Muscle Pain (cont.)
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
Catherine Burt Driver, MD
Catherine Burt Driver, MD, is board certified in internal medicine and rheumatology by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Dr. Driver is a member of the American College of Rheumatology. She currently is in active practice in the field of rheumatology in Mission Viejo, Calif., where she is a partner in Mission Internal Medical Group.
In this Article
- Myofascial pain syndrome facts
- What is myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are causes and risk factors for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are myofascial pain syndrome symptoms and signs?
- What specialties of doctors treat myofascial pain syndrome?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose myofascial pain syndrome?
- What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What are home remedies for myofascial pain syndrome?
- What is the prognosis of myofascial pain syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent myofascial pain syndrome?
- Find a local Rheumatologist in your town
What is the treatment for myofascial pain syndrome?
Optimal treatment of myofascial pain syndrome can be a multifaceted approach. This can include education of the patient, stress reduction, stretching and exercise programs as well as physical therapy rehabilitation, sleep improvement, and medications all best organized by a single physician who tailors the therapies over time by customizing them for the individual patient.
Medications used to treat myofascial pain syndrome can be directed toward various features of the individual's condition and may be used temporarily or longer term. Often trials of medications are used to find the best treatment for the particular patient. For example, trazodone (Serzone) or amitriptyline (Elavil) may be used at bedtime to improve sleep as well as relieve pain; cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril) or orphenadrine (Norflex) can be used at bedtime to relax muscles and to aid sleep; and antidepressants such as sertraline (Zoloft), fluoxetine (Prozac), duloxetine (Cymbalta) can be used to help control pain as can gabapentin (Neurontin) and pregabalin (Lyrica).
What are home remedies for myofascial pain syndrome?
Home remedies for myofascial pain syndrome include exercise, massage, hot water soaks, and resting. Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or naproxen (Aleve) can be beneficial in relieving symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome.
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