HOW DO OXYTOCIC AGENTS WORK?
Oxytocic agents are medications that stimulate uterine activity and are used to induce labor, increase contractions, reduce the risk of postpartum hemorrhage immediately after birth, and expel fetal contents in incomplete abortion. Endogenous oxytocic drugs are also given routinely following C-section to prevent the development of uterine atony.
- Antepartum period to strengthen uterine contractions aiming for successful vaginal delivery of the fetus in mothers with:
- Postpartum period
Oxytocin is a nonapeptide hormone synthesized by the hypothalamus but stored and released by the posterior pituitary gland. Oxytocin is a uterine stimulant and causes uterine contractions by activating G protein-coupled receptors that increase intracellular calcium levels in the uterine myofibrils, resulting in uterine contractions. Uterine contractions increase the production of local prostaglandin, which further stimulates uterine contraction.
WHAT ARE SIDE EFFECTS OF OXYTOCIC AGENTS?
Side effects of oxytocic agents on mother include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)
- Severe maternal hypotension
Side of oxytocic agents on fetus include:
- Decreased fetal heart rate
- Uteroplacental hypoperfusion
- Perinatal hepatic necrosis
- Low Apgar score
The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible side effects, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to make sure these drugs do not cause any harm when you take them along with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or frequency without consulting your doctor.