- Are Dexamethasone and Mannitol the Same Thing?
- What Are Possible Side Effects of Mannitol?
- What Are Possible Side Effects of Dexamethasone?
- What Is Mannitol?
- What Is Dexamethasone?
- What Drugs Interact with Mannitol?
- What Drugs Interact with Dexamethasone?
- How Should Mannitol Be Taken?
- How Should Dexamethasone Be Taken?
Are Mannitol and Dexamethasone the Same Thing?
Dexamethasone which inhibits inflammation, is also used to treat allergic states, dermatologic diseases, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, nervous system, respiratory diseases, and rheumatic disorders.
Side effects of mannitol that are different from dexamethasone include vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, thirst, dehydration, runny nose, arm pain, chills, low blood pressure (hypotension), hives, irregular heart beat, electrolyte imbalance, and injection site reactions (irritation, pain, swelling).
Side effects of dexamethasone that are different from mannitol include swelling, rapid weight gain, sleep problems (insomnia), mood changes, acne, dry skin, thinning skin, bruising or discoloration, slow wound healing, increased sweating, spinning sensation, stomach pain, bloating, muscle weakness, and changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist).
Mannitol may interact with other drugs.
Dexamethasone may also interact with alcohol, "live" vaccines, antibiotics, antifungals, birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, insulin or oral diabetes medications, medicines to treat dementia or Parkinson's disease, blood thinners, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
What Are Possible Side Effects of Mannitol?
Common side effects of Mannitol include:
- dry mouth,
- blurred vision,
- runny nose,
- arm pain,
- low blood pressure (hypotension),
- irregular heart beat,
- electrolyte imbalance, and
- irritation/pain/swelling at the injection site.
What Are Possible Side Effects of Dexamethasone?
Common side effects of Dexamethasone include:
- vision changes,
- rapid weight gain,
- sleep problems (insomnia),
- mood changes,
- dry skin,
- thinning skin,
- bruising or discoloration,
- slow wound healing,
- increased sweating,
- spinning sensation,
- stomach pain,
- muscle weakness, or
- changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist).
Rare instances of severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) have occurred in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy such as dexamethasone.
What Is Mannitol?
Mannitol I.V. (mannitol injection) is a diuretic used to increase urine production, and to treat or prevent medical conditions that are caused by an increase in body fluids/water (e.g., cerebral edema, glaucoma, kidney failure).
What Is Dexamethasone?
Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid indicated for allergic states, dermatologic diseases, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, nervous system, ophthalmic diseases, renal diseases, respiratory diseases, and rheumatic disorders. Dexamethasone is available as a generic.
What Drugs Interact With Mannitol?
Mannitol may interact with other drugs. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.
What Drugs Interact With Dexamethasone?
How Should Mannitol Be Taken?
The usual adult dosage of Mannitol ranges from 50 to 200 g in a 24-hour period, but in most instances an adequate response will be achieved at a dosage of approximately 100 g/24 hours.
How Should Dexamethasone Be Taken?
Dexamethasone Tablets are available in 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 4 and 6 mg strengths. The initial dosage for Dexamethasone varies from .75 to 9 mg a day depending on the disease being treated. Infants born to mothers who have received substantial doses of corticosteroids during pregnancy should be carefully observed for signs of hypoadrenalism. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from corticosteroids, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. Use in pediatric patients is recommended to be done in consultation with a pediatric specialist.
All drug information provided on RxList.com is sourced directly from drug monographs published by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Any drug information published on RxList.com regarding general drug information, drug side effects, drug usage, dosage, and more are sourced from the original drug documentation found in its FDA drug monograph.
Drug information found in the drug comparisons published on RxList.com is primarily sourced from the FDA drug information. The drug comparison information found in this article does not contain any data from clinical trials with human participants or animals performed by any of the drug manufacturers comparing the drugs.
The drug comparisons information provided does not cover every potential use, warning, drug interaction, side effect, or adverse or allergic reaction. RxList.com assumes no responsibility for any healthcare administered to a person based on the information found on this site.
As drug information can and will change at any time, RxList.com makes every effort to update its drug information. Due to the time-sensitive nature of drug information, RxList.com makes no guarantees that the information provided is the most current.
Any missing drug warnings or information does not in any way guarantee the safety, effectiveness, or the lack of adverse effects of any drug. The drug information provided is intended for reference only and should not be used as a substitute for medical advice.
If you have specific questions regarding a drug’s safety, side effects, usage, warnings, etc., you should contact your doctor or pharmacist, or refer to the individual drug monograph details found on the FDA.gov or RxList.com websites for more information.
You may also report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA by visiting the FDA MedWatch website or calling 1-800-FDA-1088.
DailyMed. Mannitol Product Information.
FDA. Decadron Product Information.