Premature Menopause (Medical Procedural Causes) (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD
Dr. Charles "Pat" Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals. He has a PhD in Microbiology (UT at Austin), and the MD (Univ. Texas Medical Branch, Galveston). He is a Clinical Professor (retired) in the Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, and has been the Chief of Emergency Medicine at UT Medical Branch and at UTHSCSA with over 250 publications.
In this Article
- Premature (early) menopause definition and facts
- What is premature menopause?
- What causes early menopause?
- Risk factors for early menopause
- Signs and symptoms of early menopause
- How is early menopause is diagnosed?
- Treatments to relieve signs and symptoms
- What are complications of premature menopause?
- What is the outlook for a woman in early menopause?
- Find a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
What are complications of premature menopause?
Women with premature menopause are faced with the challenges of infertility if they desire pregnancy. This can be accompanied by feelings of emotional distress and depression.
There is also an increased risk of osteoporosis in women with low estrogen levels. Women with premature menopause have a longer time period of their life of decreased estrogen production and this, in turn, increases their risk for low bone density. This risk may be offset by taking calcium and vitamin D supplements, consuming plenty of dietary calcium, and obtaining weigh-bearing exercise.
What is the outlook for a woman in early menopause?
The prognosis for women with premature menopause is related to the circumstances and cause of the condition. If premature menopause occurs due to surgery or cancer treatments, the prognosis is related to the underlying reasons for these treatments. Women with premature ovarian failure for undefined causes may be at increased risk for osteoporosis, as mentioned above. These women may also be susceptible to cardiovascular disease in later in life, although this risk has not been fully studied.
American Pregnancy Association. Premature ovarian failure.
Womenshealth.gov. Early menopause (premature menopause).
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