Is Sativa an Upper or Downer?

Reviewed on 11/24/2020

Cannabis Sativa
Sativa strains mainly consist of a high limonene content that uplifts the mood.

Cannabis sativa strains are generally uplifting and give you a ‘high.’ Sativa strains mainly consist of a high limonene content that uplifts the mood. There are strains of cannabis, such as Indica, that induce sleepiness. The percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels can have an impact on your sleep cycle. A higher amount of THC can increase the chances of insomnia or restless sleep. Cannabis also consists of terpenoids that give it some peculiar characteristics. The different types of terpenes present in cannabis include:

  • Myrcene: It causes sedation.
  • Limonene: It uplifts the mood.
  • Alpha-pinene: It reduces or eliminates short-term memory impairment.

What is Sativa?

Cannabis is an annual, flowering herb that includes three different species:

  • Cannabis sativa
  • Cannabis indica
  • Cannabis ruderalis

Cannabis sativa or Sativa is tall, pale green color herbs that constitute a group of a substance known as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are mainly of two types:

  • Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): This component causes hunger and has intoxicating properties. Besides, it relieves pain and nausea.
  • Cannabidiol (CBD): This component of cannabis doesn’t have any intoxicating properties. It alleviates anxiety, pain, inflammation, and many other conditions.

Cannabis is the most illegally used drug in the world and is associated with various mental health issues. The leaves, seeds, stems, or roots are mainly used for intoxication purposes.

What are the common effects of cannabis?

General effects of cannabis include:

  • Euphoria
  • Feelings of wellbeing
  • Spontaneous laughter and excitement
  • Increased appetite
  • Dry mouth
  • Quiet and reflective mood

When will cannabis show up on a drug test?

Several tests are used to detect the presence of cannabis. They include:

  • Saliva test: A person can test positive for cannabis for up to 34-48 hours after last use.
  • Urine test: Infrequent users test positive for 1-3 days, moderate users can test positive for 7-21 days, and a heavy user can test positive for a month or longer after the last drug use.
  • Hair test: Cannabis can be detected on a hair test for up to 90 days.
  • Blood test: Cannabis will be visible on a blood test for up to 36 hours.

How long is cannabis expected to stay in the body?

Detectable amounts of THC may remain in the body for days or even weeks after use. THC is absorbed by various body tissues and organs or metabolized by the liver. The metabolites thus formed are immediately removed via urine. However, THC stored in the body tissue is released back into the bloodstream over time, where it is metabolized by the liver. In a chronic user, the excretion rate of THC through urine is less; hence, it builds up in the liver.

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References
NIH. Cannabis (Marijuana) and Cannabinoids: What You Need To Know. https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/cannabis-marijuana-and-cannabinoids-what-you-need-to-know

Piomelli D, Russo EB. The Cannabis sativa versus Cannabis indica debate: An interview with Ethan Russo, MD. Published online January 1, 2016. doi: 10.1089/can.2015.29003.ebr

ScienceDirect. Cannabis Sativa Subsp. Indica. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/pharmacology-toxicology-and-pharmaceutical-science/cannabis-sativa-subsp-indica

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