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M.V.I. Adult

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/3/2021
Drug Description

What is M.V.I Adult and how is it used?

M.V.I Adult is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of vitamin deficiency in adults. M.V.I Adult may be used alone or with other medications.

M.V.I Adult belongs to a class of drugs called Multiple Vitamins.

It is not known if M.V.I Adult is safe and effective in children younger than 11 years of age.

What are the possible side effects of M.V.I Adult?

M.V.I Adult may cause serious side effects including:

  • rash,
  • hives,
  • itching,
  • swelling of the face, throat or tongue, and
  • abnormally high levels of vitamin A

Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

The most common side effects of M.V.I Adult include:

  • severe allergic reaction,
  • abnormally high levels of vitamin A,
  • rash,
  • redness,
  • itching,
  • headache,
  • dizziness,
  • agitation,
  • anxiety, and
  • double vision

Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.

These are not all the possible side effects of M.V.I Adult. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

DESCRIPTION

M.V.I. Adult (multiple vitamins injection) is a sterile product consisting of two vials provided as a single dose or as a pharmacy bulk package for intravenous use intended for administration by intravenous infusion after dilution.

Table 1 provides the strengths of the vitamins provided in vial 1 and vial 2:

Table 1: M.V.I. ADULT FORMULATION (INTENDED FOR AGES 11 AND OLDER)

Vial 1*
Fat Soluble Vitamins**
Ingredient Amount per Unit Dose
Vitamin A (retinol) 1 mga
Vitamin D (ergocalciferol) 5 mcgb
Vitamin E (dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) 10 mgc
Vitamin K (phytonadione) 150 mcg
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 200 mg
Niacinamide 40 mg
Vitamin B2 (as riboflavin 5-phosphate sodium) 3.6 mg
Vitamin B1 (thiamine) 6 mg
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine HCl) 6 mg
Dexpanthenol (d-pantothenyl alcohol) 15mg
* With 30% propylene glycol and 2% gentisic acid ethanolamide as stabilizers and preservatives; sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment; 1.6% polysorbate 80; 0.028% polysorbate 20; 0.002% butylated hydroxytoluene; 0.0005% butylated hydroxyanisole.
** Fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K are water solubilized with polysorbate 80.
(a)    1 mg vitamin A equals 3,300 USP units.
(b)    5 mcg ergocalciferol equals 200 USP units.
(c)    10 mg vitamin E equals 10 USP units.
Vial 2*
Biotin 60 mcg
Folic acid 600 mcg
B12 (cyanocobalamin) 5 mcg
* With 30% propylene glycol; and citric acid, sodium citrate, and sodium hydroxide for pH adjustment.

Multiple Vitamin Preparation For Intravenous Infusion

M.V.I. Adult (multiple vitamins injection) makes available a combination of fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins in an aqueous solution, formulated for incorporation into intravenous infusions. The liposoluble vitamins A, D, E, and K have been solubilized in an aqueous medium with polysorbate 80, permitting intravenous administration of these vitamins.

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

M.V.I. Adult™ is a combination of vitamins indicated for the prevention of vitamin deficiency in adults and pediatric patients aged 11 and older receiving parenteral nutrition.

The physician should not await the development of clinical signs of vitamin deficiency before initiating vitamin therapy.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Important Dosage And Administration Instructions

Adult is a combination product that contains the following vitamins: ascorbic acid, vitamin A, vitamin D, thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacinamide, dexpanthenol, vitamin E, vitamin K, folic acid, biotin, and vitamin B12.

Adult is supplied as a single dose or as a pharmacy bulk package for intravenous use intended for administration by intravenous infusion after dilution:

  • M.V.I. Adult Single Dose: consists of two vials which must be mixed prior to use. The mixed solution will provide a single 10 mL dose which must be diluted prior to intravenous administration [see Preparation and Administration Instructions].
  • M.V.I. Adult Pharmacy Bulk Package: consists of two pharmacy bulk vials which must be mixed prior to use. The mixed solution will provide ten 10 mL single doses which must be diluted prior to intravenous administration. Pharmacy bulk package of M.V.I. Adult is intended for dispensing of single doses to multiple patients in a pharmacy admixture program and is restricted to the preparation of admixtures for infusion [see Preparation and Administration Instructions].

Do not administer M.V.I. Adult as a direct, undiluted intravenous injection as it may cause dizziness, faintness, and tissue irritation.

Dosage Information

The recommended daily dosage volume is 10 mL. One daily dose (10 mL) is diluted by adding directly to a specified volume of an intravenous fluid [see Preparation and Administration Instructions].

Patients with multiple vitamin deficiencies or with increased vitamin requirements may need multiple daily dosages as indicated or additional doses of individual vitamins.

Preparation And Administration Instructions

M.V.I. Adult Supplied As A Single Dose
  • M.V.I Adult is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminar flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area).
  • Transfer the contents of Vial 1 (5 mL of solution) into the contents of Vial 2 (5 mL of solution). The mixed solution (10 mL) will provide a single 10 mL dose.
  • Once the closure system has been penetrated, complete withdrawal of vial contents within 4 hours. Mixed solution may be stored for up to 4 hours refrigerated.
  • Visually inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to intravenous administration.
  • Utilizing a suitable sterile automated compounding device or dispensing pin for accuracy, aseptically transfer the 10 mL dose into a plastic or glass bottle containing at least 500 to 1,000 mL intravenous parenteral nutrition solution containing dextrose or saline.
  • After M.V.I. Adult is diluted in an intravenous infusion, refrigerate the resulting solution unless it is to be used immediately, and use the solution within 24 hours after dilution.
  • Minimize exposure to light because some of the vitamins in M.V.I. Adult, particularly A, D and riboflavin, are light sensitive.
M.V.I. Adult Supplied As A Pharmacy Bulk Package
  • M.V.I. Adult is to be used only in a suitable work area such as a laminar flow hood (or an equivalent clean air compounding area).
  • Transfer the contents of Vial 1 (50 mL) into Vial 2 (50 mL). The mixed solution (100 mL) will provide ten 10 mL single doses to patients in a pharmacy admixture program.
  • Each bulk vial closure shall be penetrated only one time with a suitable sterile transfer device or dispensing set that allows measured dispensing of the contents.
  • Once the closure system has been penetrated, complete dispensing from the pharmacy bulk vial within 4 hours. Mixed solution may be stored for up to 4 hours refrigerated.
  • Discard unused portion.
  • Visually inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
  • Utilizing a suitable sterile automated compounding device or dispensing pin for accuracy, aseptically transfer each 10 mL dose into a plastic or glass bottle containing at least 500 to 1,000 mL intravenous parenteral nutrition solution containing dextrose or saline.
  • After M.V.I. Adult is diluted in an intravenous infusion, refrigerate the resulting solution unless it is to be used immediately, and use the solution within 24 hours after dilution.
  • Minimize exposure to light because some of the vitamins in M.V.I. Adult, particularly A, D and riboflavin, are light sensitive.

Monitoring Vitamin Blood Levels

Blood vitamin concentrations should be monitored to ensure maintenance of adequate levels, particularly in patients receiving parenteral multivitamins as the only source of vitamins for long periods of time.

Drug Incompatibilities

  • M.V.I. Adult is not physically compatible with moderately alkaline solutions such as a sodium bicarbonate solution and other alkaline drugs such as acetazolamide sodium, aminophylline, ampicillin sodium, and chlorothiazide sodium.
  • Folic acid is unstable in the presence of calcium salts such as calcium gluconate.
  • Vitamin A and thiamine in M.V.I.Adult may react with bisulfite solutions such as sodium bisulfite or vitamin K bisulfite. Do not add M.V.I. Adult directly to intravenous fat emulsions.
  • Consult appropriate references for listings of physical and chemical compatibility of solutions and drugs with M.V.I. Adult. In such circumstances, admixture or Y-site administration with M.V.I. Adult should be avoided.

HOW SUPPLIED

Dosage Forms And Strengths

M.V.I. Adult is an injection available as a:

  • Single dose: consisting of two vials labeled Vial 1 and Vial 2. Vial 1 is an amber vial containing a clear, amber to orange colored solution. Vial 2 is an amber vial containing a clear to light straw colored solution. Both vials must be mixed prior to use. The mixed solution (10 mL) will provide a single 10 mL dose [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and DESCRIPTION].
  • Pharmacy bulk package: consisting of two vials labeled Vial 1 and Vial 2. Vial 1 is an amber vial containing a clear, amber to orange colored solution. Vial 2 is an amber vial containing a clear to light straw colored solution. Both vials must be mixed prior to use. The mixed solution (100 mL) will provide ten 10 mL single doses [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

See DESCRIPTION section for vitamin strengths [see DESCRIPTION].

Storage And Handling

M.V.I. ADULT is an injection supplied in the following package configurations:

M.V.I.ADULT Single-Dose

Unit of Sale Each Box Each Vial 1 Each Vial 2
NDC 61703-434-82 NDC 61703-434-01 NDC 61703-426-02 NDC 61703-430-02
Bundle of 10 Boxes of vials (Vial 1 and Vial 2) Box of 2 vials (Vial 1 and Vial 2) 10 Vitamin Blend, 5 mL 3 Vitamin Blend, 5 mL

Vial 1 is an amber vial containing a clear, amber to orange colored solution. Vial 2 is an amber vial containing a clear to light straw colored solution. Mix contents of Vial 1 and Vial 2 to provide a single 10 mL dose [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

M.V.I. ADULT Pharmacy Bulk Package

Unit of Sale Intermediate Multi-Pack Each Vial 1 Each Vial 2
NDC 61703-422-83 NDC 61703-422-78 NDC 61703-426-01 NDC 61703-430-01
Case of 2 Boxes of 10 vials (5 Vial 1 and 5 Vial 2) Box of 10 vials (5 Vial 1 and 5 Vial 2) 10 Vitamin Blend, 50 mL 3 Vitamin Blend, 50 mL

Vial 1 is an amber vial containing a clear, amber to orange colored solution. Vial 2 is an amber vial containing a clear to light straw colored solution. Mix contents of Vial 1 and Vial 2 to provide ten 10 mL single doses [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

See DESCRIPTION section for vitamin strengths [see DESCRIPTION].

Minimize the exposure of M.V.I. Adult to light, because vitamins A, D and riboflavin are light sensitive.

Store at 2-8°C (36-46°F).

Manufactured by Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA. Revised: Nov 2017

QUESTION

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Side Effects

SIDE EFFECTS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other section of the labeling.

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post approval use of M.V.I. Adult. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Dermatologic: rash, erythema, pruritus

CNS: headache, dizziness, agitation, anxiety

Ophthalmic: diplopia

Drug Interactions

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Effect Of M.V.I. Adult On Other Drugs

Phenytoin

Folic acid may increase phenytoin metabolism and lower the serum concentration of phenytoin resulting in increased seizure activity.

Methotrexate

Folic acid may decrease a patient's response to methotrexate therapy.

Levodopa

Pyridoxine may increase the metabolism of levodopa (decrease blood level of levodopa) and decrease its efficacy.

Antibiotics

Thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacinamide, and ascorbic acid decrease antibiotic activities of erythromycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, doxycycline, and lincomycin.

Bleomycin

Ascorbic acid and riboflavin inactivate bleomycin in vitro, thus the activity of bleomycin may be reduced.

Effect Of Other Drugs On M.V.I. Adult

Hydralazine Or Isoniazid

Concomitant administration of hydralazine or isoniazid may increase pyridoxine requirements.

Chloramphenicol

In patients with pernicious anemia, the hematologic response to vitamin B12 therapy may be inhibited by concomitant administration of chloramphenicol.

Phenytoin

Phenytoin may decrease serum folic acid concentrations.

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.

PRECAUTIONS

Decreased Anticoagulant Effect Of Warfarin

M.V.I. Adult contains Vitamin K which may decrease the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. In patients who are on warfarin anticoagulant therapy receiving M.V.I. Adult, prothrombin time/INR should be periodically monitored to determine if the dose of warfarin needs to be adjusted.

Aluminum Toxicity

M.V.I. Adult contains aluminum that may be toxic. Aluminum may reach toxic levels with prolonged parenteral administration in patients with renal impairment. Premature neonates are particularly at risk because their kidneys are immature, and they require large amounts of calcium and phosphate solutions, which contain aluminum.

Patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 micrograms per kg per day, accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration. To prevent aluminum toxicity monitor periodically aluminum levels with prolonged parenteral administration of M.V.I. Adult.

Risk Of Low Vitamin A Levels

Vitamin A may adhere to plastic, resulting in lower vitamin A concentrations after administration of M.V.I. Adult. Therefore, blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored and the administration of additional therapeutic doses of Vitamin A may be required.

Allergic Reactions To Thiamine

Allergic reactions such as urticaria, periorbital and digital edema, have been reported following intravenous administration of thiamine, which is found in M.V.I. Adult. There have been rare reports of anaphylaxis following intravenous doses of thiamine. No fatal anaphylaxis reactions associated with M.V.I. Adult have been reported.

Hypervitaminosis A

Hypervitaminosis A, manifested by nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, blurred vision, has been reported in patients with renal failure receiving 1.5 mg/day retinol and in patients with liver disease. Therefore, supplementation of renal failure patients and patients with liver diseases with vitamin A, an ingredient found in M.V.I. Adult, should be undertaken with caution [see Use In Specific Populations]. Blood levels of Vitamin A should be monitored periodically.

Interference With Diagnosis Of Megaloblastic Anemia

M.V.I. Adult contains folic acid and cyanocobalamin which can mask serum deficits of folic acid and cyanocobalamin in patients with megaloblastic anemia. Avoid the use of M.V.I. Adult in patients with suspected or diagnosed megaloblastic anemia prior to blood sampling for the detection of the folic acid and cyanocobalamin deficiencies.

Potential To Develop Vitamin Deficiencies Or Excesses

In patients receiving parenteral multivitamins, such as with M.V.I. Adult, blood vitamin concentrations should be periodically monitored to determine if vitamin deficiencies or excesses are developing. M.V.I. Adult may not correct long-standing specific vitamin deficiencies. The administration of additional doses of specific vitamins may be required [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].

Interference With Urine Glucose Testing

M.V.I. Adult contains Vitamin C which is also known as ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid in the urine may cause false negative urine glucose determinations.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

Carcinogenicity, mutagenicity and fertility studies were not performed.

Use In Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category C

M.V.I. Adult has not been studied in pregnant women. Pregnant women should follow the U.S. recommended daily allowances for pregnancy because their vitamin requirements may exceed those of nonpregnant women. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with M.V.I. Adult (multiple vitamins injection) administered by intravenous infusion.

Nursing Mothers

M.V.I. Adult has not been studied in lactating women. Lactating women should follow the U.S. Recommended Daily Allowances for their condition, because their vitamin requirements may exceed those of nonlactating women. Caution should be exercised when M.V.I. Adult is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

M.V.I. Adult is indicated for the prevention of vitamin deficiency in pediatric patients aged 11 years and older receiving parenteral nutrition. M.V.I. Adult is not indicated for use in pediatric patients below the age of 11 years.

Geriatric Use

Reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients.

Renal Impairment

M.V.I. Adult has not been studied in patients with renal impairment. Monitor renal function, calcium, phosphorus and vitamin A levels in patients with renal impairment [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Hepatic Impairment

M.V.I. Adult has not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment. Monitor vitamin A level in patients with liver disease or high alcohol consumption [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

Signs and symptoms of acute or chronic overdosage may be those of individual M.V.I. Adult component toxicity. There is no clinical experience with M.V.I. Adult overdosage.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

M.V.I. Adult is contraindicated in patients who have:

  • A history of known hypersensitivity to any of the vitamins or excipients in M.V.I. Adult [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS, ADVERSE REACTIONS]
  • An existing hypervitaminosis
Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

No information provided.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Instruct patients (if age appropriate) and caregivers:

  • To watch for and immediately report signs of allergic reactions (i.e. urticaria, periorbital and digital edema).
  • To watch for and immediately report signs of hypervitaminosis A, manifested by nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, blurred vision, if patients have renal impairment.
  • To report other adverse reactions such as rash, erythema, pruritus, headache, dizziness, agitation, anxiety, and diplopia.
  • That patients on warfarin anticoagulant therapy will be monitored periodically for blood prothrombin/ INR levels to determine if the dose of warfarin needs to be adjusted.
  • About the significance of periodic monitoring of blood vitamin concentrations to determine if vitamin deficiencies or excesses are developing .
  • About the need to monitor renal function, calcium, phosphorus, aluminum, and vitamin A levels in patients with renal impairment.
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