Table of Contents
- MRSA infections facts
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)?
- What is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)? (Continued)
- How many strains of MRSA are there?
- What does a MRSA infection look like?
- What are the risk factors for MRSA infections?
- What are the signs and symptoms of a MRSA infection?
- Is a MRSA infection contagious?
- How is a MRSA infection transmitted or spread?
- What tests do medical professionals use to diagnose a MRSA infection?
- What types of doctors treat MRSA infections?
- How should caregivers treat MRSA patients at home?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection?
- What is the treatment for a MRSA infection? (Continued)
- What is the prognosis of a MRSA infection?
- How can people prevent a MRSA infection?
- What are the potential complications of a MRSA infection?
- What is a superbug?
- Where are other MRSA information sources?
What are the risk factors for MRSA infections?
People with higher risk of MRSA infection are those with skin breaks (scrapes, cuts, or surgical wounds) or hospital patients with intravenous lines, burns, or skin ulcers. In addition, MRSA may infect people with weak immune systems (infants, the elderly, people with diabetes or cancer, or HIV-infected individuals) or people with chronic skin diseases (eczema and psoriasis) or chronic illnesses. People with pneumonia (lung infection) due to MRSA can transmit MRSA by droplets produced during coughing. Patients in health-care facilities are often in these risk categories, so special precautions recommended by CDC may be posted on a sign at the room entrance. Examples include "droplet precautions" -- if the patient has pneumonia, disposable masks, gowns, and gloves must be used by people who enter the room, and they must be taken off before leaving. "Contact precautions" may be posted recommending gowns and gloves only if the patient has skin infection. Precautions must be followed as posted by both health-care professionals and visitors to keep from spreading MRSA to other patients or people at risk of serious infection.