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Juvéderm Ultra XC

Last reviewed on RxList: 2/20/2019
Drug Description

JUVÉDERM® Ultra XC
(hyaluronic acid) Injectable Gel

DESCRIPTION

JUVÉDERM® Ultra XC is a sterile, biodegradable, nonpyrogenic, viscoelastic, clear, colorless, homogenized gel implant. It consists of cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) produced by Streptococcus equi bacteria, formulated to a concentration of 24 mg/mL and 0.3% w/w lidocaine in a physiologic buffer.

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Intended Use/Indications

JUVEDERM® Ultra XC injectable gel is indicated for injection into the mid to deep dermis for correction of moderate to severe facial wrinkles and folds (such as nasolabial folds).

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Physician Instructions

  1. JUVEDERM® Ultra XC injectable gel is a highly cross-linked formulation that can be injected using a 30-G needle for more versatility in contouring and volumizing of facial wrinkles and folds. Prior to treatment, the patient's medical history should be obtained, and the patient should be fully apprised of the indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, treatment responses, adverse reactions, and method of administration. Patients also should be advised that supplemental “touch-up” implantations may be required to achieve and maintain maximum correction.
  2. The patient's soft-tissue deficiencies should be characterized with regard to etiology, distensibility, stress at the site, and depth of lesion. Depending on the type of skin, best results are obtained when the defect is readily distensible and correction can be visualized by manual manipulation (stretching) of the skin. Pretreatment photographs are recommended.
  3. Although the study showed JUVEDERM® Ultra XC to be less painful than JUVEDERM® Ultra, supplementary anesthesia may be used for additional pain management during and after injection.
  4. After ensuring that the patient has thoroughly washed the treatment area with soap and water, the area should be swabbed with alcohol or other antiseptic. Prior to injecting, depress the plunger rod until the product flows out of the needle.
  5. After the first small amount of material has been injected into the patient, wait a full 3 seconds to allow the lidocaine to take effect before proceeding with the rest of the injection.
  6. The injection technique may vary with regard to the angle and orientation of the bevel, the depth of injection, and the quantity administered. A linear threading technique, serial puncture injections, or a combination of the 2 have been used to achieve optimal results. Injecting the product too superficially may result in visible lumps and/or discoloration.
  7. Inject JUVEDERM® Ultra XC by applying even pressure on the plunger rod while slowly pulling the needle backward. The wrinkle should be lifted and eliminated by the end of the injection. It is important that the injection be stopped just before the needle is pulled out of the skin to prevent material from leaking out or ending up too superficially in the skin.
  8. If the needle is blocked, do not increase the pressure on the plunger rod. Instead, stop the injection and replace the needle.
  9. The typical total volume to achieve optimal correction of moderate to severe facial wrinkles and nasolabial folds is1.6 mL per treatment site. The typical volume to achieve optimal correction for repeat treatment is 0.7 mL per treatment site.
  10. Correct to 100% of the desired volume effect. Do not overcorrect. The degree and duration of the correction depend on the character of the defect treated, the tissue stress at the implant site, the depth of the implant in the tissue, and the injection technique. Markedly indurated defects may be difficult to correct.
  11. If immediate blanching occurs, the injection should be stopped and the area massaged until it returns to a normal color.
  12. When injection is completed, the treated site should be gently massaged so that it conforms to the contour of the surrounding tissues. If overcorrection occurs, massage the area between your fingers or against an underlying superficial bone to obtain optimal results.
  13. With patients who have localized swelling, the degree of correction is sometimes difficult to judge at the time of treatment. In these cases, it is better to invite the patient to a touch-up session after 1 to 2 weeks.
  14. Patients may have mild to moderate injection-site responses, which typically resolve in a few days. If the treated area is swollen immediately after the injection, an ice pack can be applied to the site for a short period.
  15. After the initial treatment, an additional treatment (from 1 to 2 weeks later) may be necessary to achieve the desired level of correction. If the wrinkle needs further treatment, the same procedure should be repeated until a satisfactory result is obtained. The need for an additional treatment may vary from patient to patient and is dependent upon a variety of factors such as wrinkle severity, skin elasticity, and dermal thickness at the treatment site.
  16. The physician should instruct the patient to promptly report to her/him any evidence of problems possibly associated with the use of JUVEDERM® Ultra XC.

HOW SUPPLIED

JUVEDERM® Ultra XC injectable gel is supplied in individual treatment syringes with 30-G needles for single-patient use and ready for injection (implantation). The volume in each syringe is as stated on the syringe label and on the carton. The contents of the syringe are sterile and non pyrogenic. Do not resterilize. Do not use if package is opened or damaged.

Storage

Store at room temperature (up to 25°C/77°F). DO NOT FREEZE.

JUVEDERM® Ultra XC injectable gel has a clear appearance. In the event that a syringe contains material that is not clear, do not use the syringe; notify Allergan Product Support immediately at 1-877-345-5372.

Manufactured by: Route de Proméry, Zone Artisanale de Pré-Mairy, 74370 PRINGY-France. Distributed by: Santa Barbara, CA 93111 USA. Revised: n/a

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Evaluation Of JUVEDERM® Ultra XC

A 2-week, randomized, controlled US clinical study for JUVEDERM® Ultra XC and Ultra Plus XC compared with JUVEDERM® Ultra and Ultra Plus without lidocaine showed a similar safety profile in all subjects (N = 72), with the exception of fewer reports of pain/tenderness with the product containing lidocaine. Common treatment-site responses (CTR), by severity and duration, are presented in Tables 1 and 2. Aside from injection-site responses, there were no adverse events related to the device, procedure, or anesthesia.

  • The most common injection-site responses for JUVEDERM® Ultra XC were redness, swelling, tenderness, firmness, lumps/bumps, discoloration, and bruising.

Table 1: Injection-Site Responses by Maximum Severity (Number/% of Subject Nasolabial Folds [NLFs])

Injection-Site Responses TOTALS JUVEDERM® Ultra XC
(Na= 36 NLFs)
JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na= 36 NLFs)
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC
nc %
JUVEDERM® Ultra
nc %
Mild nc % Modb nc % Severe
nc %
Mild nc % Modb nc % Severe
nc %
Redness 29 30 22 7 0 21 9 0
81% 83% 61% 19% 0% 58% 25% 0%
Pain 17 22 12 5 0 16 5 1
47% 61% 33% 14% 0% 44% 14% 3%
Tenderness 22 29 18 3 1 22 6 1
61% 81% 50% 8% 3% 61% 17% 3%
Firmness 32 33 22 8 2 24 9 0
89% 92% 61% 22% 6% 67% 25% 0%
Swelling 30 29 23 6 1 17 12 0
83% 81% 64% 17% 3% 47% 33% 0%
Lumps/Bumps 20 22 13 6 1 17 4 1
56% 61% 36% 17% 3% 47% 11% 3%
Bruising 27 24 16 8 3 15 6 3
75% 67% 44% 22% 8% 42% 17% 8%
Itching 12 11 12 0 0 10 1 0
33% 31% 33% 0% 0% 28% 3% 0%
Discoloration 22 21 17 2 3 16 3 2
61% 58% 47% 6% 8% 44% 8% 6%
a Number of subject NLFs treated with the respective device
b Mod = Moderate
c Number of NLFs with any occurrence of a particular CTR (or severity for the overall percentages)

Table 2: Duration of Injection-Site Responses (Number/% of Subject NLFs)

Injection-Site Responses JUVEDERM® Ultra XC
(Na = 36 NLFs) nb %
JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na = 36 NLFs) nb %
Durationc 1-3 Days 4-7 Days 8-14 Days > 14 Days 1-3 Days 4-7 Days 8-14 Days > 14 Days
Redness 22 4 1 2 22 4 2 2
61% 11% 3% 6% 61% 11% 6% 6%
Pain 15 0 1 1 18 3 0 1
42% 0% 3% 3% 50% 8% 0% 3%
Tenderness 14 3 3 2 23 5 0 1
39% 8% 8% 6% 64% 14% 0% 3%
Firmness 15 7 5 5 15 7 8 3
42% 19% 14% 14% 42% 19% 22% 8%
Swelling 19 7 2 2 17 7 3 2
53% 19% 6% 6% 47% 19% 8% 6%
Lumps/Bumps 10 4 2 4 11 5 3 3
28% 11% 6% 11% 31% 14% 8% 8%
Bruising 12 8 4 3 7 8 6 3
33% 22% 11% 8% 19% 22% 17% 8%
Itching 8 3 0 1 9 1 0 1
22% 8% 0% 3% 25% 3% 0% 3%
Discoloration 13 2 4 3 10 5 4 2
36% 6% 11% 8% 28% 14% 11% 6%
a Number of subject NLFs treated with the respective device
b Number of subject NLFs with each specific injection-site response by maximum duration
c Duration refers to number of days from symptom onset until resolution, irrespective of date of implantation

Clinical Evaluation Of JUVEDERM® Ultra (Without Lidocaine)

In the initial randomized, controlled clinical trial to evaluate safety and effectiveness, 146 subjects were injected with JUVEDERM® Ultra in one NLF and ZYPLAST® dermal filler in the contralateral NLF. Preprinted diary forms were used by subjects to record specific signs and symptoms experienced during each of the first14 days (day 0 through day 13) after initial and touch-up treatments. Subjects were instructed to rate each common treatment response listed on the diary as “Mild,” “Moderate,” “Severe,” or “None.” Injection-site responses reported by > 5% of subjects in either treatment group are summarized in Tables 3 and 4.

Table 3: Injection-Site Responses by Maximum Severity Occurring in > 5% of Treated Subjects (Number/% of Subject NLFs)

Injection-Site Responses TOTALS JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na = 146 NLFs)
ZYPLAST®
(Na = 146 NLFs)
JUVEDERM® Ultra
nc %
ZYPLAST® nc % Mild nc % Modb nc % Severe
nc %
Milld nc % Modb nc % Severe
nc %
Redness 136 130 72 48 16 69 45 16
93% 89% 49% 33% 11% 47% 31% 11%
Pain/ Tenderness 131 128 74 45 12 87 34 7
90% 88% 51% 31% 8% 60% 23% 5%
Firmness 129 127 66 53 10 60 56 11
88% 87% 45% 36% 7% 41% 38% 8%
Swelling 125 122 60 54 11 77 37 8
86% 84% 41% 37% 8% 53% 25% 5%
Lumps/Bumps 115 122 61 45 9 66 42 14
79% 84% 42% 31% 6% 45% 29% 10%
Bruising 86 80 43 29 14 47 27 6
59% 55% 29% 20% 10% 32% 18% 4%
Itching 52 53 42 5 5 43 7 3
36% 36% 29% 3% 3% 29% 5% 2%
Discoloration 48 49 31 11 6 31 15 3
33% 34% 21% 8% 4% 21% 10% 2%
a Number of subject NLFs treated with the respective device
b Mod = Moderate
c Number of subject NLFs with each specific injection-site response

Table 4: Duration of Injection-Site Responses Occurring in > 5% of Treated Subjects(Number/% of Subject NLFs)

Injection-Site Responses JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na = 146 NLFs) nb %
ZYPLAST®
(Na = 146 NLFs) nb %
Durationc ≤ 3 Days 4-7 Days 8-14 Days > 14 Days ≤3 Days 4-7 Days 8-14 Days > 14 Days
Redness 60 50 8 18 46 46 10 28
41% 34% 5% 12% 32% 32% 7% 19%
Pain /Tenderness 61 46 18 6 49 53 14 12
42% 32% 12% 4% 34% 36% 10% 8%
Firmness 29 34 20 46 25 28 20 54
20% 23% 14% 32% 17% 19% 14% 37%
Swelling 38 48 22 17 54 38 20 10
26% 33% 15% 12% 37% 26% 14% 7%
Lumps/Bumps 26 32 18 39 16 18 19 69
18% 22% 12% 27% 11% 12% 13% 47%
Bruising 29 28 24 5 35 27 10 8
20% 19% 16% 3% 24% 18% 7% 5%
Itching 25 15 7 5 21 17 4 11
17% 10% 5% 3% 14% 12% 3% 8%
Discoloration 22 12 4 10 26 9 3 11
15% 8% 3% 7% 18% 6% 2% 8%
a Number of subject NLFs treated with the respective device
b Number of subject NLFs with each specific injection-site response by maximum duration
c Duration refers to number of days from symptom onset until resolution, irrespective of date of implantation

Local injection-site responses were recorded in subjects’ diaries one or more times for 99% of JUVEDERM® Ultra treated NLFs and 98% of ZYPLAST® treated NLFs. Subjects’ scores for both products were predominantly Mild or Moderate in intensity, and their duration was short lasting (7 days or less). JUVEDERM® Ultra injection-site responses reported by greater than 1% of subjects and not noted in the above tables were skin dryness and peeling. No clinically meaningful differences in the safety profiles of JUVEDERM® Ultra and ZYPLAST® were found during the study.

Other Safety Data

Other Clinical Studies

In 2 additional randomized US clinical studies of other JUVEDERM® formulations (without lidocaine) in a total of 293 subjects, the safety profile was similar to that described above for JUVEDERM® Ultra.

Postmarket Surveillance

The following adverse events were received from postmarket surveillance for JUVEDERM® Ultra (without lidocaine), which were not observed in the clinical trials; this includes reports received globally from all sources including scientific journals and voluntary reports. Adverse events with a frequency of 5 or more events are listed in order of prevalence: allergic reaction, blister, inflammation at the injection site, paresthesia, infection at the injection site, bleeding at the injection site, skin rash, malaise, headache, blanching, vision abnormalities, abscess at the injection site, urticaria, herpes simplex, telangiectasis, angioedema, flu-like symptoms, nausea, vascular event, dyspnea, dermatitis, granuloma at the injection site, and scar.

Vision abnormalities, almost all of which were nonserious events, have been reported in association with edema and overcorrection. The reported events consisted of blurred, double vision, or watery eyes and were noted after treatment of the tear trough region under the eyes. Time to onset ranged from immediate to 2 weeks postinjection. Interventions reported by physicians were noted to range from none to oral steroids to injectable hyaluronidase. Outcomes included resolved, improving, or ongoing at last contact.

Scarring has mostly been reported after treatment in the forehead or glabellar region and associated with a vascular event, necrosis, skin discoloration, blister, nodule, allergic reaction, and infection. Time to onset ranged from 2 weeks to 4 months. Interventions prescribed by the physicians included topical steroidal cream, nitropaste, oral steroids, and antibiotics. Additional treatments noted were a laser procedure and surgical scar revision.

Serious adverse events have infrequently been reported for JUVEDERM® Ultra (reported with a frequency of 5 or more). The most commonly reported serious adverse events were edema, erythema, ecchymosis, pruritus, induration, and pain.

  • The onset of edema generally varied from immediate to 2 week spost-injection. The treatment prescribed included arnica, NSAIDs, antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, edema resolved within a day to a month.
  • The onset of erythema generally varied from immediate to1 week post-injection. The treatment prescribed included arnica, antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, hyaluronidase, and laser treatment. In most cases, erythema resolved within 1 to4 weeks.
  • The onset of ecchymosis generally varied from immediate to 5 days post-injection. The treatment prescribed included arnica, NSAIDs, antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, ecchymosis resolved within 1 day to 4 weeks.
  • The onset of pruritus generally varied from immediate to 1 week post-injection. The treatment prescribed included NSAIDs, antihistamines, antibiotics, and steroids. In most cases, pruritus resolved within 3 days to 2 months.
  • The onset of induration generally varied from 1 day to 2 months post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, induration resolved within 1 week.
  • The onset of pain generally varied from immediate to 8 days post-injection. The treatment prescribed included NSAIDs, antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, pain resolved within 1 to 6 weeks.

Additionally there have been reports of nodules, infection, allergic reaction, inflammation, abscess, deeper wrinkle/scar, and displacement.

  • The onset of nodules generally varied from immediate to 2 weeks post-injection. The treatment prescribed included arnica, NSAIDs, antibiotics, steroids, hyaluronidase, and needle aspiration. In most cases, nodules resolved within 3 days to1 month.
  • The onset of infection generally varied from immediate to 1 week post-injection. The treatment prescribed included NSAIDs, antibiotics, and steroids. In most cases, infection resolved within 6 to10 days.
  • The onset of allergic reaction generally varied from immediate to 2 months post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, allergic reactions resolved within 2 days to 4 months.
  • The onset of inflammation generally varied from immediate to 2 weeks post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antihistamines, antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, inflammation resolved within 3 days to 2 months.
  • The onset of abscess generally varied from 2 days to 2 weeks post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antibiotics, steroids, and hyaluronidase. In most cases, abscess resolved within 4 to 6 weeks.
  • The onset of deeper wrinkle/scar generally varied from immediate to 2 weeks post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antibiotics, steroids, and surgical correction of the scar. Deeper wrinkle/scar has been reported infrequently but more commonly after treatment in the glabellar region.
  • The onset of displacement generally varied from immediate to 2 weeks post-injection. The treatment prescribed included antibiotics, steroids, hyaluronidase, and laser treatment.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No Information provided

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

  • The product must not be injected into blood vessels. Introduction of JUVEDERM® Ultra XC into the vasculature may occlude the vessels and could cause infarction or embolization.
  • Product use at specific sites in which an active inflammatory process (skin eruptions such as cysts, pimples, rashes, or hives) or infection is present should be deferred until the underlying process has been controlled.
  • Injection procedure reactions consist mainly of short-term inflammatory symptoms starting early after treatment and lasting ≤ 7 days’ duration. Refer to the ADVERSE EVENTS section for details.

PRECAUTIONS

  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is packaged for single-patient use. Do not resterilize. Do not use if package is opened or damaged.
  • Based on preclinical studies, patients should be limited to20 mL of JUVEDERM® Ultra XC per 60 kg (130 lbs) body mass per year. The safety of injecting greater amounts has notbeen established.
  • The safety and effectiveness for the treatment of anatomic regions other than facial wrinkles and folds (eg, lips) have not been established in controlled clinical studies.
  • As with all transcutaneous procedures, dermal filler implantation carries a risk of infection. Standard precautions associated with injectable materials should be followed.
  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is to be used as supplied. Modification or use of the product outside the Directions for Use may adversely impact the sterility, homogeneity, and performance of the product, and it can therefore no longer be assured.
  • The safety for use during pregnancy, in breastfeeding females, or in patients under 18 years has not been established.
  • The safety in patients with known susceptibility to keloid formation, hypertrophic scarring, and pigmentation disorders has not been studied.
  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC should be used with caution in patients on immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Patients who are using substances that can prolong bleeding (such as aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and warfarin) may, as with any injection, experience increased bruising or bleeding at injection sites.
  • After use, treatment syringes and needles may be potential biohazards. Handle and dispose of these items in accordance with accepted medical practice and applicable local, state, and federal requirements.
  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC injectable gel is a clear, colorless gel without particulates. In the event that the content of a syringe shows signs of separation and/or appears cloudy, do not use the syringe; notify Allergan Product Support at 1-877-345-5372.
  • If laser treatment, chemical peeling, or any other procedure based on active dermal response is considered after treatment with JUVEDERM® Ultra XC, there is a possible risk of eliciting an inflammatory reaction at the implant site. An inflammatory reaction is also possible if the product is administered before the skin has healed completely after such a procedure.
  • Failure to comply with the needle attachment instructions could result in needle disengagement and/or product leakage at the luer-lock and needle hub connection.
Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No Information provided

CONTRAINDICATIONS

  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is contraindicated for patients with severe allergies manifested by a history of anaphylaxis or history or presence of multiple severe allergies.
  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC contains trace amounts of gram-positive bacterial proteins and is contraindicated for patients with a history of allergies to such material.
  • JUVEDERM® Ultra XC contains trace amounts of lidocaine and is contraindicated for patients with a history of allergies to such material.
Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Clinical Studies

Pivotal Study For JUVEDERM® Ultra (Without Lidocaine)

Pivotal Study Design

A prospective, double-blind, randomized, within-subject controlled, multicenter, pivotal clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of JUVEDERM® Ultra in the treatment of moderate to severe wrinkles. Subjects underwent treatment with JUVEDERM® Ultra in one NLF and the control implant (ZYPLAST® bovine collagen) in the opposite NLF.

Up to 3 bilateral treatments (initial treatment and up to 2 touch-up treatments), approximately 2 weeks apart, were allowed. At 2 and 4 weeks after each treatment, the Independent Expert Reviewer (IER) assessed the level of correction achieved. If correction was less than optimal after the first or second treatment, the Investigator re-treated the under corrected NLFs using the same respective treatment materials as in the initial treatment. The IER and the subject remained masked to the randomized treatment assignment.

Routine follow-up visits for safety and effectiveness occurred at days 3 and 7 and week 2 after each treatment, and at 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, and 24 weeks after the last treatment. Standardized facial photography was performed for documentation purposes. The Investigator and the IER independently evaluated the severity of the subject's NLFs using a validated 5-point (range 0 to 4) photographic NLF severity scale. The subject made independent self-assessments of NLF severity using a non-photographic 5-point grading scale.

Study Endpoints

The primary effectiveness endpoint for the study was the IER's NLF severity score over the post-treatment follow-up period. Effectiveness of device treatment was demonstrated by a lowering of the NLF severity score. Additional analyses included the subject's and the Investigator's live NLF severity assessments.

Subject Demographics

A total of 146 subjects (31 to 75 years of age) were randomizedand treated, and 140 (96%) completed the 6-month follow-up period. Prior to enrollment, 87 (60%) had previous experience with other facial dermal treatments (eg, alpha-hydroxy agents, BOTOX® Cosmetic [onabotulinumtoxinA], microdermabrasion, or retinoic acid).

Subject demographics and pretreatment characteristics of the JUVEDERM® Ultra effectiveness population are presented inTable 5.

Table 5: Demographics and Pretreatment Characteristics of the Effectiveness Population (Number/% of Subjects) N = 146

Gender (Number/%)
Female 135 92%
Male 11 8%
Ethnicity (Number/%)
Caucasian 105 72%
African American 18 12%
Hispanic 15 10%
Asian 7 5%
Other 1 1%
Fitzpatrick Skin Phototype (Number/%)
I 4 3%
II 34 23%
III 55 38%
IV 24 16%
V 24 16%
VI 5 3%
Mean Baseline NLF Severity Scorea
JUVEDERM® Ultra NLF 2.6  
ZYPLAST® NLF 2.6  
a NLF severity was ranked on a 5-point scale from None (0) to Extreme (4)

Effectiveness Results

The primary effectiveness results for JUVEDERM® Ultra based on the IER's assessment of NLF severity are presented in Table 6.

Table 6: Effectiveness Summary Independent Expert Reviewer’s NLF Severity Scores

  nc JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na = 146 NLFs)
Controlb
(Na = 146 NLFs)
NLF Severity d Improvement Since Baselined NLF Severityd Improvement Since Baselined
Baseline 146 2.6 - 2.6 -
Week 2 142 0.6 2.0 0.7 1.9
Week 12 129 0.9 1.7 1.6 0.9
Week 24 138 1.3 1.3 2.3 0.3
a Number of subject NLFs treated with the respective device
b A commercially available injectable bovine collagen implant
c Number of subject NLFs with data at baseline and the specified time point
d Mean score

Throughout the 24-week study period, JUVEDERM® Ultra provided a clinically and statistically significant improvement in NLF severity. Clinical superiority was achieved at week 24 for JUVEDERM® Ultra over ZYPLAST® with mean NLF severity of 1.3 and 2.3, respectively (P < .0001). Additionally, subject assessments for product preference overwhelmingly favored JUVEDERM® Ultra: 88% preferred the JUVEDERM® Ultra treated NLF over the ZYPLAST® treated NLF.

Extended Follow-up Clinical Study

Of the 146 randomized and treated subjects, more than three-quarters (79%, 116/146) returned after completion of their 24-week follow-up in the pivotal study for complimentary repeat treatment. Demographics for the subjects receiving repeat treatment were similar to those in the overall study. The majority of subjects were Caucasian and female, with a median age of 50 years. More than one-third of subjects were of Fitzpatrick Skin Photo types IV, V, or VI.

After completing the 24-week study, subjects returned for repeat treatment at their convenience or their Investigator’s convenience. The average time elapsed between last initial treatment and repeat treatment was approximately 9 months. A statistical analysis demonstrated that those subjects who returned for repeat treatment at a later time point were representative of the pivotal study subjects overall. There were no significant differences between these stratified groups in terms of NLF severity at baseline or at the 24-week follow-up visit or in overall initial volume injected. Before repeat treatment, live assessments of wrinkle severity were made by the Investigator and the subject. The extended follow-up effectiveness results for JUVEDERM® Ultra based on the Investigator’s assessment of NLF severity are presented in Table 7.

Table 7: Extended Follow-up Prior to Repeat Treatment Effectiveness Summary Investigator’s NLF Severity Scores

  nb JUVEDERM® Ultra
(Na = 116 NLFs)
NLF Severityc Improvement Since Baselinec P value
Baselinea 116 2.6 - N/A
Follow-up Week 24a (Month 6) 116 1.3 1.3 < .0001
Follow-up Weeks 25-36 (Months 6-9) 68 1.3 1.2 < .0001
Follow-up Weeks > 36 (> 9 months) 48 1.6 1.1 < .0001
a Data collected during pivotal study
b Number of subject NLFs with data at baseline and the specified time point
c Mean score

All subjects returning for repeat treatment were stratified into 2 groups based on the time elapsed between last initial treatment and repeat treatment: 25 to 36 weeks or > 36 weeks. Mean improvement since baseline was clinically significant (≥ 1 point) for both groups, with a large majority of subjects treated with JUVEDERM® Ultra demonstrating improvement:

  • 84% (57/68) at 25 to 36 weeks (6-9 months)
  • 75% (36/48) beyond 36 weeks (beyond 9 months)
Follow-up After Repeat Treatment

A subset of subjects enrolled in a prospective, multicenter study for follow-up after repeat treatment. Subjects were eligible for the follow-up study if they completed the pivotal study, indicated that they preferred JUVEDERM® Ultra over the control device, and received repeat treatment between 24 and 36 weeks after their last treatment in the pivotal study.

Subjects underwent repeat treatment with JUVEDERM® Ultra in both NLFs. Demographics for subjects enrolled in the repeat treatment extended follow-up study were similar to those in the pivotal study. Routine follow-up visits for safety and effectiveness occurred at 4, 12, 24, 36, and 48 weeks after the repeat treatment. The Investigator evaluated each subject for signs and symptoms of serious or unanticipated adverse events. The Investigator also evaluated the severity of the subject’s NLFs using the validated 5-point (range 0 to 4) photographic NLF severity scale. The subject made independent self-assessments of NLF severity using the nonphotographic 5-point grading scale.

No serious or unanticipated adverse events were reported. The effectiveness results for repeat treatment with JUVEDERM® Ultra based on the Investigator’s assessment of NLF severity after repeat treatment are presented in Table 8.

Table 8: Follow-up After Repeat Treatment Effectiveness Summary Investigator’s NLF Severity Scores

  na JUVEDERM® Ultra
N = 24
NLF Severityb Improvement Since Baselineb
Baseline 24 2.5 -
Pre-repeat Treatment 24 1.4 1.1
Week 12 23 0.9 1.7
Week 24 23 1.1 1.4
Week 48 9 1.3 1.3
a Number of subject NLFs with data at baseline and the specified time point
b Mean score

Throughout the 48-week follow-up period, JUVEDERM® Ultra provided a clinically significant improvement in NLF severity (≥ 1-point mean improvement) with a large majority of subjects treated with JUVEDERM® Ultra demonstrating improvement at24 weeks and beyond: 87% (20/23) at 24 weeks and 78% (7/9)at 48 weeks (1 year).

Clinical Study For JUVEDERM® Ultra XC

A prospective, double-blind, randomized, within-subject controlled, multicenter clinical study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of JUVEDERM® Ultra XC compared with JUVEDERM® Ultra without lidocaine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of procedural pain (pain during injection) experienced by subjects when treated with each product. The duration of the study was 2 weeks.

A total of 36 subjects received a single treatment with JUVEDERM® Ultra XC in one NLF and JUVEDERM® Ultra without lidocaine in the other NLF. Within 30 minutes after both NLFs were treated, the subjects rated procedural pain on an 11-point scale and a 5-point comparative scale. Both the Investigators and subjects rated NLF severity at baseline and 2 weeks after treatment using the 5-point NLF severity scale from the pivotal study. Subjects utilized an interactive, voice-response-system diary to record common treatment-site reactions for 14 days.

Most of the subjects were women (94%) of Caucasian descent (75%) with Fitzpatrick skin photo type II or III (58%). Persons of color (Fitzpatrick skin photo types IV, V, or VI) comprised 36% of treated subjects. Median age at study entry was 52 years (range, 32 to 73). Subject demographics are shown in Table 9.

Table 9: Subject Demographics(Number/% of Subjects) N = 36 Subjects

Gender
Female 34 94%
Male 2 6%
Ethnicity
Caucasian 27 75%
African American 7 19%
Hispanic 0 0%
Asian 1 3%
Other 1 3%
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
I 2 6%
II 16 44%
III 5 14%
IV 7 1 9%
V 3 8%
VI 3 8%

The pain scores for the NLFs treated with JUVEDERM® Ultra XC were significantly lower (P < .0001) than for the NLFs treated with JUVEDERM® Ultra without lidocaine (Table 10) based on the 11-point scale. On the comparative scale, 94% (34/36) of subjects rated the side with lidocaine as less or slightly less painful compared to the side without lidocaine (Table 11).

Table 10: Subject Assessment of Procedural Pain Scores (N = 36)

  Mean Pain Scorea
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC 1.5
JUVEDERM® Ultra 5.2
Mean Difference -3.7
a Procedural pain score ranges from 0 to 10 where 0 = No Pain and 10 = Worst Pain Imaginable

Table 11: Subject Assessments of Comparative Procedural Pain Score

  JUVEDERM® Ultra
(N = 36 NLFs)
N (%)
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is less painful 23 (64%)
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is slightly less painful 11 (31%)
No difference between products 0 (0%)
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is slightly more painful 2 (6%)
JUVEDERM® Ultra XC is more painful 0 (0%)

NLF severity improvement after 2 weeks was similar for both JUVEDERM® products (with and without lidocaine). Mean baseline score was 2.3, and a clinically significant improvement (severity reduction) to 0.7 was observed after 2 weeks for both products.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Instructions For Use

To Attach Needle To Syringe

STEP 1: Remove tip cap

Hold syringe and pull tip cap off the syringe as shown in Figure A.

Figure A

Remove tip cap  - Illustration

STEP 2: Insert needle

Hold the syringe body and firmly insert the hub of the needle (provided in the JUVEDERM® package) into the luer-lock end of the syringe.

STEP 3: Tighten the needle

Tighten the needle by turning it firmly in a clockwise direction (see Figure B) until it is seated in the proper position, as shown in Figure C.

NOTE: If the position of the needle cap is as shown in Figure D, it is not attached correctly. Continue to tighten until the needle is seated in the proper position.

Figure B, C and D

Tightening the needle - Illustration

STEP 4: Remove the needle cap

Hold the syringe body in one hand and the needle cap in the other. Without twisting, pull in opposite directions to remove the needle cap as shown in Figure E.

Figure E

Remove the needle cap  - Illustration

Patient Instructions

It is recommended that the following information be shared with patients:

  • Within the first 24 hours, patients should avoid strenuous exercise, extensive sun or heat exposure, and alcoholic beverages. Exposure to any of the above may cause temporary redness, swelling, and/or itching at the injection sites
  • To report an adverse reaction, phone the Allergan Product Support Department at 1-877-345-5372
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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