Table of Contents
- Laryngitis definition and facts
- What is laryngitis?
- What causes laryngitis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of laryngitis?
- Symptoms of laryngitis in adults
- Symptoms of laryngitis in infants and children
- Is laryngitis contagious?
- How does laryngitis last?
- How is laryngitis diagnosed?
- What kinds of doctors treat laryngitis?
- What is the treatment for laryngitis?
- Are there any home remedies to soothe and cure laryngitis?
- What are the complications of laryngitis?
Laryngitis definition and facts
- Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice cords in the voice box (larynx).
- Causes of laryngitis include upper respiratory infection or the common cold; overuse of the vocal cords by talking, singing, or shouting; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) causing reflux laryngitis; smoking; exposure to secondhand smoke; or exposure to polluted air.
- Laryngitis is contagious if it is caused by an infection.
- The most common signs and symptoms of laryngitis are hoarseness, loss of voice, and throat pain.
- Additional signs and symptoms of laryngitis in adults may include dry, sore throat, pain with swallowing, and a feeling of fullness in the throat or neck. If the laryngitis is caused by an infection, the affected person also may have symptoms of fever, swollen lymph nodes (swollen glands).
- Additional signs and symptoms of laryngitis in infants or children are associated with croup and include a hoarse barky cough and fever.
- Laryngitis is considered chronic when signs and symptoms of last longer than three weeks.
- Chronic laryngitis may be caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease, smoking, constant exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, or alcohol use.
- Chronic inflammation due to laryngitis may cause the formation of nodules or polyps on the vocal cords.
- Treatment of laryngitis is usually symptomatic with voice rest, humidified air, and natural and home remedies for symptom relief.
- If signs and symptoms of laryngitis persist for more than three weeks or continue to recur, make an appointment with a doctor.
- Complications of laryngitis from GERD include pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, and vocal cord paralysis.
1/10Reviewed on 8/8/2017
Next: What is laryngitis?