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Librium vs. Valium

Are Valium and Librium the Same Thing?

Librium (chlordiazepoxide) and Valium (diazepam) are benzodiazepines used to treat anxiety disorders or alcohol withdrawal.

Valium is also used to treat seizures and muscle spasms.

Side effects of Librium and Valium that are similar include drowsiness, tiredness, dizziness, nausea, constipation, blurred vision, or skin rash.

Side effects of Librium that are different from Valium include vomiting, swelling, irregular menstrual periods, or headache.

Side effects of Valium that are different from Librium include spinning sensation, fatigue, loss of balance, memory problems, restlessness, irritability, muscle weakness, drooling, dry mouth, slurred speech, double vision, itching, or loss of interest in sex.

Both Librium and Valium may interact with alcohol, barbiturates, narcotics, or antidepressants.

Librium may also interact with blood thinners, MAO inhibitors, medicine to treat psychiatric disorders,

Valium may also interact with grapefruit and grapefruit juice, other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing (sleeping pills, narcotics, prescription cough medicines, muscle relaxers, or medicines for anxiety or seizures), cimetidine, ketoconazole, or omeprazole.

Do not stop using Librium or Valium suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

SLIDESHOW

Anxiety Disorder Pictures: Symptoms, Panic Attacks, and More with Pictures See Slideshow

What Are Possible Side Effects of Librium?

Common side effects of Librium include:

  • drowsiness,
  • tiredness,
  • dizziness,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • constipation,
  • blurred vision,
  • swelling,
  • skin rash,
  • irregular menstrual periods, or
  • headache.

Tell your doctor if you have side effects of Librium including:

What Are Possible Side Effects of Valium?

Side effects of Valium include

  • drowsiness,
  • tired feeling,
  • dizziness,
  • spinning sensation,
  • fatigue,
  • constipation,
  • ataxia (loss of balance),
  • memory problems,
  • restlessness,
  • irritability,
  • muscle weakness,
  • nausea,
  • drooling,
  • dry mouth,
  • slurred speech,
  • blurred or double vision,
  • skin rash,
  • itching, or
  • loss of interest in sex.

What is Librium?

Librium (chlordiazepoxide) is a benzodiazepine used to treat anxiety disorders or alcohol withdrawal.

What is Valium?

Valium is indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic.

In acute alcohol withdrawal, Valium may be useful in the symptomatic reliefc of acute agitation, tremor, impending or acute delirium tremens and hallucinosis.

What Drugs Interact With Librium?

Librium may interact with barbiturates, blood thinners, MAO inhibitors, medicine to treat psychiatric disorders, narcotics, or antidepressants. Tell your doctor all medications you use.

What Drugs Interact With Valium?

Centrally Acting Agents

If Valium is to be combined with other centrally acting agents, careful consideration should be given to the pharmacology of the agents employed particularly with compounds that may potentiate or be potentiated by the action of Valium, such as phenothiazines, antipsychotics, anxiolytics/sedatives, hypnotics, anticonvulsants, narcotic analgesics, anesthetics, sedative antihistamines, narcotics, barbiturates, MAO inhibitors and other antidepressants.

Alcohol

Concomitant use with alcohol is not recommended due to enhancement of the sedative effect.

Antacids

Diazepam peak concentrations are 30% lower when antacids are administered concurrently. However, there is no effect on the extent of absorption. The lower peak concentrations appear due to a slower rate of absorption, with the time required to achieve peak concentrations on average 20 - 25 minutes greater in the presence of antacids. However, this difference was not statistically significant.

QUESTION

Panic attacks are repeated attacks of fear that can last for several minutes. See Answer

How Should Librium Be Taken?

Librium (lorazepam) is administered orally. For optimal results, dose, frequency of administration, and duration of therapy should be individualized according to patient response. To facilitate this, 0.5 mg, 1 mg, and 2 mg tablets are available.

The usual range is 2 to 6 mg/day given in divided doses, the largest dose being taken before bedtime, but the daily dosage may vary from 1 to 10 mg/day.

For anxiety, most patients require an initial dose of 2 to 3 mg/day given two or three times a day.

For insomnia due to anxiety or transient situational stress, a single daily dose of 2 to 4 mg may be given, usually at bedtime.

For elderly or debilitated patients, an initial dosage of 1 to 2 mg/day in divided doses is recommended, to be adjusted as needed and tolerated.

The dosage of Librium (lorazepam) should be increased gradually when needed to help avoid adverse effects. When higher dosage is indicated, the evening dose should be increased before the daytime doses.

How Should Valium Be Taken?

The dosage of chlordiazepoxide and clidinium varies with the diagnosis and response of the individual patient. The usual maintenance dose is 1 or 2 capsules (5 mg chlordiazepoxide hydrochloride and 2.5 mg clidinium bromide), 3 or 4 times a day administered before meals and at bedtime.

Disclaimer

All drug information provided on RxList.com is sourced directly from drug monographs published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Any drug information published on RxList.com regarding general drug information, drug side effects, drug usage, dosage, and more are sourced from the original drug documentation found in its FDA drug monograph.

Drug information found in the drug comparisons published on RxList.com is primarily sourced from the FDA drug information. The drug comparison information found in this article does not contain any data from clinical trials with human participants or animals performed by any of the drug manufacturers comparing the drugs.

The drug comparisons information provided does not cover every potential use, warning, drug interaction, side effect, or adverse or allergic reaction. RxList.com assumes no responsibility for any healthcare administered to a person based on the information found on this site.

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If you have specific questions regarding a drug’s safety, side effects, usage, warnings, etc., you should contact your doctor or pharmacist, or refer to the individual drug monograph details found on the FDA.gov or RxList.com websites for more information.

You may also report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA by visiting the FDA MedWatch website or calling 1-800-FDA-1088.

Reviewed on 3/5/2019
References


Valeant Pharmaceuticals. Librium Drug Information.

https://www.bauschhealth.com/Portals/25/Pdf/PI/Librium_7.05.pdf

FDA. Valium Drug Information.

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2016/013263s094lbl.pdf
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