Brand Names: Nucynta, Nucynta ER
Generic Name: tapentadol
- What is tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What are the possible side effects of tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What is the most important information I should know about tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- How should I take tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What happens if I miss a dose (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What happens if I overdose (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What should I avoid while taking tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- What other drugs will affect tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
- Where can I get more information (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
What is tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Tapentadol is an opioid medication used to treat moderate to severe pain.
The extended-release form of this medicine (Nucynta ER) is for around-the-clock treatment of pain that is not controlled by other medicines. This form of tapentadol is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.
Tapentadol may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What are the possible side effects of tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; chest pain, fast heartbeats, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Opioid medicine can slow or stop your breathing, and death may occur. A person caring for you should seek emergency medical attention if you have slow breathing with long pauses, blue colored lips, or if you are hard to wake up.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
- noisy breathing, sighing, shallow breathing, breathing that stops during sleep;
- a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
- agitation, feeling hot;
- seizure (convulsions);
- severe drowsiness or dizziness, confusion, problems with speech or balance;
- infertility, missed menstrual periods;
- impotence, sexual problems, loss of interest in sex; or
- low cortisol levels-- nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, dizziness, worsening tiredness or weakness.
Seek medical attention right away if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as: agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Serious side effects may be more likely in older adults and those who are overweight, malnourished, or debilitated.
Long-term use of opioid medication may affect fertility (ability to have children) in men or women. It is not known whether opioid effects on fertility are permanent.
Common side effects may include:
- constipation, mild nausea, stomach pain;
- headache, tired feeling; or
- mild drowsiness or dizziness.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What is the most important information I should know about tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
MISUSE OF OPIOID MEDICINE CAN CAUSE ADDICTION, OVERDOSE, OR DEATH. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.
Taking opioid medicine during pregnancy may cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the newborn.
Fatal side effects can occur if you use opioid medicine with alcohol, or with other drugs that cause drowsiness or slow your breathing.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
You should not use this medication if you are allergic to tapentadol, or if you have:
- severe asthma or breathing problems; or
- a blockage in your digestive tract (stomach or intestines).
Do not use tapentadol if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, and tranylcypromine.
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- breathing problems, sleep apnea;
- a head injury, brain tumor, or seizures;
- drug or alcohol addiction, or mental illness;
- urination problems;
- liver or kidney disease; or
- problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid.
If you use opioid medicine while you are pregnant, your baby could become dependent on the drug. This can cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on opioids may need medical treatment for several weeks.
You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
Do not give tapentadol to a child.
How should I take tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Follow the directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides. Never use tapentadol in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Tell your doctor if you feel an increased urge to take more of this medicine.
Never share opioid medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. MISUSE CAN CAUSE ADDICTION, OVERDOSE, OR DEATH. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away opioid medicine is against the law.
Take this medicine with a full glass of water. Tapentadol can be taken with or without food.
Stop taking all other around-the-clock narcotic pain medications when you start taking tapentadol extended-release tablets.
Do not crush, break, or open an extended-release pill. Swallow it whole to avoid exposure to a potentially fatal dose.
Do not stop using tapentadol suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using tapentadol.
Never crush or break a tapentadol pill to inhale the powder or mix it into a liquid to inject the drug into your vein. This practice has resulted in death with the misuse of tapentadol and similar prescription drugs.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep track of your medicine. You should be aware if anyone is using it improperly or without a prescription.
Do not keep leftover opioid medication. Just one dose can cause death in someone using this medicine accidentally or improperly. Ask your pharmacist where to locate a drug take-back disposal program. If there is no take-back program, flush the unused medicine down the toilet.
What happens if I miss a dose (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Since tapentadol is used for pain, you are not likely to miss a dose. Skip any missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Do not take extra medicine to make up a missed dose. Do not take more than your prescribed dose in a 24-hour period.
What happens if I overdose (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. A tapentadol overdose can be fatal, especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription. Overdose symptoms may include slow breathing and heart rate, severe drowsiness, muscle weakness, cold and clammy skin, pinpoint pupils, fainting, or coma.
What should I avoid while taking tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Do not drink alcohol. Dangerous side effects or death could occur.
Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how this medicine will affect you. Dizziness or drowsiness can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.
What other drugs will affect tapentadol (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Opioid medication can interact with many other drugs and cause dangerous side effects or death. Be sure your doctor knows if you also use:
- cold or allergy medicines, bronchodilator asthma/COPD medication, or a diuretic ("water pill");
- medicines for motion sickness, irritable bowel syndrome, or overactive bladder;
- other narcotic medications--opioid pain medicine or prescription cough medicine;
- a sedative like Valium--diazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam, Xanax, Klonopin, Versed, and others;
- drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing--a sleeping pill, muscle relaxer, medicine to treat mood disorders or mental illness; or
- drugs that affect serotonin levels in your body--a stimulant, or medicine for depression, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or nausea and vomiting.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect tapentadol, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed here.
Where can I get more information (Nucynta, Nucynta ER)?
Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about tapentadol.
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