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Noxipak

Last reviewed on RxList: 5/26/2020
Drug Description

What is Noxipak and how is it used?

Noxipak (fluocinolone acetonide) is used to treat itching and inflammation caused by irritations that affect the skin.

What are side effects of Noxipak?

Common side effects of Noxipak include:

DESCRIPTION

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution USP, 0.01%

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution USP, 0.01% is intended for topical administration. The active component is the corticosteroid fluocinolone acetonide, which has the chemical name pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione,6,9-difluoro-11,21-dihydroxy16,17[(methylethylidene)bis(oxy)]-, (6α,11β,16α)-. It has the following chemical structure:

Fluocinolone Acetonide Structrual Formula Illustration

Fluocinolone Acetonide Solution USP contains fluocinolone acetonide 0.1 mg/mL in a water-washable base of citric acid and propylene glycol.

Urea 20% Cream, 85g

Active Ingredient

Urea 20%

Purpose

Keratolytic

Inactive Ingredients

Carbomer, Fragrance, Isopropyl Myristate, Isopropyl Palmitate, Propylene Glycol, Purified Water, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Stearic Acid, Trolamine and Xanthan Gum.

Silicone Tape, 1 Roll, 5.5 Yards

Silicone tape is a silicone blended tape. This tape is designed to not harm the skin when it is being removed. Most tapes pull the skin and the small hairs, causing unnecessary damage. This Silicone tape has a paper blended backing that allows a gentle, but strong adhesion to the skin that remains constant. Most tapes increase their adhesion over time, which increases the damage when they are removed.

The silicone tape can be re-positioned without losing any of its tacky qualities. The gentle adhesion does not lower the quality of the hold either. This tape is adhesive enough that it can be worn in the shower without losing effectiveness.

Purpose

For alleviating tension on the scar and its surrounding skin. Tension on a wound and scar is known to increase scar tissue formation.

Because of its adherence, silicone tape reduces tension (e.g. tear and stretch) along the incision line or wound which is known to minimize the degree of scarring in terms of spreading or thickening.

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution is indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

Noxipak Kit

First apply Fluocinolone Acetonide 0.01% Topical Solution to the affected area, rub into skin until absorbed. Then apply Urea 20% cream and rub into skin until completely absorbed. Apply twice a day or as directed by your physician. Cover the affected area with silicone tape at bedtime or as directed by your physician.

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution is generally applied to the affected area as a thin film from two to four times daily depending on the severity of the condition. In hairy sites, the hair should be parted to allow direct contact with the lesion.

Occlusive dressing may be used for the management of psoriasis or recalcitrant conditions.

If an infection develops, the use of occlusive dressings should be discontinued and appropriate antimicrobial therapy instituted.

Urea 20% Cream, 85g

Apply to the affected areas twice a day or as directed by a physician. Rub into the skin until completely absorbed.

Store at controlled room temperature 15° - 30°C (59° - 86°F). Protect from Freezing. See Crimp and end of carton for Lot Number and Expiration Date

Silicone Tape

Apply to the affected area as directed by your physician

HOW SUPPLIED

Fluocinolone Acetonide Topical Solution 0.01%:

60 mL bottle with applicator tip - NDC 52565-012-59

Storage

Store at room temperature 15° to 25°C (59° to 77°F); avoid freezing and excessive heat above 40°C (104°F).

Manufactured by: Teligent Pharma, Inc. Buena, New Jersey 08310 PI012. Revised: N/A

SLIDESHOW

Rosacea, Acne, Shingles, Covid-19 Rashes: Common Adult Skin Diseases See Slideshow
Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

The following local adverse reactions are reported infrequently with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence:

BurningPerioral dermatitis
ItchingAllergic contact dermatitis
IrritationMaceration of the skin
DrynessSecondary infection
FolliculitisSkin atrophy
HypertrichosisStriae
Acneiform eruptionsMiliaria
Hypopigmentation

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No Information Provided

Warnings & Precautions

WARNINGS

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Avoid contact with eyes, lips or mucous membranes. Do not use on areas of broken skin. Do not use on areas of broken skin. Do not use if known hypersensitivity to any of the listed ingredients

PRECAUTIONS

General

Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glycosuria in some patients.

Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings.

Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical-corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity (See PRECAUTIONSPediatric Use).

If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

As with any topical corticosteroid product, prolonged use may produce atrophy of the skin and subcutaneous tissues. When used on intertriginous or flexor areas, or on the face, this may occur even with short-term use.

In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

Laboratory Tests

The following tests may be helpful in evaluating HPA axis suppression:

Urinary free cortisol test

ACTH stimulation test

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis And Impairment Of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or the effect on fertility of topical corticosteroids. Studies to determine mutagenicity with prednisolone and hydrocortisone have revealed negative results.

Pregnancy Category C

Corticosteroids are generally teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. The more potent corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals. There are no adequate and well controlled studies in pregnant women on teratogenic effects from topically applied corticosteroids. Therefore, topical corticosteroids should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Drugs of this class should not be used extensively on pregnant patients, in large amounts, or for prolonged periods of time.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk. Systemically administered corticosteroids are secreted into breast milk in quantities not likely to have a deleterious effect on the infant. Nevertheless, caution should be exercised when topical corticosteroids are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Pediatric patients may demonstrate greater susceptibility to topical corticosteroid-induced HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome than mature patients because of a larger skin surface area to body weight ratio.

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.

Administration of topical corticosteroids to children should be limited to the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen. Chronic corticosteroid therapy may interfere with the growth and development of children.

Overdosage & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

Topically applied corticosteroids can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (See PRECAUTIONS).

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Topical corticosteroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of components of the preparation.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Topical corticosteroids share anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.

The mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids is unclear. Various laboratory methods, including vasoconstrictor assays, are used to compare and predict potencies and/or clinical efficacies of the topical corticosteroids. There is some evidence to suggest that a recognizable correlation exists between vasoconstrictor potency and therapeutic efficacy in man.

Pharmacokinetics

The extent of percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids is determined by many factors including the vehicle, the integrity of the epidermal barrier, and the use of occlusive dressings.

Topical corticosteroids can be absorbed from normal intact skin. Inflammation and/or other diseaseprocesses in the skin increase the percutaneous absorption. Occlusive dressings substantially increase the percutaneous absorption of topical corticosteroids. Thus, occlusive dressings may be a valuable therapeutic adjunct for treatment of resistant dermatoses (See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION).

Once absorbed through the skin, topical corticosteroids are handled through pharmacokinetic pathways similar to systemically administered corticosteroids. Corticosteroids are bound to plasma proteins in varying degrees. Corticosteroids are metabolized primarily in the liver and are then excreted by the kidneys. Some of the topical corticosteroids and their metabolites are also excreted into the bile.

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

  1. This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
  2. Patients should be advised not to use this medication for any disorder other than for which it was prescribed.
  3. The treated skin area should not be bandaged or otherwise covered or wrapped so as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
  4. Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions especially under occlusive dressing.
  5. Parents of pediatric patients should be advised not to use tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants on a child being treated in the diaper area, as these garments may constitute occlusive dressings.
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