Bannal, Basam, Besenginaterkraut, Besom, Bizzom, Breeam, Broom Tops, Browme, Brum, Butcher's-Broom, Cytise à Balai, Cytisi Scoparii Flos, Cytisi Scoparii Herba, Cytisus scoparius, Escoba Negra, Genêt à Balai, Genet à Balais, Genettier, Genista andreana, Ginsterkraut, Grand Genêt, Herbe de Hogweed, Hogweed, Irish Broom Tops, Juniesse, Retama Negra, Sarothamnus scoparius, Sarothamnus vulgaris, Scoparium, Scoparius, Scotch Broom Herb, Scotch Broom Flower, Spartium scoparium.
Scotch broom is a plant. The flower and the parts that grow above the ground are used as medicine.
Despite serious safety concerns, Scotch broom is used for heart problems including fluid retention (edema), poor circulation, low blood pressure, fast heartbeat, and irregular heartbeat.
Some people use Scotch broom for bleeding gums, a bleeding disorder called hemophilia, gout, achy muscles and joints (rheumatism), sciatic nerve pain, gall stones, kidney stones, spleen disorders, yellowing of the skin (jaundice), lung conditions, and snake bites. It is also used for cleansing the intestine and to cause vomiting.
Women use Scotch broom for heavy menstrual periods and for bleeding after childbirth.
Scotch broom is applied to the skin for sore muscles, pockets of infection (abscesses), and swelling. It is also used in hair rinses to lighten and brighten hair.
How does it work?
Scotch broom contains chemicals that might cause an increase in body water loss through the urine. It also contains chemicals that affect heart rhythm.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Fluid retention.
- Sore muscles.
- Low blood pressure.
- Menstrual disorders.
- Heavy bleeding after giving birth.
- Bleeding gums.
- Arthritis-like pain.
- Nerve disorders.
- Gall stones.
- Kidney stones.
- Spleen disorders.
- Heart disorders.
- Other conditions.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
Scotch broom is LIKELY UNSAFE to take by mouth. It can cause heart and circulation problems. It might also cause side effects such as nausea and diarrhea.
Poisoning can occur with doses greater than 30 grams of Scotch broom. Symptoms of poisoning include dizziness, headache, heartbeat changes, leg weakness, sweating, sleepiness, and widening of the pupils.
There isn't enough information to know if Scotch broom is safe when applied to the skin.
Heart disease: Scotch broom might affect the heartbeat. Don't use it.
High blood pressure: Scotch broom might make the blood vessels narrower. This could raise blood pressure. If you already have high blood pressure, Scotch broom could make it worse.
Kidney problems: Some chemicals in Scotch broom might make kidney disease worse.
Haloperidol (Haldol)Interaction Rating: Major Do not take this combination.
The body breaks down Scotch broom to get rid of it. Haloperidol (Haldol) seems to decrease the breakdown of Scotch broom. Taking Scotch broom along with haloperidol (Haldol) might increase the risk of serious side effects of Scotch broom. Do not take Scotch broom if you are taking haloperidol (Haldol).
Medications for depression (MAOIs)Interaction Rating: Major Do not take this combination.
Scotch broom contains a chemical called tyramine. Large amounts of tyramine can cause high blood pressure. But the body naturally breaks down tyramine to get rid of it. This usually prevents the tyramine from causing high blood pressure. Some medications used for depression called MAOIs stop the body from breaking down tyramine. This can cause there to be too much tyramine and lead to dangerously high blood pressure.
QuinidineInteraction Rating: Major Do not take this combination.
The body breaks down Scotch broom to get rid of it. Quinidine seems to decrease the breakdown of Scotch broom. Taking Scotch broom along with quinidine might increase the risk of serious side effects of Scotch broom. Do not take Scotch broom if you are taking quinidine.
LithiumInteraction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
Scotch broom might have an effect like a water pill or "diuretic." Taking Scotch broom might decrease how well the body gets rid of lithium. This could increase how much lithium is in the body and result in serious side effects. Talk with your healthcare provider before using this product if you are taking lithium. Your lithium dose might need to be changed.
The appropriate dose of Scotch broom depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for Scotch broom. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Abtahi, F. S., Auletta, F. J., Sadeghi, D., Djahanguire, B., and Scommegna, A. Effect of sparteine sulfate on uterine prostaglandin F in the rat. Prostaglandins 1978;16(3):473-482. View abstract.
Alexander, J. A. and Franklin, R. R. Effects of sparteine sulfate on uterine activity. Tex.Med 1966;62(8):54-56. View abstract.
Bird, G. W. and Wingham, J. Lectins for polyagglutinable red cells: Cytisus scoparius, Spartium junceum and Vicia villosa. Clin.Lab Haematol. 1980;2(1):21-23. View abstract.
Daly, J. W. Nicotinic agonists, antagonists, and modulators from natural sources. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2005;25(3-4):513-552. View abstract.
Freeman, R. K. and Mishell, D. R., Jr. Induction of labor with sparteine sulfate for premature rupture of the fetal membranes near term. A double-blind study. Pac.Med Surg. 1968;76(1):43-47. View abstract.
Gurtler, L. G. The fucosyl specific lectins of Ulex europaeus and Sarothamnus scoparius. Biochemical characteristics and binding properties to human B-lymphocytes. Biochim.Biophys Acta 12-18-1978;544(3):593-604. View abstract.
KOLODZIEJSKI, J., GILL, S., and LUCZKIEWICZ, I. [LOCALIZATION OF SPARTEINE IN CYTISUS SCOPARIUS LINK. (SAROTHAMNUS SCOPARIUS L. WIMM.) DURING THE VEGETATION STAGE.]. Acta Pol.Pharm. 1964;21:501-508. View abstract.
Konami, Y., Yamamoto, K., Osawa, T., and Irimura, T. The primary structure of the Cytisus scoparius seed lectin and a carbohydrate-binding peptide. J Biochem.(Tokyo) 1992;112(3):366-375. View abstract.
Mandecki, T., Skupien-Strzelczyk, B., and Mandecki, M. [Quinidine, sparteine sulfate and ajmaline derivative - delayed-action drugs - in the prevention of auricular fibrillation. Comparative study]. Pol.Tyg.Lek. 9-12-1983;38(37):1145-1147. View abstract.
Mangin, P., Kintz, P., Tracqui, A., Ludes, B., Lugnier, A. A., and Chaumont, A. J. A fatal ingestion of sparteine and meprobamate: medicolegal and toxicological data. Acta Med Leg.Soc.(Liege) 1989;39(1):385-388. View abstract.
Nirmal, J., Babu, C. S., Harisudhan, T., and Ramanathan, M. Evaluation of behavioural and antioxidant activity of Cytisus scoparius Link in rats exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stress. BMC.Complement Altern Med 2008;8:15. View abstract.
Raja, S., Ahamed, K. F., Kumar, V., Mukherjee, K., Bandyopadhyay, A., and Mukherjee, P. K. Antioxidant effect of Cytisus scoparius against carbon tetrachloride treated liver injury in rats. J Ethnopharmacol 1-3-2007;109(1):41-47. View abstract.
Sundararajan, R., Haja, N. A., Venkatesan, K., Mukherjee, K., Saha, B. P., Bandyopadhyay, A., and Mukherjee, P. K. Cytisus scoparius link--a natural antioxidant. BMC.Complement Altern.Med. 2006;6:8. View abstract.
Tsiodras, S., Shin, R. K., Christian, M., Shaw, L. M., and Sass, D. A. Anticholinergic toxicity associated with lupine seeds as a home remedy for diabetes mellitus. Ann Emerg Med 1999;33(6):715-717. View abstract.
Van Voorhis, L. W., Dunn, L. J., and Heggen, D. Effect of sparteine sulfate on amniotomy induction. A double blind evaluation. Am.J Obstet.Gynecol. 1-15-1966;94(2):230-233. View abstract.
Wick, E., Bell, U., and Dengler, H. J. [Effect of sparteine sulfate on mechanically produced extrasystole in humans]. Med Welt. 2-20-1971;8:303-306. View abstract.
Young, N. M., Watson, D. C., and Williams, R. E. Structural differences between two lectins from Cytisus scoparius, both specific for D-galactose and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine. Biochem.J 8-15-1984;222(1):41-48. View abstract.