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Menveo

Last reviewed on RxList: 4/27/2020
Drug Description

What is Menveo and what is it used for?

Menveo [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197 Conjugate Vaccine] is an immunization used to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, Y and W-135.

What are important side effects of Menveo?

Common side effects of Menveo include:

  • injection site reactions (pain, redness, swelling, or a hard lump)
  • headache
  • muscle pain
  • fatigue
  • tiredness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • fever
  • chills
  • rash
  • joint or muscle pain, and
  • fainting.

In infants under 2 years old, side effects of Menveo include:

  • persistent crying
  • fussiness
  • irritability
  • sleepiness, and
  • diarrhea

DESCRIPTION

MENVEO [Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197 Conjugate Vaccine] is a sterile liquid vaccine administered by intramuscular injection that contains N. meningitidis serogroup A, C, Y and W-135 oligosaccharides conjugated individually to Corynebacterium diphtheriae CRM197 protein. The polysaccharides are produced by bacterial fermentation of N. meningitidis (serogroups A, C, Y or W-135). N. meningitidis strains A, C, Y and W-135 are each cultured and grown on Franz Complete medium and treated with formaldehyde. MenA, MenW-135 and MenY polysaccharides are purified by several extraction and precipitation steps. MenC polysaccharide is purified by a combination of chromatography and precipitation steps.

The protein carrier (CRM197) is produced by bacterial fermentation and is purified by a series of chromatography and ultrafiltration steps. C. diphtheriae is cultured and grown on CY medium containing yeast extracts and amino acids.

The oligosaccharides are prepared for conjugation from purified polysaccharides by hydrolysis, sizing, and reductive amination. After activation, each oligosaccharide is covalently linked to the CRM protein. The resulting glycoconjugates are purified to yield the four drug substances, which compose the final vaccine. The vaccine contains no preservative or adjuvant. Each dose of vaccine contains 10 μg MenA oligosaccharide, 5 μg of each of MenC, MenY and MenW-135 oligosaccharides and 32.7 to 64.1 μg CRM protein. Residual formaldehyde per dose is estimated to be not more than 0.30 μg.

The vials in which the vaccine components are contained are composed of Type I glass, USP. The container closures (synthetic rubber stoppers) do not contain latex.

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

MENVEO is a vaccine indicated for active immunization to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135. MENVEO is approved for use in persons aged 2 months through 55 years.

MENVEO does not prevent N. meningitidis serogroup B infections.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

For intramuscular injection only.

Reconstitution

MENVEO is supplied in 2 vials that must be combined prior to administration. Use the MenCYW-135 liquid conjugate vaccine component (Vial 1) to reconstitute the MenA lyophilized conjugate vaccine component (Vial 2) to form MENVEO. Invert the vial and shake well until the vaccine is dissolved and then withdraw 0.5 mL of reconstituted product. Following reconstitution, the vaccine is a clear, colorless solution, free from visible foreign particles. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. If any of these conditions exist, MENVEO should not be administered.

Figure 1: Cleanse both vial stoppers. Using a sterile needle and sterile graduated syringe, withdraw the entire contents of Vial 1 containing the MenCYW-135 liquid conjugate component while slightly tilting the vial.

Cleanse both vial stoppers. Using a
sterile needle and sterile graduated syringe, withdraw the entire contents of
Vial 1 containing the MenCYW-135 liquid conjugate component while slightly tilting
the vial - Illustration

Figure 2: Slowly transfer entire contents of the syringe into Vial 2 containing the MenA lyophilized conjugate component (powder).

Slowly transfer entire contents of
the syringe into Vial 2 containing the MenA lyophilized conjugate component
(powder) - Illustration

Figure 3: Invert the vial and shake well until powder is completely dissolved.

Invert the vial and shake well until
powder is completely dissolved - Illustration

Figure 4: After reconstitution, withdraw 0.5 mL from the vial containing the reconstituted vaccine. Administer intramuscularly.

After reconstitution, withdraw 0.5 mL
from the vial containing the reconstituted vaccine. Administer intramuscularly - Illustration

Please note that it is normal for a small amount of liquid to remain in the vial following withdrawal of the dose. Discard unused portion.

Administration Instructions

For intramuscular injection only.

After reconstitution, administer MENVEO immediately or store between 36°F and 77°F (2°C and 25°C) for up to 8 hours. Shake well before using. Do not freeze. Discard reconstituted vaccine if it has been frozen or not used within 8 hours.

Use a separate sterile needle and sterile syringe for each individual. Each dose of MENVEO should be administered as a single 0.5-mL intramuscular injection, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh in infants or into the deltoid muscle (upper arm) in toddlers, adolescents, and adults. Do not administer MENVEO intravenously, subcutaneously, or intradermally.

Dosing Schedule

The dosing schedule is as follows:

Primary Vaccination

Infants Aged 2 Months

MENVEO is to be administered as a 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age.

Children Aged 7 Through 23 Months

MENVEO is to be administered as a 2-dose series with the second dose administered in the second year of life and at least 3 months after the first dose.

Children Aged 2 Through 10 Years

MENVEO is to be administered as a single dose. For children aged 2 through 5 years at continued high risk of meningococcal disease, a second dose may be administered 2 months after the first dose.

Adolescents And Adults Aged 11 Through 55 Years

MENVEO is to be administered as a single dose.

Booster Vaccination

Adolescents And Adults Aged 15 Through 55 Years

A single booster dose of MENVEO may be administered to individuals who are at continued risk for meningococcal disease if at least 4 years have elapsed since a prior dose of a meningococcal (serogroups A, C, Y, W-135) conjugate vaccine.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

MENVEO is a solution for intramuscular injection supplied as a lyophilized MenA conjugate vaccine component to be reconstituted with the accompanying MenCYW-135 liquid conjugate vaccine component. A single dose, after reconstitution, is 0.5 mL. [See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, HOW SUPPLIED/Storage And Handling]

Storage And Handling

MENVEO is supplied as:

  • 5 Vials containing MenCYW-135 Liquid Conjugate Component (Vial 1; grey cap)
  • 5 Vials containing MenA Lyophilized Conjugate Component (Vial 2; orange cap)

One vial of MenCYW-135 liquid conjugate component (Vial 1) and one vial of MenA lyophilized conjugate component (Vial 2) must be combined before use to form a single dose of MENVEO (packaged without syringes or needles). The container closures (synthetic rubber stoppers) are not made with natural rubber latex.

Table 10: Product Presentation for MENVEO

PresentationCarton NDC NumberComponents
MenCYW-135 Liquid Conjugate Component (Vial 1; grey cap)MenA Lyophilized Conjugate Component (powder) (Vial 2; orange cap)
Carton of 5 doses (10 vials)58160-955-095 Vials NDC 58160-959-015 Vials NDC 58160-958-01

Storage Before Reconstitution

Do not freeze. Frozen/previously frozen product should be discarded.

Store refrigerated, away from the freezer compartment, at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C).

Protect from light. Vaccine must be maintained at 36°F to 46°F during transport.

Do not use after the expiration date.

Storage After Reconstitution

The reconstituted vaccine should be used immediately, but may be held at 36°F to 77°F (2°C to 25°C) for up to 8 hours. Do not freeze. Discard reconstituted vaccine if it has been frozen or not used within 8 hours.

Manufactured by: GSK Vaccines, Srl, Bellaria-Rosia 53018, Sovicille (SI), Italy, US License No. 1617. Distributed by: GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Revised: Jan 2020

SLIDESHOW

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Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in clinical trials of a vaccine cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another vaccine and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Primary Vaccination Studies

Children Aged 2 Through 23 Months

The safety of MENVEO in infants vaccinated at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age was evaluated in 3 randomized multicenter clinical studies1-3 conducted in the U.S., Australia, Canada, Taiwan, and several countries of Latin America in which 8,735 infants received at least 1 dose of MENVEO and routine infant vaccines (diphtheria toxoid; acellular pertussis; tetanus toxoid; inactivated polio types 1, 2, and 3; hepatitis B; Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) antigens; pentavalent rotavirus; and 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate). With Dose 4 of MENVEO, toddlers received concomitantly the following vaccines: 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate; measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella; and inactivated hepatitis A. A total of 2,864 infants in these studies received the routine infant/toddler vaccines only. The infants who received MENVEO were Caucasian (33%), Hispanic (44%), African American (8%), Asian (8%), and other racial/ethnic groups (7%); 51% were male, with a mean age of 65.1 days (Standard Deviation [SD]: 7.5 days) at the time of first vaccination.

Safety data for administration of 2 doses of MENVEO in children aged 6 through 23 months are available from 3 randomized studies1,4,5 conducted in the U.S., Latin America, and Canada, of which one U.S. study specifically addressed the safety of MENVEO administered concomitantly with measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine (MMRV). The 1,985 older infants and toddlers who received 2 doses of MENVEO were Caucasian (49%), Hispanic (32%), African American (11%), and other racial/ethnic groups (8%), 51% male, with a mean age of 10.1 months (SD: 2.0 months).

Children Aged 2 Through 10 Years

The safety of MENVEO in children aged 2 through 10 years was evaluated in 4 clinical trials6-9 conducted in North America (66%), Latin America (28%), and Europe (6%) in which 3,181 subjects received MENVEO and 2,116 subjects received comparator vaccines (either Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Groups A, C, Y, and W-135 Combined - MENOMUNE, Sanofi Pasteur [n = 861], or Meningococcal (Groups A, C, Y, and W-135) Polysaccharide Diphtheria Toxoid Conjugate Vaccine - MENACTRA, Sanofi Pasteur [n = 1,255]). The subjects aged 2 through 10 years who received MENVEO were Caucasian (69%), Hispanic (13%), African American (7%), and other racial/ethnic groups (6%), 51% male, with a mean age of 5.2 years. The safety of a second dose of MENVEO administered 2 months following a first dose was studied in 351 children aged 2 through 5 years.

Adolescents And Adults

The safety of MENVEO in individuals aged 11 through 55 years was evaluated in 5 randomized controlled clinical trials10-14 in which 6,185 participants received MENVEO alone (5,286 participants), MENVEO concomitant with other vaccine(s) (899 participants), or a U.S.-licensed comparator vaccine (1,966 participants). In the concomitant trials11,14 MENVEO was given with vaccines containing: tetanus toxoid, diphtheria toxoid, and pertussis (Tdap), or Tdap with human papillomavirus (HPV). The comparator vaccine was either MENOMUNE (209 participants) or MENACTRA (1,757 participants). The trials were conducted in North America (46%), Latin America (41%), and Europe (13%). In 2 of the studies, subjects received concomitant vaccination with Tdap or with Tdap plus HPV. Overall, subjects were Caucasian (50%), followed by Hispanic (40%), African American (7%), and other racial/ethnic groups (3%). Among recipients of MENVEO, 61%, 17%, and 22% were in the 11- through 18-year, 19- through 34-year, and 35- through 55-year age groups, respectively, with a mean age of 23.5 years (SD: 12.9 years). Among recipients of MENACTRA, 31%, 32%, and 37% were in the 11- through 18-year, 19- through 34-year, and 35- through 55-year age groups, respectively, with a mean age of 29.2 years (SD: 13.4 years). Among MENOMUNE recipients, 100% were in the 11- through 18-year age group, and the mean age was 14.2 years (SD: 1.8 years).

Booster Vaccination Study

In a multicenter, open-label trial (NCT02986854)15 conducted in the U.S., 601 subjects aged 15 to 51 years received a single booster dose of MENVEO 4 to 6 years after prior vaccination with MENVEO (n = 301; median age: 16 years) or MENACTRA (n = 300; median age: 16 years). Across booster groups of MENVEO, 81% of subjects were white and 50% were female.

In most trials, solicited local and systemic adverse reactions were monitored daily for 7 days following each (one or more) vaccination and recorded on a diary card. Participants were monitored for unsolicited adverse events which included adverse events requiring a physician visit or Emergency Department visit (i.e., medically-attended) or which led to a subject's withdrawal from the study. Among children, adolescents, and adults aged 2 to 55 years, medically significant adverse events and serious adverse events (SAE) were monitored for 6 months after vaccination. Across the studies of infants and toddlers aged 2 through 23 months, either all medically-attended or all medically-significant adverse events were collected in the period between the infant dose(s) and the toddler doses and during the 6-month period after the toddler dose.

Solicited Adverse Reactions In The Primary Vaccination Studies

The reported frequencies of solicited local and systemic adverse reactions from U.S. infants in the largest multinational safety study of MENVEO2 are presented in Table 1. Among the U.S. participants in the group receiving MENVEO with routine vaccines, 51% were female; 64% were Caucasian, 12% were African American, 15% were Hispanic, 2% were Asian, and 7% were of other racial/ethnic groups.

In infants initiating vaccination at 2 months of age and receiving the 4-dose series, common solicited adverse reactions (≥10%) were tenderness (24% to 41%) and erythema at injection site (11% to 15%), irritability (42% to 57%), sleepiness (29% to 50%), persistent crying (21% to 41%), change in eating habits (17% to 23%), vomiting (5% to 11%), and diarrhea (8% to 16%). The rates of solicited adverse reactions reported for subjects aged 2 months and older receiving MENVEO with routine vaccines at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age were comparable to rates among subjects who only received routine vaccines.

Table 1: Rates of Solicited Adverse Reactions Reported in U.S. Infants, Aged 2 Months and Older, during the 7 Days following Each Vaccination of MENVEO Administered with Routine Infant/Toddler Vaccines, or Routine Infant/Toddler Vaccines Alone at 2, 4, 6, and 12 Months of Agea

Adverse ReactionsDose 1Dose 2Dose 3Dose 4
MENVEO with Routineb %Routine Vaccinesb %MENVEO with Routineb %Routine Vaccinesb %MENVEO with Routineb %Routine Vaccinesb %MENVEO with Routineb %Routine Vaccinesb %
Local Adverse Reactionscn = 1,250-1,252n = 428n = 1,205-1,207n = 399n = 1,056-1,058n = 351-352n = 1,054-1,055n = 334-337
Tenderness, any4145313624322939
Tenderness, severed35221311
Erythema, any1114122114231525
Erythema, >50 mm<1<1000000
Induration, any816917819821
Induration, >50 mm0<1000000
Systemic Adverse Reactionsn = 1,246-1,251n = 427-428n = 1,119-1,202n = 396-398n = 1,050-1,057n = 349-350n = 1,054-1,056n = 333-337
Irritability, any5759484642384342
Irritability, severee22131121
Sleepiness, any5050373630302927
Sleepiness, severef2111<1<110
Persistent crying, any4138282422172118
Persistent crying, ≥3 hours22221111
Change in eating habits, any2324181717131916
Change in eating habits, severeg11111<110
Vomiting, any119766454
Vomiting, severeh<10<10<10<10
Diarrhea, any161111886139
Diarrhea, severei<1<1<1<11<111
Rashj33343343
Fever ≥38.0°Ck32467697
Fever 38.0-38.9°C32457665
Fever 39.0-39.9°C0011<1022
Fever ≥40.0°C0<10<100<10
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00806195.2
n = Number of subjects who completed the diary card for a given symptom at the specified vaccination.
a As-Treated Safety Subpopulation = U.S. children who received at least 1 dose of study vaccine and whose diary cards were completed per protocol and returned to the site.
b Routine infant/toddler vaccines include DTaP-IPV-Hib and PCV7 at Doses 1, 2, 3, and PCV7, MMRV, and Hepatitis A vaccines at Dose 4. HBV and rotavirus vaccines were allowed according to Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations.
c Local reactogenicity of MENVEO and PCV7 was assessed.
d Tenderness, severe = Cried when injected limb moved.
e Irritability, severe = Unable to console.
f Sleepiness, severe = Sleeps most of the time, hard to arouse.
g Change in eating habits, severe = Missed >2 feeds.
h Vomiting, severe = Little/no intake for more prolonged time.
i Diarrhea, severe = ≥6 liquid stools, no solid consistency.
j Rash was assessed only as present or not present, without a grading for severity.
k Axillary temperature.

The safety of a second dose of MENVEO administered at 12 months of age concomitantly with MMRV was investigated in a randomized, controlled, multicenter study5 conducted in the U.S. The rates of solicited adverse reactions reported were comparable between the concomitantly administered group (MENVEO with MMRV) and the group which received MMRV alone or MENVEO alone. The frequency and severity of solicited local and systemic reactions occurring within 7 days following vaccination at 12 months of age are shown in Table 2. In subjects who received both MENVEO and MMRV at 12 months of age local reactions at both injection sites were evaluated separately. Body temperature measurements were collected for 28 days following the 12-months-of-age visit, when MMRV was administered to the vaccinees. Common solicited adverse reactions (≥10%) among children initiating vaccination at 7 months through 23 months of age and receiving the 2-dose series were tenderness (10% to 16%) and erythema at injection site (12% to 15%), irritability (27% to 40%), sleepiness (17% to 29%), persistent crying (12% to 21%), change in eating habits (12% to 20%), and diarrhea (10% to 16%). An examination of the fever profile during this period showed that MENVEO administered with MMRV did not increase the frequency or intensity of fever above that observed for the MMRV-only group.

Table 2: Rates of Solicited Adverse Reactions Reported in U.S. Toddlers during the 7 Days following Vaccination with MENVEO Administered at 7-9 Months and 12 Months of Age, MENVEO Administered Alone at 7-9 Months and with MMRV at 12 Months of Age, and MMRV Administered Alone at 12 Months of Agea

Adverse ReactionsMENVEOMENVEO + MMRVMMRV
MENVEO 7-9 Months %MENVEO 12 Months %MENVEO 7-9 Months %MENVEO with MMRV 12 Months %MMRV 12 Months %
Local Adverse Reactions- MENVEOn = 460-462n = 381-384n = 430-434n = 386-387
Tenderness, any11101116N/A
Tenderness, severeb<1<1<10N/A
Erythema, any15131312N/A
Erythema, >50 mm<1<101N/A
Induration, any8878N/A
Induration, >50 mm<1<101N/A
Local Adverse Reactions- MMRVn = 382-383n = 518-520
Tenderness, anyN/AN/AN/A1619
Tenderness, severebN/AN/AN/A0<1
Erythema, anyN/AN/AN/A1514
Erythema, >50 mmN/AN/AN/A1<1
Induration, anyN/AN/AN/A138
Induration, >50 mmN/AN/AN/A<10
Systemic Adverse Reactionsn = 461-463n = 385-386n = 430-434n = 387-389n = 522-524
Irritability, any4027373744
Irritability, severec22213
Sleepiness, any2617292632
Sleepiness, severed21112
Persistent crying, any2112201920
Persistent crying, ≥3 hours21112
Change in eating habits, any1712172020
Change in eating habits, severee<11121
Vomiting, any96966
Vomiting, severef<1<1<1<1<1
Diarrhea, any1610151520
Diarrhea, severeg21<112
Rashh35668
Fever ≥38.0°C55697
Fever 38.0-38.9°C33577
Fever 39.0-39.9°C22111
Fever ≥40.0°C<11<1<10
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00626327.5
n = Number of subjects who completed the diary card for a given symptom at the specified vaccination.
a As-Treated Safety Subpopulation = U.S. children who received at least 1 dose of study vaccine and whose diary cards were completed per protocol and returned to the site.
b Tenderness, severe = Cried when injected limb moved.
c Irritability, severe = Unable to console.
d Sleepiness, severe = Sleeps most of the time, hard to arouse.
e Change in eating habits, severe = Missed >2 feeds.
f Vomiting, severe = Little/no intake for more prolonged time.
g Diarrhea, severe = ≥6 liquid stools, no solid consistency.
h Rash was assessed only as present or not present, without a grading for severity.
i Axillary temperature.

In clinical trials of children aged 2 through 10 years,6-9 the most frequently occurring adverse reactions (≥10%) among all subjects who received MENVEO were injection site pain (31%), erythema (23%), irritability (18%), induration (16%), sleepiness (14%), malaise (12%), and headache (11%). Among subjects aged 11 through 55 years, the most frequently occurring adverse reactions (≥10%) among all subjects who received MENVEO were pain at the injection site (41%), headache (30%), myalgia (18%), malaise (16%), and nausea (10%).

The rates of solicited adverse reactions reported for subjects aged 2 through 5 years and 6 through 10 years who received a single dose of MENVEO or MENACTRA in a randomized, controlled, multicenter study9 conducted in the U.S. and Canada are shown in Table 3. Following a second dose of MENVEO administered to children aged 2 through 5 years, the most common solicited adverse reactions (≥10%) were pain at injection site (28%), erythema (22%), irritability (16%), induration (13%), and sleepiness (12%). The solicited adverse reactions from a separate randomized, controlled, multicenter study conducted in the U.S. in adolescents and adults12 are provided in Tables 4 and 5, respectively. In neither study were concomitant vaccines administered with the study vaccines.

Table 3: Rates of Solicited Adverse Reactions within 7 Days following a Single Vaccination in Children Aged 2 through 5 Years and 6 through 10 Years

Adverse ReactionsParticipants Aged 2 through 5 Years
MENVEO
n = 693 %
MENACTRA
n = 684 %
AnyModerateSevereAnyModerateSevere
Local Adverse Reactions
Injection site paina33613580.4
Erythemab27512530.3
Indurationb1820.41820.3
Systemic Adverse Reactionse
Irritabilitya21612271
Sleepinessa16311851
Change in eatinga9211020.3
Diarrheaa710.1810
Headachea510610.3
Rashc4--5--
Arthralgiaa310.1410
Vomitinga310.1310
Feverd20.4020.30
Participants Aged 6 through 10 Years
Adverse ReactionsMENVEO
n = 582 %
MENACTRA
n = 571 %
AnyModerateSevereAnyModerateSevere
Local Adverse Reactions
Injection site paina398145102
Erythemab28512220.2
Indurationb1720.31320
Systemic Adverse Reactionse
Headachea18311321
Malaisea14311131
Myalgiaa10211021
Nauseaa821620.4
Arthralgiaa610410.4
Chillsa510510.4
Rashc5--3--
Feverd210200.4
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00616421.9
a Moderate: Some limitation in normal daily activity, Severe: Unable to perform normal daily activity.
b Moderate: ≥50-100 mm, Severe: >100 mm.
c Rash was assessed only as present or not present, without a grading for severity.
d Fever grading: Any: ≥38°C, Moderate: 39-39.9°C, Severe: ≥40°C. Parents reported the use of antipyretic medication to treat or prevent symptoms in 11% and 13% of subjects aged 2 through 5 years, 9% and 10% of subjects aged 6 through 10 years for MENVEO and MENACTRA, respectively.
e Different systemic reactions were solicited in different age groups.

Table 4: Rates of Solicited Adverse Reactions within 7 Days following Vaccination in Individuals Aged 11 through 18 Years

Adverse ReactionsMENVEO
n = 1,631 %
MENACTRA
n = 539 %
AnyModerateSevereAnyModerateSevere
Local Adverse Reactions
Injection site paina449153111
Erythemab1520.41610
Indurationb1220.21110
Systemic Adverse Reactions
Headachea29822871
Myalgiaa19411850.4
Nauseaa1231921
Malaisea11311251
Chillsa821710.2
Arthralgiaa820.4610
Rashc3--3--
Feverd10.40100
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00450437.12
a Moderate: Some limitation in normal daily activity, Severe: Unable to perform normal daily activity.
b Moderate: ≥50-100 mm, Severe: >100 mm.
c Rash was assessed only as present or not present, without a grading for severity.
d Fever grading: Any: ≥38°C, Moderate: 39-39.9°C, Severe: ≥40°C.

Table 5: Rates of Solicited Adverse Reactions within 7 Days following Vaccination in Individuals Aged 19 through 55 Years

Adverse ReactionsMENVEO
n = 1,018 %
MENACTRA
n = 336 %
AnyModerateSevereAnyModerateSevere
Local Adverse Reactions
Injection site paina3870.34160
Erythemab16211210
Indurationb1310.490.30
Systemic Adverse Reactions
Headachea25722571
Myalgiaa1440.51531
Malaisea10311021
Nauseaa720.4510.3
Arthralgiaa620.4611
Chillsa410.1410
Rashc2--1--
Feverd10.3010.30
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00450437.12
a Moderate: Some limitation in normal daily activity, Severe: Unable to perform normal daily activity.
b Moderate: ≥50-100 mm, Severe: >100 mm.
c Rash was assessed only as present or not present, without a grading for severity.
d Fever grading: Any: ≥38°C, Moderate: 39-39.9°C, Severe: ≥40°C.

Solicited Adverse Reactions In The Booster Vaccination Study (Adolescents and Adults)

A multicenter, open-label clinical trial (NCT02986854)15 was conducted in the U.S. in subjects aged 15 through 55 years [see Clinical Studies]. The methodology for evaluating solicited adverse reactions, unsolicited adverse events, and serious adverse events after a booster dose of MENVEO was similar to the primary vaccination studies. The most common solicited local and systemic adverse reactions within 7 days of vaccination were pain at injection site (36%) and fatigue (38%), respectively.

Solicited Adverse Reactions following Concomitant Vaccine Administration

The safety of 4-dose series of MENVEO administered concomitantly with U.S.-licensed routine infant and toddler vaccines was evaluated in one pivotal trial2. The safety of a 2-dose series of MENVEO initiated at 7-9 months of age, with the second dose administered concomitantly with U.S.-licensed MMR and V vaccine at 12 months of age, was evaluated in one pivotal trial.5 Rates of solicited adverse reactions which occurred 7 days following vaccination are shown in Tables 1 and 2, respectively. There was no significant increase in the rates of solicited systemic or local reactions observed in recipients of routine childhood vaccines when concomitantly vaccinated with MENVEO. [See DRUG INTERACTIONS]

The safety of MENVEO administered concomitantly with Tdap and HPV was evaluated in a single-center study14 conducted in Costa Rica. Solicited local and systemic adverse reactions were reported as noted above. In this study, subjects aged 11 through 18 years received MENVEO concomitantly with Tdap and HPV (n = 540), or MENVEO followed 1 month later by Tdap and then 1 month later by HPV (n = 541), or Tdap followed 1 month later by MENVEO and then 1 month later by HPV (n = 539). Some solicited systemic adverse reactions were more frequently reported in the group that received MENVEO, Tdap, and HPV concomitantly, (headache 40%, malaise 25%, myalgia 27%, and arthralgia 17%) compared with the group that first received MENVEO alone (headache 36%, malaise 20%, myalgia 19%, and arthralgia 11%). Among subjects administered MENVEO alone (1 month prior to Tdap), 36% reported headache, 20% malaise, and 16% myalgia. Among subjects administered MENVEO 1 month after Tdap, 27% reported headache, 18% malaise, and 16% myalgia.

Serious Adverse Events In All Safety Studies

Serious adverse events in subjects receiving a 4-dose series of MENVEO at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months were evaluated in 3 randomized, multicenter clinical studies.1-3 In the 2 controlled studies,2,3 the proportions of infants randomized to receive the 4-dose series of MENVEO concomitantly with routine vaccinations and infants who received routine vaccinations alone that reported serious adverse events during different study periods were, respectively: a) 2.7% and 2.2% during the infant series, b) 2.5% and 2.5% between the infant series and the toddler dose, c) 0.3% and 0.3% in the 1 month following the toddler dose, and d) 1.6% and 2.2% during the 6-month follow-up period after the last dose. In the third study,1 which was controlled up to the toddler dose, the proportions of infants randomized to dosing regimens that included receiving 4 doses of MENVEO concomitantly with routine vaccinations at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months and infants who received routine vaccinations alone that reported serious adverse events during different study periods were, respectively: a) 3.5% and 3.6% during the infant series, and b) 2.8% and 3.3% between the infant series and the toddler dose, and c) 0.5% and 0.7% in the 1 month following the toddler dose. In the same study, 1.9% of infants randomized to receive the 4-dose series of MENVEO concomitantly with routine vaccinations reported serious adverse events during the 6-month follow-up period after the toddler dose. The most common serious adverse events reported in these 3 studies were wheezing, pneumonia, gastroenteritis, and convulsions, and most occurred at highest frequency after the infant series.

In a study of older infants5 randomized to receive the 2-dose series of MENVEO concomitantly with MMRV at 12 months of age, the rates of serious adverse events during the study, including the 6-month follow-up period after the last dose, were 3.6% and 3.8% for the groups receiving MENVEO with MMRV and MENVEO only, respectively. Infants receiving MMRV alone, who had a shorter period of study participation as they were enrolled at 12 months of age, had a lower rate of serious adverse events (1.5%). Among 1,597 study subjects included in the safety population, the most commonly reported serious adverse events in all study arms combined were dehydration (0.4%) and gastroenteritis (0.3%). Across the submitted studies of individuals aged 2 through 23 months within 28 days of vaccination, 2 deaths were reported in the groups receiving MENVEO (one case of sudden death and one case of sepsis), while no deaths were reported in the control group. None of the deaths was assessed as related to vaccination. Among subjects with symptom onset within 42 days of vaccination (Days 12, 25, 29), 3/12,049 (0.02%, 95% CI: [0.01%, 0.07%]) recipients of MENVEO and 0/2,877 (0%, 95% CI: [0%, 0.13%]) control recipients were diagnosed with Kawasaki Disease. One case of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis with symptom onset 29 days post Dose 4 was observed in a participant given MENVEO coadministered with routine U.S. childhood vaccines at 12 months of age (including MMR and varicella vaccines).

The information regarding serious adverse events in subjects aged 2 through 10 years was derived from 3 randomized, controlled clinical trials.7-9 Safety follow-up ranged from 6 through 12 months and included 2,883 subjects administered MENVEO. Serious adverse events reported during the safety follow-up periods occurred in 21/2,883 (0.7%) subjects receiving MENVEO, in 7/1,255 (0.6%) MENACTRA subjects, and 2/861 (0.2%) MENOMUNE subjects. In the subjects receiving either 1 or 2 doses of MENVEO, there were 6 subjects with pneumonia, 3 subjects with appendicitis, and 2 subjects with dehydration; all other events were reported to occur in one subject. Among 1,255 subjects administered a single dose of MENACTRA and 861 subjects administered MENOMUNE, there were no events reported to occur in more than 1 subject. The serious adverse events occurring within the first 30 days after receipt of each vaccine were as follows: MENVEO (6/2,883 [0.2%]) -appendicitis, pneumonia, staphylococcal infection, dehydration, febrile convulsion, and tonic convulsion; MENACTRA (1/1255 [0.1%]) - inguinal hernia; MENOMUNE (2/861 [0.2%]) - abdominal pain, lobar pneumonia. In a supportive study,6 298 subjects received 1 or 2 doses of MENVEO and 22 (7%) had serious adverse events over a 13-month follow-up period including 13 subjects with varicella and 2 subjects with laryngitis. All other events were reported to occur in 1 subject. During the 30 days post vaccination in this study, 1 limb injury and 1 case of varicella were reported.

The information regarding serious adverse events in subjects aged 11 through 55 years was derived from 5 randomized, controlled clinical trials.10-14 Serious adverse events reported within 6 months of vaccination occurred in 40/6,185 (0.6%) subjects receiving MENVEO, 13/1,757 (0.7%) MENACTRA subjects, and 5/209 (2.4%) MENOMUNE subjects. During the 6 months following immunization, serious adverse events reported by more than 1 subject were as follows: MENVEO - appendicitis (3 subjects), road traffic accident (3 subjects), and suicide attempt (5 subjects); MENACTRA - intervertebral disc protrusion (2 subjects); MENOMUNE - none. Serious adverse events that occurred within 30 days of vaccination were reported by 7 of 6,185 (0.1%) subjects in the group receiving MENVEO, 4 of 1,757 (0.2%) subjects in the MENACTRA group, and by none of 209 subjects in the MENOMUNE group. The events that occurred during the first 30 days post immunization with MENVEO were: vitello-intestinal duct remnant, Cushing's syndrome, viral hepatitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, intentional multiple-drug overdose, simple partial seizure, and suicidal depression. The events that occurred during the first 30 days post immunization with MENACTRA were: herpes zoster, fall, intervertebral disc protrusion, and angioedema.

Postmarketing Experience

In addition to reports in clinical trials, the following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of MENVEO. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to the vaccine.

Ear And Labyrinth Disorders

Hearing impaired, ear pain, vertigo, vestibular disorder.

Eye Disorders

Eyelid ptosis.

General Disorders And Administration Site Conditions

Injection site pruritus; pain; erythema; inflammation; and swelling, including extensive swelling of the vaccinated limb; fatigue; malaise; pyrexia.

Immune System Disorders

Hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis.

Infections And Infestations

Vaccination site cellulitis.

Injury, Poisoning, And Procedural Complications

Fall, head injury.

Investigation

Alanine aminotransferase increased, body temperature increased.

Musculoskeletal And Connective Tissue Disorders

Arthralgia, bone pain.

Nervous System Disorders

Dizziness, syncope, tonic convulsion, headache, facial paresis, balance disorder.

Respiratory, Thoracic, And Mediastinal Disorders

Oropharyngeal pain.

Skin And Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders

Skin exfoliation.

Postmarketing Observational Safety Study

In a postmarketing observational safety study conducted in a U.S. health maintenance organization, data from electronic health records of 48,899 persons aged 11 through 21 years were used to evaluate pre-specified events of interest following vaccination with MENVEO. Using a self-controlled case series method, Bell's palsy showed a statistically significant increased risk in the period 1 to 84 days post vaccination compared with the control period, with an overall adjusted relative incidence of 2.9 (95% CI: 1.1-7.5). Among the 8 reported cases of Bell's palsy, 6 cases occurred in persons who received MENVEO concomitantly with one or more of the following vaccines: Tdap, HPV, and Influenza vaccine. All reported Bell's palsy cases resolved.

REFERENCES

All NCT numbers are as noted in the National Library of Medicine clinical trial database (see clinicaltrials.gov).

1. NCT00474526 (V59P14).
2. NCT00806195 (V59P23).
3. NCT01000311 (V59_33).
4. NCT00310856 (V59P9).
5. NCT00626327 (V59P21).
6. NCT00310817 (V59P7).
7. NCT00262028 (V59P8).
8. NCT00329849 (V59P10).
9. NCT00616421 (V59P20).
10. NCT01018732 (V59P6).
11. NCT00329901 (V59P11).
12. NCT00450437 (V59P13).
13. NCT00474487 (V59P17).
14. NCT00518180 (V59P18).
15. NCT02986854 (V59_77).

Drug Interactions

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Concomitant Administration With Other Vaccines

Do not mix MENVEO or any of its components with any other vaccine or diluent in the same syringe or vial.

In 2 clinical trials of infants initiating vaccination at 2 months of age,1,3 MENVEO was given concomitantly at 2, 4, and 6 months with routine infant vaccines: diphtheria toxoid; acellular pertussis; tetanus toxoid; inactivated polio types 1, 2, and 3; hepatitis B; Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) antigens; pentavalent rotavirus; and 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. For Dose 4 given at 12 months of age, MENVEO was given concomitantly with the following vaccines: 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate, MMRV, or MMR+V, and inactivated hepatitis A. In a clinical trial of older infants (aged 7 months and older) and toddlers,5 MENVEO was administered concomitantly with MMRV or MMR+V vaccine(s) at 12 months of age. No immune interference was observed for the concomitantly administered vaccines, including most pneumococcal vaccine serotypes (post Dose 3); no immune interference was observed post Dose 4 for any pneumococcal vaccine serotypes.1,3 [See Clinical Studies]

For children aged 2 through 10 years, no data are available to evaluate safety and immunogenicity of other childhood vaccines when administered concomitantly with MENVEO.

In a clinical trial in adolescents,14 MENVEO was given concomitantly with the following: Tdap and HPV; no interference was observed in meningococcal immune responses when compared with MENVEO given alone. Lower geometric mean antibody concentrations (GMCs) for antibodies to the pertussis antigens filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) and pertactin were observed when MENVEO was administered concomitantly with Tdap and HPV as compared with Tdap alone. [See Clinical Studies]

Immunosuppressive Treatments

Immunosuppressive therapies, such as irradiation, antimetabolite medications, alkylating agents, cytotoxic drugs, and corticosteroids (when used in greater than physiologic doses) may reduce the immune response to MENVEO [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]. The immunogenicity of MENVEO has not been evaluated in persons receiving such therapies.

REFERENCES

All NCT numbers are as noted in the National Library of Medicine clinical trial database (see clinicaltrials.gov).

1. NCT00474526 (V59P14).
3. NCT01000311 (V59_33).
5. NCT00626327 (V59P21).
14. NCT00518180 (V59P18).

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Management Of Acute Allergic Reactions

Appropriate medical treatment must be available should an acute allergic reaction, including an anaphylactic reaction, occur following administration of MENVEO.

Syncope

Syncope, sometimes resulting in falling injury associated with seizure-like movements, has been reported following vaccination with MENVEO. Vaccinees should be observed for at least 15 minutes after vaccine administration to prevent and manage syncopal reactions.

Altered Immunocompetence

Reduced Immune Response

Some individuals with altered immunocompetence, including some individuals receiving immunosuppressant therapy, may have reduced immune responses to MENVEO.

Complement Deficiency

Persons with certain complement deficiencies and persons receiving treatment that inhibits terminal complement activation (for example, eculizumab) are at increased risk for invasive disease caused by N. meningitidis, including invasive disease caused by serogroups A, C, Y, and W, even if they develop antibodies following vaccination with MENVEO. [See CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY]

Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been reported in temporal relationship following administration of another U.S.-licensed meningococcal quadrivalent polysaccharide conjugate vaccine. The decision to administer MENVEO to subjects with a known history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome should take into account the potential benefits and risks.

Apnea In Premature Infants

Apnea following intramuscular vaccination has been observed in some infants born prematurely. The decision about when to administer an intramuscular vaccine, including MENVEO, to an infant born prematurely should be based on consideration of the individual infant's medical status, and the potential benefits and possible risks of vaccination.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

MENVEO has not been evaluated for carcinogenic or mutagenic potential, or for impairment of male fertility in animals. Vaccination of female rabbits with MENVEO had no effect on fertility. [See Use In Specific Populations]

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Risk Summary

All pregnancies have a risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.

There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of MENVEO in pregnant women in the U.S. There was a pregnancy exposure registry conducted from 2014-2017 that included 82 subjects. Available data do not suggest an increased risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in women who received MENVEO within 28 days prior to conception or during pregnancy (see Data).

A developmental toxicity study was performed in female rabbits administered 0.5 mL (at each occasion) of MENVEO prior to mating and during gestation. A single human dose is 0.5 mL. This study revealed no adverse effects on fetal or pre-weaning development (see Data).

Data

Human Data

A pregnancy exposure registry (2014 to 2017) included 82 pregnancies with known outcomes with exposure within 28 days prior to conception or during pregnancy. Miscarriage was reported for 12.2% of pregnancies with exposure to MENVEO within 28 days prior to conception or during pregnancy (10/82). Major birth defects were reported for 3.6% of live born infants whose mothers were exposed within 28 days prior to conception or during pregnancy (2/55). The rates of miscarriage and major birth defects were consistent with estimated background rates.

Animal Data

In a developmental toxicity study, female rabbits were administered MENVEO by intramuscular injection on Days 29, 15, and 1 prior to mating and on Gestation Days 7 and 20. The total dose was 0.5 mL at each occasion (a single human dose is 0.5 mL). No adverse effects on pre-weaning development up to Postnatal Day 29 were observed. There were no vaccine-related fetal malformations or variations observed.

Lactation

Risk Summary

It is not known whether the vaccine components of MENVEO are excreted in human milk. Data are not available to assess the effects of MENVEO in the breastfed infant or on milk production/excretion.

The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for MENVEO and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from MENVEO or from the underlying maternal condition. For preventive vaccines, the underlying maternal condition is susceptibility to disease prevented by the vaccine.

Pediatric Populations

Safety and effectiveness of MENVEO in children aged younger than 2 months have not been established.

Geriatric Populations

Safety and effectiveness of MENVEO in adults aged 65 years and older have not been established.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No Information provided

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) after a previous dose of MENVEO, any component of this vaccine, or any other CRM197-, diphtheria toxoid-, or meningococcal-containing vaccine is a contraindication to administration of MENVEO. [See DESCRIPTION]

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Mechanism Of Action

Neisseria meningitidis is a gram-negative diplococcus that causes life-threatening invasive disease such as meningitis and sepsis. Globally, 5 serogroups, A, B, C, Y, and W-135 cause almost all invasive meningococcal infections. The presence of serum bactericidal antibodies protects against invasive meningococcal disease.16 Vaccination with MENVEO leads to the production of bactericidal antibodies directed against the capsular polysaccharides of serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135.

Clinical Studies

For all age groups, effectiveness has been inferred from the measurement of serogroup-specific anticapsular antibodies with bactericidal activity using pooled human serum that lacked bactericidal activity as the source of exogenous complement (hSBA).

Primary Vaccination Studies

In the absence of a licensed comparator vaccine for use in infants, the pre-specified endpoint for effectiveness of MENVEO in U.S. infants receiving a 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age was the proportion of subjects achieving an hSBA ≥1:8, with the lower limit of the 2-sided 95% CI for the point estimate being ≥80% of vaccinees for serogroup A, and ≥85% of vaccinees for serogroups C, W-135, and Y 1 month following the final dose.

The effectiveness of MENVEO in subjects aged 2 through 55 years was assessed by comparing the hSBA responses to immunization with MENVEO to those following immunization with the licensed meningococcal quadrivalent conjugate vaccine MENACTRA.

The primary effectiveness endpoint was hSBA seroresponse to each serogroup 28 days after vaccination. Seroresponse was defined as: a) post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:8 for subjects with a baseline hSBA <1:4; or, b) at least 4-fold higher than baseline titers for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA ≥1:4. Secondary endpoints included the proportion of subjects with post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:8 and the hSBA Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) for each serogroup. In a separate group of children aged 2 through 5 years randomized to receive 2 doses of MENVEO administered 2 months apart, seroresponse rate, proportion with post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:8, and GMT were determined for each serogroup.

Immunogenicity In Infants/Toddlers Aged 2 Months Through 12 Months

The effectiveness of MENVEO in infants was assessed in a randomized, controlled, multicenter study.3 Among the subjects receiving MENVEO who were included in the per-protocol analysis, the mean age at enrollment was 65 days, 51% were male, 67% were Caucasian, 6% were African American, 15% were Hispanic, 2% were Asian, and 9% were noted as other racial/ethnic groups. The pre-defined criteria for immunogenicity were met for all 4 serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y at 1 month following completion of a 4-dose series at 2, 4, 6, and 12 months of age (Table 6).

The percentage of subjects with hSBA ≥1:8 at 7 months was 94% to 98% for serogroups C, W-135, and Y and 76% for serogroup A.

Table 6: Bactericidal Antibody Responses following Administration of MENVEO with Routine Infant/Toddler Vaccines at 2, 4, 6, and 12 Months of Age

SerogroupPost 3rd DosePost 4th Dose
n = 202n = 168
A% ≥1:87689
95% CI(69, 81)(83a, 93)
GMT2154
95% CI(17, 26)(44, 67)
n = 199n = 156
C% ≥1:89495
95% CI(90, 97)(90a, 98)
GMT74135
95% CI(62, 87)(107, 171)
n = 194n = 153
W-135% ≥1:89897
95% CI(95, 99)(93a, 99)
GMT79215
95% CI(67, 92)(167, 227)
n = 188n = 153
Y% ≥1:89496
95% CI(89, 97)(92a, 99)
GMT51185
95% CI(43, 61)(148, 233)
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT01000311.3
% ≥1:8 = Proportions of subjects with hSBA ≥1:8 against a given serogroup; CI = Confidence interval; GMT = Geometric mean antibody titer; n = Number of infants eligible for inclusion in the Per-Protocol Immunogenicity population for whom serological results were available for the post-Dose 3 and post-Dose 4 evaluations.
Serum Bactericidal Assay with exogenous human complement source (hSBA).
a Pre-specified criteria for adequacy of immune response were met (lower limit of the 95% CI >80% for serogroup A and >85% for serogroups C, W, and Y).

The effectiveness of 2 doses of MENVEO given at 7-9 months and 12 months of age was assessed in a randomized, multicenter, controlled clinical trial5 conducted in the U.S. This study also investigated the concomitant administration of MENVEO and MMRV. The per-protocol population for assessing the response to 2 doses of MENVEO consisted of 386 subjects. Among subjects who completed the per-protocol analysis, their mean age at enrollment was 8.5 months (SD: 0.8 months), 50% were male; 61% were Caucasian, 15% were Hispanic, 10% were African American, 4% were Asian, and 10% were noted as other racial/ethnic groups.

Among the per-protocol population, after MENVEO administered at 7-9 and at 12 months, the proportions of subjects with hSBA ≥1:8 for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y were respectively: 88% (84-91), 100% (98-100), 98% (96-100), 96% (93-99).

Immunogenicity In Children Aged 2 Years Through 10 Years

Effectiveness in subjects aged 2 through 10 years was evaluated in a randomized, multicenter, active-controlled clinical study9 comparing hSBA responses following 1 dose of MENVEO or MENACTRA. The study was conducted in the U.S. and Canada and was stratified by age (2 through 5 years and 6 through 10 years). The per-protocol population evaluated after a single dose of vaccine consisted of 1,170 subjects who received MENVEO and 1,161 who received MENACTRA (Table 7) and included serological results for 89% to 95% of subjects, depending on serogroup and age group. Demographics for the 616 and 619 subjects aged 2 through 5 years for MENVEO and MENACTRA were as follows: mean age 3.6 years (SD: 1.1) vs. 3.6 years (SD: 1.1), 51% vs. 52% male, 62% vs. 62% Caucasian, 14% vs. 13% Hispanic, 12% vs. 13% African American, 6% vs. 4% Asian, and 7% vs. 8% other racial/ethnic groups, respectively. Demographics were for 554 and 542 per-protocol subjects aged 6 through 10 years for MENVEO and MENACTRA were as follows: mean age 7.9 years (SD: 1.4) vs. 8.1 years (SD: 1.4), 52% vs. 56% male, 66% vs. 66% Caucasian, 14% vs. 14% African American, 7% vs. 7% Hispanic, 5% vs. 6% Asian, and 8% vs. 8% other racial/ethnic groups, respectively. In a separate group of children aged 2 through 5 years randomized to receive 2 doses of MENVEO administered 2 months apart, the per-protocol population evaluated after 2 doses of MENVEO consisted of 297 subjects and included serologic results for 96% to 99% of subjects, depending on serogroup.

In study participants aged 2 through 5 years and 6 through 10 years, non-inferiority of MENVEO to MENACTRA for the proportion of subjects with a seroresponse was demonstrated for serogroups C, W-135, and Y, but not for serogroup A (Table 7).

Table 7: Comparison of Bactericidal Antibody Responsesa to MENVEO and MENACTRA 28 Days after Vaccination of Subjects Aged 2 through 5 Years and 6 through 10 Years

Endpoint by Serogroup2-5 Years6-10 Years
MENVEO (95% CI)MENACTRA (95% CI)Percent Difference (MENVEO- MENACTRA) or GMT Ratio (MENVEO/ MENACTRA) (95% CI)MENVEO (95% CI)MENACTRA (95% CI)Percent Difference (MENVEO -MENACTRA) or GMT Ratio (MENVEO/ MENACTRA) (95% CI)
An = 606n = 611n = 551n = 541
%7277-57783-6
Seroresponseb(68, 75)(73, 80)(-10, -0)c(73, 80)(79, 86)(-11, -1)c
% ≥1:872 (68, 75)78 (74, 81)-6 (-11, -1)77 (74, 81)83 (80, 86)-6 (-11, -1)
GMT26251.0435351.01
(22, 30)(21, 29)(0.86, 1.27)(29, 42)(29, 41)(0.83, 1.24)
Cn = 607n = 615n = 554n = 539
%6056463576
Seroresponseb(56, 64)(52, 60)(-2, 9)d(59, 67)(53, 62)(0, 11)d
% ≥1:868 (64, 72)64 (60, 68)4 (-1, 10)77 (73, 80)74 (70, 77)3 (-2, 8)
GMT18131.3336271.36
(15, 20)(11, 15)(1.11, 1.6)(29, 45)(21, 33)(1.06, 1.73)
W-135n = 594n = 605n = 542n = 533
%725814574413
Seroresponseb(68, 75)(54, 62)(9, 19)d(53, 61)(40, 49)(7, 18)d
% ≥1:890 (87, 92)75 (71, 78)15 (11, 19)91 (88, 93)84 (81, 87)7 (3, 11)
GMT43212.0261351.72
(38, 50)(19, 25)(1.71, 2.39)(52, 72)(30, 42)(1.44, 2.06)
Yn = 593n = 600n = 545n = 539
%664521583919
Seroresponseb(62, 70)(41, 49)(16, 27)d(54, 62)(35, 44)(13, 24)d
% ≥1:876 (72, 79)57 (53, 61)19 (14, 24)79 (76, 83)63 (59, 67)16 (11, 21)
GMT24102.3634142.41
(20, 28)(8.68, 12)(1.95, 2.85)(28, 41)(12, 17)(1.95, 2.97)
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00616421.9
a Serum Bactericidal Assay with exogenous human complement source (hSBA).
b Seroresponse was defined as: Subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA <1:4, a post-vaccination titer of >1:8 and among subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA ≥1:4, a post-vaccination titer at least 4-fold higher than baseline.
c Non-inferiority criterion not met (the lower limit of the 2-sided 95% CI ≤-10% for vaccine group differences).
d Non-inferiority criterion met (the lower limit of the 2-sided 95% CI >-10% for vaccine group differences [MENVEO minus MENACTRA]).

In the 297 per-protocol subjects aged 2 through 5 years observed at 1 month after the second dose of MENVEO, the proportions of subjects with seroresponse (95% CI) were: 91% (87-94), 98% (95-99), 89% (85-92), and 95% (91-97) for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y, respectively. The proportion of subjects with hSBA ≥1:8 (95% CI) were 91% (88-94), 99% (97-100), 99% (98-100), and 98% (95-99) for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y, respectively. The hSBA GMTs (95% CI) for this group were 64 (51-81), 144 (118-177), 132 (111-157), and 102 (82-126) for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y, respectively.

Immunogenicity In Adolescents Aged 11 Years Through 18 Years

Effectiveness in subjects aged 11 through 55 years was evaluated in a randomized, multicenter, active-controlled clinical study12 comparing the hSBA responses following 1 dose of MENVEO or MENACTRA. The study was conducted in the U.S. and stratified by age (11 through 18 years and 19 through 55 years). This study enrolled 3,539 participants, who were randomized to receive a dose of MENVEO (n = 2,663) or MENACTRA (n = 876). Among subjects who completed the per-protocol evaluation for immunogenicity (n = 3,393, MENVEO = 2,549, MENACTRA = 844), demographics for subjects receiving MENVEO and MENACTRA, respectively, were as follows: mean age 23.9 (SD: 13.6) vs. 23.7 (SD: 13.7), 42% vs. 42% male, 79% vs. 78% Caucasian, 8% vs. 9% African American, 7% vs. 7% Hispanic, 3% vs. 3% Asian, 2% vs. 3% other racial/ethnic groups. Immunogenicity for each serogroup was assessed in a subset of study participants (Tables 8 and 9).

In study participants aged 11 through 18 years, non-inferiority of MENVEO to MENACTRA was demonstrated for all 4 serogroups for the proportion of subjects with a seroresponse (Table 8).

Table 8: Comparison of Bactericidal Antibody Responsesa to MENVEO and MENACTRA 28 Days after Vaccination of Subjects Aged 11 through 18 Years

Endpoint by SerogroupBactericidal Antibody ResponseaComparison of MENVEO and MENACTRA
MENVEO (95% CI)MENACTRA (95% CI)MENVEO/ MENACTRA (95% CI)MENVEO minus MENACTRA (95% CI)
An = 1,075n = 359
% Seroresponseb75 (72, 77)66 (61, 71)8 (3, 14)c
% ≥1:875 (73, 78)67 (62, 72)-8 (3, 14)
GMT29 (24, 35)18 (14, 23)1.63 (1.31, 2.02)
Cn = 1,396n = 460
% Seroresponseb76 (73, 78)73 (69, 77)2 (-2, 7)c
% ≥1:885 (83, 87)85 (81, 88)-0 (-4, 4)
GMT50 (39, 65)41 (30, 55)1.22 (0.97, 1.55)
W-135n = 1,024n = 288
% Seroresponseb75 (72, 77)63 (57, 68)12 (6, 18)c
% ≥1:896 (95, 97)88 (84, 92)-8 (4, 12)
GMT87 (74, 102)44 (35, 54)2.00 (1.66, 2.42)
Yn = 1,036n = 294
% Seroresponseb68 (65, 71)41 (35, 47)27 (20, 33)c
% >1:888 (85, 90)69 (63, 74)-19 (14, 25)
GMT51 (42, 61)18 (14, 23)2.82 (2.26, 3.52)-
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00450437.12
a Serum Bactericidal Assay with exogenous human complement source (hSBA).
b Seroresponse was defined as: a) post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:8 for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA <1:4; or, b) at least 4-fold higher than baseline titers for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA ≥1:4.
c Non-inferiority criterion for the primary endpoint met (the lower limit of the 2-sided 95% CI >-10% for vaccine group differences [MENVEO minus MENACTRA]).

Immunogenicity In Adults Aged 19 Years Through 55 Years

The study in subjects aged 11 through 55 years was a randomized, multicenter, active-controlled clinical trial12 conducted in the U.S. and stratified by age (11 through 18 years and 19 through 55 years) as described above.

In study participants aged 19 through 55 years, non-inferiority of MENVEO to MENACTRA was demonstrated for all 4 serogroups for the proportion of subjects with a seroresponse (Table 9).

Table 9: Comparison of Bactericidal Antibody Responses to MENVEO and MENACTRA 28 Days after Vaccination of Subjects Aged 19 through 55 Years

Endpoint by SerogroupBactericidal Antibody ResponseaComparison of MENVEO and MENACTRA
MENVEO (95% CI)MENACTRA (95% CI)MENVEO/ MENACTRA (95% CI)MENVEO minus MENACTRA (95% CI)
An = 963n = 321
% Seroresponseb67 (64, 70)68 (63, 73)-1 (-7, 5)c
% ≥1:869 (66, 72)71 (65, 76)--2 (-7, 4)
GMT31 (27, 36)30 (24, 37)1.06 (0.82, 1.37)
Cn = 902n = 300
% Seroresponseb68 (64, 71)60 (54, 65)8 (2, 14)c
% ≥1:880 (77, 83)74 (69, 79)-6 (1, 12)
GMT50 (43, 59)34 (26, 43)1.50 (1.14, 1.97)
W-135n = 484n = 292
% Seroresponseb50 (46, 55)41 (35, 47)9 (2, 17)c
GMT111 (93, 132)69 (55, 85)1.61 (1.24, 2.1)-
Yn = 503n = 306
%564016
Seroresponseb(51, 60)(34, 46)(9, 23)c
% ≥1:87970-9
(76, 83)(65, 75)(3, 15)
GMT44 (37, 52)21 (17, 26)2.10 (1.60, 2.75)
Clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT00450437.12
a Serum Bactericidal Assay with exogenous human complement source (hSBA).
b Seroresponse was defined as: a) post-vaccination hSBA >1:8 for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA <1:4; or, b) at least 4-fold higher than baseline titers for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA ≥1:4.
c Non-inferiority criterion for the primary endpoint met (the lower limit of the 2-sided 95% CI >-10% for vaccine group differences [MENVEO minus MENACTRA]).

Booster Vaccination Study

Immunogenicity In Adolescents And Adults Aged 15 Years Through 55 Years

For a description of study design and number of participants, see section 6.1 Booster Vaccination Study. The co-primary immunogenicity endpoints were hSBA seroresponse to each serogroup 29 days a) following a booster vaccination with MENVEO given to subjects who received a prior dose of MENVEO, and b) following a booster vaccination with MENVEO given to subjects who received a prior dose of MENACTRA. Seroresponse was defined as: a) post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:16 for subjects with a baseline hSBA <1:4 or b) at least 4-fold higher than baseline titers for subjects with a pre-vaccination hSBA ≥1:4. Secondary endpoints included the proportions of subjects with post-vaccination hSBA ≥1:8, the hSBA GMTs for each serogroup, and antibody titers against each serogroup 4 to 6 years after a prior dose (as measured by percentages of subjects with hSBA titers ≥1:8 and hSBA GMTs prior to booster vaccination).

Seroresponse rates at Day 29 following a booster vaccination with MENVEO were 97% for serogroup A, 95% for serogroup C, 96% for serogroup W-135, and 97% for serogroup Y, in subjects who had received a prior dose of MENVEO (n = 290). At Day 6, following a booster vaccination, seroresponse rates were 39%, 51%, 50%, and 49% for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y, respectively, in subjects who had received a prior dose of MENVEO.

The hSBA GMTs were 13, 92, 112, and 63 for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y at Day 6, and 210, 1160, 1395, and 1067, respectively, for the 4 serogroups at Day 29 following a booster dose of MENVEO.

Overall, similar seroresponse rates and GMTs were observed for those subjects who received a booster vaccination with MENVEO following a prior dose of MENACTRA (n = 282).

Prior to booster vaccination, the percentage of subjects with hSBA titers >1:8 for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y were 12%, 62%, 76%, and 54% for those who received a prior dose of MENVEO 4 to 6 years earlier, and 15%, 54%, 77%, and 47% for those who received a prior dose of MENACTRA 4 to 6 years earlier. The hSBA GMTs for serogroups A, C, W-135, and Y prior to booster vaccination were 3, 16, 23, and 9 following a prior vaccination with MENVEO and 3, 11, 23, and 8 following a prior vaccination with MENACTRA.

Immunogenicity Of Concomitantly Administered Vaccines

In U.S. infants1,3 who received MENVEO concomitantly with DTaP-IPV-Hib and PCV7 at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and HBV administered according to ACIP recommendations, there was no evidence for reduced antibody response to pertussis antigens (GMC to pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin, fimbriae, and pertactin), diphtheria toxoid (antibody levels ≥0.1 IU/mL), tetanus toxoid (antibody levels ≥0.1 IU/mL), poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 (neutralizing antibody levels ≥1:8 to each virus), Haemophilus influenzae type b (anti-PRP antibody ≥0.15 mcg/mL), hepatitis B (anti-hepatitis B surface antigen ≥10 mIU/mL), or most serotypes of PCV7 (antibody levels ≥0.35 mcg/mL) relative to the response in infants administered DTaP-IPV-Hib, PCV7, and HBV. The immune responses to DTaP-IPV-Hib, PCV7, and HBV were evaluated 1 month following Dose 3.1,3 No interference was observed for pertussis based on GMC ratios, or for the other concomitantly administered vaccines, with the exception of pneumococcal serotype 6B1,3 and 23F3, for which interference was suggested post Dose 3. No interference was observed post Dose 4 for these serotypes.1,3

There was no evidence for interference in the immune response to MMR and varicella vaccines (among initially seronegative children) in terms of percentages of children with anti-measles antibodies ≥255 mIU/mL, anti-mumps ≥10 ELISA antibody units, anti-rubella ≥10 IU/mL, and anti-varicella ≥5 gp ELISA units/mL, administered at 12 months of age5 concomitantly with MENVEO relative to these vaccines administered alone. The immune responses to MMR and varicella vaccines were evaluated 6 weeks post vaccination.

For children aged 2 through 10 years, no data are available for evaluating safety and immunogenicity of other childhood vaccines when administered concomitantly with MENVEO.

For individuals aged 11 through 18 years, the effect of concomitant administration of MENVEO with Tdap and HPV was evaluated in a study14 conducted in Costa Rica (see also section 6.1 for the safety results from this trial). Subjects were randomized to receive one of the following regimens at the start of the trial: MENVEO plus Tdap plus HPV (n = 540); MENVEO alone (n = 541); Tdap alone (n = 539). Subjects were healthy adolescents aged 11 through 18 years (mean age between groups was 13.8 to 13.9 years). For antigens of MENVEO, the proportion (95% CI) of subjects achieving an hSBA seroresponse among those who received MENVEO plus Tdap plus HPV vs. MENVEO alone, respectively, were: serogroup A 80% (76, 84) vs. 82% (78, 85); serogroup C 83% (80, 87) vs. 84% (80, 87); serogroup W-135 77% (73, 80) vs. 81% (77, 84); serogroup Y 83% (79, 86) vs. 82% (79, 86). Among subjects who received Tdap plus MENVEO plus HPV, compared with Tdap alone, the proportions (95% CI) of subjects who achieved an anti-tetanus or anti-diphtheria toxoids levels ≥1.0 IU/mL in the 2 groups, respectively, were 100% (99, 100) vs. 98% (96, 99) and 100% (99, 100) vs. 100% (99, 100). For pertussis antigens, among subjects who received Tdap plus MENVEO plus HPV, compared with Tdap alone, the responses respectively for anti-pertussis toxin GMCs (95% CI) were 51 (47, 55) vs. 63 (58, 69) ELISA Units (EU)/mL, for anti-filamentous hemagglutinin were 342 (310, 376) vs. 511 (464, 563) EU/mL, and for anti-pertactin were 819 (727, 923) vs. 1,197 (1,061, 1,350) EU/mL. Because there are no established serological correlates of protection for pertussis, the clinical implications of the lower pertussis antigen responses are unknown.

REFERENCES

All NCT numbers are as noted in the National Library of Medicine clinical trial database (see clinicaltrials.gov).

1. NCT00474526 (V59P14).
3. NCT01000311 (V59_33).
5. NCT00626327 (V59P21).
9. NCT00616421 (V59P20).
12. NCT00450437 (V59P13).
16. Goldschneider I, Gotschlich EC, Artenstein MS. Human immunity to the meningococcus. I. The role of humoral antibodies. J Exp Med. (1969);129:1307-1326.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

  • Give the patient, parent, or guardian the Vaccine Information Statements, which are required by the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 to be given prior to immunization. These materials are available free of charge at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website (www.cdc.gov/vaccines).

Inform patients, parents, or guardians about:

  • Potential benefits and risks of immunization with MENVEO.
  • The importance of completing the immunization series.
  • Potential for adverse reactions that have been temporally associated with administration of MENVEO or other vaccines containing similar components.
  • Reporting any adverse reactions to their healthcare provider.
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