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How Is A Cesarean Delivery Done?

Reviewed on 11/5/2020
About 30% of all babies in the United States are born through cesarean delivery.
About 30% of all babies in the United States are born through cesarean delivery.

Cesarean delivery mostly follows this process:

  • You will be positioned on an operating table.
  • A urinary catheter may be placed before entering the operating room.
  • The physician may start an intravenous (IV) line in your arm or hand.
  • The physician will shave the hair around the surgical site. They will clean the surgical site with an antiseptic solution.
  • The physician may give you local anesthesia, either an epidural or a spinal block to numb you from the waist down.
  • Once the anesthesia has taken its effect, the physician makes a cut above the pubic bone, mostly along the bikini line.
  • The surgeon makes a deeper cut through the tissues and separates the abdominal and uterine muscles and then enters the uterine cavity.
  • The physician will open the amniotic sac to deliver the child through the opening and cut the umbilical cord.
  • The physician will give you medicine through the IV line for a contraction of the uterus and ejection of the placenta.
  • The physician may watch for remnants of the placenta and tears in the uterus.
  • Finally, the physician closes the muscles and tissue layers with sutures or surgical staples.
  • The sutures may be removed on day 7.

What is cesarean delivery?

Cesarean delivery is the surgical delivery of a baby by making an incision in the mother’s abdominal wall and uterus. Although cesarean delivery is generally safe, it should be performed during certain circumstances. About 30% of all babies in the United States are born through cesarean delivery.

There are certain disadvantages of cesarean delivery over vaginal delivery. They are as follows:

  • Longer recovery period Prolonged hospitalization
  • Uterine scarring, making further pregnancies riskier 

Why is cesarean delivery needed?

Cesarean delivery might be planned due to a medical reason or performed due to any medical emergency. Cesarean delivery might be recommended in

An emergency cesarean delivery may be indicated in the following situations:

Cesarean delivery should be avoided when

What are the complications of cesarean delivery?

Cesarean delivery involves some risks that include:

Subsequent pregnancies may have an improper placental position due to a uterine scar from cesarean delivery done at present.

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References
https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/treatments/7246-cesarean-birth-c-section/risks--benefits

https://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=cesarean-delivery-92-P07768

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