The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved glycopyrrolate inhalation solution 25 mcg twice daily (Lonhala Magnair, Sunovion Pharmaceuticals) for maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema.
Lonhala Magnair is the first nebulized long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) approved by the FDA for the treatment of COPD. It is the first time the Magnair eFlow technology system, developed by PARI Pharma GmbH, has been used, Sunovion said in a news release.
"This technology is a virtually silent, portable, closed system nebulizer that is designed to deliver the drug in two to three minutes and allows people to breathe normally while using the device," the company said.
"Despite the availability of several therapies, many people still struggle to control their COPD ? a challenge that may be affected by the delivery method used to administer a medication," Gary Ferguson, MD, of the Pulmonary Research Institute of Southeast Michigan in Farmington Hills, said in the release.
"Lonhala Magnair offers an important new option that combines the efficacy of a proven medication for COPD with the attributes of a unique handheld nebulizer that allows a person to breathe normally while taking their medication," Dr Ferguson said.
The approval is based on data from the clinical trials in the GOLDEN (Glycopyrrolate for Obstructive Lung Disease via Electronic Nebulizer) program, which included GOLDEN-3 and GOLDEN-4, two phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in adults with moderate to very severe COPD.
In these studies, individuals using Lonhala Magnair showed "statistically significant and clinically important" changes from baseline in trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) at 12 weeks, the company said.
In addition, the GOLDEN-5 phase 3 study demonstrated the long-term safety and tolerability of Lonhala Magnair in comparison with tiotropium bromide delivered by the HandiHaler device in adults with moderate to very severe COPD. Overall, treatment-emergent adverse events were similar for patients receiving glycopyrrolate and those receiving tiotropium during a 48-week period, the company said.
Sunovion expects to be available in US pharmacies in early 2018.
Lonhala Magnair should not be started in patients with acutely deteriorating COPD or to relieve sudden symptoms of COPD and should not be used more than twice daily. It is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to glycopyrrolate or any of the ingredients.
Lung Disease/COPD Resources
FDA Clears First Nebulized LAMA Inhaler for COPD - Medscape - Dec 07, 2017.