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Leptospirosis

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Leptospirosis facts

  • Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that can occur in humans and animals worldwide.
  • A type of spiral-shaped bacterium called a spirochete, Leptospira interrogans, causes leptospirosis.
  • High risk factors for leptospirosis include close association with animals and the water and soil they may contaminate with infected urine.
  • Symptoms and signs of leptospirosis are highly variable and range from no symptoms to nonspecific symptoms including
    • high fever,
    • chills,
    • headache, and
    • abdominal symptoms to Weil's disease with organ dysfunction.
  • Diagnosis of leptospirosis is done by isolating the bacteria from the patient. Blood tests are also available.
  • There are antibiotics that are effective in treating leptospirosis.
  • Most people infected with Leptospira interrogans bacteria have a good prognosis; a few have a more guarded prognosis.
  • Vaccines are available for humans and animals in some countries. There is no vaccine available commercially for humans in the U.S. Available vaccines are limited because they usually only protect well against a single serovar. Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Oracea, Adoxa, Atridox) has been used as a short-term preventive treatment to protect some humans from leptospirosis.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/12/2017

Source: MedicineNet.com
https://www.medicinenet.com/leptospirosis/article.htm

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