Table of Contents
- Pancreatitis facts
- What is pancreatitis?
- What are the causes of pancreatitis?
- What are the signs and symptoms of pancreatitis?
- How is pancreatitis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for pancreatitis?
- Medications for pancreatitis
- Is there a special diet for pancreatitis?
- What are some of the complications of pancreatitis?
- Can pancreatitis be prevented?
- What is the prognosis for pancreatitis?
What are the causes of pancreatitis?
Normally, digestive enzymes released by the pancreas are not activated to break down fats and proteins until they reach the small intestine. However, when these digestive enzymes are activated while still in the pancreas, inflammation and local damage to the pancreas occurs leading to pancreatitis.
The causes of pancreatitis include:
- Alcohol consumption
- High triglyceride levels
- Abdominal injury or surgery
- Certain medications
- Exposure to certain chemicals
- Family history of pancreatitis
- Cystic fibrosis
- Pancreatic cancer
Alcohol consumption and gallstones account for over 80% of all cases of pancreatitis in the US.