Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
Orbivan (butalbital, acetaminophen, and caffeine) is a combination of a barbiturate, an analgesic and fever-reducer, and a central nervous system stimulant indicated for the relief of the symptom complex of tension (muscle contraction) headache. Orbivan is available as a generic. Common side effects of Orbivan include:
- shortness of breath
- abdominal pain
- intoxicated feeling
- dry mouth
- shaking (tremor)
- increased urination
- lightheadedness, or
- rouble sleeping
Orbivan is available in capsules; each capsule contains strengths of butalbital, 50 mg, acetaminophen, 300 mg and caffeine, 40 mg. Orbivan should be taken as 1 or 2 capsules every 4 hours as needed. Total daily dosage should not exceed 6 capsules. Extended and repeated use of this product is not recommended because of the potential for physical dependence. Serious side effects of Orbivan may occur. Patients should be advised that butalbital is habit-forming and potentially abusable. Butalbital, acetaminophen, and caffeine may enhance the effects of other narcotic analgesics, alcohol, general anesthetics, tranquilizers, sedative-hypnotics, or other central nervous system (CNS) depressants, causing increased CNS depression. Components of this drug, acetaminophen and caffeine, can be reviewed in our Side Effects Drug Center. It is also not known whether Orbivan can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Orbivan should be given to a pregnant woman only when clearly needed. Withdrawal seizures were reported in a two-day-old male infant whose mother had taken a butalbital-containing drug during the last two months of pregnancy. Caffeine, barbiturates, and acetaminophen are excreted in breast milk in small amounts, but the significance of their effects on nursing infants is not known. Because of potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from butalbital, acetaminophen, and caffeine, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother. Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients below the age of 12 have not been established for Orbivan.
Our Orbivan Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
The most frequently reported adverse reactions are drowsiness, lightheadedness, dizziness, sedation, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and intoxicated feeling.
All adverse events tabulated below are classified as infrequent.
Central Nervous System: headache, shaky feeling, tingling, agitation, fainting, fatigue, heavy eyelids, high energy, hot spells, numbness, sluggishness, seizure. Mental confusion, excitement, or depression can also occur due to intolerance, particularly in elderly or debilitated patients, or due to overdosage of butalbital.
The following adverse drug events may be borne in mind as potential effects of the components of this product. Potential effects of high dosage are listed in the OVERDOSAGE section.
Drug Abuse And Dependence
Abuse and Dependence
Barbiturates may be habit-forming: Tolerance, psychological dependence, and physical dependence may occur especially following prolonged use of high doses of barbiturates. The average daily dose for the barbiturate addict is usually about 1500 mg. As tolerance to barbiturates develops, the amount needed to maintain the same level of intoxication increases; tolerance to a fatal dosage, however, does not increase more than two-fold. As this occurs, the margin between an intoxication dosage and fatal dosage becomes smaller. The lethal dose of a barbiturate is far less if alcohol is also ingested. Major withdrawal symptoms (convulsions and delirium) may occur within 16 hours and last up to 5 days after abrupt cessation of these drugs. Intensity of withdrawal symptoms gradually declines over a period of approximately 15 days. Treatment of barbiturate dependence consists of cautious and gradual withdrawal of the drug. Barbiturate-dependent patients can be withdrawn by using a number of different withdrawal regimens. One method involves initiating treatment at the patient's regular dosage level and gradually decreasing the daily dosage as tolerated by the patient.
Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Orbivan (Butalbital, Acetaminophen, and Caffeine Capsules, USP)
© Orbivan Patient Information is supplied by Cerner Multum, Inc. and Orbivan Consumer information is supplied by First Databank, Inc., used under license and subject to their respective copyrights.