Kidney Failure (Symptoms, Signs, Stages, Causes, and Treatment)
Table of Contents
- Kidney failure definition and facts
- What are the kidneys? Where are they located?
- What do the kidneys do?
- What causes kidney failure?
- What causes acute kidney failure?
- What causes chronic kidney failure?
- What are the signs and symptoms of kidney failure?
- Does kidney failure cause pain?
- How is kidney failure diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for kidney failure?
- Dialysis and Hemodialysis
- Peritoneal dialysis
- Kidney transplantation
- What is the prognosis for someone with kidney failure?
How is kidney failure diagnosed?
Often, a patient is seen for another medical condition and the diagnosis of kidney failure is a consequence of the patient's disease or injury. In patients with chronic kidney disease due to diabetes, high blood pressure, or another related medical condition his or her medical care team most likely monitors kidney function as part of the his or her routine long-term medical care plan.
Diagnosis of kidney failure can be confirmed by blood tests such as BUN, creatinine, and GFR; that measure the buildup of waste products in the blood.
Urine tests may be ordered to measure the amount of protein, detect the presence of abnormal cells, or measure the concentration of electrolytes.
Other tests are used to diagnose the type of kidney failure such as:
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Kidney biopsy