and work
- Frequently challenging and questioning school and parental rules
- Exploring new music, jobs, religion, political issues, sexuality, and social causes and experimenting with clothing fashion
Social and emotional characteristics
Your son might search for an identity -- a sense of who they are. They want to be more independent and in control. During this age, they may also do the following:
- Give preference to friends over family.
- Spend less time with family and more time with family or alone.
- Be excited and at the same time overwhelmed by the possibilities for their future.
- Want to try new things such as alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
- Have strong sexual urges and may become sexually active.
- Become more aware of their sexual orientation.
- Get depressed -- but sadness lasting more than 2 weeks is not normal.
- Want to argue more and talk less.
- Start dating.
Speech and language
Most 15-year-old boys are interested in conversing with their friends rather than family members. Most 15-year-old boys can do the following:
- Communicate in an adult fashion.
- Hold appropriate conversations.
- Use more sophisticated communication skills.
- Understand and use sarcasm in their speech.
- Have a liking for text message and social media.
- Find writing or blogging to be a helpful way to express themselves.
What can parents do to help their 15-year-old son?
As a parent, you can do the following things to help your teen during this time.
- Talk with them about drugs, tobacco, and alcohol.
- Be ready to address their concerns and problems.
- Involve them in setting household rules and schedules.
- Continue talking to them about dating, sex, and the importance of safe sex.
- Encourage them to volunteer and get involved in community activities.
- Set rules about media use.
- Encourage them to get enough sleep and physical activity.
- Talk about body image and self-worth.
- Encourage them to eat healthy foods and be active.
- Compliment them and celebrate their efforts and accomplishments.
- Respect your teen's opinions and listen to them without judging them.
- Respect their need for privacy.
- Support their gender identity and love them.
- Know how to recognize the signs and symptoms of eating disorders and other mental problems.
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United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Teenagers (15-17 years of age)." Feb. 22, 2021. <https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/positiveparenting/adolescence2.html>.