Nausea and Vomiting (cont.)
Benjamin Wedro, MD, FACEP, FAAEM
Dr. Ben Wedro practices emergency medicine at Gundersen Clinic, a regional trauma center in La Crosse, Wisconsin. His background includes undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Alberta, a Family Practice internship at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario and residency training in Emergency Medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
In this Article
- Nausea and vomiting definition and facts
- What is nausea? What is vomiting?
- What causes nausea or vomiting?
- Throat and stomach irritants that cause nausea and vomiting
- Nausea and vomiting caused by neurological conditions
- Other diseases and conditions that cause nausea and vomiting
- Nausea and vomiting caused by medications and medical treatments
- Morning sickness nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
- Vomiting in infants
- How do doctors diagnose the cause of nausea and vomiting?
- What natural home remedies help relieve for nausea or vomiting?
- What is the medical treatment for nausea or vomiting?
- When should I call the doctor if I have nausea and vomiting?
Other diseases and conditions that cause nausea and vomiting
- Diabetes: Persons with diabetes may develop nausea because of gastroparesis, a condition in which the stomach fails to empty properly and is likely due to the generalized neuropathy (failure of the nerves in the body to send proper signals to and from the brain or regeneration of nerves in the stomach) that is a complication of the disease.
- Diseases, illness, or conditions: Many illnesses associated with the intra-abdominal organs can produce the symptoms of nausea and vomiting. These include digestive organ disease ssuch as:
- Abdominal adhesions. Abdominal pain and distention, nausea and vomiting, and inability to pass flatus (gas) or have a bowel movement are symptoms of intestinal (bowel obstruction). Common causes of bowel obstruction include previous surgery with the formation of adhesions, hernias, abnormal twisting of the GI tract, tumors, and inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease..
- Vomiting as an atypical symptom of another disease: Some additional illnesses will cause nausea and vomiting, even though there is no direct involvement of the stomach or gastrointestinal tract.
- Heart attack victims may experience nausea and vomiting as an atypical symptom of angina, especially if the heart attack affects the inferior or lower part of the heart.
- Lung infections, for example, pneumonia and bronchitis, may also cause nausea and vomiting, especially if the area of lung involved is near the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the chest form the abdomen.
- Sepsis: An overwhelming body infection spread through the bloodstream may also be associated with nausea and vomiting.
- Eating disorders: Patients with bulimia will have self-induced vomiting, purging as part of their psychiatric illness
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