What is forehead flap surgery?
Forehead flaps are a surgical procedure that is mainly used to repair nasal defects. Nasal reconstruction has seen significant advancements in the modern era, though forehead flap surgery itself is not new.
The following surgeries use forehead flaps:
Who should not undergo forehead flap surgery?
Certain factors may compromise the success of this surgery. Patients with the following medical conditions should not undergo this procedure:
How is a forehead flap procedure performed?
Before the surgery
- Discuss with the surgeon about goals, potential risks and post-surgery care.
- Detail any past medical and medication history.
During the surgery
- The patient will be given anesthesia to remain unconscious throughout the procedure.
- An outline or stencil to match the shape of the defect is placed on the forehead and marked.
- The flap from the forehead is cut out and then placed upside-down over the defect of the nose using fine stitches.
- To enhance the visual appearance of the reconstructed nose, the surgeon might remove bulky tissue if the flap seems too heavy or bulky.
After the surgery
Post-surgery instructions involve:
What are the risks of forehead flap surgery?
What is the outcome of forehead flap surgery?
Generally, this surgery takes an hour to complete. The forehead flap procedure can take months to heal, depending on procedure types and the underlying condition of the patient. Long-term effects provide a good color match, inconspicuous scars and preferred nasal shape without excessive bulk.