Orencia vs. Enbrel

Reviewed on 11/25/2019

Are Orencia and Enbrel the Same Thing?

Orencia (abatacept) and Enbrel (etanercept) are used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Orencia is also used to treat arthritis in children who are at least 6 years old. Orencia is not a cure for any autoimmune disorder and only treats symptoms.

Enbrel is also used to treat certain autoimmune disorders such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and plaque psoriasis.

Orencia is a recombinant DNA generated fusion protein and Enbrel is a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor.

Side effects of Orencia and Enbrel that are similar include headache, nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, indigestion/heartburn, and cold symptoms such as stuffy head/nose, sneezing, sore throat, or cough.

Side effects of Orencia that are different from Enbrel include dizziness, flushing, and back pain.

Side effects of Enbrel that are different from Orencia include vomiting, redness or discomfort at the injection site, weight changes, and weakness.

Both Orencia and Enbrel may interact with anakinra.

Orencia may also interact with adalimumab, certolizumab, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab, rituximab, and tocilizumab.

Enbrel may also interact with cyclophosphamide, sulfasalazine, or drugs that weaken your immune system (such as cancer medicine or steroids).

What Are Possible Side Effects of Orencia?

Side effects of Orencia include:

  • headache,
  • nausea,
  • diarrhea,
  • stomach pain,
  • indigestion,
  • dizziness,
  • flushing,
  • back pain, or
  • cold symptoms such as stuffy head/nose, sneezing, sore throat, or cough.

Serious side effects of Orencia include:

What Are Possible Side Effects of Enbrel?

Common side effects of Enbrel include:

  • Mild nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • Headache
  • Redness or discomfort at the injection site
  • Heartburn
  • Weight changes
  • Cold symptoms (cough, runny nose)
  • Weakness

Serious side effects include:

  • Seizures
  • Bruising
  • Bleeding
  • Skin changes (rash, pustules, blisters, patchy skin color, red spots, or a butterfly-shaped rash over cheeks and nose)
  • Swelling
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • Numbness and tingling, burning pain
  • Vision changes
  • Dizziness
  • Signs of infection (fever, chills, sore throat, body aches, confusion, neck stiffness, flu symptoms, itching, swelling, warmth, redness, or oozing),
  • Rapid weight gain
  • Chest pain
  • Ongoing cough
  • Coughing up mucus or blood
  • Black, bloody, or tarry stools
  • Changes in mood or personality (in children)
  • Joint pain or swelling with fever, swollen glands, muscle aches, chest pain, unusual thoughts or behavior, and/or seizures (convulsions)

SLIDESHOW

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)? Symptoms, Treatment, Diagnosis See Slideshow

What Is Orencia?

Orencia (abatacept) is a recombinant DNA generated fusion protein used to treat the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and to prevent joint damage caused by these conditions. Orencia is also used to treat arthritis in children who are at least 6 years old. Orencia is not a cure for any autoimmune disorder and only treats symptoms.

What Is Enbrel?

Enbrel (etanercept) is a tumor necrosis factor inhibitor used to treat certain autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and plaque psoriasis.

What Drugs Interact With Orencia?

There may be other drugs that can interact with Orencia. The prescribing doctor needs to know all medications (including herbals) that the person is taking. During pregnancy, Orencia should be used only when prescribed. It is unknown if Orencia passes into breast milk or if it would harm a nursing baby. Breastfeeding is not recommended while using this drug.

What Drugs Interact With Enbrel?

Enbrel may interact with anakinra, cyclophosphamide, sulfasalazine, or drugs that weaken your immune system (such as cancer medicine or steroids). Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.

QUESTION

The term arthritis refers to stiffness in the joints. See Answer

How Should Orencia Be Taken?

Orencia is supplied in single use vials at a strength of 250mg per vial. Orencia is administered intravenously (IV) as a 30-minute infusion. Dosing is based on the patient's weight. Following the initial intravenous administration, an IV infusion is given at 2 and 4 weeks after the first infusion and every 4 weeks thereafter.

How Should Enbrel Be Taken?

Enbrel is available in three preparations; 0.98 mL of a 50 mg/mL solution of etanercept, 0.51 mL of a 50 mg/mL solution of etanercept and 25 mg etanercept. All are used for injection; only the 25 mg strength is available in a multiuse vial, the others are available in a prefilled syringe. Starting dose is often 50 mg injected twice a week in adults and 0.8 mg per Kg in pediatric patients weighing less than 63 Kg. Other doses may be used.

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References
SOURCE:

Bristol-Myers Squibb Company. Orencia Product Information.

http://www.orenciahcp.com

Amgen. Enbrel Product Monograph.

http://www.enbrel.com

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