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Necrotizing Fasciitis (Flesh-Eating Disease)

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Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease) facts

  • Necrotizing fasciitis refers to a rapidly spreading infection, usually located in fascial planes of connective tissue that results in tissue death (necrosis).
  • Different types of bacterial infection can cause necrotizing fasciitis.
  • The majority of cases begin with an existing infection, most frequently on an extremity or in a wound.
  • Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious condition that is often associated with sepsis and widespread organ failure.
  • Treatment of an infection caused by flesh-eating bacteria involves rapid antibiotic administration and/or surgical debridement of the wound areas as well as supportive measures such as insertion of a breathing tube, intravenous administration of fluids, and drugs to support the cardiovascular system.
  • Good hygiene and wound care can reduce the chance of developing the disease; necrotizing fasciitis is not usually contagious but it is possible to transmit infectious agents to other people (cross-contaminations of wounds, for example).
  • Immunosuppressed individuals (for example, diabetics, elderly, infants, those with liver disease, alcoholics, or those taking immunosuppressive drugs such as chemotherapy for cancer) are at higher risk to develop the disease.
  • The prognosis depends on how fast the infection is diagnosed and treated and the patient’s response to treatments; outcomes usually range from fair to poor with complications including tissue loss and or amputation of limbs.
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/29/2016


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