Table of Contents
- Mumps (parotitis) facts
- What is mumps?
- What is the history of mumps?
- What causes mumps? Is mumps contagious? How is mumps transmitted?
- What is the incubation period for mumps?
- What is the contagious period for mumps?
- How long does mumps last?
- What are risk factors for contracting mumps?
- What does mumps look like?
- What are the signs and symptoms of mumps in children and adults?
- How do health care professionals diagnose mumps?
- What is the medical treatment for mumps in adults and in children?
- What types of health care professionals treat mumps?
- What are complications of mumps?
- Is it possible to prevent mumps? Is there a vaccine for mumps?
- Who should not get vaccinated with the MMR?
- What is the prognosis of a mumps infection?
- Where can people find more information on mumps?
- Can people get mumps twice?
Mumps (parotitis) facts
- Mumps is a highly contagious viral infection.
- Mumps has an incubation period of 14-18 days from exposure to onset of symptoms. The duration of the disease is approximately seven to 10 days.
- The initial symptoms of mumps infection are nonspecific (low-grade fever, malaise, headache, muscle aches, and loss of appetite). The classic finding of parotid gland tenderness and swelling generally develops the third day of illness. The diagnosis is generally made without the need for laboratory tests.
- Serious health complications of mumps include meningitis, encephalitis, deafness, and orchitis.
- The measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine provides 88% effective immunity against mumps following a two-dosage schedule (12-15 months with booster at 4-6 years of age). A single mumps vaccination protects approximately 78% of individuals against the disease.
- No specific treatment exists for mumps. Warm or cold packs for the parotid gland tenderness and swelling is helpful. Pain relievers (acetaminophen [Tylenol] and ibuprofen [Advil]) are also helpful.
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1/9Reviewed on 1/31/2017
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