Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP
What Is Oxazepam?
Oxazepam capsules are a benzodiazepine indicated for the management of anxiety disorders or for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety associated with depression is also responsive to oxazepam therapy. Alcoholics with acute tremulousness, inebriation, or with anxiety, associated with alcohol withdrawal are responsive to therapy with oxazepam. Oxazepam is available in generic form.
What Are Side Effects of Oxazepam?
Common side effects of oxazepam include:
- temporary mild drowsiness in the first few days of therapy,
- spinning sensation (vertigo), and
Less common side effects of oxazepam include:
- slurred speech,
- changes in sex drive,
- decreased blood pressure, and
- minor skin rashes.
Dosage for Oxazepam
The dose and frequency of oxazepam vary depending on the condition being treated. The usual dose of oxazepam to treat mild-to-moderate anxiety, with associated tension, irritability, agitation, or related symptoms of functional origin or secondary to organic disease is 10 to 15 mg, 3 or 4 times daily.
What Drugs, Substances, or Supplements Interact with Oxazepam?
Oxazepam may interact with alcohol or other CNS-depressant drugs. Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.
Oxazepam During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant before using oxazepam; it is unknown how it will affect a fetus. Other drugs in this class are known to cause birth defects. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding. Withdrawal symptoms may occur if you suddenly stop taking oxazepam.
Our Oxazepam Capsules Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
The necessity for discontinuation of therapy due to undesirable effects has been rare. Transient, mild drowsiness is commonly seen In the first few days of therapy. If it persists, the dosage should be reduced. In few instances, dizziness, vertigo, headache, and rarely syncope have occurred either alone or together with drowsiness. Mild paradoxical reactions. i.e.., excitement, stimulation of affect, have been reported in psychiatric patients; these reactions may be secondary to relief of anxiety and usually appear in the first two weeks of therapy.
Other side effects occurring during oxazepam therapy include rare instances of nausea, lethargy, edema, slurred speech, tremor, altered libido, and minor diffuse skin rashes—morbilliform, urticarial, and maculopapular. Such side effects have been Infrequent and are generally controlled with reduction of dosage. A case of an extensive fixed drug eruption also has been reported.
Ataxia with oxazepam has been reported in rare instances and does not appear to be specifically related to dose or age.
Although the following side reactions have not as yet been reported with oxazepam, they have occurred with related compounds (chlordiazepoxide and diazepam): paradoxical excitation with severe rage reactions, hallucinations, menstrual irregularities, change In EEG pattern, blood dyscrasias including agranulocytosis, blurred vision, diplopia, incontinence, stupor, disorientation, fever, and euphoria.
Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Oxazepam (Oxazepam Tablets)