What Is Propolis and How Does It Work?

Propolis suggested uses include to treat acne, bowel diseases, cancer, dermatitis, cervitis, diverticulitis, laryngitis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, aphthous ulcers, burns, wound healing, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and infections.

The effectiveness of propolis is not established.

Propolis is available under the following different brand and other names: bee glue, bee putty, bienenharz, cera alba, galangin, hive dross, Nivcrisol, and propolin.

Dosages of Propolis

Suggested Dosing

Wide range of dosing forms: capsules, vaginal cream/ointment, skin cream, injection

Follow manufacturer's instructions

Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:

See "Suggested Dosing"

What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Propolis?

Side effects of propolis include:

  • Allergic reactions (skin or respiratory symptoms), particularly in people who are allergic to bees or bee products
  • Irritation and mouth ulcers (lozenges)

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

What Other Drugs Interact with Propolis?

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Propolis has no known severe, serious, moderate, or mild interactions with other drugs.

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns or for more information about this medicine.

What Are Warnings and Precautions for Propolis?


  • This medication contains propolis. Do not take bee glue, bee putty, bienenharz, cera alba, galangin, hive dross, Nivcrisol, or propolin if you are allergic to propolis or any ingredients contained in this drug.

Keep out of reach of children. In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.


  • Hypersensitivity to bee products

Effects of Drug Abuse

  • None

Short-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Propolis?"

Long-Term Effects

  • See "What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Propolis?"


  • Some people are allergic.

Pregnancy and Lactation

  • There is no information available about use of propolis during pregnancy or while breastfeeding
  • Consult your doctor
Medscape. Propolis.
RxList. Propolis.
NCBI. The case of propolis.

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