Gary W. Cole, MD, FAAD
Dr. Cole is board certified in dermatology. He obtained his BA degree in bacteriology, his MA degree in microbiology, and his MD at the University of California, Los Angeles. He trained in dermatology at the University of Oregon, where he completed his residency.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
- Keloid facts
- What is a keloid scar?
- What is the cause of keloids?
- What are keloid risk factors?
- In which area of the body are keloids most likely to appear?
- What is the difference between a keloid, hypertrophic scar, and a dermatofibroma?
- Keloids and piercing
- Is it possible to remove a keloid?
- What are keloid symptoms and signs?
- What types of doctors diagnose and treat keloids?
- Are there home remedies for keloids?
- What are treatment options for keloids?
- Is keloid prevention possible?
- What is the prognosis for keloids?
- Find a local Dermatologist in your town
- Keloids are firm, pink to red, itchy, irritated bumps that tend to gradually enlarge.
- Keloids develop as a consequence of abnormal scar formation.
- People with darker skin are typically more predisposed to develop keloids.
- Simply cutting out a keloid is likely to result in an even larger keloid developing at the excision site.
- People who have a tendency to form keloids should avoid cosmetic surgery.
- Keloids tend to occur on the shoulders, chest, ears, and back.
What is a keloid scar?
Keloids can be considered to be "scars that don't know when to stop." A keloid, sometimes referred to as a keloid scar, is a tough heaped-up scar that rises quite abruptly above the rest of the skin. It usually has a smooth top and a pink or purple color. Keloids are irregularly shaped and tend to enlarge progressively. Unlike scars, keloids do not regress over time.
What is the cause of keloids?
Doctors do not understand exactly why keloids form. Alterations in the cellular signals that control proliferation and inflammation may be related to the process of keloid formation, but these changes have not yet been characterized sufficiently to explain this defect in wound healing.
What are keloid risk factors?
Individuals with darkly pigmented skin are 15 times more likely to develop keloids, with those of African, Hispanic, and Asian ethnicity are at greatest risk. Keloids are equally common in women and men. Keloids are less common in children and the elderly. Although people with darker skin are more likely to develop them, keloids can occur in people of all skin types. In some cases, the tendency to form keloids seems to run in families. Studies have not as yet delineated the exact genes responsible for this predisposition.
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