Reviewed on 6/11/2021
Other Name(s):

Actinidia chinensis, Actinidia de Chine, China Gooseberry, Chinese Gooseberry, Groseille de Chine, Kiwi Fruit, Souris Végétale, Teng Li Gen.


Kiwi is a plant that produces fruit. The fruit is used as a food and as a medicine.

Medicinally, the fruit is used for treating asthma.

In foods, kiwi is used as a meat tenderizer and an ingredient in some sports drinks. It is often eaten as a fruit.

How does it work?

There is information that suggests the antioxidant effects of vitamin C or other compounds that are found in high concentrations in kiwi might benefit people with asthma.


Vitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough? See Slideshow

Uses & Effectiveness

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Asthma. Although study results are mixed, there is some evidence that eating vitamin C-rich citrus fruits, including kiwi, once or twice per week might improve lung function in people with asthma.
  • Constipation. Early research suggests that eating two kiwi fruits per day for 4 weeks increases the number of bowel movements in people with constipation.
  • High blood pressure. Early research suggests that eating three kiwi fruits per day for 8 weeks reduces blood pressure more than eating one apple per day in people with high blood pressure.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of kiwi for these uses.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

Side Effects

Kiwi is LIKELY SAFE for most people when used in food amounts. In people who are allergic to kiwi, it can cause allergic reactions such as trouble swallowing (dysphagia), vomiting, and hives.


Next to red peppers, you can get the most vitamin C from ________________. See Answer

Special Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Kiwi is LIKELY SAFE for pregnant and breast-feeding women when taken in food amounts.

Bleeding disorders: Kiwi might slow blood clotting and increase bleeding. In theory, kiwi might make bleeding disorders worse.

Allergies: Kiwi may cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to other fruits, plants, or spices such as avocado, birch pollen, fig, hazelnut, latex, poppy seed, rye, sesame seed, or wheat. Avoid eating kiwi fruit or taking kiwi products if you are allergic to any of these products.

Surgery. Kiwi might slow blood clotting in some people. In theory, kiwi might increase the risk for bleeding during surgical procedures. Stop eating kiwi or using kiwi products at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.


Medications for high blood pressure (Antihypertensive drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Eating kiwi might decrease blood pressure in some people. Taking medications used for lowering high blood pressure along with kiwi might cause your blood pressure to go too low. Do not eat too much kiwi if you are taking medications for high blood pressure.

Some medications for high blood pressure include captopril (Capoten), enalapril (Vasotec), losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), diltiazem (Cardizem), amlodipine (Norvasc), hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril), furosemide (Lasix), and many others.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.

Kiwi might slow blood clotting. Taking kiwi along with medications that also slow blood clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.

Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, ticlopidine (Ticlid), warfarin (Coumadin), and others.


The appropriate dose of kiwi for use as treatment depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for kiwi. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

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Jang, D. S., Lee, G. Y., Kim, J., Lee, Y. M., Kim, J. M., Kim, Y. S., and Kim, J. S. A new pancreatic lipase inhibitor isolated from the roots of Actinidia arguta. Arch.Pharm.Res 2008;31(5):666-670. View abstract.

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Karlsen, A., Svendsen, M., Seljeflot, I., Sommernes, M. A., Sexton, J., Brevik, A., Erlund, I., Serafini, M., Bastani, N., Remberg, S. F., Borge, G. I., Carlsen, M. H., Bohn, S. K., Myhrstad, M. C., Dragsted, L. O., Duttaroy, A. K., Haffner, K., Laake, P., Drevon, C. A., Arnesen, H., Collins, A., Tonstad, S., and Blomhoff, R. Compliance, tolerability and safety of two antioxidant-rich diets: a randomised controlled trial in male smokers. Br J Nutr. 2011;106(4):557-571. View abstract.

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Keser, R., Gorur, F. K., Akcay, N., and Okumusoglu, N. T. Radionuclide concentration in tea, cabbage, orange, kiwi and soil and lifetime cancer risk due to gamma radioactivity in Rize, Turkey. J Sci.Food Agric. 2011;91(6):987-991. View abstract.

Kim, D., Kim, S. H., Park, E. J., Kang, C. Y., Cho, S. H., and Kim, S. Anti-allergic effects of PG102, a water-soluble extract prepared from Actinidia arguta, in a murine ovalbumin-induced asthma model. Clin.Exp.Allergy 2009;39(2):280-289. View abstract.

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Lay, V. J., Prescott, A. G., Thomas, P. G., and John, P. Heterologous expression and site-directed mutagenesis of the 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase from kiwi fruit. Eur.J Biochem. 12-1-1996;242(2):228-234. View abstract.

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Lewis, D. H., Burge, G. K., Hopping, M. E., and Jameson, P. E. Cytokinins and fruit development in the kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). II. Effects of reduced pollination and CPPU application. Physiologia Plantarum 1996;98(1):179-186.

Li, M., Ma, F., Liang, D., Li, J., and Wang, Y. Ascorbate biosynthesis during early fruit development is the main reason for its accumulation in kiwi. PLoS.One. 2010;5(12):e14281. View abstract.

Li, M., Ma, F., Liu, J., and Li, J. Shading the whole vines during young fruit development decreases ascorbate accumulation in kiwi. Physiol Plant 2010;140(3):225-237. View abstract.

Liang, J., Wang, X. S., Zhen, H. S., Zhong, Z. G., Zhang, W. Y., Zhang, W. W., and Li, W. L. [Study on anti-tumor effect of extractions from roots of Actinidia deliciosa]. Zhong.Yao Cai. 2007;30(10):1279-1282. View abstract.

Liang, J., Zhen, H. S., Li, S. M., Zhang, W. W., Wang, X. S., and Liang, C. Y. [Studies on chemical constituents in n-butyl alcohol extract of roots of Actinidia deliciosa in Guangxi]. Zhongguo Zhong.Yao Za Zhi. 2008;33(11):1275-1277. View abstract.

Lin, E., Burns, D. J., and Gardner, R. C. Fruit developmental regulation of the kiwifruit actinidin promoter is conserved in transgenic petunia plants. Plant Mol.Biol. 1993;23(3):489-499. View abstract.

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