Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis)
Table of Contents
- Ingrown toenail facts
- What are ingrown toenails?
- What causes ingrown toenails?
- Are some people more prone to ingrown toenails?
- Which nails are most commonly affected by ingrown toenails?
- What causes infections in ingrown toenails?
- What are ingrown toenail symptoms and signs?
- How do physicians diagnose an ingrown toenail?
- What are possible complications of ingrown toenails?
- Are there any home remedies for an ingrown toenail?
- When should someone seek medical treatment for an ingrown toenail?
- What kind of doctor treats ingrown toenails?
- What is the treatment for ingrown toenails?
- What types of nail surgery are used for ingrown toenails?
- Do surgical procedures that treat ingrown toenails require anesthesia?
- What does the recovery from toenail surgery entail?
- What is the appearance of the nail after surgery?
- What are the potential complications of surgery?
- How can people prevent ingrown toenails from recurring?
- Ingrown toenail do's
- Ingrown toenail don'ts
- What is the prognosis for an ingrown toenail?
Ingrown toenail facts
- An ingrown toenail is a common, often unpleasant condition frequently seen in the big toenail.
- Athletes commonly suffer from ingrown toenails.
- Improper shoe gear and toe injuries are frequently associated with ingrown toenails.
- It is not unusual for an ingrown toenail to recur unless treated appropriately.
- Conservative treatments include soaks, elevation, proper nail cutting, and good foot hygiene. Medical treatment is not always required. Oral antibiotics are sometimes required as a treatment if infection is present. A health care professional can perform a minor toenail procedure if the problem is severe or recurrent.
What are ingrown toenails?
An ingrown toenail (onychocryptosis) is caused by the pressure from the ingrowth of the nail edge into the skin of the toe. Once the edge of the nail breaks through the skin, it produces inflammation. Initially presenting as a minor discomfort, it may progress into an infection in the adjacent skin (cellulitis) and/or become a reoccurring problem. Ingrown toenails most commonly affect the large (great) toes.
What causes ingrown toenails?
An imbalance between the size of the nail and the enlargement of the nail skin edge causes ingrown toenails. This condition can be exacerbated by improper trimming of the toenail, an inherited or hereditary condition, and improper shoe fitting. Injury by overly aggressive pedicures and nail picking are also common causes. Some people's toenails naturally curl inward (known as pincer nails). These toenails can easily become painful. Adolescents and athletes perspire more often. This causes nails and skin to be soft. The thin nail can eventually split and pierce the softened skin.