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How Does Graves Disease Affect the Body?

Reviewed on 10/9/2020
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland.
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland.

Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid gland. In this disease, there is an overproduction of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones control the body’s metabolism, so they affect almost all the organs of the body. Hyperthyroidism predominantly affects the following organs:

Also, Graves disease affects the menstrual cycle and fertility. Complications of Graves disease include:

What causes Graves disease?

Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system releases abnormal antibodies that mimic the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH, released by the pituitary gland, activates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones. Abnormal antibodies lead to the overproduction of thyroid hormones. Hereditary can play a major role in determining the susceptibility of abnormal antibodies.

Who is at risk of developing Graves disease?

Graves disease mainly affects women between the ages of 30 and 50 years. People with the following conditions are at risk of developing Graves disease:

What are the symptoms of Graves disease?

Hyperthyroidism augments certain body functions. Symptoms of Graves disease include:

How is Graves disease treated?

Treatment for Graves disease involves lowering the thyroid level or blocking the action of the thyroid. The three main treatments of Graves disease include:

Medications, such as beta-blockers, may block some of the effects of excess thyroid hormone. They slow down the heart rate and reduce the symptoms of shakiness and nervousness.

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References
https://www.webmd.com/women/understanding-graves-disease-symptoms

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/15244-graves-disease/management-and-treatment

https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/graves-disease#:~:text=Graves'%20disease%20is%20an%20autoimmune,loss%2C%20and%20a%20fast%20metabolism.

https://www.uptodate.com/contents/clinical-manifestations-and-diagnosis-of-graves-disease-in-children-and-adolescents#H1950892606

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