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Imbruvica

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/30/2020
Drug Description

What is Imbruvica?

Imbruvica is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with:

  • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior treatment
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with 17p deletion
  • Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM)
  • Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) who require a medicine by mouth or injection (systemic therapy) and have received a certain type of prior treatment
  • Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) after failure of 1 or more lines of systemic therapy

It is not known if Imbruvica is safe and effective in children.

What are the possible side effects of Imbruvica?

Imbruvica may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Bleeding problems (hemorrhage) are common during treatment with Imbruvica, and can also be serious and may lead to death. Your risk of bleeding may increase if you are also taking a blood thinner medicine. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any signs of bleeding, including:
    • blood in your stools or black stools (looks like tar)
    • pink or brown urine
    • unexpected bleeding, or bleeding that is severe or that you cannot control
    • vomit blood or vomit looks like coffee grounds
    • cough up blood or blood clots
    • increased bruising
    • dizziness
    • weakness
    • confusion
    • change in your speech
    • headache that lasts a long time or severe headache
  • Infections can happen during treatment with Imbruvica. These infections can be serious and may lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have fever, chills, weakness, confusion, or other signs or symptoms of an infection during treatment with Imbruvica.
  • Decrease in blood cell counts. Decreased blood counts (white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells) are common with Imbruvica, but can also be severe. Your healthcare provider should do monthly blood tests to check your blood counts.
  • Heart rhythm problems (ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter). Serious heart rhythm problems and death have happened in people treated with Imbruvica, especially in people who have an increased risk for heart disease, have an infection, or who have had heart rhythm problems in the past. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any symptoms of heart rhythm problems, such as feeling as if your heart is beating fast and irregular, lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, or you faint. If you develop any of these symptoms, your healthcare provider may do a test to check your heart (ECG) and may change your Imbruvica dose.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension). New or worsening high blood pressure has happened in people treated with Imbruvica. Your healthcare provider may start you on blood pressure medicine or change current medicines to treat your blood pressure.
  • Second primary cancers. New cancers have happened during treatment with Imbruvica, including cancers of the skin or other organs.
  • Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells. TLS can cause kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment, abnormal heart rhythm, seizure, and sometimes death. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS.

The most common side effects of Imbruvica in adults with B-cell malignancies (MCL, CLL/SLL, WM and MZL) include:

  • diarrhea
  • tiredness
  • muscle and bone pain
  • rash
  • bruising

The most common side effects of Imbruvica in adults with cGVHD include:

  • tiredness
  • bruising
  • diarrhea
  • mouth sores (stomatitis)
  • muscle spasms
  • nausea
  • pneumonia

Diarrhea is a common side effect in people who take Imbruvica. Drink plenty of fluids during treatment with Imbruvica to help reduce your risk of losing too much fluid (dehydration) due to diarrhea. Tell your healthcare provider if you have diarrhea that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Imbruvica.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

DESCRIPTION

Ibrutinib is an inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK). It is a white to off-white solid with the empirical formula C25H24N6O2 and a molecular weight 440.50. Ibrutinib is freely soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide, soluble in methanol and practically insoluble in water.

The chemical name for ibrutinib is 1-[(3R)-3-[4-amino-3-(4-phenoxyphenyl)-1Hpyrazolo[ 3,4-d]pyrimidin-1-yl]-1-piperidinyl]-2-propen-1-one and has the following structure:

IMBRUVICA® (ibrutinib) Structural Formula Illustration

IMBRUVICA (ibrutinib) is available as immediate-release oral capsules and immediate-release oral tablets.

IMBRUVICA (ibrutinib) capsules for oral administration are available in the following dosage strengths: 70 mg and 140 mg. Each capsule contains ibrutinib (active ingredient) and the following inactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate. The capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, yellow iron oxide (70 mg capsule only), and black ink.

IMBRUVICA (ibrutinib) tablets for oral administration are available in the following dosage strengths: 140 mg, 280 mg, 420 mg, and 560 mg. Each tablet contains ibrutinib (active ingredient) and the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, and sodium lauryl sulfate. The film coating for each tablet contains ferrosoferric oxide (140 mg, 280 mg, and 420 mg tablets), polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, red iron oxide (280 mg and 560 mg tablets), talc, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide (140 mg, 420 mg, and 560 mg tablets).

Indications

INDICATIONS

Mantle Cell Lymphoma

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior therapy.

Accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial [see Clinical Studies].

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma With 17p Deletion

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with 17p deletion.

Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM).

Marginal Zone Lymphoma

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) who require systemic therapy and have received at least one prior anti-CD20-based therapy.

Accelerated approval was granted for this indication based on overall response rate [see Clinical Studies]. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.

Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

IMBRUVICA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after failure of one or more lines of systemic therapy.

QUESTION

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Dosage

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Recommended Dosage

Mantle Cell Lymphoma And Marginal Zone Lymphoma

The recommended dosage of IMBRUVICA for MCL and MZL is 560 mg orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma And Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

The recommended dosage of IMBRUVICA for CLL/SLL and WM is 420 mg orally once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

For CLL/SLL, IMBRUVICA can be administered as a single agent, in combination with rituximab or obinutuzumab, or in combination with bendamustine and rituximab (BR).

For WM, IMBRUVICA can be administered as a single agent or in combination with rituximab.

When administering IMBRUVICA in combination with rituximab or obinutuzumab, consider administering IMBRUVICA prior to rituximab or obinutuzumab when given on the same day.

Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

The recommended dosage of IMBRUVICA for cGVHD is 420 mg orally once daily until cGVHD progression, recurrence of an underlying malignancy, or unacceptable toxicity. When a patient no longer requires therapy for the treatment of cGVHD, IMBRUVICA should be discontinued considering the medical assessment of the individual patient.

Administration

Administer IMBRUVICA at approximately the same time each day with a glass of water.

Swallow tablets or capsule whole. Do not open, break, or chew the capsules. Do not cut, crush, or chew the tablets.

If a dose of IMBRUVICA is not taken at the scheduled time, it can be taken as soon as possible on the same day with a return to the normal schedule the following day. Do not take extra doses of IMBRUVICA to make up for the missed dose.

Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions

Interrupt IMBRUVICA therapy for any Grade 3 or greater non-hematological toxicities, Grade 3 or greater neutropenia with infection or fever, or Grade 4 hematological toxicities. Once the adverse reaction has improved to Grade 1 or baseline (recovery), IMBRUVICA may be reinitiated at the starting dose. If the adverse reaction reoccurs, reduce dose by 140 mg per day. Consider a second reduction of dose by 140 mg as needed. If these adverse reactions persist or recur following two dose reductions, discontinue IMBRUVICA.

Recommended dose modifications are described below:

Toxicity OccurrenceDose Modification for MCL and MZL After Recovery Starting Dose = 560 mgDose Modification for CLL/SLL, WM, and cGVHD After Recovery Starting Dose = 420 mg
FirstRestart at 560 mg dailyRestart at 420 mg daily
SecondRestart at 420 mg dailyRestart at 280 mg daily
ThirdRestart at 280 mg dailyRestart at 140 mg daily
FourthDiscontinue IMBRUVICADiscontinue IMBRUVICA

Dosage Modifications For Use With CYP3A Inhibitors

Recommended dosage modifications are described below [see DRUG INTERACTIONS]:

Patient PopulationCoadministered DrugRecommended IMBRUVICA Dosage
B-Cell Malignancies
  • Moderate CYP3A inhibitor
280 mg once daily
Modify dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Voriconazole 200 mg twice daily
  • Posaconazole suspension 100 mg once daily, 100 mg twice daily, or 200 mg twice daily
140 mg once daily
Modify dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Posaconazole suspension 200 mg three times daily or 400 mg twice daily
  • Posaconazole intravenously 300 mg once daily
  • Posaconazole delayed-release tablets 300 mg once daily
70 mg once daily
Interrupt dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Other strong CYP3A inhibitors
Avoid concomitant use.
If these inhibitors will be used shortterm (such as anti-infectives for seven days or less), interrupt IMBRUVICA.
Chronic Graft versus Host Disease
  • Moderate CYP3A inhibitor
420 mg once daily
Modify dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Voriconazole 200 mg twice daily
  • Posaconazole suspension 100 mg once daily, 100 mg twice daily, or 200 mg twice daily
280 mg once daily
Modify dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Posaconazole suspension 200 mg three times daily or 400 mg twice daily
  • Posaconazole intravenously 300 mg once daily
  • Posaconazole delayed-release tablets 300 mg once daily
140 mg once daily
Interrupt dose as recommended [see Dosage Modifications For Adverse Reactions].
  • Other strong CYP3A inhibitors
Avoid concomitant use.
If these inhibitors will be used shortterm (such as anti-infectives for seven days or less), interrupt IMBRUVICA.

After discontinuation of a CYP3A inhibitor, resume previous dose of IMBRUVICA [see Recommended Dosage, DRUG INTERACTIONS].

Dosage Modifications For Use In Hepatic Impairment

The recommended dosage is 140 mg daily for patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child- Pugh class A).

The recommended dosage is 70 mg daily for patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child- Pugh class B).

Avoid the use of IMBRUVICA in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C) [see Use In Specific Populations, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Capsules

Each 70 mg capsule is a yellow, opaque capsule marked with “ibr 70 mg” in black ink.

Each 140 mg capsule is a white, opaque capsule marked with “ibr 140 mg” in black ink.

Tablets

Each 140 mg tablet is a yellow green to green round tablet debossed with “ibr” on one side and “140” on the other side.

Each 280 mg tablet is a purple oblong tablet debossed with “ibr” on one side and “280” on the other side.

Each 420 mg tablet is a yellow green to green oblong tablet debossed with “ibr” on one side and “420” on the other side.

Each 560 mg tablet is a yellow to orange oblong tablet debossed with “ibr” on one side and “560” on the other side.

Storage And Handling

Capsules

The 70 mg capsules are supplied as yellow opaque capsules, marked with “ibr 70 mg” in black ink, in white HDPE bottles with a child-resistant closure:

  • 28 capsules per bottle: NDC 57962-070-28

The 140 mg capsules are supplied as white opaque capsules, marked with “ibr 140 mg” in black ink, in white HDPE bottles with a child-resistant closure:

  • 90 capsules per bottle: NDC 57962-140-09
  • 120 capsules per bottle: NDC 57962-140-12

Store bottles at room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Excursions are permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F to 86°F). Retain in original package until dispensing.

Tablets

The IMBRUVICA (ibrutinib) tablets are supplied in 4 strengths in the following packaging

  • 140 mg tablets: Yellow green to green round tablets debossed with “ibr” on one side and “140” on the other side. Carton of one folded blister card containing two 14-count blister strips for a total of 28 tablets: NDC 57962-014-28
  • 280 mg tablets: Purple oblong tablets debossed with “ibr” on one side and “280” on the other side. Carton of one folded blister card containing two 14-count blister strips for a total of 28 tablets: NDC 57962-280-28
  • 420 mg tablets: Yellow green to green oblong tablets debossed with “ibr” on one side and “420” on the other side. Carton of one folded blister card containing two 14-count blister strips for a total of 28 tablets: NDC 57962-420-28
  • 560 mg tablets: Yellow to orange oblong tablets debossed with “ibr” on one side and “560” on the other side. Carton of one folded blister card containing two 14-count blister strips for a total of 28 tablets: NDC 57962-560-28

Store tablets in original packaging at room temperature 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Excursions are permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

Distributed and Marketed by: Pharmacyclics LLC Sunnyvale, CA USA 94085. Revised: Apr 2020

Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling:

  • Hemorrhage [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Infections [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Cytopenias [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Cardiac Arrhythmias [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Hypertension [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Second Primary Malignancies [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely variable conditions, adverse event rates observed in clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates of clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The data in the WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA in 6 trials as a single agent at 420 mg orally once daily in 475 patients and at 560 mg orally once daily in 174 patients and in 4 trials administered in combination with other drugs at 420 mg orally once daily in 827 patients. Among these 1,476 patients with B-cell malignancies who received IMBUVICA, 87% were exposed for 6 months or longer and 68% were exposed for greater than one year. In this pooled safety population of 1,476 patients with B-cell malignancies, the most common adverse reactions (≥30%) were thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, neutropenia, rash, anemia, and bruising.

Mantle Cell Lymphoma

The data described below reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA in a clinical trial (Study 1104) that included 111 patients with previously treated MCL treated with 560 mg daily with a median treatment duration of 8.3 months.

The most common adverse reactions (≥ 20%) were thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, neutropenia, anemia, fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, peripheral edema, upper respiratory tract infection, nausea, bruising, dyspnea, constipation, rash, abdominal pain, vomiting and decreased appetite (see Tables 1 and 2).

The most common Grade 3 or 4 non-hematological adverse reactions (≥ 5%) were pneumonia, abdominal pain, atrial fibrillation, diarrhea, fatigue, and skin infections.

Fatal and serious cases of renal failure have occurred with IMBRUVICA therapy. Increases in creatinine 1.5 to 3 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) occurred in 9% of patients.

Adverse reactions from the MCL trial (N=111) using single agent IMBRUVICA 560 mg daily occurring at a rate of ≥ 10% are presented in Table 1.

Table 1: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% of Patients with MCL (N=111)

Body SystemAdverse ReactionAll Grades (%)Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Gastrointestinal disordersDiarrhea515
Nausea310
Constipation250
Abdominal pain245
Vomiting230
Stomatitis171
Dyspepsia110
General disorders and administration site conditionsFatigue415
Peripheral edema353
Pyrexia181
Asthenia143
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersMusculoskeletal pain371
Muscle spasms140
Arthralgia110
Infections and infestationsUpper respiratory tract infection340
Urinary tract infection143
Pneumonia148
Skin infections145
Sinusitis131
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disordersBruising300
Rash253
Petechiae110
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disordersDyspnea275
Cough190
Epistaxis110
Metabolism and nutrition disordersDecreased appetite212
Dehydration124
Nervous system disordersDizziness140
Headache130
Includes one event with a fatal outcome.

Table 2: Treatment-Emergent* Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with MCL (N=111)

Percent of Patients (N=111)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Platelets decreased5717
Neutrophils decreased4729
Hemoglobin decreased419
* Based on laboratory measurements and adverse reactions
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (6%) and neutropenia (13%) occurred in patients.

Ten patients (9%) discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions in the trial (N=111). The most frequent adverse reaction leading to treatment discontinuation was subdural hematoma (1.8%). Adverse reactions leading to dose reduction occurred in 14% of patients.

Patients with MCL who develop lymphocytosis greater than 400,000/mcL have developed intracranial hemorrhage, lethargy, gait instability, and headache. However, some of these cases were in the setting of disease progression.

Forty percent of patients had elevated uric acid levels on study including 13% with values above 10 mg/dL. Adverse reaction of hyperuricemia was reported for 15% of patients.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

The data described below reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA in one single-arm, open-label clinical trial (Study 1102) and five randomized controlled clinical trials (RESONATE, RESONATE-2, HELIOS, iLLUMINATE, and E1912) in patients with CLL/SLL (n=2,016 total, including n=1,133 patients exposed to IMBRUVICA). In general, patients with creatinine clearance (CLcr) ≤ 30 mL/min, AST or ALT ≥ 2.5 x ULN, or total bilirubin ≥ 1.5x ULN (unless of non-hepatic origin) were excluded from these trials. In Study E1912, patients with AST or ALT > 3 x ULN or total bilirubin > 2.5 x ULN were excluded. Study 1102 included 51 patients with previously treated CLL/SLL. RESONATE included 386 randomized patients with previously treated CLL or SLL who received single agent IMBRUVICA or ofatumumab. RESONATE-2 included 267 randomized patients with treatment naïve CLL or SLL who were 65 years or older and received single agent IMBRUVICA or chlorambucil. HELIOS included 574 randomized patients with previously treated CLL or SLL who received IMBRUVICA in combination with BR or placebo in combination with BR. iLLUMINATE included 228 randomized patients with treatment naïve CLL/SLL who were 65 years or older or with coexisting medical conditions and received IMBRUVICA in combination with obinutuzumab or chlorambucil in combination with obinutuzumab. E1912 included 510 patients with previously untreated CLL/SLL who were 70 years or younger and received IMBRUVICA in combination with rituximab or received fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR).

The most common adverse reactions in patients with CLL/SLL receiving IMBRUVICA (≥ 30%) were thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, neutropenia, rash, anemia, bruising, and nausea.

Four to 10 percent of patients with CLL/SLL receiving IMBRUVICA discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions. These included pneumonia, hemorrhage, atrial fibrillation, neutropenia, arthralgia, rash, and thrombocytopenia. Adverse reactions leading to dose reduction occurred in approximately 9% of patients.

Study 1102

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities from Study 1102 (N=51) using single agent IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily in patients with previously treated CLL/SLL occurring at a rate of ≥ 10% with a median duration of treatment of 15.6 months are presented in Tables 3 and 4.

Table 3: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% of Patients with CLL/SLL (N=51) in Study 1102

Body SystemAdverse ReactionAll Grades (%)Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Gastrointestinal disordersDiarrhea594
Constipation222
Nausea202
Stomatitis200
Vomiting182
Abdominal pain140
Dyspepsia120
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disordersBruising512
Rash250
Petechiae160
Infections and infestationsUpper respiratory tract infection472
Sinusitis226
Skin infection166
Pneumonia1210
Urinary tract infection122
General disorders and administration site conditionsFatigue336
Pyrexia242
Peripheral edema220
Asthenia146
Chills120
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersMusculoskeletal pain256
Arthralgia240
Muscle spasms182
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disordersCough220
Oropharyngeal pain140
Dyspnea120
Nervous system disordersDizziness200
Headache182
Vascular disordersHypertension168
Metabolism and nutrition disordersDecreased appetite162
Neoplasms benign, malignant, unspecifiedSecond malignancies102
One patient death due to histiocytic sarcoma.

Table 4: Treatment-Emergent* Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with CLL/SLL (N=51) in Study 1102

Percent of Patients (N=51)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Platelets decreased6912
Neutrophils decreased5326
Hemoglobin decreased430
* Based on laboratory measurements per IWCLL criteria and adverse reactions.
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (8%) and neutropenia (12%) occurred in patients.

RESONATE

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities described below in Tables 5 and 6 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA with a median duration of 8.6 months and exposure to ofatumumab with a median of 5.3 months in RESONATE in patients with previously treated CLL/SLL.

Table 5: Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 10% of Patients in the IMBRUVICA Treated Arm in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE

Body System
Adverse Reaction
IMBRUVICA
(N=195)
Ofatumumab
(N=191)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or
Higher (%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or
Higher (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea484182
  Nausea262180
  Stomatitis*17161
  Constipation15090
  Vomiting14061
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*282181
  Arthralgia17170
  Muscle spasms13080
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash*243130
  Petechiae14010
  Bruising*12010
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Pyrexia242152
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough190231
  Dyspnea122101
Infections and infestations
  Upper respiratory tract infection161112
  Pneumonia*15121310
  Sinusitis*11160
  Urinary tract infection10451
Nervous system disorders
  Headache14160
  Dizziness11050
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
  Contusion11030
Eye disorders
  Vision blurred10030
The body system and individual ADR terms are sorted in descending frequency order in the IMBRUVICA arm.
* Includes multiple ADR terms
Includes 3 events of pneumonia with fatal outcome in each arm, and 1 event of pyrexia and upper respiratory tract infection with a fatal outcome in the ofatumumab arm.

Table 6: Treatment-Emergent Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE

IMBRUVICA
(N=195)
Ofatumumab
(N=191)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Neutrophils decreased51235726
Platelets decreased5254510
Hemoglobin decreased360210
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (2% in the IMBRUVICA arm vs 3% in the ofatumumab arm) and neutropenia (8% in the IMBRUVICA arm vs 8% in the ofatumumab arm) occurred in patients.

RESONATE-2

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities described below in Tables 7 and Table 8 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA with a median duration of 17.4 months. The median exposure to chlorambucil was 7.1 months in RESONATE-2.

Table 7: Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 10% of Patients in the IMBRUVICA Treated Arm in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE-2

Body System Adverse ReactionIMBRUVICA
(N=135)
Chlorambucil
(N=132)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea424170
  Nausea221391
  Constipation161160
  Stomatitis*14141
  Vomiting130201
  Abdominal pain133111
  Dyspepsia11020
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*364200
  Arthralgia16171
  Muscle spasms11050
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue301385
  Peripheral edema19190
  Pyrexia170142
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough220150
  Dyspnea101100
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash*214122
  Bruising*19070
Eye disorders
  Dry eye17050
  Lacrimation increased13060
  Vision blurred13080
  Visual acuity reduced11020
Infections and infestations
  Upper respiratory tract infection172172
  Skin infection*15231
  Pneumonia*14874
  Urinary tract infections10181
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension*14410
Nervous system disorders
  Headache121102
  Dizziness110121
Investigations
  Weight decreased100120
Subjects with multiple events for a given ADR term are counted once only for each ADR term.
The body system and individual ADR terms are sorted in descending frequency order in the IMBRUVICA arm.
* Includes multiple ADR terms

Table 8: Treatment-Emergent Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE-2

IMBRUVICA
(N=135)
Chlorambucil
(N=132)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4
(%)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4
(%)
Neutrophils Decreased55286731
Platelets Decreased4775814
Hemoglobin Decreased360392
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (1% in the IMBRUVICA arm vs 3% in the chlorambucil arm) and neutropenia (11% in the IMBRUVICA arm vs 12% in the chlorambucil arm) occurred in patients.

HELIOS

Adverse reactions described below in

Table 9 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA + BR with a median duration of 14.7 months and exposure to placebo + BR with a median of 12.8 months in HELIOS in patients with previously treated CLL/SLL.

Table 9: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 10% of Patients and at Least 2% Greater in the IMBRUVICA Arm in Patients with CLL/SLL in HELIOS

Body System
Adverse Reaction
IMBRUVICA + BR
(N=287)
Placebo + BR
(N=287)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
  Neutropenia*66616056
  Thrombocytopenia*34162616
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea362231
  Abdominal pain1218<1
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash *324251
  Bruising *20<18<1
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*292200
  Muscle spasms12<150
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Pyrexia254222
Vascular disorders
  Hemorrhage*19291
  Hypertension *11552
Infections and infestations
  Bronchitis132103
  Skin infection*10362
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Hyperuricemia10260
The body system and individual ADR terms are sorted in descending frequency order in the IMBRUVICA arm.
* Includes multiple ADR terms
<1 used for frequency above 0 and below 0.5%
Includes 2 events of hemorrhage with fatal outcome in the IMBRUVICA arm and 1 event of neutropenia with a fatal outcome in the placebo + BR arm.

Atrial fibrillation of any grade occurred in 7% of patients treated with IMBRUVICA + BR and 2% of patients treated with placebo + BR. The frequency of Grade 3 and 4 atrial fibrillation was 3% in patients treated with IMBRUVICA + BR and 1% in patients treated with placebo + BR.

iLLUMINATE

Adverse reactions described below in Table 10 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA + obinutuzumab with a median duration of 29.3 months and exposure to chlorambucil + obinutuzumab with a median of 5.1 months in iLLUMINATE in patients with previously untreated CLL/SLL.

Table 10: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 10% of Patients in the IMBRUVICA Arm in Patients with CLL/SLL in iLLUMINATE

Body System
Adverse Reaction
IMBRUVICA + Obinutuzumab
(N=113)
Chlorambucil + Obinutuzumab
(N=115)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
  Neutropenia*48396448
  Thrombocytopenia*36192811
  Anemia174258
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash*363110
  Bruising*32330
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea343100
  Constipation160121
  Nausea120300
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*331233
  Arthralgia221100
  Muscle spasms13060
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough271120
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications
  Infusion related reaction252588
Vascular disorders
  Hemorrhage*25190
  Hypertension*17443
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Pyrexia192261
  Fatigue180172
  Peripheral edema12070
Infections and infestations
  Pneumonia*16994
  Upper respiratory tract infection14160
  Skin infection*13130
  Urinary tract infection12371
  Nasopharyngitis12030
  Conjunctivitis11020
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Hyperuricemia13100
Cardiac disorders
  Atrial fibrillation12500
Psychiatric disorders
  Insomnia12040
The body system and individual ADR terms are sorted in descending frequency order in the IMBRUVICA arm.
* Includes multiple ADR terms
Includes one event with a fatal outcome.

E1912

Adverse reactions described below in Table 11 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA + rituximab with a median duration of 34.3 months and exposure to FCR with a median of 4.7 months in E1912 in patients with previously untreated CLL/SLL who were 70 years or younger.

Table 11: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 15% of Patients in the IMBRUVICA Arm in Patients with CLL/SLL in E1912

Body System
Adverse Reaction
IMBRUVICA + Rituximab
(N=352)
Fludarabine + Cyclophosphamide + Rituximab
(N=158)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Fatigue802783
  Peripheral edema281170
  Pyrexia271271
  Pain23280
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*615352
  Arthralgia415101
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea534271
  Nausea401641
  Stomatitis*22181
  Abdominal pain*192101
  Vomiting182280
  Constipation170320
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Rash*494295
  Bruising*36141
Vascular disorders
  Hypertension*4219226
  Hemorrhage*31281
Nervous system disorders
  Headache401271
  Dizziness211131
  Peripheral neuropathy*191131
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders
  Cough320250
  Dyspnea222211
Infections and infestations
Upper respiratory tract infection291192
  Skin infection*16131
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Hyperuricemia19140
  Decreased appetite150201
Psychiatric disorders
  Insomnia161191
The body system and individual ADR terms are sorted in descending frequency order in the IMBRUVICA arm.
* Includes multiple ADR terms

Table 12: Select Laboratory Abnormalities (≥ 15% Any Grade), New or Worsening from Baseline in Patients Receiving IMBRUVICA (E1912)

IMBRUVICA + Rituximab
(N=352)
Fludarabine + Cyclophosphamide + Rituximab
(N=158)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4 (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Hematology abnormalities
  Neutrophils decreased53307044
  Platelets decreased4376925
  Hemoglobin decreased260512
Chemistry abnormalities
  Creatinine increased381171
  Bilirubin increased302150
  AST increased25323<1
Based on laboratory measurements per IWCLL criteria

Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia And Marginal Zone Lymphoma

The data described below reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA in three single-arm open-label clinical trials (Study 1118, Study 1121, and INNOVATE monotherapy arm) and one randomized controlled trial (INNOVATE) in patients with WM or MZL, including a total n=307 patients overall and n=232 patients exposed to IMBRUVICA. Study 1118 included 63 patients with previously treated WM who received single agent IMBRUVICA. Study 1121 included 63 patients with previously treated MZL who received single agent IMBRUVICA. INNOVATE included 150 patients with treatment naïve or previously treated WM who received IMBRUVICA or placebo in combination with rituximab. The INNOVATE monotherapy arm included 31 patients with previously treated WM who failed prior rituximab-containing therapy and received IMBRUVICA.

The most common adverse reactions in Studies 1118, 1121, and INNOVATE (≥ 20%) were thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, bruising, neutropenia, musculoskeletal pain, hemorrhage, anemia, rash, fatigue, and nausea.

Seven percent of patients receiving IMBRUVICA across Studies 1118, 1121, and INNOVATE discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation were atrial fibrillation, interstitial lung disease, diarrhea and rash. Adverse reactions leading to dose reduction occurred in 13% of patients.

Study 1118 and INNOVATE Monotherapy Arm

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities described below in Table 13 and Table 14 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA with a median duration of 11.7 months in Study 1118 and 33 months in the INNOVATE Monotherapy Arm.

Table 13: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% in Patients with WM in Study 1118 and the INNOVATE Monotherapy Arm (N=94)

Body SystemAdverse ReactionAll Grades (%)Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Gastrointestinal disordersDiarrhea382
Nausea210
Stomatitis*150
Constipation121
Gastroesophageal reflux disease120
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disordersBruising*281
Rash*211
Vascular disordersHemorrhage*280
Hypertension*144
General disorders and administrative site conditionsFatigue182
Pyrexia122
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersMusculoskeletal pain*210
Muscle spasms190
Infections and infestationsUpper respiratory tract infection190
Skin infection*183
Sinusitis*160
Pneumonia*135
Nervous system disordersHeadache140
Dizziness130
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disordersCough130
The body system and individual ADR preferred terms are sorted in descending frequency order.
* Includes multiple ADR terms.

Table 14: Treatment-Emergent Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with WM in Study 1118 and the INNOVATE Monotherapy Arm (N=94)

Percent of Patients (N=94)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Platelets Decreased3811
Neutrophils Decreased4316
Hemoglobin Decreased216
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (4%) and neutropenia (7%) occurred in patients.

INNOVATE

Adverse reactions described below in Table 15 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA + R with a median duration of 25.8 months and exposure to placebo + R with a median duration of 15.5 months in patients with treatment naïve or previously treated WM in INNOVATE.

Table 15: Adverse Reactions Reported in at Least 10% of Patients and at Least 2% Greater in the IMBRUVICA Arm in Patients with WM in INNOVATE

Body System
Adverse Reaction
IMBRUVICA + R
(N=75)
Placebo + R
(N=75)
All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)All Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders
  Bruising*37150
  Rash*241110
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders
  Musculoskeletal pain*354213
  Arthralgia243111
  Muscle spasms170121
Vascular disorders
  Hemorrhage*323174
  Hypertension*201354
Gastrointestinal disorders
  Diarrhea280151
  Nausea210120
  Dyspepsia16010
  Constipation131111
Infections and infestations
  Pneumonia*191353
  Skin infection*17330
  Urinary tract infection13000
  Bronchitis12370
  Influenza12071
  Viral upper respiratory tract infection11070
General disorders and administration site conditions
  Peripheral edema170121
Respiratory, thoracic, and mediastinal disorders
  Cough170110
Blood and lymphatic system disorders
  Neutropenia*1612114
Cardiac disorders
  Atrial fibrillation151231
Nervous system disorders
  Dizziness11070
Psychiatric disorders
  Insomnia11040
Metabolism and nutrition disorders
  Hypokalemia11011
The body system and individual ADR preferred terms are sorted in descending frequency order.
* Includes multiple ADR terms.
Includes one event with a fatal outcome.

Grade 3 or 4 infusion related reactions were observed in 1% of patients treated with IR.

Study 1121

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities described below in Table 16 and Table 17 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA with a median duration of 11.6 months in Study 1121.

Table 16: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% in Patients with MZL in Study 1121 (N=63)

Body SystemAdverse ReactionAll Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or Higher (%)
General disorders and administrative site conditionsFatigue446
Peripheral edema242
Pyrexia172
Gastrointestinal disordersDiarrhea435
Nausea250
Dyspepsia190
Stomatitis*172
Abdominal pain162
Constipation140
Abdominal pain upper130
Vomiting112
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disordersBruising *410
Rash*295
Pruritus140
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disordersMusculoskeletal pain*403
Arthralgia242
Muscle spasms193
Infections and infestationsUpper respiratory tract infection210
Sinusitis*190
Bronchitis110
Pneumonia*1110
Metabolism and nutrition disordersDecreased appetite162
Hyperuricemia160
Hypoalbuminemia140
Hypokalemia130
Vascular disordersHemorrhage*302
Hypertension*145
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disordersCough222
Dyspnea212
Nervous system disordersDizziness190
Headache130
Psychiatric disordersAnxiety162
The body system and individual ADR preferred terms are sorted in descending frequency order.
* Includes multiple ADR terms.
Includes one event with a fatal outcome.

Table 17: Treatment-Emergent Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with MZL in Study 1121 (N=63)

Percent of Patients (N=63)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Platelets decreased496
Hemoglobin decreased4313
Neutrophils decreased2213
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 thrombocytopenia (3%) and neutropenia (6%) occurred in patients.

Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

The data described below reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA in an open-label clinical trial (Study 1129) that included 42 patients with cGVHD after failure of first line corticosteroid therapy and required additional therapy.

The most common adverse reactions in the cGVHD trial (≥ 20%) were fatigue, bruising, diarrhea, thrombocytopenia, stomatitis, muscle spasms, nausea, hemorrhage, anemia, and pneumonia. Atrial fibrillation occurred in one patient (2%) which was Grade 3.

Twenty-four percent of patients receiving IMBRUVICA in the cGVHD trial discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation were fatigue and pneumonia. Adverse reactions leading to dose reduction occurred in 26% of patients.

Adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities described below in Table 18 and Table 19 reflect exposure to IMBRUVICA with a median duration of 4.4 months in the cGVHD trial.

Table 18: Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions in ≥ 10% of Patients with cGVHD (N=42)

Body SystemAdverse ReactionAll Grades
(%)
Grade 3 or
Higher (%)
General disorders and
administration site
conditions
Fatigue5712
Pyrexia175
Edema peripheral120
Skin and subcutaneous tissue
disorders
Bruising*400
Rash*120
Gastrointestinal disordersDiarrhea3610
Stomatitis*292
Nausea260
Constipation120
Musculoskeletal and
connective tissue disorders
Muscle spasms292
Musculoskeletal pain*145
Vascular disordersHemorrhage*260
Infections and infestationsPneumonia*2114
Upper respiratory tract infection190
Sepsis*1010
Nervous system disordersHeadache175
Injury, poisoning and
procedural complications
Fall170
Respiratory, thoracic and
mediastinal disorders
Cough140
Dyspnea122
Metabolism and nutrition
disorders
Hypokalemia1127
The system organ class and individual ADR preferred terms are sorted in descending frequency order.
* Includes multiple ADR terms.
Includes 2 events with a fatal outcome.

Table 19: Treatment-Emergent Hematologic Laboratory Abnormalities in Patients with cGVHD (N=42)

Percent of Patients (N=42)
All Grades (%)Grade 3 or 4 (%)
Platelets decreased330
Neutrophils decreased1010
Hemoglobin decreased242
Treatment-emergent Grade 4 neutropenia occurred in 2% of patients.

Additional Important Adverse Reactions

Cardiac Arrhythmias

In randomized controlled trials (n=2,115; median treatment duration of 19.1 months for 1,157 patients treated with IMBRUVICA and 5.3 months for 958 patients in the control arm), the incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (ventricular extrasystoles, ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular fibrillation, ventricular flutter, and ventricular tachycardia) of any grade was 1.0% versus 0.4% and of Grade 3 or greater was 0.3% versus 0% in patients treated with IMBRUVICA compared to patients in the control arm. In addition, the incidence of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter of any grade was 8.4% versus 1.6% and for Grade 3 or greater was 4.0% versus 0.5% in patients treated with IMBRUVICA compared to patients in the control arm.

Diarrhea

In randomized controlled trials (n=2,115; median treatment duration of 19.1 months for 1,157 patients treated with IMBRUVICA and 5.3 months for 958 patients in the control arm), diarrhea of any grade occurred at a rate of 43% of patients treated with IMBRUVICA compared to 19% of patients in the control arm. Grade 3 diarrhea occurred in 3% versus 1% of IMBRUVICA-treated patients compared to the control arm, respectively. Less than 1% (0.3%) of subjects discontinued IMBRUVICA due to diarrhea compared with 0% in the control arm.

Based on data from 1,605 of these patients, the median time to first onset was 21 days (range, 0 to 708) versus 46 days (range, 0 to 492) for any grade diarrhea and 117 days (range, 3 to 414) versus 194 days (range, 11 to 325) for Grade 3 diarrhea in IMBRUVICA-treated patients compared to the control arm, respectively. Of the patients who reported diarrhea, 85% versus 89% had complete resolution, and 15% versus 11% had not reported resolution at time of analysis in IMBRUVICA-treated patients compared to the control arm, respectively. The median time from onset to resolution in IMBRUVICA-treated subjects was 7 days (range, 1 to 655) versus 4 days (range, 1 to 367) for any grade diarrhea and 7 days (range, 1 to 78) versus 19 days (range, 1 to 56) for Grade 3 diarrhea in IMBRUVICA-treated subjects compared to the control arm, respectively.

Visual Disturbance

In randomized controlled trials (n=2,115; median treatment duration of 19.1 months for 1,157 patients treated with IMBRUVICA and 5.3 months for 958 patients in the control arm), blurred vision and decreased visual acuity of any grade occurred in 11% of patients treated with IMBRUVICA (9% Grade 1, 2% Grade 2, no Grade 3 or higher) compared to 6% in the control arm (5% Grade 1 and <1% Grade 2 and 3).

Based on data from 1,605 of these patients, the median time to first onset was 91 days (range, 0 to 617) versus 100 days (range, 2 to 477) in IMBRUVICA-treated patients compared to the control arm, respectively. Of the patients who reported visual disturbances, 60% versus 71% had complete resolution and 40% versus 29% had not reported resolution at the time of analysis in IMBRUVICA-treated patients compared to the control arm, respectively. The median time from onset to resolution was 37 days (range, 1 to 457) versus 26 days (range, 1 to 721) in IMBRUVICA-treated subjects compared to the control arm, respectively.

Long-Term Safety

The safety data from long-term follow-up over 5 years of 1,178 patients (treatment-naïve CLL/SLL n=162, relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL n=646, and relapsed/refractory MCL n=370) treated with IMBRUVICA were analyzed. The median treatment duration for CLL/SLL was 51 months (range, 0.2 to 98 months). The median treatment duration for MCL was 11 months (range, 0 to 87 months). The cumulative rate of hypertension increased over time with prolonged IMBRUVICA treatment. The prevalence for Grade 3 or greater hypertension was 4% (year 0-1), 6% (year 1-2), 8% (year 2-3), 9% (year 3-4), and 9% (year 4-5). The incidence for the 5-year period was 11%.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of IMBRUVICA. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

  • Hepatobiliary disorders: hepatic failure including acute and/or fatal events, hepatic cirrhosis
  • Respiratory disorders: interstitial lung disease
  • Metabolic and nutrition disorders: tumor lysis syndrome
  • Immune system disorders: anaphylactic shock, angioedema, urticaria
  • Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), onychoclasis, panniculitis
  • Infections: hepatitis B reactivation
  • Nervous system disorders: peripheral neuropathy

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Drug Interactions

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effect Of CYP3A Inhibitors On Ibrutinib

The coadministration of IMBRUVICA with a strong or moderate CYP3A inhibitor may increase ibrutinib plasma concentrations [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]. Increased ibrutinib concentrations may increase the risk of drug-related toxicity.

Dose modifications of IMBRUVICA are recommended when used concomitantly with posaconazole, voriconazole and moderate CYP3A inhibitors [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Avoid concomitant use of other strong CYP3A inhibitors. Interrupt IMBRUVICA if these inhibitors will be used short-term (such as anti-infectives for seven days or less) [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Avoid grapefruit and Seville oranges during IMBRUVICA treatment, as these contain strong or moderate inhibitors of CYP3A.

Effect Of CYP3A Inducers On Ibrutinib

The coadministration of IMBRUVICA with strong CYP3A inducers may decrease ibrutinib concentrations. Avoid coadministration with strong CYP3A inducers [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the "PRECAUTIONS" Section

PRECAUTIONS

Hemorrhage

Fatal bleeding events have occurred in patients who received IMBRUVICA. Major hemorrhage (≥ Grade 3, serious, or any central nervous system events; e.g., intracranial hemorrhage [including subdural hematoma], gastrointestinal bleeding, hematuria, and post procedural hemorrhage) occurred in 4% of patients, with fatalities occurring in 0.4% of 2,838 patients who received IMBRUVICA in 27 clinical trials. Bleeding events, including bruising and petechiae, occurred in 39% of patients who received IMBRUVICA.

The mechanism for the bleeding events is not well understood.

Use of either anticoagulant or antiplatelet agents concomitantly with IMBRUVICA increases the risk of major hemorrhage. Across clinical trials, 3.1% of 2,838 patients who received IMBRUVICA without antiplatelet or anticoagulant therapy experienced major hemorrhage. The addition of antiplatelet therapy with or without anticoagulant therapy increased this percentage to 4.4%, and the addition of anticoagulant therapy with or without antiplatelet therapy increased this percentage to 6.1%. Consider the risks and benefits of anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy when co-administered with IMBRUVICA. Monitor for signs and symptoms of bleeding.

Consider the benefit-risk of withholding IMBRUVICA for at least 3 to 7 days pre- and postsurgery depending upon the type of surgery and the risk of bleeding [see Clinical Studies].

Infections

Fatal and non-fatal infections (including bacterial, viral, or fungal) have occurred with IMBRUVICA therapy. Grade 3 or greater infections occurred in 21% of 1,476 patients who received IMBRUVICA in clinical trials [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) have occurred in patients treated with IMBRUVICA. Consider prophylaxis according to standard of care in patients who are at increased risk for opportunistic infections. Monitor and evaluate patients for fever and infections and treat appropriately.

Cytopenias

In 645 patients with B-cell malignancies who received IMBRUVICA as a single agent, grade 3 or 4 neutropenia occurred in 23% of patients, grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia in 8% and grade 3 or 4 anemia in 3%, based on laboratory measurements.

Monitor complete blood counts monthly.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

Fatal and serious cardiac arrhythmias have occurred with IMBRUVICA. Grade 3 or greater ventricular tachyarrhythmias occurred in 0.2% of patients and Grade 3 or greater atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter occurred in 4% of 1,476 patients who received IMBRUVICA in clinical trials. These events have occurred particularly in patients with cardiac risk factors, hypertension, acute infections, and a previous history of cardiac arrhythmias [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Periodically monitor patients clinically for cardiac arrhythmias. Obtain an ECG for patients who develop arrhythmic symptoms (e.g., palpitations, lightheadedness, syncope, chest pain) or new onset dyspnea. Manage cardiac arrhythmias appropriately, and if it persists, consider the risks and benefits of IMBRUVICA treatment and follow dose modification guidelines [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Hypertension

Hypertension occurred in 19% of 1,476 patients who received IMBRUVICA in clinical trials. Grade 3 or greater hypertension occurred in 8% of patients. Based on data from 1,124 of these patients, the median time to onset was 5.9 months (range, 0.03 to 24 months).

Monitor blood pressure in patients treated with IMBRUVICA and initiate or adjust antihypertensive medication throughout treatment with IMBRUVICA as appropriate.

Second Primary Malignancies

Other malignancies (10%), including non-skin carcinomas (4%), occurred among the 1,476 patients who received IMBRUVICA in clinical trials. The most frequent second primary malignancy was non-melanoma skin cancer (6%).

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Tumor lysis syndrome has been infrequently reported with IMBRUVICA. Assess the baseline risk (e.g., high tumor burden) and take appropriate precautions. Monitor patients closely and treat as appropriate.

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on findings in animals, IMBRUVICA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Administration of ibrutinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis caused embryo-fetal toxicity including malformations at exposures that were 2-20 times higher than those reported in patients with hematologic malignancies. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose. [see Use In Specific Populations].

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION).

Hemorrhage

Inform patients of the possibility of bleeding, and to report any signs or symptoms (severe headache, blood in stools or urine, prolonged or uncontrolled bleeding). Inform the patient that IMBRUVICA may need to be interrupted for medical or dental procedures [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Infections

Inform patients of the possibility of serious infection, and to report any signs or symptoms (fever, chills, weakness, confusion) suggestive of infection [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Cardiac Arrhythmias

Counsel patients to report any signs of palpitations, lightheadedness, dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, and chest discomfort [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Hypertension

Inform patients that high blood pressure has occurred in patients taking IMBRUVICA, which may require treatment with anti-hypertensive therapy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Second Primary Malignancies

Inform patients that other malignancies have occurred in patients who have been treated with IMBRUVICA, including skin cancers and other carcinomas [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Inform patients of the potential risk of tumor lysis syndrome and to report any signs and symptoms associated with this event to their healthcare provider for evaluation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Advise women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to inform their healthcare provider of a known or suspected pregnancy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, Use In Specific Populations].

Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations, Nonclinical Toxicology].

Lactation

Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 week after the last dose [see Use In Specific Populations].

  • Inform patients to take IMBRUVICA orally once daily according to their physician’s instructions and that the oral dosage (capsules or tablets) should be swallowed whole with a glass of water without opening, breaking or chewing the capsules or cutting, crushing or chewing the tablets approximately the same time each day [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].
  • Advise patients that in the event of a missed daily dose of IMBRUVICA, it should be taken as soon as possible on the same day with a return to the normal schedule the following day. Patients should not take extra doses to make up the missed dose [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].
  • Advise patients of the common side effects associated with IMBRUVICA [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Direct the patient to a complete list of adverse drug reactions in PATIENT INFORMATION.
  • Advise patients to inform their health care providers of all concomitant medications, including prescription medicines, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, and herbal products [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].
  • Advise patients that they may experience loose stools or diarrhea and should contact their doctor if their diarrhea persists. Advise patients to maintain adequate hydration [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Ibrutinib was not carcinogenic in a 6-month rasH2 mouse study at oral doses up to 2000 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures approximately 23 (males) to 37 (females) times higher than the exposure in humans at a dose of 560 mg daily [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Ibrutinib was not mutagenic in a bacterial mutagenicity (Ames) assay, was not clastogenic in a chromosome aberration assay in mammalian (CHO) cells, nor was it clastogenic in an in vivo bone marrow micronucleus assay in mice at doses up to 2000 mg/kg.

Rats were administered oral daily doses of ibrutinib for 4 weeks prior to pairing and during pairing in males and 2 weeks prior to pairing and during pairing in females. Treatment of female rats continued following pregnancy up to gestation day (GD) 7, and treatment of male rats continued until end of study. No effects on fertility or reproductive capacities were observed in male or female rats up to the maximum dose tested, 100 mg/kg/day (Human Equivalent Dose [HED] 16 mg/kg).

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

IMBRUVICA can cause fetal harm based on findings from animal studies. There are no available data on IMBRUVICA use in pregnant women to inform a drug-associated risk of major birth defects and miscarriage. In animal reproduction studies, administration of ibrutinib to pregnant rats and rabbits during the period of organogenesis at exposures up to 2-20 times the clinical doses of 420-560 mg daily produced embryofetal toxicity including structural abnormalities (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes.

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Data

Animal Data

Ibrutinib was administered orally to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis at doses of 10, 40 and 80 mg/kg/day. Ibrutinib at a dose of 80 mg/kg/day was associated with visceral malformations (heart and major vessels) and increased resorptions and post-implantation loss. The dose of 80 mg/kg/day in rats is approximately 14 times the exposure (AUC) in patients with MCL or MZL and 20 times the exposure in patients with CLL/SLL or WM administered the dose of 560 mg daily and 420 mg daily, respectively. Ibrutinib at doses of 40 mg/kg/day or greater was associated with decreased fetal weights. The dose of 40 mg/kg/day in rats is approximately 6 times the exposure (AUC) in patients with MCL administered the dose of 560 mg daily.

Ibrutinib was also administered orally to pregnant rabbits during the period of organogenesis at doses of 5, 15, and 45 mg/kg/day. Ibrutinib at a dose of 15 mg/kg/day or greater was associated with skeletal variations (fused sternebrae) and ibrutinib at a dose of 45 mg/kg/day was associated with increased resorptions and post-implantation loss. The dose of 15 mg/kg/day in rabbits is approximately 2.0 times the exposure (AUC) in patients with MCL and 2.8 times the exposure in patients with CLL/SLL or WM administered the dose of 560 and 420 mg daily, respectively.

Lactation

Risk Summary

There is no information regarding the presence of ibrutinib or its metabolites in human milk, the effects on the breastfed child, or the effects on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in the breastfed child, advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 week after the last dose.

Females And Males Of Reproductive Potential

Pregnancy Testing

Verify pregnancy status in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating IMBRUVICA.

Contraception

Females

IMBRUVICA can cause fetal harm when adminsitered to pregnant women [see Pregnancy]. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose.

Males

Advise males with female partners of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month following the last dose.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of IMBRUVICA in pediatric patients has not been established.

Geriatric Use

Of the 1,124 patients in clinical studies of IMBRUVICA, 64% were ≥ 65 years of age, while 23% were ≥75 years of age. No overall differences in effectiveness were observed between younger and older patients. Anemia (all grades), pneumonia (Grade 3 or higher), thrombocytopenia, hypertension, and atrial fibrillation occurred more frequently among older patients treated with IMBRUVICA.

Hepatic Impairment

Avoid use of IMBRUVICA in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C). The safety of IMBRUVICA has not been evaluated in patients with mild to severe hepatic impairment by Child-Pugh criteria.

Reduce the recommended dose when administering IMBRUVICA to patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A and B). Monitor patients more frequently for adverse reactions of IMBRUVICA [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Plasmapheresis

Management of hyperviscosity in WM patients may include plasmapheresis before and during treatment with IMBRUVICA. Modifications to IMBRUVICA dosing are not required.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

There is no specific experience in the management of ibrutinib overdose in patients. One healthy subject experienced reversible Grade 4 hepatic enzyme increases (AST and ALT) after a dose of 1680 mg. Closely monitor patients who ingest more than the recommended dosage and provide appropriate supportive treatment.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

Ibrutinib is a small-molecule inhibitor of BTK. Ibrutinib forms a covalent bond with a cysteine residue in the BTK active site, leading to inhibition of BTK enzymatic activity. BTK is a signaling molecule of the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) and cytokine receptor pathways. BTK’s role in signaling through the B-cell surface receptors results in activation of pathways necessary for B-cell trafficking, chemotaxis, and adhesion. Nonclinical studies show that ibrutinib inhibits malignant B-cell proliferation and survival in vivo as well as cell migration and substrate adhesion in vitro.

Pharmacodynamics

In patients with recurrent B-cell lymphoma > 90% occupancy of the BTK active site in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was observed up to 24 hours after ibrutinib doses of ≥ 2.5 mg/kg/day (≥ 175 mg/day for average weight of 70 kg).

In Vitro Platelet Aggregation

Ibrutinib demonstrated inhibition of collagen-induced platelet aggregation, with IC50 values at 4.6 μM (2026 ng/mL), 0.8 μM (352 ng/mL), and 3 μM (1321 ng/mL) in blood samples from healthy donors, donors taking warfarin, and donors with severe renal dysfunction, respectively. Ibrutinib did not show meaningful inhibition of platelet aggregation for ADP, arachidonic acid, ristocetin, and TRAP-6.

Cardiac Electrophysiology

At a single dose 3 times the maximum recommended dose (1680 mg), IMBRUVICA did not prolong the QT interval to any clinically relevant extent.

Pharmacokinetics

Ibrutinib exposure increases with doses up to 840 mg (1.5 times the maximum approved recommended dosage) in patients with B-cell malignancies. The mean steady-state AUC (% coefficient of variation) observed in patients at 560 mg with MCL is 865 (69%) ng•h/mL and with MZL is 978 (82%) ng•h/mL, and in patients at 420 mg with CLL/SLL is 708 (71%) ng•h/mL, with WM is 707 (72%) ng•h/mL, and with cGVHD is 1159 (50%) ng•h/mL. Steady-state concentrations of ibrutinib without CYP3A inhibitors were achieved with an accumulation ratio of 1 to 1.6 after 1 week of multiple daily doses of 420 mg or 560 mg.

Absorption

Absolute bioavailability of ibrutinib in fasted condition was 2.9% (90% CI: 2.1, 3.9) in healthy subjects. Ibrutinib is absorbed after oral administration with a median Tmax of 1 hour to 2 hours.

Effect of Food

The administration of IMBRUVICA with a high-fat and high-calorie meal (800 calories to 1,000 calories with approximately 50% of total caloric content of the meal from fat) increased ibrutinib Cmax by 2- to 4-fold and AUC by approximately 2-fold, compared with administration of ibrutinib after overnight fasting.

In vitro studies suggest that ibrutinib is not a substrate of p-glycoprotein (P-gp) or breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP).

Distribution

Reversible binding of ibrutinib to human plasma protein in vitro was 97.3% with no concentration dependence in the range of 50 ng/mL to 1000 ng/mL. The volume of distribution (Vd) was 683 L, and the apparent volume of distribution at steady state (Vd,ss/F) was approximately 10,000 L.

Elimination

Intravenous clearance was 62 L/h in fasted conditions and 76 L/h in fed conditions. In line with the high first-pass effect, the apparent oral clearance is 2000 L/h in fasted conditions and 1000 L/h in fed conditions. The half-life of ibrutinib is 4 hours to 6 hours.

Metabolism

Metabolism is the main route of elimination for ibrutinib. It is metabolized to several metabolites primarily by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A and to a minor extent by CYP2D6. The active metabolite, PCI-45227, is a dihydrodiol metabolite with inhibitory activity towards BTK approximately 15 times lower than that of ibrutinib. The range of the mean metabolite to parent ratio for PCI-45227 at steady-state is 1 to 2.8.

Excretion

Ibrutinib, mainly in the form of metabolites, is eliminated primarily via feces. After a single oral administration of radiolabeled ibrutinib, 90% of radioactivity was excreted within 168 hours, with 80% excreted in the feces and less than 10% eliminated in urine. Unchanged ibrutinib accounted for 1% of the radiolabeled excreted dose in feces and none in urine, with the remainder of the excreted dose being metabolites.

Specific Populations

Age And Sex

Age and sex have no clinically meaningful effect on ibrutinib pharmacokinetics.

Patients With Renal Impairment

Mild and moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CLcr] > 25 mL/min as estimated by Cockcroft-Gault equation) had no influence on the exposure of ibrutinib. No data is available in patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr < 25 mL/min) or in patients on dialysis.

Patients With Hepatic Impairment

The AUC of ibrutinib increased 2.7-fold in subjects with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A), 8.2-fold in subjects with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class B) and 9.8-fold in subjects with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class C) relative to subjects with normal liver function. The Cmax of ibrutinib increased 5.2-fold in mild hepatic impairment, 8.8-fold in moderate hepatic impairment and 7-fold in severe hepatic impairment relative to subjects with normal liver function [see Use In Specific Populations].

Drug Interaction Studies

Clinical Studies And Model-Informed Approaches

Effect of CYP3A Inhibitors on Ibrutinib

The coadministration of multiple doses of ketoconazole (strong CYP3A inhibitor) increased the Cmax of ibrutinib by 29-fold and AUC by 24-fold. The coadministration of multiple doses of voriconazole (strong CYP3A inhibitor) increased steady state Cmax of ibrutinib by 6.7-fold and AUC by 5.7-fold. Simulations under fed conditions suggest that posaconazole (strong CYP3A inhibitor) may increase the AUC of ibrutinib 3-fold to 10-fold.

The coadministration of multiple doses of erythromycin (moderate CYP3A inhibitor) increased steady state Cmax of ibrutinib by 3.4-fold and AUC by 3-fold.

Effect of CYP3A Inducers on Ibrutinib

The coadministration of rifampin (strong CYP3A inducer) decreased the Cmax of ibrutinib by more than 13-fold and AUC by more than 10-fold. Simulations suggest that efavirenz (moderate CYP3A inducer) may decrease the AUC of ibrutinib by 3-fold.

In Vitro Studies

Effect of Ibrutinib on CYP Substrates

In vitro studies suggest that ibrutinib and PCI-45227 are unlikely to inhibit CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 or 3A at clinical doses. Both ibrutinib and PCI-45227 are unlikely to induce CYP1A2, CYP2B6 or CYP3A at clinical doses.

Effect of Ibrutinib on Substrates of Transporters

In vitro studies suggest that ibrutinib may inhibit BCRP and P-gp transport at clinical doses. The coadministration of oral P-gp or BCRP substrates with a narrow therapeutic index (e.g., digoxin, methotrexate) with IMBRUVICA may increase their concentrations.

Clinical Studies

Mantle Cell Lymphoma

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in patients with MCL who have received at least one prior therapy were evaluated in Study PCYC-1104-CA (referred to as Study 1104) (NCT01236391), an open-label, multi-center, single-arm trial of 111 previously treated patients. The median age was 68 years (range, 40 to 84 years), 77% were male, and 92% were White. At baseline, 89% of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. The median time since diagnosis was 42 months, and median number of prior treatments was 3 (range, 1 to 5 treatments), including 11% with prior stem cell transplantation. At baseline, 39% of subjects had at least one tumor ≥ 5 cm, 49% had bone marrow involvement, and 54% had extranodal involvement at screening.

IMBRUVICA was administered orally at 560 mg once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Tumor response was assessed according to the revised International Working Group (IWG) for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) criteria. The primary endpoint in this study was investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR). Responses to IMBRUVICA are shown in Table 20.

Table 20: Overall Response Rate (ORR) and Duration of Response (DOR) Based on Investigator Assessment in Patients with MCL in Study 1104

Total (N=111)
ORR (%)65.8
  95% CI (%)(56.2, 74.5)
  CR (%)17.1
  PR (%)48.6
Median DOR months (95% CI)17.5 (15.8, NE)
CI = confidence interval; CR = complete response; PR = partial response; NE = not evaluable

An Independent Review Committee (IRC) performed independent reading and interpretation of imaging scans. The IRC review demonstrated an ORR of 69%.

The median time to response was 1.9 months.

Lymphocytosis

Upon initiation of IMBRUVICA, a temporary increase in lymphocyte counts (i.e., ≥ 50% increase from baseline and above absolute lymphocyte count of 5,000/mcL) occurred in 33% of patients in the MCL study. The onset of isolated lymphocytosis occurs during the first few weeks of IMBRUVICA therapy and resolves by a median of 8 weeks.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia / Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in patients with CLL/SLL were demonstrated in one uncontrolled trial and five randomized, controlled trials.

Study 1102

Study PCYC-1102-CA (referred to as Study 1102) (NCT01105247), an open-label, multi-center trial, was conducted in 48 previously treated CLL patients. The median age was 67 years (range, 37 to 82 years), 71% were male, and 94% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. The median time since diagnosis was 80 months and the median number of prior treatments was 4 (range, 1 to 12 treatments). At baseline, 46% of subjects had at least one tumor ≥ 5 cm.

IMBRUVICA was administered orally at 420 mg once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The ORR and DOR were assessed using a modified version of the International Workshop on CLL Criteria by an Independent Review Committee. The ORR was 58.3% (95% CI: 43.2%, 72.4%), all partial responses. None of the patients achieved a complete response. The DOR ranged from 5.6 to 24.2+ months. The median DOR was not reached.

RESONATE

The RESONATE study (A Randomized, Multicenter, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of the Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) Inhibitor Ibrutinib versus Ofatumumab in Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma) (NCT01578707) was conducted in patients with previously treated CLL or SLL. Patients (n=391) were randomized 1:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity or ofatumumab at an initial dose of 300 mg, followed one week later by a dose of 2000 mg weekly for 7 doses and then every 4 weeks for 4 additional doses. Fifty-seven patients randomized to ofatumumab crossed over following progression to receive IMBRUVICA.

The median age was 67 years (range, 30 to 88 years), 68% were male, and 90% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. The trial enrolled 373 patients with CLL and 18 patients with SLL. The median time since diagnosis was 91 months and the median number of prior treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 13 treatments). At baseline, 58% of patients had at least one tumor ≥ 5 cm. Thirty-two percent of patients had 17p deletion.

Efficacy results for RESONATE are shown in

Table 21 and the Kaplan-Meier curves for PFS, assessed by an IRC according to IWCLL criteria, and OS are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, respectively.

Table 21: Efficacy Results in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE

EndpointIMBRUVICA
N=195
Ofatumumab
N=196
Progression Free Survivalb
Number of events (%)35 (17.9)111 (56.6)
  Disease progression2693
  Death events918
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE8.1 (7.2, 8.3)
  HR (95% CI)0.22 (0.15, 0.32)
Overall Survivala
  Number of deaths (%)16 (8.2)33 (16.8)
  HR (95% CI)0.43 (0.24, 0.79)
Overall Response Rateb42.6%4.1%
a Median OS not evaluable for either arm
b IRC evaluated. All partial responses achieved; none of the patients achieved a complete response.
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable

Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE - Illustration

Figure 2: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Overall Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Overall Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE - Illustration

63-Month Follow-Up

With an overall follow-up of 63 months, the median investigator-assessed PFS per IWCLL criteria was 44.1 months [95% CI (38.5, 56.9)] in the IMBRUVICA arm and 8.1 months [95% CI (7.8, 8.3)] in the ofatumumab arm, respectively. Overall response rate as assessed by investigators was 87.2% in the IMBRUVICA arm versus 22.4% in the ofatumumab arm.

CLL/SLL With 17p Deletion (del 17p CLL/SLL) In RESONATE

RESONATE included 127 patients with del 17p CLL/SLL. The median age was 67 years (range, 30 to 84 years), 62% were male, and 88% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. PFS and ORR were assessed by an IRC. Efficacy results for del 17p CLL/SLL are shown in Table 22.

Table 22: Efficacy Results in Patients with del 17p CLL/SLL in RESONATE

EndpointIMBRUVICA
N=63
Ofatumumab
N=64
Progression Free Survivala
Number of events (%)16 (25.4)38 (59.4)
  Disease progression1231
  Death events47
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE5.8 (5.3, 7.9)
  HR (95% CI)0.25 (0.14, 0.45)
  Overall Response Ratea47.6%4.7%
a IRC evaluated. All partial responses achieved; none of the patients achieved a complete response.
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable

63-Month Follow-Up

With an overall follow-up of 63 months, the median investigator-assessed PFS in patients with del 17p per IWCLL criteria was 40.6 months [95% CI (25.4, 44.6)] in the IMBRUVICA arm and 6.2 months [95% CI (4.6, 8.1)] in the ofatumumab arm, respectively. Overall response rate as assessed by investigators in patients with del 17p was 88.9% in the IMBRUVICA arm versus 18.8% in the ofatumumab arm.

RESONATE-2

The RESONATE-2 study (A Randomized, Multicenter, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of the Bruton’s Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor PCI-32765 versus Chlorambucil in Patients 65 Years or Older with Treatment-naïve Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma) (NCT01722487) was conducted in patients with treatment naïve CLL or SLL who were 65 years of age or older. Patients (n = 269) were randomized 1:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, or chlorambucil at a starting dose of 0.5 mg/kg on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle for a maximum of 12 cycles, with an allowance for intrapatient dose increases up to 0.8 mg/kg based on tolerability.

The median age was 73 years (range, 65 to 90 years), 63% were male, and 91% were White. Ninety one percent of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 and 9% had an ECOG performance status of 2. The trial enrolled 249 patients with CLL and 20 patients with SLL. At baseline, 20% of patients had 11q deletion. The most common reasons for initiating CLL therapy include: progressive marrow failure demonstrated by anemia and/or thrombocytopenia (38%), progressive or symptomatic lymphadenopathy (37%), progressive or symptomatic splenomegaly (30%), fatigue (27%) and night sweats (25%).

With a median follow-up of 28.1 months, there were 32 observed death events [11 (8.1%) and 21 (15.8%) in IMBRUVICA and chlorambucil treatment arms, respectively]. With 41% of patients switching from chlorambucil to IMBRUVICA, the overall survival analysis in the ITT patient population resulted in a statistically significant HR of 0.44 [95% CI (0.21, 0.92)] and 2-year survival rate estimates of 94.7% [95% CI (89.1, 97.4)] and 84.3% [95% CI (76.7, 89.6)] in the IMBRUVICA and chlorambucil arms, respectively.

Efficacy results for RESONATE-2 are shown in Table 23 and the Kaplan-Meier curve for PFS, assessed by an IRC according to IWCLL criteria is shown in Figure 3.

Table 23: Efficacy Results in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE-2

EndpointIMBRUVICA
N=136
Chlorambucil
N=133
Progression Free Survivala
Number of events (%)15 (11.0)64 (48.1)
  Disease progression1257
  Death events37
    Median (95% CI), monthsNE18.9 (14.1, 22.0)
    HRb (95% CI)0.16 (0.09, 0.28)
Overall Response Ratea (CR + PR)82.4%35.3%
  P-value<0.0001
a IRC evaluated; Five subjects (3.7%) in the IMBRUVICA arm and two subjects (1.5%) in the Chlorambucil arm achieved complete response
b HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable

Figure 3: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE-2

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in RESONATE-2 - Illustration

55-Month Follow-Up

With an overall follow-up of 55 months, the median PFS was not reached in the IMBRUVICA arm.

HELIOS

The HELIOS study (Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of Ibrutinib, a Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) Inhibitor, in Combination with Bendamustine and Rituximab (BR) in Subjects with Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma) (NCT01611090) was conducted in patients with previously treated CLL or SLL. Patients (n = 578) were randomized 1:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily or placebo in combination with BR until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity. All patients received BR for a maximum of six 28-day cycles. Bendamustine was dosed at 70 mg/m2 infused IV over 30 minutes on Cycle 1, Days 2 and 3, and on Cycles 2-6, Days 1 and 2 for up to 6 cycles, and all patients had a CLCr ≥ 40 mL/min at baseline. Rituximab was administered at a dose of 375 mg/m2 in the first cycle, Day 1, and 500 mg/m2 Cycles 2 through 6, Day 1.

The median age was 64 years (range, 31 to 86 years), 66% were male, and 91% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. The median time since diagnosis was 5.9 years and the median number of prior treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 11 treatments). At baseline, 56% of patients had at least one tumor ≥ 5 cm and 26% presented with del11q.

Efficacy results for HELIOS are shown in Table 24 and the Kaplan-Meier curves for PFS are shown in Figure 4.

Table 24: Efficacy Results in Patients with CLL/SLL in HELIOS

EndpointIMBRUVICA + BR
N=289
Placebo + BR
N=289
Progression Free Survivala
  Number of events (%)56 (19.4)183 (63.3)
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE13.3 (11.3, 13.9)
  HR (95% CI)0.20 (0.15, 0.28)
Overall Response Ratea82.7%67.8%
a IRC evaluated, twenty-four subjects (8.3%) in the IMBRUVICA + BR arm and six subjects (2.1%) in the placebo + BR arm achieved complete response
BR = bendamustine and rituximab; CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable

Figure 4: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in HELIOS

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in HELIOS - Illustration

iLLUMINATE

The iLLUMINATE study (a multi-center study of ibrutinib in combination with obinutuzumab versus chlorambucil in combination with obinutuzumab) (NCT02264574) was conducted in patients with treatment naïve CLL or SLL. Patients were 65 years of age or older or < 65 years of age with coexisting medical conditions, reduced renal function as measured by creatinine clearance < 70 mL/min, or presence of del 17p/TP53 mutation. Patients (n = 229) were randomized 1:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or chlorambucil at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg on Days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle for 6 cycles. In both arms, patients received 1,000 mg of obinutuzumab on Days 1, 8, and 15 of the first cycle, followed by treatment on the first day of 5 subsequent cycles (total of 6 cycles, 28 days each). The first dose of obinutuzumab was divided between Day 1 (100 mg) and Day 2 (900 mg).

The median age was 71 years (range, 40 to 87 years), 64% were male, and 96% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 (48%) or 1-2 (52%). The trial enrolled 214 patients with CLL and 15 patients with SLL. At baseline, 65% of patients presented with CLL/SLL with high risk factors (del 17p/TP53 mutation [18%], del 11q [15%], or unmutated immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable region (unmutated IGHV) [54%]). The most common reasons for initiating CLL therapy included: lymphadenopathy (38%), night sweats (34%), progressive marrow failure (31%), fatigue (29%), splenomegaly (25%), and progressive lymphocytosis (21%).

With a median follow-up time on study of 31 months, efficacy results for iLLUMINATE assessed by an IRC according to IWCLL criteria are shown in Table 25, and the Kaplan-Meier curve for PFS is shown in Figure 5.

Table 25: Efficacy Results in Patients with CLL/SLL in iLLUMINATE

EndpointIMBRUVICA + Obinutuzumab
N=113
Chlorambucil + Obinutuzumab
N=116
Progression Free Survivala
Number of events (%)24 (21)74 (64)
  Disease progression1164
  Death events1310
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE19.0 (15.1, 22.1)
  HR (95% CI)0.23 (0.15, 0.37)
  P-valueb<0.0001
Overall Response Rate (%)a88.573.3
    CRc (%)19.57.8
    PRd (%)69.065.5
a IRC-evaluated
b P-value is from unstratified log-rank test
c Includes 1 patient in the IMBRUVICA + obinutuzumab arm with a complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi)
d PR = nPR +PR
HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable

Figure 5: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in iLLUMINATE

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in iLLUMINATE - Illustration

In the high risk CLL/SLL population (del 17p/TP53 mutation, del 11q, or unmutated IGHV), the PFS HR was 0.15 [95% CI (0.09, 0.27)].

E1912

The E1912 study (A Randomized Phase III Study of Ibrutinib based Therapy vs Standard Fludarabine, Cyclophosphamide, and Rituximab [FCR] Chemoimmunotherapy in Untreated Younger Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia [CLL]) (NCT02048813) was conducted in adult patients who were 70 years or younger with previously untreated CLL or SLL requiring systemic therapy. All patients had a CLcr > 40 mL/min at baseline. Patients with 17p deletion were excluded. Patients (n =529) were randomized 2:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA plus rituximab (R) or FCR. IMBRUVICA was administered at 420 mg daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Fludarabine was administered at a dose of 25 mg/m2, and cyclophosphamide was administered at a dose of 250 mg/m2, both on Days 1, 2, and 3 of Cycles 1-6. Rituximab was initiated in Cycle 2 for the IMBRUVICA + R arm and in Cycle 1 for the FCR arm and was administered at 50 mg/m2 on Day 1 of the first cycle, 325 mg/m2 on Day 2 of the first cycle, and 500 mg/m2 on Day 1 of 5 subsequent cycles, for a total of 6 cycles. Each cycle was 28 days.

The median age was 58 years (range, 28 to 70 years), 67% were male, 90% were White and 98% had a ECOG performance status of 0-1. At baseline, 43% of patients were Rai stage 3 or 4 and 59% of patients presented with high risk factors (TP53 mutation [6%], del11q [22%], or unmutated IGHV [53%]).

With a median follow-up time on study of 37 months, efficacy results for E1912 are shown in Table 26. The Kaplan-Meier curves for PFS, assessed according to IWCLL criteria is shown in Figure 6.

Table 26: Efficacy Results in Patients with CLL/SLL in E1912

EndpointIMBRUVICA + R
N=354
FCR
N=175
Progression Free Survival
  Number of events (%)41 (12)44 (25)
    Disease progression3938
    Death events26
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE (49.4, NE)NE (47.1, NE)
  HR (95% CI)0.34 (0.22, 0.52)
  P-valuea<0.0001
a P-value is from unstratified log-rank test.
FCR = fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab; HR = hazard ratio; R = rituximab; NE = not evaluable

Figure 6: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in E1912

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with CLL/SLL in E1912 - Illustration

With a median follow-up time on study of 49 months, median overall survival was not reached with a total of 23 deaths: 11 (3%) in the IMBRUVICA plus rituximab and 12 (7%) in the FCR treatment arms.

Lymphocytosis

Upon initiation of single-agent IMBRUVICA, an increase in lymphocyte counts (i.e., ≥ 50% increase from baseline and above absolute lymphocyte count of 5,000/mcL) occurred in 66% of patients in the CLL studies. The onset of isolated lymphocytosis occurs during the first month of IMBRUVICA therapy and resolves by a median of 14 weeks (range, 0.1 to 104 weeks). When IMBRUVICA was administered in combination, lymphocytosis was 7% with IMBRUVICA + BR versus 6% with placebo + BR and 7% with IMBRUVICA + obinutuzumab versus 1% with chlorambucil + obinutuzumab.

Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in patients with WM were demonstrated in two singlearm trials and one randomized, controlled trial.

Study 1118 And INNOVATE Monotherapy Arm

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in WM were evaluated in Study PCYC-1118E (referred to as Study 1118) (NCT01614821), an open-label, multi-center, single-arm trial of 63 previously treated patients. The median age was 63 years (range, 44 to 86 years), 76% were male, and 95% were White. All patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1. The median time since diagnosis was 74 months, and the median number of prior treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 11 treatments). At baseline, the median serum IgM value was 3.5 g/dL (range, 0.7 to 8.4 g/dL).

IMBRUVICA was administered orally at 420 mg once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The responses were assessed by investigators and an IRC using criteria adopted from the International Workshop of Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia. Responses, defined as partial response or better, per IRC are shown in Table 27.

Table 27: Response Rate and Duration of Response (DOR) Based on IRC Assessment in Patients with WM in Study 1118

Total (N=63)
Response rate (CR+VGPR+PR), (%)61.9
  95% CI (%)(48.8, 73.9)
  Complete Response (CR)0
  Very Good Partial Response (VGPR), (%)11.1
  Partial Response (PR), (%)50.8
Median duration of response, months (range)NE (2.8+, 18.8+)
CI = confidence interval; NE = not evaluable

The median time to response was 1.2 months (range, 0.7-13.4 months).

The INNOVATE monotherapy arm included 31 patients with previously treated WM who failed prior rituximab-containing therapy and received single-agent IMBRUVICA. The median age was 67 years (range, 47 to 90 years). Eighty-one percent of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, and 19% had a baseline ECOG performance status of 2. The median number of prior treatments was 4 (range, 1 to 7 treatments). The response rate observed in the INNOVATE monotherapy arm was 71% (0% CR, 29% VGPR, 42% PR). With a median follow-up time on study of 34 months (range, 8.6+ to 37.7 months), the median duration of response has not been reached.

INNOVATE

The INNOVATE study (A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study of Ibrutinib or Placebo in Combination with Rituximab in Subjects with Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia) (NCT02165397) was conducted in treatment naïve or previously treated patients with WM. Patients (n = 150) were randomized 1:1 to receive either IMBRUVICA 420 mg daily or placebo in combination with rituximab until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Rituximab was administered weekly at a dose of 375 mg/m2 for 4 consecutive weeks (weeks 1-4) followed by a second course of weekly rituximab for 4 consecutive weeks (weeks 17-20). The major efficacy outcome measure is progression-free survival (PFS) assessed by an IRC with additional efficacy measure of response rate.

The median age was 69 years (range, 36 to 89 years), 66% were male, and 79% were White. Ninety-three percent of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, and 7% of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 2. Forty-five percent of patients were treatment naïve, and 55% of patients were previously treated. Among previously treated patients, the median number of prior treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 6 treatments). At baseline, the median serum IgM value was 3.2 g/dL (range, 0.6 to 8.3 g/dL), and MYD88 L265P mutations were present in 77% of patients, absent in 13% of patients, and 9% of patients were not evaluable for mutation status.

Efficacy results for INNOVATE as assessed by an IRC are shown in

Table 28, and the Kaplan-Meier curves for PFS are shown in Figure 7.

Table 28: Efficacy Results in Patients with WM in INNOVATE

EndpointIMBRUVICA + R
N=75
Placebo + R
N=75
Progression Free Survival
  Number of events (%)14 (19)42 (56)
  Median (95% CI), monthsNE20.3 (13.7, 27.6)
  HR (95% CI)0.20 (0.11, 0.38)
  P-valuea<0.0001
Response Rate (CR+VGPR+PR)b72%32%
  95% CI(0.62, 0.82)(0.21, 0.43)
  Complete Response (CR)3%1%
  Very Good Partial Response (VGPR)23%4%
  Partial Response (PR)47%27%
Median duration of response, months (range)NE (1.9+, 36.4+)21.2 (4.6, 25.8)
CI = confidence interval; HR = hazard ratio; NE = not evaluable; R = rituximab
a P-value is from log-rank test stratified by WM IPSS (low, med, high) and number of prior systemic treatment regimens (0, ≥1)
b P-value associated with response rate was <0.0001.
Median follow-up time on study = 26.5 months

Figure 7: Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with WM in INNOVATE

Kaplan-Meier Curve of Progression-Free Survival (ITT Population) in Patients with WM in INNOVATE - Illustration

An exploratory analysis demonstrated a sustained hemoglobin improvement (defined as increase of ≥ 2 g/dL over baseline for at least 8 weeks without blood transfusions or growth factor support) in 65% of patients in the IMBRUVICA + R group and 39% of patients in the placebo + R group.

Marginal Zone Lymphoma

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in MZL were evaluated in Study PCYC-1121-CA (referred to as Study 1121) (NCT01980628), an open-label, multi-center, single-arm trial of patients who received at least one prior therapy. The efficacy analysis included 63 patients with 3 sub-types of MZL: mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT; N=32), nodal (N=17), and splenic (N=14). The median age was 66 years (range, 30 to 92 years), 59% were female, and 84% were White. Ninety two percent of patients had a baseline ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 and 8% had ECOG performance status 2. The median time since diagnosis was 3.8 years, and the median number of prior treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 9 treatments).

IMBRUVICA was administered orally at 560 mg once daily until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The responses were assessed by investigators and an IRC using criteria adopted from the International Working Group criteria for malignant lymphoma. Responses per IRC are shown in Table 29.

Table 29: Overall Response Rate (ORR) and Duration of Response (DOR) Based on IRC Assessment in Patients with MZL in Study 1121

Total (N=63)
Response rate (CR + PR), (%)46.0%
  95% CI (%)(33.4, 59.1)
  Complete Response (CR), (%)3.2
  Partial Response (PR), (%)42.9
Median duration of response, months (range)NE (16.7, NE)
CI = confidence interval; NE = not evaluable
Median follow-up time on study = 19.4 months

The median time to response was 4.5 months (range, 2.3 to 16.4 months). Overall response rates were 46.9%, 41.2%, and 50.0% for the 3 MZL sub-types (MALT, nodal, splenic), respectively.

Chronic Graft Versus Host Disease

The safety and efficacy of IMBRUVICA in cGVHD were evaluated in Study PCYC-1129-CA (referred to as Study 1129) (NCT02195869), an open-label, multi-center, single-arm trial of 42 patients with cGVHD after failure of first line corticosteroid therapy and requiring additional therapy.

The median age was 56 years (range, 19 to 74 years), 52% were male, and 93% were White. The most common underlying malignancies leading to transplantation were acute lymphocytic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, and CLL. The median time since cGVHD diagnosis was 14 months, the median number of prior cGVHD treatments was 2 (range, 1 to 3 treatments), and 60% of patients had a Karnofsky performance score of ≤ 80. The majority of patients (88 %) had at least 2 organs involved at baseline, with the most commonly involved organs being mouth (86%), skin (81%), and gastrointestinal tract (33%). The median daily corticosteroid dose (prednisone or prednisone equivalent) at baseline was 0.3 mg/kg/day, and 52% of patients were receiving ongoing immunosuppressants in addition to systemic corticosteroids at baseline. Prophylaxis for infections were managed per institutional guidelines with 79% of patients receiving combinations of sulfonamides and trimethoprim and 64% receiving triazole derivatives.

IMBRUVICA was administered orally at 420 mg once daily. The responses were assessed by investigators using the 2005 National Institute of Health (NIH) Consensus Panel Response Criteria with two modifications to align with the updated 2014 NIH Consensus Panel Response Criteria. Efficacy results are shown in Table 30.

Table 30: Best Overall Response Rate (ORR) and Sustained Response Rate Based on Investigator Assessmenta in Patients with cGVHD in Study 1129

Total (N=42)
ORR28 (67%)
  95% CI(51%, 80%)
  Complete Response (CR)9 (21%)
  Partial Response (PR)19 (45%)
Sustained response rateb20 (48%)
CI = confidence interval
a Investigator assessment based on the 2005 NIH Response Criteria with two modifications (added “not evaluable” for organs with non-cGVHD abnormalities, and organ score change from 0 to 1 was not considered disease progression)
b Sustained response rate is defined as the proportion of patients who achieved a CR or PR that was sustained for at least 20 weeks.

The median time to response coinciding with the first scheduled response assessment was 12.3 weeks (range, 4.1 to 42.1 weeks). Responses were seen across all organs involved for cGVHD (skin, mouth, gastrointestinal tract, and liver).

ORR results were supported by exploratory analyses of patient-reported symptom bother which showed at least a 7-point decrease in Lee Symptom Scale overall summary score in 24% (10/42) of patients on at least 2 consecutive visits.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

IMBRUVICA
(im-BRU-vih-kuh)
(ibrutinib) capsules

IMBRUVICA
(im-BRU-vih-kuh)
(ibrutinib) tablets

What is IMBRUVICA?

IMBRUVICA is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with:

  • Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior treatment
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/Small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with 17p deletion
  • Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM)
  • Marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) who require a medicine by mouth or injection (systemic therapy) and have received a certain type of prior treatment
  • Chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) after failure of 1 or more lines of systemic therapy

It is not known if IMBRUVICA is safe and effective in children.

Before taking IMBRUVICA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • have had recent surgery or plan to have surgery. Your healthcare provider may stop IMBRUVICA for any planned medical, surgical, or dental procedure.
  • have bleeding problems
  • have or had heart rhythm problems, smoke, or have a medical condition that increases your risk of heart disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes
  • have an infection
  • have liver problems
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. IMBRUVICA can harm your unborn baby. If you are able to become pregnant, your healthcare provider will do a pregnancy test before starting treatment with IMBRUVICA. Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant during treatment with IMBRUVICA.
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose.
    • Males with female partners who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control, such as condoms, during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 month after the last dose.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. Do not breastfeed during treatment with IMBRUVICA and for 1 week after the last dose.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Taking IMBRUVICA with certain other medicines may affect how IMBRUVICA works and can cause side effects.

How should I take IMBRUVICA?

  • Take IMBRUVICA exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to take it.
  • Take IMBRUVICA 1 time a day.
  • Swallow IMBRUVICA capsules or tablets whole with a glass of water.
  • Do not open, break, or chew IMBRUVICA capsules.
  • Do not cut, crush, or chew IMBRUVICA tablets.
  • Take IMBRUVICA at about the same time each day.
  • If you miss a dose of IMBRUVICA take it as soon as you remember on the same day. Take your next dose of IMBRUVICA at your regular time on the next day. Do not take extra doses of IMBRUVICA to make up for a missed dose.
  • If you take too much IMBRUVICA call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away.

What should I avoid while taking IMBRUVICA?

You should not drink grapefruit juice, eat grapefruit, or eat Seville oranges (often used in marmalades) during treatment with IMBRUVICA. These products may increase the amount of IMBRUVICA in your blood.

What are the possible side effects of IMBRUVICA?

IMBRUVICA may cause serious side effects, including:

  • Bleeding problems (hemorrhage) are common during treatment with IMBRUVICA, and can also be serious and may lead to death. Your risk of bleeding may increase if you are also taking a blood thinner medicine. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any signs of bleeding, including:
    • blood in your stools or black stools (looks like tar)
    • pink or brown urine
    • unexpected bleeding, or bleeding that is severe or that you cannot control
    • vomit blood or vomit looks like coffee grounds
    • cough up blood or blood clots
    • increased bruising
    • dizziness
    • weakness
    • confusion
    • change in your speech
    • headache that lasts a long time or severe headache
  • Infections can happen during treatment with IMBRUVICA. These infections can be serious and may lead to death. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you have fever, chills, weakness, confusion, or other signs or symptoms of an infection during treatment with IMBRUVICA.
  • Decrease in blood cell counts. Decreased blood counts (white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells) are common with IMBRUVICA, but can also be severe. Your healthcare provider should do monthly blood tests to check your blood counts.
  • Heart rhythm problems (ventricular arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter). Serious heart rhythm problems and death have happened in people treated with IMBRUVICA, especially in people who have an increased risk for heart disease, have an infection, or who have had heart rhythm problems in the past. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any symptoms of heart rhythm problems, such as feeling as if your heart is beating fast and irregular, lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, chest discomfort, or you faint. If you develop any of these symptoms, your healthcare provider may do a test to check your heart (ECG) and may change your IMBRUVICA dose.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension). New or worsening high blood pressure has happened in people treated with IMBRUVICA. Your healthcare provider may start you on blood pressure medicine or change current medicines to treat your blood pressure.
  • Second primary cancers. New cancers have happened during treatment with IMBRUVICA, including cancers of the skin or other organs.
  • Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS). TLS is caused by the fast breakdown of cancer cells. TLS can cause kidney failure and the need for dialysis treatment, abnormal heart rhythm, seizure, and sometimes death. Your healthcare provider may do blood tests to check you for TLS.

The most common side effects of IMBRUVICA in adults with B-cell malignancies (MCL, CLL/SLL, WM and MZL) include:

  • diarrhea
  • tiredness
  • muscle and bone pain
  • rash
  • bruising

The most common side effects of IMBRUVICA in adults with cGVHD include:

  • tiredness
  • bruising
  • diarrhea
  • mouth sores (stomatitis)
  • muscle spasms
  • nausea
  • pneumonia

Diarrhea is a common side effect in people who take IMBRUVICA. Drink plenty of fluids during treatment with IMBRUVICA to help reduce your risk of losing too much fluid (dehydration) due to diarrhea. Tell your healthcare provider if you have diarrhea that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of IMBRUVICA.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

How should I store IMBRUVICA?

  • Store IMBRUVICA capsules and tablets at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).
  • Keep IMBRUVICA capsules in the original container with the lid tightly closed.
  • Keep IMBRUVICA tablets in the original carton.

Keep IMBRUVICA and all medicines out of the reach of children.

General information about the safe and effective use of IMBRUVICA.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use IMBRUVICA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give IMBRUVICA to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about IMBRUVICA that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in IMBRUVICA?

Active ingredient: ibrutinib

Inactive ingredients:

IMBRUVICA capsules: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and sodium lauryl sulfate. The 70 mg capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, yellow iron oxide, and black ink. The 140 mg capsule shell contains gelatin, titanium dioxide, and black ink.

IMBRUVICA tablets: colloidal silicon dioxide, croscarmellose sodium, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, and sodium lauryl sulfate. The film coating for each tablet contains ferrosoferric oxide (140 mg, 280 mg, and 420 mg tablets), polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, red iron oxide (280 mg and 560 mg tablets), talc, titanium dioxide, and yellow iron oxide (140 mg, 420 mg, and 560 mg tablets).

This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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