Lyvispah

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Last updated on RxList: 12/9/2021
Drug Description

What is Lyvispah and how is it used?

Lyvispah is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Muscle Spasms and Rigidity associated with multiple sclerosis. Lyvispah may be used alone or with other medications.

Lyvispah belongs to a class of drugs called Skeletal Muscle Relaxants. 

It is not known if Lyvispah is safe and effective in children younger than 12 years of age. 

What are the possible side effects of Lyvispah?

Lyvispah may cause serious side effects including:

  • hives, 
  • difficulty breathing, 
  • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat, 
  • increased muscle stiffness, 
  • itching, 
  • numbness and tingling in your hands and feet,
  • hallucinations, 
  • seizures, 
  • high fever, 
  • confusion,
  • drowsiness, and
  • sleepiness 

Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

The most common side effects of Lyvispah include:

  • drowsiness, 
  • dizziness, 
  • weakness, 
  • nausea, 
  • confusion, 
  • low blood pressure
  • headache, 
  • difficulty staying or falling asleep, 
  • constipation, 
  • fatigue, 
  • increased urinary frequency, 
  • excitement, 
  • new or increased depression, 
  • numbness and tingling, 
  • muscle pain, 
  • ringing in your ears, 
  • slurred speech, 
  • poor coordination, 
  • tremors, 
  • stiff (rigid) muscles, 
  • involuntary movements, 
  • poor balance, 
  • blurred vision, 
  • involuntary movements, 
  • poor muscle control over the eyes, 
  • small or pinpoint pupils, 
  • large or dilated pupils, 
  • double vision, 
  • slurred speech, 
  • epileptic seizure
  • shortness of breath, 
  • racing or pounding heartbeat, 
  • chest pain, 
  • fainting
  • dry mouth
  • loss of appetite, 
  • metallic taste in your mouth, 
  • abdominal pain, 
  • vomiting, 
  • diarrhea, 
  • blood in your stool
  • loss of bladder control, 
  • little or no urination, 
  • pain or discomfort when urinating, 
  • impotence
  • inability to have an orgasm
  • urinary frequency at night, 
  • blood in the urine
  • rash, 
  • itching, 
  • swelling of your ankles, 
  • increased sweating, 
  • weight gain, 
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • abnormal lab results, and 
  • elevated blood sugar

Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of Lyvispah. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

DESCRIPTION

LYVISPAH (baclofen) oral granules is a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA-ergic) agonist available as 5 mg, 10 mg, or 20 mg of baclofen oral granules in a packet. Its chemical name is 4-amino-3-(4chlorophenyl)-butanoic acid and its structural formula is:

LYVISPAH (baclofen) Structural Formula - Illustration

Molecular formula is C10H12ClNO2
Molecular Weight is 213.66.

Baclofen USP is a white to off-white, odorless or practically odorless crystalline powder. It is slightly soluble in water, very slightly soluble in methanol, and insoluble in chloroform.

LYVISPAH (baclofen) oral granules inactive ingredients include amino methacrylate copolymer, calcium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, hypromellose, mannitol, saccharin sodium, strawberry flavor, talc, and xylitol.

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

LYVISPAH is indicated for the treatment of spasticity resulting from multiple sclerosis, particularly for the relief of flexor spasms and concomitant pain, clonus, and muscular rigidity.

LYVISPAH may also be of some value in patients with spinal cord injuries and other spinal cord diseases.

Limitations Of Use

LYVISPAH is not indicated in the treatment of skeletal muscle spasm resulting from rheumatic disorders.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Recommended Dosage

Initiate LYVISPAH with a low dosage, preferably in divided doses, administered orally. The following gradually increasing dosage regimen is suggested, but should be adjusted based on clinical response and tolerability:

5 mg three times a day for three days

10 mg three times a day for three days

15 mg three times a day for three days

20 mg three times a day for three days

Additional increases may be necessary up to the maximum recommended dosage of 80 mg daily (20 mg four times a day). Multiple packets or multiple strengths can be used to achieve the prescribed dosage.

Administration Instructions

The entire contents of the packet should be emptied into the mouth. The granules will dissolve in the mouth or can be swallowed. LYVISPAH can be taken with liquids or soft foods if needed.

Administration With Liquids Or Soft Foods

LYVISPAH can be administered orally as a mixture with liquids or soft foods, such as apple sauce, yogurt, or pudding. The contents of one packet can be emptied and mixed with up to 15 mL of liquid or soft food. The mixture should be administered no more than 2 hours after mixing. If multiple packets are to be administered, each packet must be mixed with a separate volume of liquid or soft food.

Administration Via Feeding Tube

LYVISPAH can also be administered via enteral feeding tubes such as nasogastric (NG) at sizes 8 FR or higher, gastrostomy (G) at sizes 12 FR or higher, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) at sizes 14 FR or higher, and gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes at sizes 16 FR or higher.

  • Flush the feeding tube with up to 15 mL of water using a catheter tip syringe.
  • Open and empty the full contents of one packet of LYVISPAH in 15 mL of liquid, such as apple juice or milk, in a clean container. Mix the suspension to ensure all granules are wetted.
  • Draw up the suspension of granules into a dosing syringe immediately after mixing and administer the dose via the feeding tube. Administration should be no longer than two hours after mixing. If the syringe is allowed to stand for 15 minutes before administration, invert the syringe three times.
  • Refill the dosing syringe with 15 mL of water and flush the feeding tube.
  • If multiple packets are to be administered, each packet must be mixed with a separate volume of liquid.

Discontinuation Of LYVISPAH

When discontinuing LYVISPAH, reduce the dosage slowly and avoid abrupt withdrawal from the drug to help minimize the risk of adverse reactions [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

Oral Granules: 5 mg, 10 mg, or 20 mg baclofen as white to off-white, strawberry flavored granules in a single dose packet.

LYVISPAH (baclofen) oral granules is supplied as follows:

5 mg white to off-white, strawberry flavored oral granules in a child-resistant single dose packet

NDC 70257-412-87: carton of 90 containing packets

10 mg white to off-white, strawberry flavored oral granules in a child-resistant single dose packet

NDC 70257-414-87: carton of 90 containing packets

20 mg white to off-white, strawberry flavored oral granules in a child-resistant single dose packet

NDC 70257-416-87: carton of 90 containing packets

Storage And Handling

Store at room temperature, 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). Excursions permitted between 15°C to 30° C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Distributed by: Saol Therapeutics, Inc. Roswell, GA 30076. Revised: Nov 2021

QUESTION

What kind of disease is multiple sclerosis? See Answer
Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Adverse Reactions from Abrupt Withdrawal of LYVISPAH [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Neonatal Withdrawal Symptoms [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Drowsiness and Sedation [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Poor Tolerability in Stroke Patients [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Exacerbation of Psychotic Disorders, Schizophrenia, or Confusional States [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Exacerbation of Autonomic Dysreflexia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Exacerbation of Epilepsy [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Posture and Balance Effects [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
  • Ovarian Cysts [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reaction is transient drowsiness. In one controlled study of 175 patients, transient drowsiness was observed in 63% of those receiving baclofen compared to 36% of those in the placebo group. Other common adverse reactions (up to 15%) are dizziness and weakness. Adverse reactions with a frequency of ≥1% are listed in Table 1.

Table 1: Common (≥1%) Adverse Reactions in Patients Treated with Baclofen for Spasticity

ADVERSE REACTION PERCENT
Drowsiness 10-63%
Dizziness 5-15%
Weakness 5-15%
Nausea 4-12%
Confusion 1-11%
Hypotension 0-9%
Headache 4-8%
Insomnia 2-7%
Constipation 2-6%
Urinary Frequency 2-6%
Fatigue 2-4%

The following adverse reactions not included in Table 1, classified by body system, were also reported:

Neuropsychiatric: euphoria, excitement, depression, hallucinations, paresthesia, muscle pain, tinnitus, slurred speech, coordination disorder, tremor, rigidity, dystonia, ataxia, blurred vision, nystagmus, strabismus, miosis, mydriasis, diplopia, dysarthria, epileptic seizure

Cardiovascular: dyspnea, palpitation, chest pain, syncope

Gastrointestinal: dry mouth, anorexia, taste disorder, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and positive test for occult blood in stool

Genitourinary: enuresis, urinary retention, dysuria, impotence, inability to ejaculate, nocturia, hematuria

Other: rash, pruritus, ankle edema, excessive perspiration, weight gain, nasal congestion

The following laboratory tests have been found to be abnormal in patients receiving baclofen: increased SGOT, elevated alkaline phosphatase, and elevation of blood sugar.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

CNS Depressants And Alcohol

LYVISPAH can cause CNS depression, including drowsiness and sedation, which may be an additive when used concomitantly with other CNS depressants or alcohol [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Adverse Reactions From Abrupt Withdrawal Of LYVISPAH

Abrupt discontinuation of baclofen, regardless of the cause, has resulted in adverse reactions that include hallucinations, seizures, high fever, altered mental status, exaggerated rebound spasticity, and muscle rigidity, that in rare cases has advanced to rhabdomyolysis, multiple organ-system failure, and death. Therefore, reduce the dosage slowly when LYVISPAH is discontinued, unless the clinical situation justifies a rapid withdrawal.

Neonatal Withdrawal Symptoms

Withdrawal symptoms in neonates whose mothers were treated with oral baclofen throughout pregnancy have been reported starting hours to days after delivery. The symptoms of withdrawal in these infants have included increased muscle tone, tremor, jitteriness, and seizure. If the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus and LYVISPAH is continued during pregnancy, gradually reduce the dosage, and discontinue LYVISPAH before delivery. If slow withdrawal is not feasible, advise the parents or caregivers of the exposed neonate of the potential for neonatal withdrawal.

Drowsiness And Sedation

Drowsiness and sedation have been reported in up to 63% of patients taking baclofen, the active ingredient in LYVISPAH [see ADVERSE REACTIONS]. Patients should avoid operation of automobiles or other dangerous machinery and activities made hazardous by decreased alertness when starting LYVISPAH or increasing the dosage until they know how the drug affects them. Advise patients that the central nervous system depressant effects of LYVISPAH may be an additive to those of alcohol and other CNS depressants.

Poor Tolerability In Stroke Patients

LYVISPAH should be used with caution in patients who have had a stroke. Baclofen has not significantly benefited patients with stroke. These patients have also shown poor tolerability to the drug.

Exacerbation Of Psychotic Disorders, Schizophrenia, Or Confusional States

LYVISPAH should be used with caution in patients suffering from psychotic disorders, schizophrenia, or confusional states. If treated with LYVISPAH, these patients should be kept under careful surveillance because exacerbations of these conditions have been observed with oral baclofen administration.

Exacerbation Of Autonomic Dysreflexia

LYVISPAH should be used with caution in patients with a history of autonomic dysreflexia. The presence of nociceptive stimuli or abrupt withdrawal of LYVISPAH may cause an autonomic dysreflexic episode.

Exacerbation Of Epilepsy

LYVISPAH should be used with caution in patients with epilepsy. Deterioration in seizure control has been reported in patients taking baclofen.

Posture And Balance Effects

LYVISPAH should be used with caution in patients where spasticity is utilized to sustain upright posture and balance in locomotion or whenever spasticity is utilized to obtain increased function.

Ovarian Cysts

A dose-related increase in incidence of ovarian cysts was observed in female rats treated chronically with oral baclofen. Ovarian cysts have been found by palpation in about 4% of the multiple sclerosis patients who were treated with oral baclofen for up to one year. In most cases, these cysts disappeared spontaneously while patients continue to receive the drug. Ovarian cysts are estimated to occur spontaneously in approximately 1% to 5% of the normal female population.

Patient Counseling Information

Advise the patient or caregiver to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION and Instructions for Use).

General Administration Instructions

Instruct patient or caregiver to carefully open the LYVISPAH packet and empty the entire contents, to obtain the prescribed amount of medication. Packet contents can be administered directly into the mouth. The contents of the packet can be swallowed or will dissolve in the mouth. LYVISPAH may be taken with liquids or can also be administered in soft foods if needed [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Administration Instructions with Soft Foods LYVISPAH can also be administered by mouth as a mixture with liquids or soft foods, such as apple sauce, yogurt, or pudding. One packet can be mixed with up to 15 mL (one tablespoonful) of soft food. The mixture should be administered no more than 2 hours after mixing [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Administration Instructions Via Feeding Tubes

LYVISPAH can be administered via enteral feeding tubes, such a nasogastric (NG), gastrostomy (G), percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), and gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes.

  • Flush the feeding tube with up to 15 mL (one tablespoonful) of water.
  • Open and empty the full contents of one packet of LYVISPAH in 15 mL (one tablespoonful) of the preferred liquid. Stir the suspension to ensure all granules are wetted.
  • Draw up the suspension of granules into a dosing syringe immediately after stirring and administer the dose via the feeding tube. Administer no longer than two hours after mixing.
  • Refill the dosing syringe with 15 mL (one tablespoonful) of water and flush the feeding tube with the remaining contents.
  • Any unused suspensions should be discarded.
Risks Related To Sudden Withdrawal Of LYVISPAH

Advise patients and caregivers not to discontinue use of LYVISPAH without consulting with their healthcare provider because sudden withdrawal of LYVISPAH can result in serious complications that include hallucinations, seizures, high fever, confusion, muscle stiffness, multiple organ-system failure, and death [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Inform patients that early symptoms of LYVISPAH withdrawal may include increased spasticity, itching, and tingling of extremities.

Neonatal Withdrawal Symptoms

Advise patients to notify their healthcare provider if they are pregnant, plan to become pregnant, or plan to breastfeed [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS and Use In Specific Populations].

Increased Risk Of Drowsiness With Alcohol And Other CNS Depressants

Advise patients that LYVISPAH may cause drowsiness, and that they should avoid the operation of automobiles or other dangerous machinery, or activities made hazardous by decreased alertness when starting LYVISPAH or increasing the dose of LYVISPAH until they know how the drug affects them [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. Inform patients and their caregivers that the drowsiness associated with LYVISPAH use can be worsened by alcohol and other CNS depressants. Advise patients to read all medicine labels carefully, and to tell their healthcare provider about all prescription and nonprescription drugs they may use.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Carcinogenesis

No increase in tumors was seen in rats receiving baclofen orally for two years at approximately 30 to 60 times on a mg/kg basis, or 10 to 20 times on a mg/m² basis, the maximum oral dose recommended for human use.

Mutagenesis

Genetic toxicology assays have not been conducted for baclofen.

Impairment Of Fertility

Studies to evaluate the effects of baclofen on fertility have not been conducted.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

There are no adequate data on the risk of major birth defects, miscarriages, or other maternal adverse outcomes associated with the use of LYVISPAH in pregnant women. There are adverse effects on fetal outcomes associated with withdrawal from baclofen after delivery (see Clinical Considerations). Oral administration of baclofen to pregnant rats resulted in an increased incidence of fetal structural abnormalities at a dose which was also associated with maternal toxicity. The background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions

LYVISPAH may increase the risk of late-onset neonatal withdrawal symptoms [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Data

Animal Data

Baclofen given orally has been shown to increase the incidence of omphaloceles (ventral hernias) in fetuses of rats given approximately 13 times on a mg/kg basis, or 3 times on a mg/m² basis, the maximum oral dose recommended for human use; this dose also caused reductions in food intake and weight gain in the dams. This abnormality was not seen in mice or rabbits.

Lactation

Risk Summary

At recommended oral doses, baclofen is present in human milk. There are no human data on effects of baclofen on milk production. Withdrawal symptoms can occur in breastfed infants when maternal administration of LYVISPAH is stopped, or when breastfeeding is stopped [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. There are no adequate data on other effects of baclofen on the breastfed infant.

The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for LYVISPAH and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from LYVISPAH or from the underlying maternal condition.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 12 have not been established.

Geriatric Use

In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy. This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of adverse reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function [see Use In Specific Populations].

Renal Impairment

Because baclofen is primarily excreted unchanged through the kidneys, LYVISPAH should be given with caution to patients with renal impairment, and it may be necessary to reduce the dosage.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

Symptoms Of Baclofen Overdose

With overdose of baclofen, patients may present in coma or with progressive drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, somnolence, accommodation disorders, respiratory depression, seizures, or hypotonia progressing to loss of consciousness.

Treatment For Overdose

The treatment of baclofen overdose includes gastric decontamination, maintaining an adequate airway and respirations.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

LYVISPAH is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to baclofen.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

The precise mechanism of action of baclofen is not fully understood. Baclofen inhibits both monosynaptic and polysynaptic reflexes at the spinal level, possibly by decreasing excitatory neurotransmitter release from afferent terminals, although actions at supraspinal sites may also occur and contribute to its clinical effect. Baclofen is a structural analog of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and may exert its effects by stimulation of the GABA-B receptor subtype.

Pharmacodynamics

Baclofen has been shown to have general CNS depressant properties, as indicated by the production of sedation with tolerance, somnolence, ataxia, and respiratory and cardiovascular depression [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, ADVERSE REACTIONS, and OVERDOSAGE].

Pharmacokinetics

Pharmacokinetic studies in heathy adult subjects under fasting conditions at 20 mg dose level demonstrated similar bioavailability for baclofen oral granules and oral tablets.

Absorption

The peak plasma concentrations of baclofen oral granule formulation were achieved in about one hour and the apparent elimination half-life is about 5.5 hours. The exposure of baclofen was dose proportional across the dose range of 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg.

Effect Of Food

Administering LYVISPAH with or without water, or with applesauce did not affect the bioavailability of baclofen oral granules. Administration with a high fat meal resulted in 10% decrease in AUC and 29% decrease in Cmax compared to the fasted state.

Elimination

Baclofen is excreted primarily by the kidney in unchanged form, and there is relatively large intersubject variation in absorption and/or elimination.

Clinical Studies

The efficacy of LYVISPAH is based upon a bioavailability study in healthy adults comparing baclofen oral tablets to LYVISPAH [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

LYVISPAH
(lye vis' pah)
(baclofen) oral granules

What is LYVISPAH?

  • LYVISPAH is a prescription medicine used to treat muscle stiffness, spasms, and pain from multiple sclerosis.
  • LYVISPAH may be used to treat people with spinal cord injuries and other spinal cord diseases.
  • LYVISPAH should not be used to treat muscle spasms from inflammatory (rheumatic) disorders.
  • It is not known if LYVISPAH is safe and effective in children under 12 years of age.

Do not take LYVISPAH if you:

  • are allergic to baclofen. See the end of this Patient Information leaflet for a complete list of ingredients in LYVISPAH.

Before taking LYVISPAH, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:

  • take certain medicines that cause drowsiness.
  • have had a stroke.
  • are being treated for mental illness, especially a psychotic disorder, schizophrenia, or other illness that may cause you to become confused.
  • have or have had high blood pressure.
  • have or have had seizures.
  • have kidney problems.
  • have problems with posture and balance.
  • have a history of ovarian cysts
  • drink alcohol.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if LYVISPAH will harm your unborn baby.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. LYVISPAH can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby if you take LYVISPAH.

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-thecounter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

How should I take LYVISPAH?

See the “Instructions for Use” at the end of this Patient Information leaflet for instructions on how to take or give LYVISPAH.

  • Take LYVISPAH exactly as your healthcare provider tells you to.
  • Your healthcare provider will start you on a low dose of LYVISPAH and slowly increase your dose as needed.
  • LYVISPAH can be taken the following different ways:
    • LYVISPAH granules can be emptied into the mouth. You can let the granules dissolve in your mouth or you can swallow them. LYVISPAH can be taken with or without liquids or with soft foods.
    • LYVISPAH granules from a packet can be mixed with a tablespoonful of liquid or soft foods like apple sauce, yogurt, or pudding. Take LYVISPAH within 2 hours of mixing.
    • LYVISPAH can be given through feeding tubes. See the Instructions for Use for more information.
  • Do not stop taking LYVISPAH without talking to your healthcare provider first. Stopping LYVISPAH suddenly can cause serious problems such as severe muscle spasms, organ failure, and death. See “What are the possible side effects of LYVISPAH?”.

What should I avoid while taking LYVISPAH?

  • Do not drive, operate dangerous machinery, or do any other dangerous activities until you know how LYVISPAH affects you. LYVISPAH can make you drowsy and less alert when you first start taking LYVISPAH and when your LYVISPAH dose is increased.

What are the possible side effects of LYVISPAH?

LYVISPAH can cause serious side effects, including:

  • risk of symptoms from stopping LYVISPAH. Stopping LYVISPAH suddenly can cause severe muscle problems, organ failure, and death. Early symptoms include increased muscle stiffness, itching, and tingling in hands and feet. Other symptoms include seeing or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations), seizures, high fever, and confusion (altered mental status). Your healthcare provider will slowly reduce your dose of LYVISPAH when stopping treatment.
  • withdrawal symptoms in infants (Neonatal Withdrawal Symptoms). LYVISPAH can cause withdrawal symptoms in infants after delivery. Symptoms of withdrawal of LYVISPAH in infants include stiffness in arms or legs, tremor, jitteriness, and seizure.
  • drowsiness and sedation. If you take certain medicines or drink alcohol while taking LYVISPAH, your drowsiness may get worse. See “What should I avoid while taking LYVISPAH?” and“Before taking LYVISPAH, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medicalconditions, including if you:”.
  • decreased effectiveness. People who have had a stroke may not respond to or tolerate baclofen, the active ingredient in LYVISPAH.
  • increase in symptoms of mental illness especially in people with psychotic disorders,schizophrenia, or other illness that may cause you to become confused.
  • sudden increase in high blood pressure (autonomic dysreflexia).
  • decrease in seizure control. People who have seizures (epilepsy) may have seizures more often than normal.
  • changes in posture and balance. People who take LYVISPAH may have more problems standing or sitting up straight (posture) and keeping their balance.
  • fluid filled sac on ovary (ovarian cysts). People may be at increased risk of developing ovarian cysts while taking LYVISPAH.

The most common side effects of LYVISPAH include drowsiness, dizziness, and weakness.

These are not all the side effects of LYVISPAH. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Saol Therapeutics at 1-833-644-4216.

How should I store LYVISPAH?

Store LYVISPAH at room temperature between 68°F to 77°F (20°C to 25°C).

General information about the safe and effective use of LYVISPAH.

Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Patient Information leaflet. Do not use LYVISPAH for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give LYVISPAH to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about LYVISPAH that is written for health professionals.

What are the ingredients in LYVISPAH?

Active ingredient: baclofen

Inactive ingredients: amino methacrylate copolymer, calcium stearate, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, hypromellose, mannitol, saccharin sodium, strawberry flavor, talc, and xylitol.

For more information visit www.lyvispah.com or contact Saol Therapeutics at 1-833-644-4216

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

LYVISPAH
(lye vis' pah) (baclofen) oral granules

Important information to know before taking LYVISPAH

LYVISPAH can be taken without liquids.

If needed, LYVISPAH can be mixed with liquids or soft foods. LYVISPAH should be taken within 2 hours of mixing into liquids or soft foods.

How to take LYVISPAH?

Opening LYVISPAH

Shake the packet to distribute settled granules to the bottom of the packet. Carefully open the LYVISPAH packet by cutting the dotted lines across the top of the packet (see the figure).

Carefully open the LYVISPAH packet - Illustration

Taking LYVISPAH by emptying the granules into the mouth

Empty all the granules in the LYVISPAH packet directly into your mouth. The granules will dissolve in your mouth or can be swallowed. After taking LYVISPAH, you can drink water if needed to swallow any granules left in your mouth.

Taking LYVISPAH with liquids or soft foods

LYVISPAH can be taken or given by mouth as a mixture with liquids such as milk or apple juice. LYVISPAH can also be taken or given by mouth as a mixture with soft foods such as apple sauce, yogurt, or pudding.

  1. Open 1 packet of LYVISPAH (see the figure above).
  2. Empty the full contents of the LYVISPAH packet into 1 tablespoon (15 mL) liquid or soft food and mix it.
  3. Take LYVISPAH within 2 hours of mixing into liquids or soft foods.
  4. If more than 1 packet of LYVISPAH is needed for your prescribed dose, mix each packet with a separate amount of liquid or soft food.

Giving LYVISPAH through a feeding tube

LYVISPAH can be given through enteral feeding tubes such as nasogastric (NG), gastrostomy (G), percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), and gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tubes.

  1. Flush the feeding tube with up to 1 tablespoon (15 mL) of water using a catheter tip syringe.
  2. Open and empty the full contents of 1 packet of LYVISPAH into a clean container and mix with 1 tablespoon (15 mL) of liquid (apple juice or milk).
  3. Stir the mixture to make sure all the granules are wet.
  4. Draw up the mixture of granules into a dosing syringe right away after stirring.
  5. Give the dose of LYVISPAH through the feeding tube within 2 hours after mixing. If the mixture is in the dosing syringe for 15 minutes and not given, turn the dosing syringe upside down 3 times before you give the dose.
  6. Fill the dosing syringe with 1 tablespoon (15 mL) of water and flush the feeding tube.
  7. If more than 1 packet of LYVISPAH is needed for the prescribed dose, mix each packet with a separate amount of liquid.
  8. Throw away (dispose of) any unused mixture.

Important Information

Take the entire packet of LYVISPAH to get the prescribed dose. Do not take only part of the medicine. Do not save a portion for later.

Keep LYVISPAH and all medicines out of the reach of children.

This Patient Information and Instructions for Use have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

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