What is Multi Vitamin Concentrate and how is it used?
Multi Vitamin Concentrate is a prescription medicine used as a vitamin supplement administered by intravenous route after surgery, trauma, extensive burns or comatose status. Multi Vitamin Concentrate may be used alone or with other medications.
Multi Vitamin Concentrate belongs to a class of drugs called Vitamin and Mineral Combinations.
It is not known if Multi Vitamin Concentrate is safe and effective in children younger than 11 years of age.
What are the possible side effects of Multi Vitamin Concentrate?
Multi Vitamin Concentrate may cause serious side effects including:
- difficulty breathing,
- swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat,
- double vision,
- swelling around the eyes, and
- swelling in the arms or leg
Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
The most common side effects of Multi Vitamin Concentrate include:
- skin redness,
- headache, and
- double vision
Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of Multi Vitamin Concentrate. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
For dilution in intravenous infusions only.
M.V.I. Adult™ (multi vitamin concentrate intravenous infusion) is available in 2 packaging configurations. (Dual Vial and Unit Vial).
Dual Vial: A sterile product consisting of two vials labeled Vial 1( 5mL) and Vial 2 (5 mL). Both vials to be used for a single 10 mL dose.
Unit Vial: A sterile product in a two-chambered single-dose vial that must be mixed just prior to use. The mixed solution will provide one 10 mL dose.
Adult Formulation (intended for ages 11 and above)
Vial 1 or Lower Chamber of Unit Vial*
|Ingredient||Amount per Unit Dose
|Fat Soluble Vitamins**|
|Vitamin A (retinol)||1 mga|
|Vitamin D (ergocalciferol)||5 mgb|
|Vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate)||10 mgc|
|Vitamin K (phylloquinone)||150 mg|
|Water Soluble Vitamins|
|Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)||200 mg|
|Vitamin B2 (as riboflavin 5-phosphate sodium)||3.6 mg|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamine)||6 mg|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine HCl)||6 mg|
|Dexpanthenol (d-pantothenyl alcohol)||15 mg|
|*With 30% propylene glycol and 2% gentisic acid ethanolamide as stabilizers and preservatives; sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment; 1.6% polysorbate 80; 0.028% polysorbate 20; 0.002% butylated hydroxytoluene; 0.0005% butylated hydroxyanisole.
**Fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K are water solubilized with polysorbate 80.
(a) 1 mg vitamin A equals 3,300 USP units.
(b) 5 μg ergocalciferol equals 200 USP units.
(c) 10 mg vitamin E equals 10 USP units.
Vial 2 or Upper Chamber of Unit Vial*
|Folic acid||600 μg|
|B12 (cyanocobalamin)||5 mg|
|* With 30% propylene glycol; and citric acid, sodium citrate, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment.|
“Aqueous” multivitamin formula for intravenous infusion: M.V.I. Adult (Multi-Vitamin Infusion) makes available a combination of important fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in an aqueous solution, formulated specially for incorporation into intravenous infusions. Through special processing techniques, the liposoluble vitamins A, D, E, and K have been solubilized in an aqueous medium with polysorbate 80, permitting intravenous administration of these vitamins.
Adults and Children Aged 11 and Above: This formulation is indicated as daily multivitamin maintenance dosage for adults and children aged 11 years and above receiving parenteral nutrition. It is also indicated in other situations where administration by the intravenous route is required. Such situations include surgery, extensive burns, fractures and other trauma, severe infectious diseases, and comatose states, which may provoke a “stress” situation with profound alterations in the body's metabolic demands and consequent tissue depletion of nutrients. M.V.I. Adult (administered in intravenous fluids under proper dilution) contributes toward the intake of these vitamins that are necessary toward maintaining the body's normal resistance and repair processes.
The physician should not await the development of clinical signs of vitamin deficiency before initiating vitamin therapy.
Patients with multiple vitamin deficiencies or with markedly increased requirements may be given multiples of the daily dosage for two or more days as indicated by the clinical status. Clinical testing indicates that some patients do not maintain adequate levels of certain vitamins when this formulation in recommended amounts is the sole source of vitamins.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
M.V.I. Adult is ready for immediate use in adults and children aged 11 years and above when added to intravenous infusion fluids.
Directions for Dual Vial: Dilute the contents of Vial 1 (5mL) and the contents of Vial 2 (5mL) in not less than 500 mL infusion fluid, both vials to be used for a single dose. The Vial 1 and Vial 2 container closures may be penetrated only one time, utilizing a suitable sterile transfer device or dispensing set, which allows measured distribution of the contents.
The withdrawal of container contents should be accomplished without delay. The solution should be administered within 4 hours after dilution.
Use of this product is restric ted to a suitable work area, such as a laminar flow hood.
M.V.I. Adult should not be given as a direct, undiluted intravenous injection as it may give rise to dizziness, faintness, and possible tissue irritation.
Directions for Unit-Vial: Remove the protective plastic cap, turn the plunger-stopper 90 ° and press down firmly to force liquid in the upper chamber and the center seal into the lower compartment. Gently agitate to mix solution. Sterilize the rubber stopper in the usual manner and insert needle squarely through the center of the plunger-stopper until tip is just visible. Vial should be mixed just prior to use. Invert vial and withdraw a 10mL dose in the usual manner. The mixed solution is ready for dilution in not less than 500mL of infusion fluid. M.V.I. Adult should not be given as a direct, undiluted intravenous injection as it may give rise to dizziness, faintness, and possible tissue irritation.
For intravenous feeding, one daily dose of M.V.I. Adult (5 mL of Vial 1 plus 5 mL of Vial 2) added directly to not less than 500 mL, preferably 1,000 mL, of intravenous dextrose, saline or similar infusion solutions.
For intravenous feeding, one daily dose of M.V.I. Adult (10 mL) added directly to not less than 500 mL, pre ferably 1,000 mL, of intravenous dextrose, saline or similar infusion solutions.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit.
After M.V.I. Adult is diluted in an intravenous infusion, the resulting solution is ready for immediate use. Some of the vitamins in this product, particularly A and D and riboflavin, are light sensitive, and exposure to light should be minimized.
Store at 2–8°C (36-46°F).
M.V.I. Adult — NDC 66591-84-32 Boxes of 10 and cartons of 100. Each box contains two vials — Vial 1 (5 mL) and Vial 2 (5 mL), both vials to be used for a single dose.
M.V.I. Adult UNIT VIAL — NDC 66591-184-42 Boxes of 10 two-chambered 10mL vials.
M.V.I. Adult UNIT VIAL, Sterilized and Filled by: Enzon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Indianapolis, IN 46268. Manufactured for: aaiPharma Wilmington, NC 28405. By: AstraZeneca LP. Westborough, MA. FDA revision date: 1/30/2004
There have been rare reports of anaphylactoid reactions following large intravenous doses of thiamine. The risk, however, is negligible if thiamine is co-administered with other vitamins in the B group. There have been no reports of fatal anaphylactoid reactions associated with M.V.I. Adult.
There have been rare reports of the following types of reactions:
CNS — headache, dizziness, agitation, anxiety
Ophthalmic — diplopia
M.V.I. Adult (Multi-Vitamin Infusion) is not physically compatible with DIAMOX® (acetazolamide) 500 mg, DIURIL® Intravenous Sodium (chlorothiazide sodium) 500 mg, or aminophylline 125 mg, ampicillin 500 mg or moderately alkaline solutions. ACHROMYCIN® (tetracycline HCl) 500 mg may not be physically compatible with M.V.I. Adult. It has been reported that folic acid is unstable in the presence of calcium salts such as calcium gluconate. Some of the vitamins in M.V.I. Adult may react with vitamin K bisulfite. Direct addition of M.V.I. Adult to intravenous fat emulsions is not recommended. Consult appropriate references for listings of physical compatibility of solutions and drugs with the vitamin infusion. In such circumstances, admixture or Y-site administratio n with vitamin solutions should be avoided.
Several vitamins have been reported to decrease the activity of certain antibiotics. Thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacinamide, and ascorbic acid have been reported to decrease the antibiotic activity of erythromycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, doxycycline, and lincomycin. Bleomycin is inactivated in vitro by ascorbic acid and riboflavin.
Some of the vitamins in M.V.I. Adult may react with vitamin K bisulfite or sodium bisulfite; if bisulfite solutions are necessary, patients should be monitored for vitamin A and thiamine deficiencies.
A number of interactions between vitamins and drugs have been reported which may affect the metabolism of either agent. The following are examples of these types of interactions.
Folic acid may lower the serum concentration of phenytoin resulting in increased seizure frequency. Conversely, phenytoin may decrease serum folic acid concentrations and, therefore, should be avoided in pregnancy. Folic acid may decrease the patient's response to methotrexate therapy.
Pyridoxine may decrease the efficacy of levodopa by increasing its metabolism. Concomitant administration of hydralazine or isoniazid may increase pyridoxine requirements.
In patients with pernicious anemia, the hematologic response to vitamin B12 therapy may be inhibited by concomitant administration of chloramphenicol.
Vitamin K may antagonize the hypoprothrombinemic effect of oral anticoagulants (see bolded statement under PRECAUTIONS).
Consult appropriate references for additional specific vitamin-drug interactions.
Drug-Laboratory Test Interactions
WARNING: This product contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration if kidney function is impaired. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phospate solutions, which contain aluminum.
Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 μg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration.
Caution should be exercised when administering this multivitamin formulation to patients on warfarin sodium-type anticoagulant therapy. In such patients, vitamin K may antagonize the hypoprothrombinemic response to anticoagulant drugs, therefore requiring dosage adjustment of the warfarin sodium-type anticoagulant therapy. Periodic monitoring of prothrombin time is essential in determining the appropriate dosage of anticoagulant therapy.
Studies have shown that vitamin A may adhere to plastic, resulting in inadequate vitamin A administration in the doses recommended with M.V.I. Adult.
In patients receiving parenteral multivitamins, blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored to determine if vitamin deficiencies or excesses are developing.
M.V.I. Adult should be aseptically transferred to the infusion fluid.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, and Impairment of Fertility
Carcinoge nicity studies have not been performed.
Pregnant women should follow the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances for their condition, because their vitamin requirements may exceed those of nonpregnant women.
Lactating women should follow the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances for their condition, because their vitamin requirements may exceed those of nonlactating women.
Safety and effectiveness in children below the age of 11 years have not been established.
The possibility of hypervitaminosis A or D should be borne in mind. Clinical manifestations of hypervitaminosis A have been reported in patients with renal failure receiving 1.5 mg/day retinol. Therefore, vitamin A suppleme ntation of renal failure patients should be undertaken with caution.
Known hypersensitivity to any of the vitamins in this product or a pre-existing hypervitaminosis. Allergic reaction has been known to occur following intravenous administration of thiamine and vitamin K. This formulation is contraindicated prior to blood sampling for detection of megaloblastic anemia, as the folic acid and the cyanocobalamin in the vitamin solution can mask serum deficits.
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