Sculptra

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Last updated on RxList: 9/26/2022

Drug Summary

What Is Sculptra?

Sculptra (injectable poly-L-lactic acid) is an injectable implant containing microparticles of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA), sodium carboxymethylcellulose, non-pyrogenic mannitol, and sterile water for injection indicated for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles for use in immune-competent subject, and for restoration and/or correction of the signs of facial fat loss (lipoatrophy) in people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What Are Side Effects of Sculptra?

Sculptra may cause serious side effects including:

  • hives,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat,
  • dizziness,
  • small lumps under the skin,
  • swelling,
  • fever, and
  • sore throat

Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.

Side effects of Sculptra include:

  • injection site reactions (swelling, tenderness, redness, pain, bruising, bleeding, itching, nodules/papules/lumps, rash, needle marks),
  • headache,
  • dry skin,
  • skin peeling,
  • pimples, and
  • sinus pressure.

Seek medical care or call 911 at once if you have the following serious side effects:

  • Serious eye symptoms such as sudden vision loss, blurred vision,tunnel vision,eye painor swelling, or seeing halos around lights;
  • Serious heart symptoms such as fast, irregular, or pounding heartbeats; fluttering in your chest; shortness of breath; and sudden dizziness, lightheadedness, or passing out;
  • Severe headache,confusion, slurred speech, arm or leg weakness, trouble walking, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady, very stiff muscles, high fever, profuse sweating, or tremors.

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

Dosage for Sculptra

Sculptra is available in 367.5 mg dose vials.

Sculptra In Children

Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra have not been evaluated in patients who are under 18 years of age.

What Drugs, Substances, or Supplements Interact with Sculptra?

Sculptra may interact with other medicines.

Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.

Sculptra During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant before using Sculptra. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding. Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra have not been evaluated in patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Additional Information

Our Sculptra (injectable poly-L-lactic acid) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

Drug Description

DESCRIPTION

Sculptra is an injectable implant containing microparticles of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA), sodium carboxymethylcellulose (USP), non-pyrogenic mannitol (USP) and sterile water for injection (SWFI) (USP). Sculptra is available in 367.5 mg dose vials and is to be reconstituted prior to use to form a sterile, non-pyrogenic suspension. (see INSTRUCTIONS FOR USEReconstitution).

Indications & Dosage

INDICATIONS

Sculptra is indicated for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles for use in immune-competent subjects *.

Sculptra is intended for restoration and/or correction of the signs of facial fat loss (lipoatrophy) in people with human immunodeficiency virus**.

* For nasolabial fold contour and other facial wrinkles indication, please go to page 2.

** For HIV-associated lipoatrophy indication, please go to page 47.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

No Information Provided

HOW SUPPLIED

Sculptra is supplied as a sterile freeze-dried preparation for injection in a clear glass vial, which is sealed by a penetrable stopper, covered by an aluminum seal with a flip-off cap. Each carton of Sculptra contains two vials of poly-L-lactic acid, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (USP), non-pyrogenic mannitol (USP).

Storage

Sculptra can be stored at room temperature, up to 30°C (86°F). DO NOT FREEZE. Refrigeration is not required.

Sterility

Each vial of Sculptra is packaged for single-use only. Do not re-sterilize.

IF THE VIAL, SEAL, OR THE FLIP-OFF CAP ARE DAMAGED, DO NOT USE AND CONTACT GALDERMA LABORATORIES, L.P. FORT WORTH, TX 76177 USA 1-855-425-8722.

Distributed by: Galderma Laboratories, L.P. 14501 N. Freeway, Fort Worth, TX 76177 USA. Revised: Nov 2021.

Side Effects & Drug Interactions

SIDE EFFECTS

SCULPTRA FOR CORRECTION OF SHALLOW TO DEEP NASOLABIAL FOLD CONTOUR DEFICIENCES AND OTHER FACIAL WRINKLES (RECONSTITUTED WITH 5 ML SWFI)

Clinical Studies 5 mL Reconstitution

Controlled Phase Study (0-13 Months)

A prospective, randomized clinical study was conducted at 10 centers in the US. Two hundred thirty-three (233), immune-competent and non-pregnant and non-breastfeeding subjects with previously untreated nasolabial fold wrinkles with wrinkle assessment scale (WAS) of 2 through 4 received bilateral injections of either Sculptra Aesthetic or Cosmoplast in both nasolabial fold wrinkles during a maximum of 4 sessions over 9 weeks. Study treatment was planned to be stopped when the right and left nasolabial fold wrinkle reached WAS of 1 or 0, or the maximum of 4 treatment sessions were completed. Adverse events reported in subject diaries after initial treatment are summarized in Tables 1 (intensity) and 2 (duration) below.

Adverse events described in the physician case reports are summarized in Table 3 below.

TABLE 1
INTENSITY OF ADVERSE EVENTS AFTER THE INITIAL TREATMENT SESSION, RECORDED IN THE 14 DAY SUBJECT DIARY
(Controlled Phase, 0-13 months)
All-Treated Population: Per Subject

Injection Procedure Related Event Sculptra Aesthetic
(First Treatment Session: N=116)
Cosmoplast
(First Treatment Session: N=117)
Total
subjects reporting symptomsa
n (%)
Severity of Adverse Eventa Total subjects reporting symptomsa n (%) Severity of Adverse Eventa
Mild
n
Moderate
n
Severe
n
Missing
n
Mild
n
Moderate
n
Severe
n
Missing
n
Localized Swelling 94 (81.0) 64 24 5 1 76 (65.0) 60 13 1 2
Localized Tendernes 94 (81.0) 63 24 2 5 83 (70.9) 62 16 1 4
Localized Redness 90 (77.6) 63 23 1 3 88 (75.2) 63 23 1 1
Post-Injection Site Pain 82 (70.7) 58 16 1 7 65 (55.6) 50 7 1 7
Localized Bruising 75 (64.7) 44 22 6 3 50 (42.7) 26 18 1 5
Bleeding from Site(s) 39 (33.6) 29 3 0 7 43 (36.8) 33 5 0 5
Localized Itching 23 (19.8) 14 1 0 8 34 (29.1) 24 6 1 3
Nodules/ papules/ lumps 4 (3.4) 2 1 0 1 14 (12.0) 4 7 1 2
Otherb 19 (16.4) 7 8 1 3 22 (18.8) 11 6 3 2
Total 113 (97.4) 48 54 11 0 110 (94.0) 61 42 5 2
a Subjects experiencing multiple episodes of a given adverse event are counted once for that event within the most severe category.
b Subjects who reported multiple events in the “Other” category are counted only once within the most severe category.
Adverse Events reported as “Others” are headache, dry skin, skin peeling, rash at injection, pimples, improvement of allergy symptoms, needle marks, sinus pressure, bruising, mouth sores, tenderness and twitching of nostril.

TABLE 2
DURATION OF ADVERSE EVENTS AFTER THE INITIAL TREATMENT SESSION, RECORDED IN THE 14 DAY SUBJECT DIARY
(Controlled Phase, 0-13 months)
All-Treated Population: Per Subject

Injection Procedure Related Event Sculptra Aesthetic
(First Treatment Session: N=116)
Cosmoplast
(First Treatment Session: N=117)
Total subjects reporting symptomsa
n (%)
Duration of Adverse Eventa Total subjects reporting symptomsa
n (%)
Duration of Adverse Eventa
<1
hour
1-24
hrs
2-7
days
8-14 days ≥15
days
Missing <1
hour
1-24
hrs
2-7
days
8-14 days ≥15
days
Missing
Localized Swelling 94 (81.0) 4 48 35 2 0 5 76 (65.0) 6 34 29 2 2 3
Localized Tenderness 94 (81.0) 7 45 32 1 4 5 83 (70.9) 6 33 29 2 10 3
Localized Redness 90 (77.6) 13 50 24 0 0 3 88 (75.2) 11 25 33 3 13 3
Post-Injection Site Pain 82 (70.7) 21 44 14 0 1 2 65 (55.6) 16 35 8 0 4 2
Localized Bruising 75 (64.7) 6 11 44 7 2 5 50 (42.7) 3 12 25 9 0 1
Bleeding from Site(s) 39 (33.6) 28 6 1 0 0 4 43 (36.8) 35 6 0 0 0 2
Localized Itching 23 (19.8) 9 5 6 0 0 3 34 (29.1) 5 8 13 2 4 2
Nodules/papules/lumps 4 (3.4) 0 0 2 0 1 1 14 (12.0) 0 0 3 0 9 2
Otherb 19 (16.4) 0 3 10 2 3 1 22 (18.8) 1 2 7 2 8 2
Total 113 (97.4) 2 24 67 10 9 1 110 (94.0) 5 18 54 5 27 1
a Subjects experiencing multiple episodes of a given adverse event are counted once for that event within the longest duration category.
b Subjects who reported multiple events in the “Other” category are counted only once within the longest duration category. For list of adverse events categorized as “other”, see table 1.

TABLE 3
PHYSICIAN REPORTED* ADVERSE EVENTS AFTER ALL TREATMENTS REGARDLESS OF RELATIONSHIP TO THE DEVICE OCCURING IN >1% OF SUBJECTS
(Controlled Phase, 0-13 months)
All-Treated Population: Per Subject

Adverse Events
(MedDRA Preferred Term)
Sculptra Aesthetic
N=116
N (%)
Cosmoplast
N=117
N (%)
Injection site pain 11 (9.5) 12 (10.3)
Application site nodule** 10 (8.6) 11 (9.4)
Application site papule*** 10 (8.6) 4 (3.4)
Nasopharyngitis 7 (6.0) 9 (7.7)
Headache 5 (4.3) 4 (3.4)
Injection site erythema 4 (3.4) 38 (32.5)
Acne 3 (2.6) 4 (3.4)
Pain 3 (2.6) 2 (1.7)
Injection site dermatitis 3 (2.6) 1 (0.9)
Hypertension 3 (26) 0 (0.0)
Injection site haemorrhage 2 (1.7) 6 (5.1)
Swelling 2 (1.7) 2 (1.7)
Fracture 2 (1.7) 2 (1.7)
Urinary tract infection 2 (1.7) 2 (1.7)
Streptococcal infection 2 (1.7) 0 (0.0)
Tooth abscess 2 (1.7) 0 (0.0)
Syncope vasovagal 2 (1.7) 0 (0.0)
Cough 2 (1.7) 0 (0.0)
Injection site pruritus 1 (0.9) 12 (10.3)
Sinusitis 1 (0.9) 6 (5.1)
Application site dryness 1 (0.9) 5 (4.3)
Influenza 1 (0.9) 5 (4.3)
Injection site swelling 1 (0.9) 4 (3.4)
Bronchitis 1 (0.9) 2 (1.7)
Upper respiratory tract infection 1 (0.9) 2 (1.7)
Injection site discoloration 0 (0.0) 2 (1.7)
Injection site eczema 0 (0.0) 2 (1.7)
Skin tightness 0 (0.0) 2 (1.7)
*Includes all subjects with nodules and papules regardless of duration.
**Application site nodule is a lesion equal to or greater than to 5 mm, typically palpable, asymptomatic and non-visible.
*** Application site papule is a lesion less than 5 mm, typically palpable, asymptomatic and non-visible.

Adverse Events That Occurred With Sculptra Aesthetic At An incidence Of <1%

Acrochordon, anxiety, colitis, contusion, corneal abrasion, cyst, depression, dermatitis, eczema, gastritis, herpes simplex, hypercholesterolemia, hypersensitivity, hypothyroidism, injection site desquamation, injection site rash, lower respiratory infection, lymphadenopathy, migraine, muscle injury, muscle twitching, myalgia, osteoarthritis, osteopenia, pruritus, rheumatoid arthritis, gastroenteritis, skin burning sensation, spider vein, staphylococcal infection, stress symptoms, tooth infection, toothache, vaginal infection.

Extension Phase Study (13 To 25 Months)

A total of 106 subjects treated with Sculptra Aesthetic in the initial 13-month study were followed for an additional 12 months (25 months total) after their last treatment. Only Sculptra Aesthetic-related adverse events were collected on the physician case report forms. Five new device-related adverse events were reported in three subjects: 2 subcutaneous papules (1.9%), 1 nodule (0.9%) and 2 injection site pain (0.9%).

Nodules And Papules

In the controlled clinical study, the percentage of subjects with nodules and/or papules was greater after Sculptra Aesthetic [(17.2% (20/116)] than after the control treatment [(12.8%) (15/117)]. This reflects 8 Sculptra Aesthetic subjects who experienced nodules, 10 Sculptra Aesthetic subjects who experienced papules and 2 Sculptra Aesthetic subjects who experienced both nodules and papules.

After the first Sculptra Aesthetic injection session, time to onset for nodules was 160 days (median) and 209 days (mean) and for papules 55 days (median) and 159 days (mean). After Sculptra Aesthetic injection, the duration of nodules was 100 days (median) and 180 days (mean), for papules was 110 days (median) and 176 days (mean). One subject with a papule required a single intralesional corticosteroid injection and the event resolved. For 3 subjects with nodules/papules, no information on outcome was available at the end of the 25-month extension phase study. For all remaining subjects, nodules/papules resolved spontaneously. None of these events were reported as a serious adverse event by the investigator.

Table 4 contains, for the Sculptra Aesthetic (0-25 months) and Cosmoplast (0-13 months) groups, summaries of the number of nodules and papules per baseline skin type, age group, and race stratified by baseline WAS. Summaries of the time to onset and duration of nodules and papules, stratified by baseline WAS are also presented.

TABLE 4
SUMMARY OF NODULES AND PAPULES, SCULPTRA AESTHETIC (SA) AND COSMOPLAST (COS)

Baseline (Pre-Injection, before first treatment) WAS 1 2 3 4 ALL
Treatment SA COS SA COS SA COS SA COS SA COS
Number of pt injected (N) 6 4 55 41 41 55 14 17 116 117
Patients with nodule 0 0 4 4 4 6 2 1 10 11
0% 0% 7.3% 9.8% 9.8% 10.9% 14.3% 5.9% 8.6% 9.4%
Patients with papule 0 0 7 1 5 1 0 2 12 4
0% 0% 12.7% 2.4% 12.2% 1.8% 0% 11.8% 10.3% 3.4%
Demographics
Patients Nodules or Papules per Fitzpatrick Skin Type
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 2 1
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 2 0 0 4 2 3 2 0 1 7 5
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 3 0 0 4 2 2 4 2 1 8 7
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 4 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 3 2
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fitzpatrick Skin Type = 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Patients Nodules or Papules per age group
Patients < 35y.o 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Patients 35-55y.o 0 0 7 5 4 4 1 1 12 10
Patients > 55y.o 0 0 4 0 3 3 1 2 8 5
Patients Nodules or Papules per age race
Caucasian 0 0 10 4 5 6 2 3 17 13
Hispanic 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 0 2 2
Black/Asian/other 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Time (days) from first device injection to start of event (median, mean, min, max)
Nodules-median days to event onset 0 0 261 4.5 66 2 48.5 1 160 1
Nodules-mean days to event onset 0 0 255.4 5.0 221.1 11 48.5 1 208.7 7.9
Nodules-time to onset minimum days maximum days 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
447 10 669 43 96 1 669 43
Papules-median days to event onset 0 0 49 1 64 25 0 22 54.5 22
Papules-mean days to event onset 0 0 130.7 1 197.8 25 0 17.7 158.7 15.8
Papules-time to onset
minimum days
maximum days
0 0 4 1 1 25 0 1 1 1
500 1 586 25 30 586 30
Event Duration, days (median, mean, min, max)
Nodules-median duration days 0 0 357 158.5 50 26 56.5 97 99.5 41
Nodules-mean duration days 0 0 315.4 196.8 118.9 31 56.5 97 180.1 97.3
Nodules- duration
minimum days
maximum days
0 0 22 8 4 3 18 97 4 3
543 462 489 68 95 97 543 462
Papule-median duration days 0 0 157 45 62 6 0 16 109.5 16
Papule-mean duration days 0 0 186.1 45 161.6 6 0 17.7 175.9 20.8
Papule- duration
minimum days
maximum days
0 0 9 45 8 6 0 15 8 0
407 45 512 6 22 512 45

No significant associations were found between incidence of nodule/papules and geographic site, volume injected, number of treatment sessions, subject characteristics at baseline (Fitzpatrick skin type, age and race), or baseline WAS (pre-injection, before first treatment).

Post Approval Study (PAS; Through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

A total of 867 subjects have been enrolled/treated in this study at 20 investigational sites in the US. A total of 436 of 867 subjects (50.3%) reported Adverse Events (AEs) through the Year 3 visit of this ongoing study; 29.0% of reported AEs were found to be related to treatment. One Serious Adverse event related to treatment was reported (foreign body granuloma).

Nodules And Papules

The overall incidence rate of injection site nodules and/or papules (NPs) is 28.4% of subjects treated with Sculptra Aesthetic in all treated facial areas (i.e. nasolabial folds (NLFs), marionette lines (MLs), cheek folds, and chin crease). The incidence rates of NPs in each anatomic area varied (27.0% in the MLs, 19.0% in the NLFs, 5.4% in the cheek folds, and 3.6% in the chin creases). See Tables 5-7 below.

The overall mean total treatment volume was similar in anatomic sides with a NP (3.91± 1.91mL) as compared to anatomic sides without a NP (3.65 ± 2.16 mL). However, increased injection volumes may be associated with higher frequencies of NPs, particularly in the MLs (treatment volume in the MLs with a NP [3.13 ± 1.49 mL] as compared to treatment volume in MLs without a NP [2.67 ± 1.44 mL]). When comparing treatment volumes, the reported incidence rates for NPs at the MLs was higher when compared to other treated facial areas (i.e. NLF, cheek folds, chin crease). Further, for treatment volumes greater than 2 mL per ML, the incidence rate of NPs exceeded the 21% protocol threshold.

Overall, there was a slight increase in the overall rate of NPs with increasing wrinkle severity: Baseline WAS 2 (9.9%); baseline WAS 3 (12.1%); baseline WAS 4 (17.4%).

Treatment of nodules and/or papules in this study included injections of: Sodium chloride, triamcinolone, 5-Fluorouracil/triamcinolone/lidocaine; and/or oral: Diphenhydramine, doxycycline, ibuprofen; and/or topical: Benzocaine, mometasone cream.

TABLE 5
SUMMARY OF TOTAL TREATMENT VOLUME (ML) BY ANATOMIC AREA, NODULE/PAPULE PER ANATOMIC SIDES, AND FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPE

Anatomic Area
  Nodule/Papulea Anatomic Sidesb
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
I-III (N=557)
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
IV-VI (N=310)
Overall
(N=867)
Nasolabial Folds
All Anatomic Sides
Number of Anatomic Sides 1114 620 1734
Mean (SD) 4.596 (2.1660) 4.425 (2.0762) 4.535 (2.1353)
Median 4.270 4.000 4.200
Min, Max 0.50, 10.00 0.60, 10.00 0.50, 10.00
Anatomic Sides with Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 158 77 235
Mean (SD) 4.759 (1.9473) 4.308 (1.9864) 4.611 (1.9675)
Median 4.400 4.000 4.200
Min, Max 0.90, 10.00 1.40, 9.50 0.90, 10.00
Anatomic Sides without Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 956 543 1499
Mean (SD) 4.569 (2.1998) 4.442 (2.0899) 4.523 (2.1608)
Median 4.250 4.000 4.200
Min, Max 0.50, 10.00 0.60, 10.00 0.50, 10.00
Cheek Folds
All Anatomic Sides
Number of Anatomic Sides 261 57 318
Mean (SD) 3.399 (2.3346) 3.165 (1.9523) 3.357 (2.2697)
Median 3.000 3.000 3.000
Min, Max 0.23, 13.00 0.70, 7.00 0.23, 13.00
Anatomic Sides with Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 9 2 11
Mean (SD) 3.311 (2.0751) 3.250 (0.0707) 3.300 (1.8563)
Median 3.500 3.250 3.300
Min, Max 1.00, 6.30 3.20, 3.30 1.00, 6.30
Anatomic Sides without Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 252 55 307
Mean (SD) 3.402 (2.3470) 3.162 (1.9880) 3.359 (2.2857)
Median 4.250 4.000 4.200
Min, Max 0.50, 10.00 0.60, 10.00 0.50, 10.00
Marionette Lines
All Anatomic Sides
Number of Anatomic Sides 676 244 920
Mean (SD) 2.802 (1.4687) 2.657 (1.4276) 2.764 (1.4585)
Median 2.500 2.550 2.500
Min, Max 0.20, 8.00 0.20, 6.00 0.20, 8.00
Anatomic Sides with Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 144 42 186
Mean (SD) 3.203 (1.4897) 2.887 (1.4890) 3.132 (1.4914)
Median 3.050 2.925 3.000
Min, Max 0.30, 7.25 0.50, 6.00 0.30, 7.25
Anatomic Sides without Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 532 202 734
Mean (SD) 2.694 (1.4453) 2.609 (1.4136) 2.671 (1.4362)
Median 2.500 2.500 2.500
Min, Max 0.20, 8.00 0.20, 5.80 0.20, 8.00
Chin Crease
All Anatomic Sides
Number of Anatomic Sides 222 85 307
Mean (SD) 2.043 (1.1005) 1.945 (1.2844) 2.016 (1.1530)
Median 2.000 1.600 2.000
Min, Max 0.14, 5.60 0.10, 5.25 0.10, 5.60
Anatomic Sides with Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 8 3 11
Mean (SD) 2.351 (1.0788) 3.400 (1.1533) 2.637 (1.1492)
Median 2.000 3.500 2.200
Min, Max 0.71, 4.00 2.20, 4.50 0.71, 4.50
Anatomic Sides without Any Nodule and/or Papules
Number of Anatomic Sides 214 82 296
Mean (SD) 2.031 (1.1021) 1.892 (1.2636) 1.993 (1.1486)
Median 2.000 1.550 2.000
Min, Max 0.14, 5.60 0.10, 5.25 0.10, 5.60
a: For purposes of this study, a nodule or papule is conservatively defined to include investigator-confirmed lumps, bumps, etc (by visual examination or palpation), regardless of onset time or duration, including induration (not generalized swelling) occurring in the injection area, as well as non-uniform distribution of study product.
b: This table summarizes the relationship between nodules /papules and injection frequency by anatomic sides (left or right), as every anatomic side may not have been treated at each injection session. Anatomic sides include the chin crease and the left and right sides for nasolabial folds, cheek folds, and marionette lines.
Source: Year 3 CSR Listings 16.2.5.1, 16.2.5.2, 16.2.7.5.1, and 16.2.7.5.2

TABLE 6
SUMMARY OF INCIDENCE OF INJECTION SITE NODULE AND/OR PAPULE a,b BY TOTAL TREATMENT VOLUME, ANATOMIC SIDES, AND FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPE

Total Injection Volume
  Anatomic Sidesb
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
I-III
(N=557)
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
IV-VI
(N=310)
Overall
(N=867)
Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n
Total Injection Volume < 2 mL
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 38 / 494 (7.7) 38 13 / 210 (6.2) 14 51 / 704 (7.2) 52
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 8 / 123 (6.5) 8 2 / 55 (3.6) 2 10 / 178 (5.6) 10
Anatomic Sides other than NLF with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 30 / 371 (8.1) 30 11 / 155 (7.1) 12 41 / 526 (7.8) 42
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 3 / 75 (4.0) 3 0 / 21 (0.0) 0 3 / 96 (3.1) 3
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 25 / 198 (12.6) 25 11 / 86 (12.8) 12 36 / 284 (12.7) 37
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site
Nodule and/or Papule
2 / 98 (2.0) 2 0 / 48 (0.0) 0 2 / 146 (1.4) 2
Total Injection Volume 2 to < 3.5 mL
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 99 / 657 (15.1) 107 48 / 280 (17.1) 54 147 /937 (15.7) 161
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 38 / 233 (16.3) 41 28 / 161 (17.4) 33 66 / 394 (16.8) 74
Anatomic Sides other than NLF with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 61 / 424 (14.4) 66 20 / 119 (16.8) 21 81 / 543 (14.9) 87
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 1 / 74 (1.4) 1 2 / 13 (15.4) 2 3 / 87 (3.4) 3
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 56 / 254 (22.0) 61 17 / 81 (21.0) 18 73 / 335 (21.8) 79
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 4 / 96 (4.2) 4 1 / 25 (4.0) 1 5 / 121 (4.1) 5
Total Injection Volume 3.5 to < 5 mL
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 89 / 554 (16.1) 94 31 / 248 (12.5) 31 120 / 802 (15.0) 125
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 44 / 317 (13.9) 44 21 / 174 (12.1) 21 65 / 491 (13.2) 65
Anatomic Sides other than NLF with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 45 / 237 (19.0) 50 10 / 74 (13.5) 10 55 / 311 (17.7) 60
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 2 / 46 (4.3) 2 0 / 9 (0.0) 0 2 / 55 (3.6) 2
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 41 / 164 (25.0) 46 8 / 56(14.3) 8 49 / 220 (22.3) 54
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 2 / 27 (7.4) 2 2 / 9 (22.2) 2 4 / 36 (11.1) 4
Total Injection Volume ≥ 5 mL
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 93 / 568 (16.4) 102 32 / 268 (11.9) 38 125 / 836 (15.0) 140
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 68 / 441 (15.4) 75 26 / 230 (11.3) 30 94 / 671 (14.0) 105
Anatomic Sides other than NLF with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 25 / 127 (19.7) 27 6 / 38(15.8) 8 31 / 165 (18.8) 35
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 3 / 66 (4.5) 3 0 / 14 (0.0) 0 3 / 80 (3.8) 3
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 22 / 60 (36.7) 24 6 / 21 (28.6) 8 28 / 81 (34.6) 32
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 0 / 1 (0.0) 0 0 / 3 (0.0) 0 0 / 4 (0.0) 0
a: For purposes of this study, a nodule or papule is conservatively defined to include investigator-confirmed lumps, bumps, etc (by visual examination or palpation), regardless of onset time or duration, including induration (not generalized swelling) occurring in the injection area, as well as non-uniform distribution of study product.
b: This table summarizes incidence of nodules/papules by injection volume frequency and anatomic sides (left or right), as the injection volume may vary by side. Anatomic sides include the chin crease and the left and right sides for NLFs, cheek folds and marionette lines.
c: Anatomic sides experiencing multiple episodes of event are counted once within each event category.
Source: Listings 16.2.5.2 and 16.2.7.5.1

TABLE 7
SUMMARY OF INCIDENCE OF INJECTION SITE NODULE AND/OR PAPULE a,b BY BASELINE WRINKLE ASSESSMENTS (WAS), ANATOMIC SIDES, AND FITZPATRICK SKIN TYPE

Baseline Wrinkle
  Assessments Anatomic Sidesb
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
I-III
(N=557)
Fitzpatrick Skin Type
IV-VI
(N=310)
Overall
(N=867)
Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n Anatomic Sidesc
n / N (%)
Events n
Baseline Wrinkle Assessments: 2
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 53 / 574 (9.2) 54 32 / 281 (11.4) 35 85 / 855 (9.9) 89
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 19 / 210 (9.0) 19 20 / 143 (14.0) 23 39 / 353 (11.0) 42
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 7 / 114 (6.1) 7 0 / 21 0 7 / 135 (5.2) 7
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 26 / 190 (13.7) 27 12 / 77 (15.6) 12 38 / 267 (14.2) 39
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 1 / 60 (1.7) 1 0 / 40 0 1 / 100 (1.0) 1
Baseline Wrinkle Assessments: 3
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 108 / 854 (12.6) 115 36 / 341 (10.6) 39 144 / 1195 (12.1) 154
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 55 / 429 (12.8) 59 23 / 208 (11.1) 24 78 / 637 (12.2) 83
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 2 / 104 (1.9) 2 2 / 28 (7.1) 2 4 / 132 (3.0) 4
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 49 / 231 (21.2) 52 10 / 76 (13.2) 12 59 / 307 (19.2) 64
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 2 / 90 (2.2) 2 1 / 29 (3.4) 1 3 / 119 (2.5) 3
Baseline Wrinkle Assessments: 4
All Anatomic Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 158 / 845 (18.7) 172 56 / 384 (14.6) 63 214 / 1229 (17.4) 235
NLF Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 84 / 475 (17.7) 90 34 / 269 (12.6) 39 118 / 744 (15.9) 129
Cheek Fold Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 0 / 43 0 0 / 8 0 0 / 51 0
Marionette Line Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 69 / 255 (27.1) 77 20 / 91 (22.0) 22 89 / 346 (25.7) 99
Chin Crease Sides with Injection Site Nodule and/or Papule 5 / 72 (6.9) 5 2 / 16 (12.5) 2 7 / 88 (8.0) 7
a: For purposes of this study, a nodule or papule is conservatively defined to include investigator-confirmed lumps, bumps, etc. (by visual examination or palpation), regardless of onset time or duration, including induration (not generalized swelling) occurring in the injection area, as well as non-uniform distribution of study product.
b: This table summarizes incidence of nodules/papules by injection frequency and anatomic sides (left or right), as the injection frequency may vary by side. Anatomic sides include the chin crease and the left and right sides for NLFs, cheek folds and marionette lines.
c: Anatomic sides experiencing multiple episodes of event are counted once within each event category.
Source: Year 3 CSR Listings 16.2.6.1.1 and 16.2.7.5.1

Across the investigational sites, there was substantial site-to-site variability in the incidence of overall NPs ranging from 0 – 79.1%.

Other Adverse Events of Interest

The overall incidence of Adverse Events of Interest (AEIs) other than NPs (including changes in skin pigmentation, granuloma, and unexpected change in wrinkle contour) is 1.0% of subjects treated with Sculptra Aesthetic in all treated facial areas (i.e. NLFs, MLs, cheek folds, and chin crease).

SCULPTRA FOR CORRECTION OF SHALLOW TO DEEP NASOLABIAL FOLD CONTOUR DEFICIENCIES (RECONSTITUTED WITH 8 ML SWFI WITH THE ADDITION OF 1 ML 2% LIDOCAINE)

Clinical Studies 8 mL Reconstitution

Base Study (0-48 Weeks)

Eighty subjects were enrolled in a randomized, treatment-controlled, evaluator-blinded, multicenter study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted in 8 mL SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine for treatment of nasolabial folds. Subjects were treated to optimal correction at four-week intervals, with a maximum of four treatment sessions. Out of the 80 subjects enrolled, 59 subjects received Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted in 8 mL SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine (treatment group) and 21 subjects received Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted in 5 mL SWFI (control group).

Pre-printed diary forms were used by subjects to record the presence of pre-defined expected post-treatment events in the treated area, i.e. bruising, redness, swelling, pain, tenderness, itching, lumps/bumps, and “other” for 28 days following each treatment. Subjects rated each treatment site response as “None”, “Mild”, “Moderate” or “Severe”.

Vision function assessments: Snellen Visual Acuity Test, Extraocular Muscle Function Test and Confrontation Visual Field Test, was performed both prior to and post injection of the study product at baseline, before and after treatments, and all physical scheduled follow-up visits.

Subjects assessed their pain, for each treatment area individually, before (prior to application of any anesthetic) and immediately after (before any post-injection therapy was provided, e.g., ice packs) each treatment session. Subjects rated their pain using an 11-point NPS where 0 was no pain and 10 was the worst pain imaginable.

AEs were also reported by the Treating Investigator at all follow-up visits when applicable.

Out of the 59 subjects in the 8 mL treatment group, the Investigator reported a total of 18 treatment-related events for 7 subjects (11.9%), all categorized as mild in severity. In the control group, 7 out of 21 (33.3%) had a total of 12 treatment-related events reported, most were mild, but three of these were considered moderate in severity (one event of rhinorrhea and two events of headache). The Investigator-reported AEs by percentage of treated population in the 8 mL treatment group were injection site hypoaesthesia, oral disorder, injection site paresthesia, injection site induration, herpes simplex, oral herpes, headache, dry skin, skin mass – all reported at a frequency of 1.7%, i.e. these events occurred in one subject out of the 59 in the treatment group respectively. In the 5 mL treatment group, rhinorrhea was reported for two subjects (9.5%), and the following: hypoaesthesia, injection site nodule, injection site pain, injection site swelling, contusion, headache, nasal congestion and papule were reported for one subject respectively.

Two subjects reported one serious adverse event each, retinal detachment and anxiety requiring hospitalization. None of these events were considered related to study treatment.

The frequency, intensity and duration of pre-defined events reported by the subject in the daily diary are presented in Tables 8 and 9. Pain, tenderness and swelling were the three events most commonly reported in all subjects, both from the 8 mL and 5 mL group. The majority were mild in intensity and resolved within two weeks.

TABLE 8
FREQUENCY AND INTENSITY OF PRE-DEFINED EVENTS
REPORTED IN THE DAILY DIARY

Summary of Subject Diary Symptoms by Session and Maximum Severity Safety Population
All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
Any
n (%)
Mild
n (%)
Moderate
n (%)
Severe
n (%)
Any
n (%)
Mild
n (%)
Moderate
n (%)
Severe
n (%)
Overall, NLF Any Symptom 21 (100.0) 9 (42.9) 11 (52.4) 1 (4.8) 56 (94.9) 27 (45.8) 26 (44.1) 3 (5.1)
  Pain (including burning) 20 (95.2) 13 (61.9) 6 (28.6) 1 (4.8) 38 (64.4) 33 (55.9) 5 (8.5) 0
  Tenderness 21 (100.0) 14 (66.7) 7 (33.3) 0 49 (83.1) 39 (66.1) 9 (15.3) 1 (1.7)
  Redness 15 (71.4) 13 (61.9) 2 (9.5) 0 37 (62.7) 28 (47.5) 9 (15.3) 0
  Bruising 15 (71.4) 9 (42.9) 5 (23.8) 1 (4.8) 36 (61.0) 21 (35.6) 13 (22.0) 2 (3.4)
  Swelling 16 (76.2) 8 (38.1) 8 (38.1) 0 48 (81.4) 29 (49.2) 18 (30.5) 1 (1.7)
  Itching 3 (14.3) 3 (14.3) 0 0 13 (22.0) 13 (22.0) 0 0
  Lumps/Bumps 10 (47.6) 7 (33.3) 3 (14.3) 0 21 (35.6) 18 (30.5) 2 (3.4) 1 (1.7)
Note: N = Number of subjects, n = Number of subjects in specific category. Percentages calculated as 100 x (n/number of subjects with response at visit for applicable question).
Subjects reporting multiple events of the same symptom are counted once for that event within the most severe category. For the Overall, the maximum severity from each session was determined for each subject and summarized.

TABLE 9
FREQUENCY AND DURATION OF PRE-DEFINED EVENTS REPORTED IN THE DAILY DIARY

Summary of Subject Diary Symptoms by Session and Number of Days with Symptoms Safety Population
All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
1 Day
n (%)
2-7 Days
n (%)
8-14 Days
n (%)
15-28 Days
n (%)
1 Day
n (%)
2-7 Days
n (%)
8-14 Days
n (%)
15-28 Days
n (%)
Overall, NLF Any Symptom 3 (14.3) 8 (38.1) 7 (33.3) 3 (14.3) 4 (7.1) 41 (73.2) 8 (14.3) 3 (5.4)
  Pain (including burning) 8 (38.1) 12 (57.1) 0 0 21 (37.5) 17 (30.4) 0 0
  Tenderness 5 (23.8) 15 (71.4) 1 (4.8) 0 11 (19.6) 36 (64.3) 2 (3.6) 0
  Redness 9 (42.9) 5 (23.8) 1 (4.8) 0 24 (42.9) 13 (23.2) 0 0
  Bruising 2 (9.5) 7 (33.3) 6 (28.6) 0 5 (8.9) 24 (42.9) 6 (10.7) 1 (1.8)
  Swelling 2 (9.5) 12 (57.1) 2 (9.5) 0 14 (25.0) 31 (55.4) 2 (3.6) 1 (1.8)
  Itching 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 0 6 (10.7) 7 (12.5) 0 0
  Lumps/Bumps 1 (4.8) 5 (23.8) 1 (4.8) 3 (14.3) 9 (16.1) 11 (19.6) 1 (1.8) 0
Note: N = Number of subjects, n = Number of subjects in specific category. Percentages calculated as 100 x (n/number of subjects with response at visit for applicable question). For the Overall, the maximum of the durations from each session was determined for each subject and summarized.

No clinically meaningful changes from baseline were observed in any visual function test for the 5-mL or 8-mL groups.

The mean pain score difference (after treatment score minus before treatment score) was lower after all treatments in the 8-mL group (range: 0.4 to 1.3) compared with the 5-mL group (range: 2.1 to 3.0) based on the 11-point NPS. These results reflect that the addition of 1 mL of 2% lidocaine HCl in the 8-mL group was effective to manage pain during injection.

Extension Study (48-96 Weeks)

Study subjects randomized and treated with Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted with 8 mL of SWFI in the base study were followed for an additional 48 weeks in this extension study. Out of the 58 eligible subjects that completed the base study, 38 subjects were enrolled in this extension study. 20 subjects were not enrolled, the most common reason for non-enrollment was the subject intended to have facial cosmetic procedures/treatments that were prohibited in the extension study (9 [45.0%] subjects). 35 subjects completed the study.

Safety evaluations for this extension study included an interview of the subjects at each visit to obtain information about any medical occurrence that met the definition of an AE. Information on AEs was also obtained from signs and symptoms detected during each examination by the Investigator or designee, which included visual inspection of the treatment area.

No subjects experienced a related AE during this extension study and no SAEs were reported. One subject experienced an AE of skin mass during the base study; the event was considered related to study product and injection procedure, mild in intensity, and had not recovered during the base study but was considered chronic and/or stable during this extension study.

Post Marketing Surveillance

The adverse events received from post-marketing surveillance (voluntary reporting and published literature) for Sculptra in the US and other countries include:

  • papules/nodules with or without inflammation or discoloration,
  • lack of effect,
  • swelling,
  • mass formation/induration,
  • pain/tenderness,
  • granuloma (including ectropion)/foreign body reaction,
  • visual disturbance including transient blurred vision, reduced visual acuity, increased lacrimation, eyelid ptosis, dry eye and blindness,
  • bruising/hematoma,
  • erythema,
  • nerve injury including paresthesia, hypoesthesia and facial nerve paralysis,
  • bacterial infections and abscess formation,
  • inflammation,
  • skin discoloration,
  • injection site reactions including burning sensation, warmth and irritation,
  • atrophy/scarring,
  • pruritus,
  • deformity/facial asymmetry,
  • rash,
  • hypersensitivity/allergic reaction and angioedema,
  • dermatitis,
  • bleeding,
  • symptoms of reactivation of herpes infection,
  • urticaria,
  • vesicles/blisters/pustules,
  • ischemia/necrosis,
  • acne,
  • device dislocation,
  • telangiectasia,
  • discharge,
  • other dermatological events including alopecia, skin wrinkling, skin tightness, skin dryness, skin hypertrophy and photosensitive reaction,
  • non-dermatological events including headache, pyrexia, malaise, arthralgia, anxiety, nausea, insomnia, dyspnea, fatigue, dizziness, muscular weakness or twitching, lymphadenopathy, and depression

When required, depending on event, treatments may include massage/manipulation, warm compress, nitroglycerine paste, corticosteroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, NSAIDs, aspiration/drainage of the product, saline injections and surgery. Events which did not resolve or where resolution information is not available at last contact were reported.

Scarring, mostly a non-serious event, was reported in association with skin discoloration, nodules, lumps, indurations, granulomas, hyperpigmentation, hypertrophic scars, and suspicion of keloid formation. Time to onset when specified ranged from within 1 week to 24 months post-Sculptra injection and outcome ranged from ‘recovered’ to ‘ongoing’ at last contact.

Skin discoloration was reported as a non-serious event, typically reported in association with lumps and nodules. It has also been reported with blanching and telangiectasias. Time to onset when specified usually ranged from within 1 week to 12 months post-injection. Outcome ranged from ‘recovered’ to ‘ongoing’ at last contact.

Serious adverse events have rarely been reported. The most commonly reported serious adverse events for Sculptra with more than 5 reported events include papule/nodule, swelling/edema, pain, granuloma, symptoms of visual disturbance, infection/abscess, mass/induration, paresthesia and facial nerve paralysis, erythema, inflammation, bruising/hematoma, discoloration, deformity, scaring/atrophy, hypersensitivity, pruritus, rash, muscle disorders, ischemia/necrosis, urticaria and blisters.

Injection site nodules mostly occurred several months post-injection. Such nodules are occasionally associated with inflammation or discoloration, with time to onset ranging from 1-2 months to 14 months post-last injection. In some cases, the nodules were reported to resolve spontaneously or following treatment with, e.g. intralesional corticosteroids, others were described with a prolonged duration of up to 2 years. For those nodules that were larger in size, occurring in difficult anatomical regions (e.g. lower eyelid) or persisted after other treatments such as intralesional corticosteroids failed, surgical excision of the nodules was required.

Granulomas usually occur several months after injection; in few cases onset was more than 1-year post-injection. While events were reported as granuloma, only a few cases were confirmed by biopsy. Treatment ranged from subcision or intralesional corticosteroid with subsequent improvement, to surgical extraction. Of the few granuloma cases that required hospitalization, these were associated with infraorbital use or injection in the lip vermilion.

Vascular compromise may occur due to an inadvertent intravascular injection or as a result of vascular compression associated with implantation of any injectable product. This may manifest as blanching, discoloration, necrosis or ulceration at the implant site or in the area supplied by the blood vessels affected; or rarely as ischemic events in other organs due to embolization. Isolated rare cases of ischemic events affecting the eye leading to visual loss, and the brain resulting in cerebral infarction, following facial aesthetic treatments have been reported. Visual disturbances including blindness have been reported following injection of Sculptra into the temple area, periorbital areas, and/or cheek. Events requiring medical intervention, and events which did not resolve or where resolution information is not available were reported.

Serious edema was reported in association with erythema, pain, and heat sensation. The symptoms were mostly temporary, and with no significant impact on the quality of daily life reported. Treatment included corticosteroids, antihistamines and/or anti-inflammatories. Recovery occurred within 7-10 days without sequelae.

Serious erythema, serious pain, and serious pruritus reported with bruising and heat sensation, were reported within 24 hours post-injection. Treatment included corticosteroids, antihistamines and/or anti-inflammatories. Events resolved within 7-10 days post-injection without sequelae and with no significant impact on daily life.

Serious hypersensitivity reactions were reported mainly in association with facial swelling and Quincke’s edema, with symptoms appearing from 1 day to 1-week post-injection. Patients recovered without sequelae after treatment with intravenous corticosteroids and antihistamines.

Serious infections such as subcutaneous abscesses, cellulitis, folliculitis, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at the injection site, were reported. Time to onset of event ranged from 1 day to 1 week. Of these cases a few required hospitalization with administration of intravenous antibiotics. All patients recovered or were recovering at the last contact.

Adverse reactions should be reported to Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-855-425-8722.

Effectiveness

SCULPTRA FOR CORRECTION OF SHALLOW TO DEEP NASOLABIAL FOLD CONTOUR DEFICIENCES AND OTHER FACIAL WRINKLES (RECONSTITUTED WITH 5 ML SWFI)

Clinical Studies 5 mL Reconstitution

Study Design

Controlled Phase Study (0-13 Months)

The safety and effectiveness of Sculptra Aesthetic use to correct WAS 2 (shallow) to 4 (deep) nasolabial fold wrinkles was evaluated in a randomized, multicenter, evaluator blinded, controlled study of otherwise healthy and immune-competent, not pregnant or breast-feeding subjects with previously untreated nasolabial fold wrinkles and WAS of 2 through 4.

The subjects received bilateral injections of either Sculptra Aesthetic or Cosmoplast in both nasolabial fold wrinkles during a maximum of 4 sessions over 9 weeks. Study treatment was planned to be stopped when both nasolabial fold wrinkles reached optimal correction of WAS equal to 1 or 0, or until the maximum of 4 treatment sessions were completed.

The study subjects recorded adverse events in a subject diary after each treatment visit and were followed by investigators at Week 3 and Months 3, 6, 9, and 13, after the last injection session. Standardized photographs were taken at screening, before each injection session and at each follow up visit.

Extension Phase Study (13-25 Months)

Study subjects who had received Sculptra Aesthetic were followed for safety and efficacy at months 19 and 25 after the last injection session. Standardized photographs were taken at each follow-up visit.

Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

This is an ongoing prospective, open-label, multicenter (at up to 20 sites) US study to evaluate the long-term safety of Sculptra Aesthetic (injectable PLLA) in immuno-competent subjects, stratified by Fitzpatrick Skin Types (FST) I-III, IV, and V-VI.

Study Endpoints

Controlled Phase Study (0-13 Months)

The primary efficacy endpoint was defined as the difference between Sculptra Aesthetic and control cohorts on the mean change from baseline in the WAS of the nasolabial folds at the 13- month follow-up time point as determined by the Blinded Evaluation Committee (BEC). Evaluation was based on the 6-point photo-numeric Wrinkle Assessment Scale (see INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE)

Optimal correction was defined as a WAS of 0 or 1.

Secondary effectiveness endpoints were: 1) Mean change from pre-treatment baseline in the WAS as determined by the BEC at the non-primary follow-up time points (Week 3 and Months 3, 6, 9, following the last treatment); 2) Treatment success rate defined as the proportion of subjects with a photographic WAS of <2 as defined by the BEC at each follow-up time point; 3) Investigator/Subject Global Assessments (4= Excellent Improvement, 3= Much Improved, 2= Improved, 1= No Change, 0= Worse) and the Subject Satisfaction Scores (4= Excellent, 3= Very Good, 2= Good, 1= Satisfactory, 0= Not Satisfied) at each follow-up time point compared between treatments; and 4) Time to peak correction, defined as the length of time between pretreatment baseline and the first time point at which the best score assessed by the BEC was obtained over the length of the follow up period. Degree of peak correction was also assessed.

Extension Phase Study (13-25 Months)

All secondary effectiveness endpoints described above were evaluated for the long- term extension study time points at 19 and 25 months.

Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

All primary and secondary safety endpoints, as well as secondary effectiveness endpoints, were evaluated through Year 3 of the 5-year study period.

Study Population

Controlled Phase Study (0-13 Months)

A total of 233 subjects (age 26 to 73 years) were randomized and treated. At the conclusion of 13 months 106 out of 116 Sculptra Aesthetic subjects and 111 out of 117 control subjects completed the controlled phase of the study. Demographics are outlined in Table 10.

Extension Phase Study (13-25 Months)

One hundred and six subjects, who had received Sculptra Aesthetic and completed the controlled phase study, entered the extension phase. The demographic and background characteristics of all subjects were similar to the overall population randomized in the controlled phase study.

At the end of the 25-month follow-up phase, 95 out of 106 of the subjects completed (see Table 10).

TABLE 10
STUDY POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS

Controlled Phase Study Extension Phase Study
Sculptra Aesthetic Cosmoplast Sculptra Aesthetic
Demographic N(%) N(%) N(%)
Total study enrollment (randomized) 116 117 106
Age
Mean (SD) 51.2 (7.8) 51.6 (8.4) 51.5 (7.9)
Gender
Male 3 (2.6) 10 (8.5) 3 (2.8)
Female 113 (97.4) 107 (91.5) 103 (97.2)
Race
Caucasian 96 (92.8) 89 (76.1) 86 (81.1)
Black 1 (0.9) 5 (4.3) 1 (0.9)
Asian 0 1 (0.9) 0
Hispanic 19 (16.4) 21 (17.9) 19 (17.9)
Other 0 1 (0.9) 0
Fitzpatrick skin type
Type I 11 (9.5) 5 (4.3) 10 (9.4)
Type II 39 (33.6) 43 (36.8) 34 (32.1)
Type III 44 (37.9) 48 (41.0) 41 (38.7)
Type IV 16 (13.8) 15 (12.8) 16 (15.1)
Type V 5 (4.3) 4 (3.4) 4 (3.8)
Type VI 1 (0.9) 2 (1.7) 1 (0.9)
Nasolabial fold WAS before injection
1 6 (5.2) 4 (3.4) 4 (3.8)
2 55 (47.6) 41 (35.3) 50 (47.2)
3 41 (35.3) 55 (47.6) 39 (36.8)
4 14 (12.1) 17(14.7) 13 (12.3)
Total completed 106 111 95

Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

A total of 867 subjects were enrolled and treated. No subjects have completed all of the protocol-required visits yet as 5-year follow up is ongoing.

Treatments Delivered

Controlled Phase Study (0-13 Months)

Treatment was planned for one to four sessions at 3-week intervals until optimal correction (WAS = 1 or 0) was achieved or four sessions were completed. At each treatment with Sculptra Aesthetic, multiple deep dermal injections in cross hatch grid pattern of 0.1-0.2 mL Sculptra Aesthetic (up to a maximum of 2.5 mL per nasolabial fold per session) were performed into the left and right nasolabial folds. At each treatment session with control, multiple mid to deep dermal injections of an average of 1.0 mL Cosmoplast per nasolabial fold per session were performed into the left and right nasolabial folds according to product Instructions for Use. Table 11 presents the amount of Sculptra Aesthetic injected as a function of baseline wrinkle severity.

TABLE 11
SUMMARY SCULPTRA AESTHETIC AND CONTROL INJECTIONS

Baseline (Pre-Injection, before first treatment) WAS 1 2 3 4 ALL
SA COS SA COS SA COS SA COS SA COS
Number of pts injected (N) 6 4 55 41 41 55 14 17 116 117
Injection volume, mL
Session 1
n 6 4 55 41 41 55 14 17 116 117
Mean 4.4 2.7 4.0 2.8 4.2 3.3 4.0 3.5 4.1 3.1
Median 5.0 2.5 4.4 2.9 4.8 3.8 4.0 3.6 4.5 3.0
Range 2.0, 5.0 2.0, 4.0 1.5, 5.0 1.4, 4.0 1.7, 5.0 0.9, 6.0 2.6, 5.0 1.0, 6.0 1.5, 5.0 0.9, 6.0
Session 2
n 5 3 52 28 39 47 14 16 110 94
Mean 3.7 1.9 3.3 1.8 3.8 2.2 3.9 2.2 3.5 2.1
Median 4.0 2.0 3.5 1.8 4.0 2.0 4.0 1.9 3.8 2.0
Range 2.0, 5.0 1.6, 2.0 1.4, 5.0 0.9, 4.0 0.4, 5.0 0.9, 4.0 2.7, 5.0 0.6, 5.0 0.4,5.0 0.6, 5.0
Session 3
n 4 1 32 18 35 30 14 11 85 60
Mean 3.4 3.0 3.0 1.6 3.4 2.0 4.0 2.0 3.3 1.9
Median 3.8 3.0 3.0 1.4 3.5 2.0 4.2 1.9 3.5 2.0
Range 1.6, 4.5 3.0, 3.0 0.8, 5.0 0.8, 4.0 0.9, 5.0 0.5, 5.0 2.0, 4.6 0.6, 4.0 0.8, 5.0 0.5, 5.0
Session 4
n 3 1 18 8 25 17 13 6 59 32
Mean 3.5 2.0 3.4 1.3 3.3 2.0 4.1 1.2 3.5 1.7
Median 3.4 2.0 3.7 1.0 3.3 2.0 4.0 1.0 3.7 2.0
Range 3.0, 4.0 2.0, 2.0 1.5, 5.0 0.5, 2.6 1.0, 5.0 0.4, 4.0 3.0, 5.0 0.5, 2.0 1.0, 5.0 0.4, 4.0
Total Volume Injected, mL
Mean 11.5 5.4 9.9 5.0 12.7 6.9 15.7 7.3 11.7 6.2
Median 11.9 4.3 8.8 4.5 13.3 5.5 15.9 5.8 11.5 5.0
Range 4.7, 17.9 4.0 ,9.0 4.5, 18.2 1.6, 14.0 28, 20.0 1.9, 16.0 11.7, 19.0 27, 16.0 28, 20.0 1.6, 16.0
Number of Session
Total Number
of Sessions
18 9 157 95 140 149 55 50 370 303
Mean 3 2.3 2.9 2.3 3.4 2.7 3.9 2.9 3.2 2.6
Range 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0, 4.0 1.0 ,4.0

The mean total volume injected per subject was 11.7 and 6.2 mL for Sculptra Aesthetic and control treatments, respectively.

The mean total volume injected per session, for both nasolabial folds, for Sculptra Aesthetic was 3.7 mL and 2.4 mL for control. A mean number of 3.2 and 2.6 injection sessions were required for Sculptra Aesthetic and control subjects, respectively to achieve WAS of 1 or 0, or until the maximum of 4 treatment sessions with 3-week interval was reached in the study population.

Extension Phase Study (13-25 Months)

Of the 106 subjects who entered the extension phase study, 105 (99%) did not receive any additional Sculptra Aesthetic treatments after optimal correction was achieved in the controlled study. One subject in the extension phase study received one treatment session of Sculptra Aesthetic at Month 19.

Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

The study enrolled and treated 867 subjects treated with a single regimen of Sculptra Aesthetic to correct shallow to deep (WAS 2 to 4) NLF contour deficiencies and if present, other facial wrinkles (i.e. marionette lines, cheek folds, and chin crease) as needed. A treatment regimen consisted of up to 4 injection sessions spaced at 3-week intervals. The mean total volume of Sculptra Aesthetic injected per subject was 13.9 mL overall (9.1 mL for NLFs, 5.4 mL for MLs, 6.4 mL for cheek folds, and 2.0 mL for chin crease). Follow-up visits continue at Months 3, 6, 9, and 13, and Years 2, 3, 4, and 5. Results are up to and include Year 3 of this 5-year study.

Effectiveness Results

Controlled Phase (0-13 month) and Extension Phase (13-25 Months)

Primary Effectiveness Endpoint

The difference between Sculptra Aesthetic and control cohorts on the mean change from baseline in the WAS of the nasolabial folds at the Month 13 follow up time point as determined by the Blinded Evaluation Committee was predicted to be 1.0 unit.

For the intended use population, Figure 1 demonstrates the observed WAS change from pre-treatment baseline through each treatment and follow-up point, individually for pre-treatment WAS = 2, 3, and 4. Table 12 presents the WAS change from pre-treatment baseline at each time point stratified by pre-treatment baseline score.

Sculptra Aesthetic (N=116) demonstrated improved WAS as compared to control (N=117) in correcting the contour deficiency of shallow (W=2) to deep (W=4) nasolabial folds at 13 months follow up after a single treatment regimen of up to four sessions of 2.5 mL maximum injections to the deep dermis with 3 week intervals. During the extension phase study (19 and 25 months follow up) Sculptra Aesthetic (N=106) continued to demonstrate improvements in WAS.

FIGURE 1
WRINKLE SCALE (WAS) THROUGHOUT THE STUDY SCULPTRA AESTHETIC TREATED SUBJECTS

WRINKLE SCALE (WAS) THROUGHOUT THE STUDY SCULPTRA AESTHETIC TREATED SUBJECTS - Illustration

TABLE 12
WAS SUMMARY AT EACH TIME POINT STRATIFIED BY BASELINE SCORE
(Controlled and Extension Phase Study, 0-25 months)
Intent-to-Treat Population, Sculptra Aesthetic Subjects Only

Baseline WAS Baseline (Pre-injection) Trt Session 2 Trt Session 3 Trt Session 4 Wk 3 Month 3 Month 6 Month 9 Month 13 Month 19 Month 25
1 N 6 4 3 3 5 3 5 5 4 4 4
Mean
(SE)
1.33 (0.086) 1.50 (0.245) 1.39 (0.111) 1.06 (0.147) 1.13 (0.200) 1.33 (0.289) 1.10 (0.155) 1.40 (0.201) 1.08 (0.337) 1.17 (0.180) 1.25 (0.160)
Median 1.42 1.58 1.50 1.00 1.33 1.33 1.17 1.50 1.25 1.25 1.33
Mean Change from Baseline (SE) N/A 0.17 (0.236) -0.06
(0.056)
-0.22
(0.056)
-0.17
(0.190)
-0.11
(0.242)
-0.27
(0.113)
0.03
(0.111)
-0.25
(0.220)
-0.17
(0.068)
-0.08
(0.048)
P-Value for Change from Baseline N/A 0.530 0.423 0.057 0.430 0.691 0.078 0.078 0.339 0.092 0.182
2 N 55 50 27 16 48 48 48 46 48 42 44
Mean
(SE)
2.19
(0.037)
2.02
(0.060)
1.75
(0.112)
1.69
(0.147)
1.63
(0.073)
1.64
(0.070)
1.69
(0.051)
1.60
(0.063)
1.60
(0.063)
1.51
(0.082)
1.58
(0.076)
Median 2.17 2.00 1.83 1.92 1.67 1.67 1.83 1.50 1.67 1.50 1.58
Mean Change from
Baseline (SE)
N/A -0.17
(0.057)
-0.46
(0.107)
-0.57
(0.145)
-0.53
(0.077)
-0.53
(0.077)
-0.50
(0.054)
-0.59
(0.062)
-0.59
(0.067)
-0.69
(0.084)
-0.61
(0.079)
P-Value for Change from Baseline N/A 0.005 <0.001 0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
3 N 41 38 33 21 39 34 35 36 37 36 36
Mean
(SE)
2.99
(0.043)
2.64
(0.065)
2.52
(0.067)
2.21
(0.084)
2.21
(0.068)
2.13
(0.066)
2.06
(0.088)
2.03
(0.084)
1.84
(0.068)
2.08
(0.098)
2.03
(0.090)
Median 2.83 2.67 2.33 2.17 2.17 2.08 2.00 2.08 1.83 2.08 2.00
Mean Change from Baseline (SE) N/A -0.37
(0.066)
-0.52
(0.053)
-0.83
(0.085)
-0.77
(0.069)
-0.83
(0.068)
-0.94
(0.083)
-0.97
(0.078)
-1.15
(0.065)
-0.94
(0.097)
-0.96
(0.089)
P-Value for Change from Baseline N/A <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
4 N 14 14 13 13 11 12 11 11 13 10 9
Mean
(SE)
4.07
(0.078)
3.74
(0.107)
3.58
(0.129)
3.40
(0.166)
3.15
(0.220)
3.18
(0.168)
3.11
(0.151)
3.09
(0.196)
3.26
(0.169)
3.60
(0.161)
3.85
(0.207)
Median 4.08 3.67 3.67 3.33 3.17 3.17 3.17 3.00 3.17 3.75 3.83
Mean Change from Baseline (SE) N/A -0.33
(0.103)
-0.49
(0.112)
-0.71
(0.145)
-0.92
(0.232)
-0.94
(0.167)
-1.02
(0.138)
-0.97
(0.194)
-0.85
(0.164)
-0.53
(0.108)
-0.31
(0.168)
P-Value for Change from Baseline N/A 0.007 <0.001 <0.001 0.003 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 0.097

Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)

Overall, efficacy data through the Year 3 visits indicate significant improvements in all treated facial areas with a long-lasting treatment effect of Sculptra Aesthetic treatment. Using the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS), Investigators reported overall improvements from baseline for 99.5%, 99.3%, 96.4%, and 91.2% of the subjects at Month 6, Month 13, Year 2, and Year 3 visits, respectively. Similar efficacy results were observed for the Subject Global Evaluations (SGEs) using the GAIS.

SCULPTRA FOR CORRECTION OF SHALLOW TO DEEP NASOLABIAL FOLD CONTOUR DEFICIENCIES (RECONSTITUTED WITH 8 ML SWFI WITH THE ADDITION OF 1 ML 2% LIDOCAINE)

Clinical Studies 8 mL Reconstitution

Study Design

Base Study (0 to 48 weeks)

A randomized, treatment-controlled, evaluator-blinded, multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of Sculptra Aesthetic for correction of nasolabial fold contour deficiencies. Sixty-four (64) subjects requiring correction of NLFs were enrolled and randomized in a 2:1 ratio to treatment with Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted with 8 mL of SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine (treatment group) or to Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted with 5 mL of SWFI (reference group). Eight (8) subjects with FST IV and eight (8) subjects with FST V-VI were included but not randomized. These subjects were treated with Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted with 8 mL of SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine.

Subjects were treated to optimal correction at four-week intervals, with a maximum of four treatment sessions. Follow-up visits were conducted at Weeks 16, 24, 32, 40 and 48 after initial treatment.

Extension study (48 to 96 weeks)

Study subjects randomized and treated with Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted with 8 mL of SWFI and completed the base study were followed for an additional 48 weeks in this extension study.

Study Endpoints

Base Study (0 to 48 weeks)

The primary purpose was to evaluate the safety of Sculptra Aesthetic as a single regimen for correction of NLF contour deficiencies after changes in reconstitution to 8 mL SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine and additional injection techniques compared to the originally approved label.

Primary Effectiveness Endpoint

Change from baseline on both sides of the face as assessed by the Blinded Evaluator using WAS at 48 Weeks after the first treatment session.

Secondary Effectiveness Endpoints

Secondary effectiveness endpoints included Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS), subject satisfaction and change from baseline on both sides of the face as assessed by the Blinded Evaluator using WAS, at Weeks 16, 24, 32 and 40 as well as FACE-Q Appraisal of Lines: Nasolabial Folds Questionnaire at Baseline and at Weeks 24, 32, 40 and 48 and time in hours from treatment procedure until the earliest time the subject reported feeling comfortable returning to social engagement based on subject diary reporting.

Extension Study (48 to 96 weeks)

All effectiveness endpoints described above were evaluated for the long- term extension study time points at Weeks 72 and 96 after the initial treatment.

Study Population

Base study (0 to 48 weeks): A total of 80 subjects were enrolled, two prematurely discontinued from the study due to lost to follow-up. At baseline, all subjects had a WAS score of both NLFs of 2 (shallow wrinkles) to 4 (deep wrinkles) as assessed by the Treating Investigator. Subject demographics are presented in Table 13.

TABLE 13
DEMOGRAPHICS

Characteristic Sculptra Aesthetic
5 mL
(N=21)
Sculptra Aesthetic
8 mL
(N=59)
Total (N=80)
Gender Female / Male 20 (95.2%) / 1 (4.8%) 56 (94.9%) / 3 (5.1%) 76 (95.0%)/ 4 (5.0%)
Age (years) Mean (SD) 51.4 (9.93) 51.6 (10.49) 51.5 (10.28)
Min, Max 32, 69 23, 75 23, 75
Race White 21 (100.0%) 51 (86.4%) 72 (90.0%)
Black/African American 0 5 (8.5%) 5 (6.3%)
Asian 0 1 (1.7%) 1 (1.3%)
Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander 0 0 0
American Indian or Alaska Native 0 1 (1.7%) 1 (1.3%)
Other 0 1 (1.7%) 1 (1.3%)
Ethnicity Not Hispanic or Latino 15 (71.4%) 47 (79.7%) 62 (77.5%)
Hispanic or Latino 6 (28.6%) 12 (20.3%) 18 (22.5%)
Fitzpatrick Skin Type (FST) n (%) I 0 2 (3.4) 2 (2.5)
II 6 (28.6) 11 (18.6) 17 (21.3)
III 12 (57.1) 25 (42.4) 37 (46.3)
IV 2 (9.5) 9 (15.3) 11 (13.8)
V 1 (4.8) 9 (15.3) 10 (12.5)
VI 0 3 (5.1) 3 (3.8)
  Wrinkle Assessment Scale, Blinded Evaluator Left Mean (SD) 3.0 (0.86) 3.0 (0.73) 3.0 (0.76)
Median 3.0 3.0 3.0
Min, Max 2, 4 2, 4 2, 4
  Wrinkle Assessment Scale, Blinded Evaluator Right Mean (SD) 2.9 (0.57) 2.8 (0.76) 2.8 (0.71)
Median 3.0 3.0 3.0
Min, Max 2, 4 2, 4 2, 4
Abbreviations: BMI = body mass index; cm = centimeters; kg = kilograms; SD = standard deviation;
*Other category includes 1 subject who was specified as Middle Eastern.

Extension Study (48 to 96 weeks)

Of the 58 eligible subjects, 38 (65.5%) subjects were enrolled and 20 (34.5%) subjects were not enrolled. Of these 20 subjects not enrolled, the most common reason for non-enrollment was the subject intended to have facial cosmetic procedures/treatments that were prohibited in the extension study (9 [45.0%] subjects). A total of 35 (92.1%) subjects completed the study; 3 (7.9%) subjects prematurely discontinued the study due to being lost to follow-up.

Treatments Delivered

Base Study (0 to 48 weeks)

The first treatment was administered at the baseline visit. At weeks 4, 8, and 12, additional treatments were performed if deemed necessary to obtain optimal aesthetic result. Subjects were treated to optimal correction, which was defined as a grade of 0 (no wrinkle) or grade 1 (just perceptible wrinkle) on the WAS and best correction that can be achieved as agreed upon by the Treating Investigator and the subject. Sculptra Aesthetic was injected using a linear threading, bolus or fanning technique in the subdermal plane; subcutaneously or supraperiosteally. Subjects were given a maximum of one vial per session, with a maximum of half the reconstituted product per side, (i.e. maximum 2.5 mL per side for subjects in the control group (5 mL reconstitution) and 4.5 mL per side for subjects in the treatment group (8 mL reconstitution with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine). The median number of sessions per subject was 4.0 for both the 5-mL and 8-mL groups. The minimum number of sessions was 2 in the 5-mL group and 1 in the 8-mL group.

For the 8 mL treatment group, the median total volume injected (both sides) into the NLFs was 18.90 mL for all treatment sessions (range from 3.1 to 33.6 mL). In the 5 mL control group, the median total volume injected (both sides) into the NLFs was 10.3 mL for all treatment sessions (range from 4.2 to 17.0 mL).

Extension Study (48 to 96 weeks)

No treatments were delivered in the extension study.

Effectiveness Results

Base Study (0 to 48 weeks)

The Week 48 change from baseline in WAS demonstrated comparable treatment effect in reducing wrinkle severity of NLFs with Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted in 8 mL SWFI with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine injected subdermally immediately after reconstitution with a linear threading, bolus and/or fanning technique to the control group. The mean change from baseline in the control group was -1.3 on both sides of the face, the mean change from baseline in the 8 mL treatment group was -1.3 on the left side and -1.2 on the right side, hence the pre-defined success criteria for the primary effectiveness analysis were met as shown in Table 14 and Figure 2.

TABLE 14
CHANGE FROM BASELINE, WAS SCORES (BLINDED EVALUATOR) AT WEEK 48: BOCF (ITT POPULATION)

Characteristic All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
Left nasolabial fold change from baseline
  Mean (standard deviation) -1.3 (1.06) -1.3 (0.97)
  Median -1.0 -1.0
  Minimum, maximum -4, 0 -3, 1
  p-value <0.001
  95% confidence interval -1.8, -0.8 -1.6, -1.1
Right nasolabial fold change from baseline
  Mean (standard deviation) -1.3 (1.02) -1.2 (0.81)
  Median -1.0 -1.0
  Minimum, maximum -3, 0 -3, 0
  p-value <0.001
  95% confidence interval -1.8, -0.9 -1.4, -1.0
WAS = Wrinkle Assessment Scale, BOCF = Baseline Observation Carried Forward.
One-sided test of the null hypothesis that the mean change from baseline was ≥0.
P-value and confidence interval calculated using t-test. Note: N = number of subjects; n = number of subjects in specific category

FIGURE 2
95% CONFIDENCE INTERVALS: WRINKLE ASSESSMENT SCALE MEAN CHANGE FROM BASELINE TO WEEK 48: BOCF (ITT POPULATION)

95% CONFIDENCE INTERVALS: WRINKLE ASSESSMENT SCALE MEAN CHANGE FROM BASELINE TO WEEK 48: BOCF (ITT POPULATION) - Illustration

Additional analysis of the 95% confidence interval of the difference in change from baseline in the Blinded Evaluator WAS for the right side of the face was (-0.3, 0.7) and for the left side of the face (-0.6, 0.5). Thus, both intervals include 0 and comparable treatment effect between the two groups has been demonstrated, displayed in Table 15.

TABLE 15
ANALYSIS OF WAS (BLINDED EVALUATOR) AT WEEK 48 BASELINE OBSERVATION CARRIED FORWARD ANALYSIS INTENT-TO-TREAT POPULATION

All 5mL
(N=21)
All 8mL
(N=59)
Week 48/Early Term. - Wrinkle Assessment Scale
Left NLF
  n 21 59
  Mean (SD) 1.7 (0.97) 1.7 (1.09)
  Median 2.0 2.0
  Min, Max 0, 3 0, 4
Left NLF Change from Baseline
  n 21 59
  Mean (SD) -1.3 (1.06) -1.3 (0.97)
  Median -1.0 -1.0
  Min, Max -4, 0 -3, 1
  p-value [1] <0.001
  95% Confidence Interval ( -1.8, -0.8) ( -1.6, -1.1)
  Difference 95% Confidence interval [2] ( -0.6, 0.5)
Right NLF
  n 21 59
  Mean (SD) 1.5 (0.81) 1.6 (1.03)
  Median 1.0 2.0
  Min, Max 0, 3 0, 4
Right NLF Change from Baseline
  n 21 59
  Mean (SD) -1.3 (1.02) -1.2 (0.81)
  Median -1.0 -1.0
  Min, Max -3, 0 -3, 0
  p-value [1] <0.001
  95% Confidence Interval ( -1.8, -0.9) ( -1.4, -1.0)
  Difference 95% Confidence interval [2] ( -0.3, 0.7)
[1] One-sided test of the null hypothesis that the mean change from baseline is greater than or equal to 0. P-value and confidence interval calculated using t-test.
[2] Difference confidence interval calculated using normal approximation. Note: N = Number of subjects, n = Number of subjects in specific category. SD = Standard Deviation.

At Week 48, Sculptra Aesthetic reconstituted in 8 mL SWFI (+1 mL of lidocaine), effectively reduced the severity of NLFs in the majority of subjects resulting in a WAS responder rate (defined as at least 1 grade improvement on the WAS from baseline) of 74.1%. Responder rates over time based on Blinded Evaluator assessment are displayed in Table 16.

TABLE 16
RESPONDER RATE BASED ON WRINKLE ASSESSMENT SCALE (BLINDED EVALUATER) BY VISIT

Responder Rate n/N (%)
All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
Week 16 20/21 (95.2) 43/57 (75.4)
  95% confidence interval 76.2%, 99.9% 62.2%, 85.9%
Week 24 17/21 (81.0) 44/58 (75.9)
  95% confidence interval 58.1%, 94.6% 62.8%, 86.1%
Week 32 17/21 (81.0) 37/55 (67.3)
  95% confidence interval 58.1%, 94.6% 53.3%, 79.3%
Week 40 17/21 (81.0) 46/59 (78.0)
  95% confidence interval 58.1%, 94.6% 65.3%, 87.7%
Week 48 14/21 (66.7%) 43/58 (74.1%)
  95% confidence interval 43.0%, 85.4% 61.0%, 84.7%
Confidence interval calculated using Clopper-Pearson method (based on binomial distribution).
N = number of subjects; n = number of subjects in specific category. Percentages calculated as 100 × (n/N) out of the number of subjects at each visit.

GAIS assessment. As shown in Table 17, all subjects in both the 5-mL and 8-mL groups showed aesthetic improvement compared to baseline at all visits for both sides of the face concurrently, as assessed by Treating Investigator Assessment (GAIS). Confidence intervals were >80% for both groups at all visits. No subject in either group experienced any worsening at any visit.

Aesthetic improvement compared to baseline, as evaluated by subject assessment (GAIS), is also summarized in Table7. The majority of subjects in both the 5-mL and 8-mL groups showed aesthetic improvement (Subject Assessment) by GAIS at all visits. Confidence intervals were ≥75% for both groups at all visits. No subject in either the 5-mL or 8-mL group experienced any worsening at any visit.

TABLE 17
GAIS (SUBJECT AND TREATING INVESTIGATOR) BY VISIT, ITT POPULATION, OBSERVED CASES

Characteristic GAIS, Treating Investigator GAIS, Subject Assessment
All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
All 5 mL
(N=21)
All 8 mL
(N=59)
Week 16 n=56 n=57
  Any improvement, n (%)a 21 (100) 56 (100) 20 (95.2) 54 (94.7)
    95% confidence intervalb 83.9%, 100% 93.6%, 100% 76.2%, 99.9% 85.4%, 98.9%
  Any worseningc 0 0 0 0
Week 24 n=58 n=58
  Any improvement, n (%)a 21 (100) 58 (100) 20 (95.2%) 53 (91.4%)
    95% confidence intervalb 83.9%, 100% 93.8%, 100% 76.2%, 99.9% 81.0%, 97.1%
  Any worseningc 0 0 0 0
Week 32 n=57 n=57
  Any improvement, n (%)a 21 (100) 57 (100) 20 (95.2%) 52 (91.2%)
    95% confidence intervalb 83.9%, 100% 93.7%, 100% 76.2%, 99.9% 80.7%, 97.1%
  Any worseningc 0 0 0 0
Week 40
  Any improvement, n (%)a 21 (100) 59 (100) 20 (95.2) 51 (86.4%)
    95% confidence intervalb 83.9%, 100% 93.9%, 100% 76.2%, 99.9% 75.0%, 94.0%
  Any worseningc 0 0 0 0
Week 48 n=57 n=58
  Any improvement, n (%)a 21 (100) 57 (100) 21 (100) 51 (87.9%)
    95% confidence intervalb 83.9%, 100% 93.7%, 100% 83.9%, 100% 76.7%, 95.0%
  Any worseningc 0 0
a At least improved on both sides of the face concurrently and combined the categories of “very much improved”, “much improved”, and “improved.”
b Confidence interval calculated using Clopper-Pearson method (based on binomial distribution).
c Any worsening on either side of the face and combined the categories of “worse”, “much worse”, and “very much worse.”
Note: N = number of subjects; n = number of subjects in specific category. Percentages calculated as 100 × (n/N) out of the number of subjects at each visit.

Subject Satisfaction Questionnaire. Across Week 16 to Week 48, the majority of subjects in both the 5-mL and 8-mL groups responded as “satisfied” or “very satisfied” that the treatment, responding that the treatments made them look younger, improved their attractiveness and overall satisfaction with their appearance; made them feel better about themselves/improved self-confidence/confidence in life, made them look the way they felt, and improved facial symmetry/balance.

Likewise, across Week 16 to Week 48 the majority of subjects in both groups responded as “agree” or “strongly agree” that the treatments were natural looking, and the subtle treatment results over time were worth it. Additionally, the majority of subjects would recommend both the 5-mL and 8-mL treatment with Sculptra to a friend and have the treatment again, as assessed at all visits.

FACE-Q change from baseline scores indicated subjects were less bothered by the NLFs and more satisfied with their appearance. The sum of the subject’s FACE-Q™ appraisal of lines NLF scores was converted to a Rasch transformed total score according to the FACE-Q™ manual; a higher total score indicated greater subject satisfaction. The mean total FACE-Q™ scores at baseline (prior to treatment) were 39.4 and 37.8 in the 5-mL and 8-mL groups, respectively. The change from baseline in FACE-Q™ appraisal of lines NLF Rasch-transformed total scores, through Week 48, in both the 5-mL (mean increase from baseline range: 33.9 to 41.9) and 8-mL (mean increase from baseline range: 33.5 to 37.2) showed that subjects were more satisfied with how their NLFs looked following treatment at all post-baseline visits.

The median time in hours to feeling comfortable returning to social engagements was two hours or less in both group at all sessions.

Extension Study (48 to 96 weeks)

The effectiveness of Sculptra Aesthetic, reconstituted with 8 mL SWFI + 1 mL of 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (HCl), in the treatment of both the left and right NLFs was maintained throughout this extension study, with mean reductions from baseline in left NLFs of -1.3 and -1.2 at Weeks 72 and 96, respectively, and mean reductions from baseline in right NLFs of -1.2 and -1.1 at Weeks 72 and 96, respectively, based on the WAS (Evaluator).

All subjects (100%) showed aesthetic improvement at all visits for both sides of the face concurrently, as assessed by the GAIS (Investigator assessment). The majority of subjects showed aesthetic improvement at all visits, as assessed by the GAIS (subject assessment). The percentage of subjects improved are displayed in Table 18.

TABLE 18
GLOBAL AESTHETIC IMPROVEMENT SCALE (SUBJECT ASSESSMENT) BY VISIT (EXTENSION POPULATION)

Characteristic Extension 8 mL
Week 24 n=38
  Any improvement, n (%)a 35 (92.1)
    95% confidence intervalb 78.6, 98.3
  Any worseningc 0
Week 48 n=38
  Any improvement, n (%)a 34 (89.5)
    95% confidence intervalb 75.2, 97.1
  Any worseningc 0
Week 72 - extension n=35
  Any improvement, n (%)a 30 (85.7)
    95% confidence intervalb 69.7, 95.2
  Any worseningc 1 (2.9)
Week 96 - extension n = 35
  Any improvement, n (%)a 30 (85.7)
    95% confidence intervalb 69.7, 95.2
  Any worseningc 2 (5.7)
a At least improved on both sides of the face concurrently and combined the categories of “very much improved,” “much improved,” and “improved.”
b Confidence interval calculated using Clopper-Pearson method (based on binomial distribution).
c Any worsening on either side of the face and combined the categories of “worse,” “much worse,” and “very much worse.”
Note: n = number of subjects in specific category. Percentages calculated as 100 × (n/N) out of the number of subjects at each visit.

The FACE-Q™ appraisal of lines NLF scores were used to assess treatment outcome from the subject’s perspective. The sum of the subject’s FACE-Q™ appraisal of lines NLF scores was converted to a Rasch-transformed total score according to the FACE-Q™ manual; a higher total score indicated greater subject satisfaction.

The mean total score at baseline was 40.3. The higher total score at weeks 72 and 96 indicated subjects were satisfied with how their NLFs looked following treatment. (mean increase from baseline of 29.1 and 29.2, respectively).

Subject satisfaction questionnaire results showed that the majority of subjects would choose to receive the treatment again at all visits in both Study 43USSA1705 and this extension study (Week 24 to Week 96 range: 89.5% to 92.1%).

DRUG INTERACTIONS

No Information Provided

Warnings

WARNINGS

  • Do not overcorrect (overfill) the volume deficiencies or contour defects, because the depression is expected to gradually improve during several weeks after injection as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs (see INSTRUCTION FOR USEPatient Treatment).
  • Sculptra must not be injected intramuscularly or intravascularly. Localised superficial necrosis and scarring may occur after injection in or near vessels. It is thought to result from the injury, obstruction, or compromise of blood vessels. Areas with limited collateral blood flow has an increased risk of ischaemia. Special caution should be taken if the patient has undergone a prior surgical procedure in the planned treatment area. Aspiration prior to injection is recommended.
  • Introduction of product into the vasculature may lead to embolization, occlusion of the vessels, ischemia, or infarction. Take extra care when injecting soft tissue fillers, for example inject the product slowly and apply the least amount of pressure necessary. Rare but serious adverse events associated with the intravascular injection of soft tissue fillers in the face have been reported and include temporary or permanent vision impairment, blindness, cerebral ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, leading to stroke, skin necrosis, and damage to underlying facial structures. Immediately stop the injection if a patient exhibits any of the following symptoms, including changes in vision, signs of a stroke, blanching of the skin, or unusual pain during or shortly after the procedure. Patients should receive prompt medical attention and possibly evaluation by an appropriate health care practitioner specialist should an intravascular injection occur.
  • Sculptra use at specific sites in which an active inflammatory process (skin eruptions such as cysts, pimples, rashes or hives) or infection is present should be deferred until the inflammatory process has resolved and is controlled.
  • Sculptra post-treatment reactions have included delayed occurrence of subcutaneous papules and nodules. The subcutaneous papules and nodules were often confined to the injection site, typically palpable, asymptomatic and non-visible, occurring days to months after injection and had a prolonged time course to resolution. See ADVERSE REACTIONS section for details.
  • The kinetics of Sculptra resorption in humans has not been determined. In an intradermal implantation study in rabbits all animals had “several relatively large remnants” of injectable PLLA visible at 64 weeks after implantation. The tissue response to injectable PLLA was generally greater than the vehicle or negative plastic controls and was described as a chronic, granulomatous reaction characterized by foreign body giant cells and macrophages. The tissue reaction was confined to the area between particles, did not involve the surrounding tissue and was not unexpected, because it was consistent with the persistent and particle nature of injectable PLLA.
Precautions

PRECAUTIONS

  • Sculptra vials are for single patient and single session use only in order to avoid contamination. Do not reuse the vial and do not re-sterilize the vial. Discard immediately after use. Do not use if the package or vial is opened or damaged.
  • Sculptra should only be used by a health care practitioner trained to correct shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies (with a fanning, bolus or linear threading technique) and other facial wrinkles, in which deep dermal grid pattern (cross-hatch) injection technique is appropriate.
  • In order to minimize the risks of potential complications (such as formation of papules/nodules, perforation of vessels, or trauma to nerves and other vulnerable structures), Sculptra should only be used by health care practitioners who have appropriate training, experience, and who are knowledgeable about the anatomy at and around the site of injection and who are fully familiar with the product, product educational materials, and the entire package insert and patient labeling.
  • Health care practitioners are encouraged to discuss all potential risks of soft tissue injection with their patients prior to treatment and ensure that patients are aware of signs and symptoms of potential complications.
  • The safety and effectiveness of injecting Sculptra: 1) in larger amounts, 2) at different frequencies, 3) at anatomic sites different than specified for the intended use of the product, or 4) at anatomic sites that have had other dermal filler injections, have not been evaluated.
  • Long term safety and effectiveness of Sculptra for correction of contour defects in immune competent patient beyond 3 years after first injection, have not been investigated in clinical trials.
  • The safety and effectiveness of Sculptra for use in the lips has not been evaluated. Sculptra should not be injected into the red area (vermillion) of the lips.
  • Avoid superficial injections as this may be associated with increased local adverse events such as nodules and papules. Take special care when using Sculptra in patients with thin skin. Please refer to PATIENT TREATMENT for injection technique instruction.
  • Sculptra injection in the periorbital area has not been studied. An increased risk of papules and nodules has been reported in published literature after injections in the periorbital area.
  • Interim results from the ongoing post approval study indicates an increased risk of papules and nodules which may be associated with larger injection volumes and higher baseline wrinkle severity scores, particularly with treatment of marionette lines, see ADVERSE REACTIONS, Clinical Trial, Post Approval Study (PAS; through 3 Years Post-Treatment)
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been evaluated in patients who are pregnant, lactating, breast feeding, or under 18 years of age.
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been evaluated in patients with the following: connective tissue disease, bleeding disorders, active hepatitis, serious abnormalities in laboratory findings other than CD4 cell count, HIV viral load and lactic acid, disease such as cancer, stroke and/or myocardial infarction and on any immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been systematically evaluated with other drugs (other than lidocaine) or substances, filler products, implants or devices used prior or during the same treatment session.
  • Other filler products should not be directly mixed with Sculptra. No studies of interactions of Sculptra mixed with drugs (other than lidocaine) or other substances or implants have been made.
  • It is not known whether Sculptra is radiopaque in humans. The microparticles of Sculptra may be visible on computer tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound or standard, plain radiography. Patients should be informed that the device may be radiopaque, so that they can inform their health care professionals, including radiologists. In an animal study, Sculptra implants were observed in 10/10 rats via MRI and ultrasound imaging 24 hours after subcutaneous injection. Ninety (90) days after injection, Sculptra was observed in 3/10 rats via ultrasound and no animals via MRI. Sculptra was not observed at either time point via CT scan or standard, plain radiography.
  • Injections into patients with a history of previous herpetic eruption may be associated with reactivation of the herpes.
  • Patients with bleeding disorders or patients using substances that affect platelet function, thrombolytics or anticoagulants may, as with any injection, experience increased bruising, haematoma or localized bleeding at injection site.
  • Injection procedures are associated with a risk of infection. Aseptic technique and standard practice to prevent cross-infections are to be followed.
  • After use, treatment syringes and needles are considered contaminated biohazards. Handle and dispose contaminated syringes and needles in accordance with accepted medical practice and applicable local, state and federal requirements. The patient should be informed that he or she should minimize exposure of the treatment area to sun and avoid UV lamp exposure and extreme temperatures until any initial swelling and redness has resolved.
  • If laser treatment, chemical peeling or any other procedure based on active dermal response is considered after treatment with Sculptra, there is a possible risk of eliciting an inflammatory reaction at the implant site. This also applies if Sculptra is administered before the skin has healed completely after such a procedure.

In addition, the following precautions should be observed if lidocaine is added to the reconstituted Sculptra suspension:

  • Only a sterile lidocaine solution should be added to the reconstituted Sculptra suspension just before the injection procedure and this should then be used immediately. Please refer to INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE section for additional information.
  • Consider safety risks associated with the use of lidocaine, including possible toxic effects in patients with increased sensitivity and accumulating levels of lidocaine if used concurrently with other administration. For specific safety information, please refer to the product labeling for the lidocaine solution used.
Overdose & Contraindications

OVERDOSE

No Information Provided

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Sculptra should not be used in any person who has hypersensitivity to any of the components of Sculptra (see DESCRIPTION).

Sculptra should not be used in patients with severe allergies manifested by a history of anaphylaxis or history or presence of multiple severe allergies.

Sculptra should not be used in patients with known history of or susceptibility to keloid formation or hypertrophic scarring.

Sculptra reconstituted with lidocaine hydrochloride (lidocaine) should not be used in patients with a history of allergies to lidocaine or other amide type local anesthetics.

Clinical Pharmacology

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

No Information Provided

Medication Guide

PATIENT INFORMATION

Instructions for Use

Sculptra has been evaluated in immune-competent people as a single regimen for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles.

Sculptra use should be limited to use in a single regimen of up to four sequential sessions each spaced three to four-weeks apart.

The following supplies are used with Sculptra but are to be provided by the end-user:

  • Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI), USP
  • Single-use 5 mL sterile syringe
  • Single-use 1 or 3 mL (depending on physician practitioner preference) sterile syringes (at least 2)
  • 18 G sterile needles (at least 2)
  • 26 G (5 mL reconstitution volume) or 25 G (8 mL reconstitution volume) sterile needles (several should be available). It is recommended to use a thin wall needle to reduce the risk of clogging.
  • Antiseptic (such as alcohol)
  • 2% sterile lidocaine solution (8 mL reconstitution volume)

Reconstitution

Sculptra may be reconstituted with either 5 mL of SWFI and stored for up to 72 hours or reconstituted with 8 mL of SWFI for immediate use according to the instructions below.

5 mL Reconstitution

(for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles) Sculptra is reconstituted in the following way:

FIGURE 3
RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 5 mL

RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 5 mL - Illustration

  1. Remove the flip-off cap from the vial and clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic. If the vial, seal, or flip-off cap is damaged, do not use, and call Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-855-425-8722.
  2. Attach an 18 G sterile needle to a sterile single-use 5 mL syringe.
  3. Draw 5 mL of SWFI into the 5 mL syringe.
  4. Introduce the 18 G sterile needle into the stopper of the vial and slowly add all SWFI into the vial.
  5. Let the vial stand for at least 2 hours to ensure complete hydration; do not shake during this period. Upon reconstitution, Sculptra can be stored for up to 72 hours at temperatures between 5-30°C. Refrigeration is not required.
  6. Product should be gently agitated immediately prior to use. Agitate the vial until a uniform translucent suspension is obtained that will have some foam on the top, see Figure 3. A single vial swirling agitator may be used. The reconstituted product is usable within 72 hours of reconstitution. As it is a single use vial, discard any material remaining after use or after 72 hours following reconstitution.
  7. Reconstituted Sculptra is a suspension with particles that will sediment at standing. To maintain a uniform suspension throughout the procedure, intermittently agitate the Sculptra vial between the withdrawals to syringes. Clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic and use a new 18 G sterile needle to withdraw an appropriate amount of the suspension (typically 1 mL) into a single–use 1 or 3 mL sterile syringe. Tilt the vial horizontally and withdraw suspension from the lower lateral of the vial to avoid withdrawing foam. Do not store the reconstituted product in the syringe.
  8. Replace the 18 G needle with a 26 G sterile needle before injecting the product into the deep dermis. Do not inject Sculptra using needles of an internal diameter smaller than 26 G. If clogging of the needle occurs, remove the needle, attach a new sterile needle, then expel a few drops of Sculptra to eliminate the air and re-check for needle blockage.
  9. To withdraw remaining contents of the vial, repeat steps 7 through 8. Do not inject the foam.
  10. Discard any remaining product immediately after single session/patient use.

8 mL Reconstitution with addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine

(for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies)

Sculptra is reconstituted in the following way:

FIGURE 4
RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 8 mL + 1 mL

RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 8 mL + 1 mL - Illustration

  1. Remove the flip-off cap from the vial and clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic. If the vial, seal, or flip-off cap is damaged, do not use, and call Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-855-425-8722.
  2. Attach an 18 G sterile needle to a sterile single-use 5 mL syringe.
  3. Draw 5 mL of SWFI into the 5 mL syringe.
  4. Introduce the 18 G sterile needle into the stopper of the vial, find the open slit in the stopper and slowly add all SWFI into the vial letting the water flow on to the inner wall of the vial. Remove the syringe and needle.
  5. Shake the vial vigorously for about 1 minute to dissolve the excipients. Inspect the vial for any lumps and if needed, shake more. A translucent suspension with some foam on the top will be obtained, see Figure 4. A single vial swirling agitator may be used.
  6. Add another 3 mL of SWFI using an 18 G needle. Remove the syringe and needle. Shake again in order to get a homogenous suspension that will have some foam on the top.
  7. Add 1 mL of 2% lidocaine solution immediately prior to injection. Clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic, add the lidocaine solution using a new single use 1 mL sterile syringe and 18 G sterile needle. Remove the syringe and needle. Shake again in order to get a homogenous suspension that will have some foam on the top.
  8. Reconstituted Sculptra is a suspension with particles that will sediment at standing. To maintain a uniform suspension throughout the procedure, intermittently agitate the Sculptra vial between the withdrawals to syringes. Clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic and use a new 18 G sterile needle to withdraw an appropriate amount of the suspension (typically 1 mL) into a single- use 1 or 3 mL sterile syringe. Tilt the vial horizontally and withdraw suspension from the lower lateral of the vial to avoid withdrawing foam. Do not store the reconstituted product in the syringe.
  9. Replace the 18 G needle with a 25 G sterile needle before injecting the product into the subdermal region. Do not inject Sculptra using needles of an internal diameter smaller than 25 G. If clogging of the needle occurs, remove the needle, attach a new sterile needle, then expel a few drops of Sculptra to eliminate the air and re-check for needle blockage. It is recommended to use a thin wall needle to reduce the risk of clogging.
  10. To withdraw remaining contents of the vial, repeat steps 8 through 9. Do not inject the foam.
  11. Discard any remaining product immediately after single session/patient use.

Patient Treatment

1. Patient Counseling

The patient should be fully apprised of the indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, treatment responses, adverse reactions, and method of administration with Sculptra.

FIGURE 5
WRINKLE ASSESSMENT SCALE (WAS)

WRINKLE ASSESSMENT SCALE (WAS) - Illustration

  • Each patient should be informed that the amount of Sculptra and the number of injection sessions will depend on the patient’s need.
    • For correction of nasolabial fold contour deficiencies, a treatment interval of at least three to four weeks between injection sessions is recommended.
    • For correction of other facial wrinkles, a minimum treatment interval of three weeks between sessions is recommended.
  • Each patient should be informed that up to four injection sessions may be needed to achieve the desired results for correction of nasolabial folds and other facial wrinkles.
  • For patients who have experienced medically important adverse events, a decision for touchup or re-treatment should take the cause and severity of previous reactions into consideration.
  • Patients should be informed that typically, at the end of the injection session, they will experience some degree of swelling due to the water (SWFI) used to reconstitute Sculptra and the injection procedure. This will give the appearance of a full correction by the end of the injection session, but the injection-related swelling typically resolves in several hours to a few days, resulting in the reappearance of the original contour deficiency.
  • Using the standard Wrinkle Assessment Scale (WAS) photographs (see Figure 5) provided for patient counseling, a patient should be informed of the optimal cosmetic correction that may be expected by that patient. A one-grade improvement has typically been demonstrated in clinical studies.
  • Patients should be informed that typically the wrinkle deficiency will gradually improve over time (several weeks) after injection as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs.
  • Patients should be informed that, if needed, their physician may utilize a topical or a local anesthetic prior to injecting Sculptra.
2. Patient Assessment
  • A complete medical history should be taken to determine if Sculptra injection is appropriate.
  • Before and after treatment, health care practitioners are encouraged to conduct vision assessments, including visual acuity, extraocular motility, and visual field testing.
  • During the initial treatment session with Sculptra, only a limited correction should be made. In contrast to other wrinkle fillers, Sculptra provides a gradual improvement of the depressed area over several weeks as the treatment effects occur.
  • Re-evaluate the patient no sooner than three to four weeks after the injection session to determine if additional correction is needed.
3. Patient Preparation

Each injection session is to be conducted with aseptic technique and universal precautions due to the potential for contact with patient body fluids: blood from the injection site.

  • To prepare for an injection session, all make-up should be removed.
  • The treatment area should be cleaned with a suitable antiseptic solution.
  • Before injecting Sculptra a treatment plan should be determined and the face mapped. The mapping is done using a water-soluble pencil.
  • An ice pack can be applied on the site for a short period or additional topical, local injection or nerve block anesthesia may be used to further reduce pain on injection. If additional (topical or local) anesthetic or ice is used, the area should be cleaned after the anesthetic is removed.
4. Injection Needle
  • Sculptra should be injected using a sterile 26 G (with 5 mL reconstitution) or 25 G (with 8 mL reconstitution) needle. It is recommended to use a thin wall needle to reduce the risk of clogging.

    Sculptra should not be injected with needles with a diameter smaller than specified above or with needles that have been bent.

  • If the needle becomes occluded or dull during an injection session, needle replacement is necessary.
  • If clogging occurs, remove the needle, attach a new sterile needle, then expel a few drops of Sculptra to eliminate the air and re-check for needle blockage.
  • To maintain a uniform suspension throughout the procedure, intermittently agitate Sculptra in the syringe.
  • Before initial injection, expel a few drops of Sculptra through the attached needle to eliminate air and to check for needle blockage.
5. Depth Of Injection
  • Sculptra should be injected into the deep dermis or in the subdermal regions (i.e. subcutaneously or supraperiosteally).
  • Introduce a straight, sterile, bevel-up needle into the skin. It is recommended to introduce the needle at an approximately 30-40 degree angle to the skin and then advance the needle until the desired depth is reached.
6. Injection Procedure

Before injecting Sculptra, always perform a reflux maneuver to avoid intravascular injection. If blood returns to the syringe, the needle is in a blood vessel and should be withdrawn, pressure should be applied to the injected area until bleeding stops and a new syringe should be prepared. If no blood is pulled back into the syringe, the injection may be started.

To guide the needle to the desired plane, create a firm needle insertion plane by stretching the skin. A change in tissue resistance is felt when the needle crosses from the dermis into subcutaneous layer. If the needle is inserted at too shallow (small) an angle or if the needle tip is not sufficiently advanced, then the needle tip may be in the mid or superficial (papillary) dermis, the needle bevel may be visible through the skin. If Sculptra is injected too superficially, the injected area will blanch immediately or shortly after injection. If immediate blanching occurs, the injection should be stopped and the area massaged until it returns to a normal color. Blanching may represent a vessel occlusion. If normal skin coloring does not return, do not continue with the injection. Treat in accordance with American Society for Dermatologic Surgery guidelines.1

Health care practitioners are encouraged to be prepared with the following in the event of an intravascular injection:

  • ensuring supplies are immediately available, as recommended by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery guidelines
  • identifying a local ophthalmologist or ophthalmology subspecialist to be available in the event of an ophthalmic adverse event related to a dermal filler injection
  • conducting a basic neurologic examination in the event of an ophthalmic adverse event due to the association of such events with central nervous system deficits
  • a. Threading or Tunneling Technique in a Grid Pattern (cross-hatch) (applicable for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies and other facial wrinkles)
  • When the needle tip is in the correct plane, the needle angle should be lowered to 10-20 degrees and the needle should be advanced parallel to the surface of the skin.
  • Start the first injection at the base of the nasolabial fold. After completing the length with injections parallel to the nasolabial fold, the cross-hatch pattern is achieved with additional injections perpendicular to the first injection. Sculptra should be injected into tissue that is medial to the nasolabial fold wrinkle defect.

b. Bolus technique (applicable for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies)

Allow the needle to pass through the skin to the subdermal regions, and inject a small bolus of product, holding the needle as still as possible.

c. Linear threading (applicable for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies)

Advance the needle in the desired plane and inject while slowly moving the needle in a retrograde fashion.

d. Fanning technique (applicable for correction of shallow to deep nasolabial fold contour deficiencies)

Using a single injection point, inject the product in multiple threads without removing the needle from the skin in the desired plane. The direction of the needle should continually be changed in a radial fashion to create new injection lines.

7. Volume Per Injection

The maximum volume of Sculptra per individual injection should be limited to 0.1 mL – 0.2 mL, spaced at a distance of 0.5 -1 cm. Avoid overcorrection.

8. Volume Per Treatment Site

During the initial treatment sessions, only a limited correction should be made. In contrast to other wrinkle fillers, Sculptra provides a gradual correction of a contour deficiency over several weeks.

A treatment session to correct WAS 2 - 4 nasolabial fold contour deficiencies consists of multiple injections of 0.1-0.2 mL of Sculptra to a maximum of 2.5 mL in 5 mL reconstitution or 4.5 mL in 8 mL reconstitution with the addition of 1 mL 2% lidocaine per nasolabial fold per session. The volume of Sculptra per surface area has not been determined.

9. Massage During The Injection Session

The treatment area should be massaged in a circular fashion after every 3-4 injections to evenly distribute the product.

10. Degree Of Correction - Treat, Wait, Assess

The contour deficiency should be under-corrected, never fully corrected or overcorrected (overfilled) during any injection session. Under-correction of the treatment area allows for gradual improvement of the contour deficiency as the Sculptra effect occurs over the minimum of 3-4 weeks between assessment and possible next injection session.

11. Post-Treatment Care

  • Immediately after a Sculptra injection session, redness, swelling, and/or bruising may appear in the treatment area. To reduce the risk of edema and/or bruising after injection, an ice pack wrapped in cloth (avoid any direct contact of the ice with the skin) is applied to the treated areas. See ADVERSE REACTIONS for details of the incidence and severity of adverse event observed immediately post-injection during the clinical trial.
  • To help Sculptra distribute evenly in the contour deficiency, it is important at the end of the treatment session to manually massage in a circular fashion the treatment area for a minimum of 2 minutes. A facial moisturizer should be used to perform the massage. It is recommended that the patient should massage the treated areas for five minutes, five times per day for five days after the injection session to promote a natural-looking correction.
  • Early occurrence of subcutaneous nodules at the injection site (within 3 to 6 weeks after the treatment) may be minimized by adhering to proper dilution and injection techniques (e.g., avoiding superficial injections or over-correction). In addition, massaging the treatment area to ensure proper distribution of the product may also minimize the appearance of nodules. Nodules usually resolve spontaneously. However, as reported in published literature, some nodules may require medical treatment such as subcision (break-up of nodules with sterile saline solution), and delayed occurrence of subcutaneous nodules at the injection site (usually will manifest within 3 to 4 months after the treatment) may require treatment such as intralesional injections of corticosteroids, subcision and/or excision.

Patient Instructions

It is recommended that the following information is shared with patients by the healthcare provider:

  • Within the first 24 hours, an ice pack wrapped in cloth (avoiding any direct contact of the ice with the skin) should be applied to the treatment area to reduce swelling and bruising. Sculptra may cause redness, swelling, or bruising when first injected into the skin, typically resolving in hours to one week. Hematoma may also occur, typically resolving in hours to about two weeks. Worsening or prolonged symptoms or signs should be reported to the health care provider. The original skin depression may initially reappear, but the depression should gradually improve within several weeks as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs. The health care provider will assess the need for additional Sculptra injection sessions after at least four weeks.
  • It is recommended to massage in a circular fashion the treated areas for 5 minutes, 5 times per day for 5 days following any injection session, according to the physician’s advice.
  • Treatment with Sculptra can result in small papules in the treated area. These subcutaneous papules are typically not visible and asymptomatic and may be noticed only upon pressing on the treatment area. However, visible nodules, sometimes with redness or color change to the skin, have been reported. Patients should report these events and any other side effects to their health care provider.
  • Aesthetic make-up may be applied a few hours post-treatment if no complications are present.
  • Exposure of the treated area to sun and UV lamp exposure and extreme temperatures are to be avoided until any initial swelling and redness has resolved. Patients should be informed about appropriate sunscreen protection according to the physician’s advice.

ANY SIDE EFFECTS, ADVERSE EVENTS, PRODUCT QUESTIONS OR PRODUCT COMPLAINTS SHOULD BE REPORTED TO:

SCULPTRA FOR RESTORATION AND/OR CORRECTION OF THE SIGNS OF FACIAL FAT LOSS (LIPOATROPHY) IN PEOPLE WITH HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS

Contraindications

Sculptra should not be used in any person who has hypersensitivity to any of the components of Sculptra (see DESCRIPTION).

Sculptra should not be used in patients with severe allergies manifested by a history of anaphylaxis or history or presence of multiple severe allergies.

Sculptra should not be used in patients with known history of or susceptibility to keloid formation or hypertrophic scarring.

Warnings

  • Do not overcorrect (overfill) the volume deficiencies or contour defects, because the depression is expected to gradually improve during several weeks after injection as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs (see INSTRUCTION FOR USEPatient Treatment).
  • Sculptra must not be injected intramuscularly or intravascularly. Localised superficial necrosis and scarring may occur after injection in or near vessels. It is thought to result from the injury, obstruction, or compromise of blood vessels. Areas with limited collateral blood flow has an increased risk of ischaemia. Special caution should be taken if the patient has undergone a prior surgical procedure in the planned treatment area. Aspiration prior to injection is recommended.
  • Introduction of product into the vasculature may lead to embolization, occlusion of the vessels, ischemia, or infarction. Take extra care when injecting soft tissue fillers, for example inject the product slowly and apply the least amount of pressure necessary. Rare but serious adverse events associated with the intravascular injection of soft tissue fillers in the face have been reported and include temporary or permanent vision impairment, blindness, cerebral ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, leading to stroke, skin necrosis, and damage to underlying facial structures. Immediately stop the injection if a patient exhibits any of the following symptoms, including changes in vision, signs of a stroke, blanching of the skin, or unusual pain during or shortly after the procedure. Patients should receive prompt medical attention and possibly evaluation by an appropriate health care practitioner specialist should an intravascular injection occur.
  • Sculptra use at specific sites in which an active inflammatory process (skin eruptions such as cysts, pimples, rashes or hives) or infection is present should be deferred until the inflammatory process has resolved and is controlled.
  • Sculptra post-treatment reactions have included delayed occurrence of subcutaneous papules and nodules. The subcutaneous papules and nodules were often confined to the injection site, typically palpable, asymptomatic and non-visible, occurring days to months after injection and had a prolonged time course to resolution. See ADVERSE REACTIONS section for details.
  • The kinetics of Sculptra resorption in humans has not been determined. In an intradermal implantation study in rabbits all animals had “several relatively large remnants” of injectable PLLA visible at 64 weeks after implantation. The tissue response to injectable PLLA was generally greater than the vehicle or negative plastic controls and was described as a chronic, granulomatous reaction characterized by foreign body giant cells and macrophages. The tissue reaction was confined to the area between particles, did not involve the surrounding tissue and was not unexpected, because it was consistent with the persistent and particle nature of injectable PLLA.

Precautions

  • Sculptra vials are for single patient and single session use only in order to avoid contamination. Do not reuse the vial and do not re-sterilize the vial. Discard immediately after use. Do not use if the package or vial is opened or damaged.
  • In order to minimize the risks of potential complications (such as formation of papules/nodules, perforation of vessels, or trauma to nerves and other vulnerable structures), Sculptra should only be used by health care practitioners who have appropriate training, experience, and who are knowledgeable about the anatomy at and around the site of injection and who are fully familiar with the product, product educational materials, and the entire package insert and patient labeling.
  • Health care practitioners are encouraged to discuss all potential risks of soft tissue injection with their patients prior to treatment and ensure that patients are aware of signs and symptoms of potential complications.
  • The safety and effectiveness of injecting Sculptra: 1) in larger amounts, 2) at different frequencies, 3) at anatomic sites different than specified for the intended use of the product, or 4) at anatomic sites that have had other dermal filler injections, have not been evaluated.
  • A 5-year post approval study was conducted to evaluate the longer-term safety and effectiveness of Sculptra for correction of facial fat loss (lipoatrophy) in people with human immunodeficiency virus.
  • The safety and effectiveness of Sculptra for use in the lips has not been evaluated. Sculptra should not be injected into the red area (vermillion) of the lips.
  • Avoid superficial injections as this may be associated with increased local adverse events such as nodules and papules. Take special care when using Sculptra in patients with thin skin.
  • Please refer to PATIENT TREATMENT for injection technique instruction.
  • Sculptra injection in the periorbital area has not been studied. An increased risk of papules and nodules has been reported in published literature after injections in the periorbital area.
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been evaluated in patients who are pregnant, lactating, breast feeding, or under 18 years of age.
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been evaluated in patients with the following: connective tissue disease, bleeding disorders, active hepatitis, serious abnormalities in laboratory findings other than CD4 cell count, HIV viral load and lactic acid, disease such as cancer, stroke and/or myocardial infarction and on any immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Safety and effectiveness of Sculptra has not been systematically evaluated with other drugs (other than lidocaine) or substances, filler products, implants or devices used prior or during the same treatment session.
  • Other filler products should not be directly mixed with Sculptra. No studies of interactions of Sculptra mixed with drugs (other than lidocaine) or other substances or implants have been made.
  • It is not known whether Sculptra is radiopaque in humans. The microparticles of Sculptra may be visible on computer tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound or standard, plain radiography. Patients should be informed that the device may be radiopaque, so that they can inform their health care professionals, including radiologists. In an animal study, Sculptra implants were observed in 10/10 rats via MRI and ultrasound imaging 24 hours after subcutaneous injection. Ninety (90) days after injection, Sculptra was observed in 3/10 rats via ultrasound and no animals via MRI. Sculptra was not observed at either time point via CT scan or standard, plain radiography.
  • Injections into patients with a history of previous herpetic eruption may be associated with reactivation of the herpes.
  • Patients with bleeding disorders or patients using substances that affect platelet function, thrombolytics or anticoagulants may, as with any injection, experience increased bruising, haematoma or localized bleeding at injection site.
  • Injection procedures are associated with a risk of infection. Aseptic technique and standard practice to prevent cross-infections are to be followed.
  • After use, treatment syringes and needles are considered contaminated biohazards. Handle and dispose contaminated syringes and needles in accordance with accepted medical practice and applicable local, state and federal requirements.
  • The patient should be informed that he or she should minimize exposure of the treatment area to sun and avoid UV lamp exposure and extreme temperatures until any initial swelling and redness has resolved.
  • If laser treatment, chemical peeling or any other procedure based on active dermal response is considered after treatment with Sculptra, there is a possible risk of eliciting an inflammatory reaction at the implant site. This also applies if Sculptra is administered before the skin has healed completely after such a procedure.

Adverse Events

Clinical Studies

Adverse event data from five clinical studies that included 567 patients are summarized in Tables 19, 20, 21 and 22 below.

TABLE 19
NUMBER OF PATIENTS WITH TREATMENT-RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS OBSERVED IN CLINICAL STUDIES WITH TWO-YEAR FOLLOW-UP

VEGA STUDY
50 Patients
C&W STUDY***
29 Patients
AVERAGE DURATION
(DAYS)
INJECTION PROCEDURE RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS
Bruising 3 (6%) 11 (38%) 6
Edema 2 (4%) 2 (7%) 3
Discomfort 0 3 (10%) 3
Hematoma 14 (28%) 0 17
Inflammation 0 3 (10%) 3
Erythema 0 3 (10%) 3
AVERAGE ONSET**
(Months)
DEVICE-RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS
Injection site subcutaneous papule* 26 (52%) 9 (31%) 7
*Subcutaneous papules refer to lesions of 5 mm or less, typically palpable, asymptomatic and non-visible.
**Onset data available from VEGA study only. Duration not noted for subcutaneous papules because most were ongoing at study completion.
*** Safety data were collected post hoc for 27 of the patients at approximately two years from study start.

TABLE 20
NUMBER OF PATIENTS WITH TREATMENT-RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS OBSERVED IN CLINICAL STUDIES WITH ONE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP

APEX 002 STUDY
99 Patients
BLUE PACIFIC STUDY
99 patients
INJECTION PROCEDURE RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS
Bruising 1 (1%) 30 (30%)
Edema 3 (3%) 17 (17%)
Discomfort 19 (19%) 15 (15%)
Erythema 0 3 (3%)
DEVICE-RELATED ADVERSE EVENTS
Injection site subcutaneous papule 6 (6%) 13 (13%)

The duration of adverse events in Table 20 was not collected. The most common device related effect was the delayed occurrence of subcutaneous papules which were confined to the injection site and were typically palpable, asymptomatic, and non-visible. The study protocols did not include evaluation of treatment for subcutaneous papules, therefore, no information is available on how the papules were treated. In the VEGA study, the average onset of subcutaneous papules was 7 months after initial injection (range 0.3 – 25 months). Subcutaneous papules resolved spontaneously in 6/26 patients (24%) during the study. No information of onset and duration of papules is available from the Chelsea & Westminster study.

Treatment related adverse events, not included in Tables 19 and 20, observed in clinical studies with a frequency of less than 5% were: injection site tenderness, injection site lesion, injection site bleeding, injection site induration, injection site infection and fever.

TABLE 21
OVERALL INCIDENCE (≥ 5%) OF ADVERSE EVENTS BY PREFERRED TERM ‘FACES’ (5 YEAR, OPEN-LABEL) STUDY

Preferred Term Female with Fitzpatrick Skin Type I-III (N=70) Female with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type IV- VI (N=70)
Male with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type I-III (N=74)
Male with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type IV-VI (N=76)
Overall
(N=290)
Subjectsa
n (%)
Subjectsa
n (%)
Subjectsa
n (%)
Subjectsa
n (%)
Subjectsa
n (%)
Upper respiratory tract infection 12 (17.1) 11 (15.7) 11 (14.9) 9 (11.8) 43 (14.8)
Sinusitis 15 (21.4) 7 (10.0) 12 (16.2) 7 (9.2) 41 (14.1)
Diarrhea 8 (11.4) 7 (10.0) 13 (17.6) 9 (11.8) 37 (12.8)
Injections site nodule 7 (10.0) 5 (7.1) 14 (18.9) 6 (7.9) 32 (11.0)
Depression 6 (8.6) 6 (8.6) 5 (6.8) 15 (19.7) 32 (11.0)
Insomnia 5 (7.1) 6 (8.6) 8 (10.8) 13 (17.1) 32 (11.0)
Hypertension 8 (11.4) 7 (10.0) 10 (13.5) 6 (7.9) 31 (10.7)
Injection site papule 8 (11.4) 6 (8.6) 10 (13.5) 6 (7.9) 30 (10.3)
Bronchitis 9 (12.9) 3 (4.3) 7 (9.5) 9 (11.8) 28 (9.7)
Urinary tract infection 12 (17.1) 7 (10.0) 2 (2.7) 4 (5.3) 25 (8.6)
Herpes simplex 4 (5.7) 3 (4.3) 6 (8.1) 9 (11.8) 22 (7.6)
Pneumonia 5 (7.1) 5 (7.1) 7 (9.5) 5 (6.6) 22 (7.6)
Anxiety 7 (10.0) 3 (4.3) 5 (6.8) 7 (9.2) 22 (7.6)
Injection site bruising 9 (12.9) 5 (7.1) 3 (4.1) 3 (3.9) 20 (6.9)
Headache 5 (7.1) 3 (4.3) 9 (12.2) 3 (3.9) 20 (6.9)
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease 9 (12.9) 2 (2.9) 6 (8.1) 3 (3.9) 20 (6.9)
Fatigue 6 (8.6) 3 (4.3) 6 (8.1) 4 (5.3) 19 (6.6)
Back pain 5 (7.1) 4 (5.7) 2 (2.7) 7 (9.2) 18 (6.2)
Arthralgia 6 (8.6) 4 (5.7) 4 (5.4) 2 (2.6) 16 (5.5)
a. Subjects experiencing multiple episodes of a given adverse event are counted once within each Preferred Term.

TABLE 22
SUMMARY OF TREATMENT-EMERGENT ADVERSE EVENTS ‘FACES’ (5 YEAR, OPEN-LABEL) STUDY
All-Treated Population

Parameter / Time Period Female with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type I-III (N=70)
Female with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type IV-VI (N=70)
Male with Fitzpatrick Skin
Type I-III (N=74)
Male with Fitzpatrick Skin Type IV-VI (N=76) Overall (N=290)
Subjects
n (%)
Subjects
n (%)
Subjects
n (%)
Subjects
n (%)
Subjects
n (%)
Any TEAE
From the First Injection to End of Study 65 (92.9) 54 (77.1) 69 (93.2) 65 (85.5) 253 (87.2)
TEAE Severitya
From the First Injection to End of Study
  Mild 11 (15.7) 15 (21.4) 16 (21.6) 13 (17.1) 55 (19.0)
  Moderate 36 (51.4) 28 (40.0) 26 (35.1) 32 (42.1) 122 (42.1)
  Severe 18 (25.7) 11 (15.7) 27 (36.5) 20 (26.3) 76 (26.2)
TEAE Relationship to Study Treatment
From the First Injection to End of Study
  Related to Injection Procedure 25 (35.7) 16 (22.9) 28 (37.8) 17 (22.4) 86 (29.7)
  Related to Study Product 22 (31.4) 16 (22.9) 19 (25.7) 10 (13.2) 67 (23.1)
a. A subject was counted only once as the most severe category.

The most frequently reported treatment-related or injection-related AEs were injection site nodules and injection site papules. Overall, a total of 54 subjects (18.6%) reported 170 injection site nodule or papule AEs. Most nodule and papule events were mild or moderate in intensity and resolved spontaneously, without treatment. The majority were reported in the cheek area and were described as mild in intensity, non-serious, palpable and non-visible. Most were reported during the first year (153 of 170 events [90%]); the median number of days from first treatment to the onset of injection site nodules and papules was 56.0 and 96.0 days, respectively. No subject discontinued treatment (temporarily or permanently) or study due to an injection site nodule/papule AE. No granulomas were reported in the study.

Nine of 54 subjects reported injection site nodule/ papule TEAEs as ongoing at the end of the study. Of the remaining events reported as resolved, the median duration for injection site nodules and papules was 119.0 and 189.5 days, respectively. From first injection to end of study, male subjects with Fitzpatrick skin type I-III had a higher incidence rate of injection site nodule (18.9% compared to 7.1%-10.0% for the other sub groups) and injection site papule (13.5% compared to 7.9%-11.4% for the other sub groups).

A pre-specified secondary objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of hypertrophic scars or keloids in subjects by Fitzpatrick skin types IV-VI, assessed approximately 6 months after completion of treatment. No hypertrophic scars or keloids were reported in subjects with Fitzpatrick skin types IV-VI. Only one subject (Fitzpatrick skin type II) reported a mild hypertrophic scar that was unrelated to Sculptra treatment by the investigator. Moreover, six subjects reported a previous history of hypertrophic scars or keloids; No TEAEs of hypertrophic scars or keloids were reported in these subjects.

Post Marketing Surveillance

The adverse events received from post-marketing surveillance (voluntary reporting and published literature) for Sculptra in the US and other countries include:

  • papules/nodules with or without inflammation or discoloration,
  • lack of effect,
  • swelling,
  • mass formation/induration,
  • pain/tenderness,
  • granuloma (including ectropion)/foreign body reaction,
  • visual disturbance including transient blurred vision, reduced visual acuity, increased lacrimation, eyelid ptosis, dry eye and blindness,
  • bruising/hematoma,
  • erythema,
  • nerve injury including paresthesia, hypoesthesia and facial nerve paralysis,
  • bacterial infections and abscess formation,
  • inflammation,
  • skin discoloration,
  • injection site reactions including burning sensation, warmth and irritation,
  • atrophy/scarring,
  • pruritus,
  • deformity/facial asymmetry,
  • rash,
  • hypersensitivity/allergic reaction and angioedema,
  • dermatitis,
  • bleeding,
  • symptoms of reactivation of herpes infection,
  • urticaria,
  • vesicles/blisters/pustules,
  • ischemia/necrosis,
  • acne,
  • device dislocation,
  • telangiectasia,
  • discharge,
  • other dermatological events including alopecia, skin wrinkling, skin tightness, skin dryness, skin hypertrophy and photosensitive reaction,
  • non-dermatological events including headache, pyrexia, malaise, arthralgia, anxiety, nausea, insomnia, dyspnea, fatigue, dizziness, muscular weakness or twitching, lymphadenopathy and depression

When required, depending on event, treatments may include massage/manipulation, warm compress, nitroglycerine paste, corticosteroids, antibiotics, antihistamines, NSAIDs, aspiration/drainage of the product, saline injections and surgery. Events which did not resolve or where resolution information is not available at last contact were reported.

Scarring, mostly a non-serious event, was reported in association with skin discoloration, nodules, lumps, indurations, granulomas, hyperpigmentation, hypertrophic scars, and suspicion of keloid formation. Time to onset when specified ranged from within 1 week to 24 months post-Sculptra injection and outcome ranged from ‘recovered’ to ‘ongoing’ at last contact.

Skin discoloration was reported as a non-serious event, typically reported in association with lumps and nodules. It has also been reported with blanching and telangiectasias. Time to onset when specified usually ranged from within 1 week to 12 months post-injection. Outcome ranged from ‘recovered’ to ‘ongoing’ at last contact.

Serious adverse events have rarely been reported. The most commonly reported serious adverse events for Sculptra with more than 5 reported events include papule/nodule, swelling/edema, pain, granuloma, symptoms of visual disturbance, infection/abscess, mass/induration, paresthesia and facial nerve paralysis, erythema, inflammation, bruising/hematoma, discoloration, deformity, scaring/atrophy, hypersensitivity, pruritus, rash, muscle disorders, ischemia/necrosis, urticaria and blisters.

Injection site nodules mostly occurred several months post-injection. Such nodules are occasionally associated with inflammation or discoloration, with time to onset ranging from 1-2 months to 14 months post-last injection. In some cases, the nodules were reported to resolve spontaneously or following treatment with, e.g. intralesional corticosteroids, others were described with a prolonged duration of up to 2 years. For those nodules that were larger in size, occurring in difficult anatomical regions (e.g. lower eyelid) or persisted after other treatments such as intralesional corticosteroids failed, surgical excision of the nodules was required.

Granulomas usually occur several months after injection; in few cases onset was more than 1-year post-injection. While events were reported as granuloma, only a few cases were confirmed by biopsy. Treatment ranged from subcision or intralesional corticosteroid with subsequent improvement, to surgical extraction. Of the few granuloma cases that required hospitalization, these were associated with infraorbital use or injection in the lip vermilion. Vascular compromise may occur due to an inadvertent intravascular injection or as a result of vascular compression associated with implantation of any injectable product. This may manifest as blanching, discoloration, necrosis or ulceration at the implant site or in the area supplied by the blood vessels affected; or rarely as ischemic events in other organs due to embolization. Isolated rare cases of ischemic events affecting the eye leading to visual loss, and the brain resulting in cerebral infarction, following facial aesthetic treatments have been reported. Visual disturbances including blindness have been reported following injection of Sculptra into the temple area, periorbital areas, and/or cheek. Events requiring medical intervention, and events which did not resolve or where resolution information is not available were reported.

Serious edema was reported in association with erythema, pain, and heat sensation. The symptoms were mostly temporary, and with no significant impact on the quality of daily life reported. Treatment included corticosteroids, antihistamines and/or anti-inflammatories. Recovery occurred within 7-10 days without sequelae.

Serious erythema, serious pain, and serious pruritus reported with bruising and heat sensation, were reported within 24 hours post-injection. Treatment included corticosteroids, antihistamines and/or anti-inflammatories. Events resolved within 7-10 days post-injection without sequelae and with no significant impact on daily life.

Serious hypersensitivity reactions were reported mainly in association with facial swelling and Quincke’s edema, with symptoms appearing from 1 day to 1-week post-injection. Patients recovered without sequelae after treatment with intravenous corticosteroids and antihistamines.

Serious infections such as subcutaneous abscesses, cellulitis, folliculitis, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus at the injection site, were reported. Time to onset of event ranged from 1 day to 1 week. Of these cases a few required hospitalization with administration of intravenous antibiotics. All patients recovered or were recovering at the last contact.

Adverse reactions should be reported to Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-855-425-8722.

Effectiveness

Clinical Studies

Clinical data including skin thickness measurements and serial photographs were collected in five clinical studies.

Vega Study

A. Study Design

This was a 96-week, open-label, uncontrolled, single-center study to determine the treatment effects of Sculptra on the signs of lipoatrophy of the face in 50 patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Patients had a mean age of 45 years (range 33-58), 84% were Caucasian and 98% were male. All patients had little or no adipose tissue in cheek area at baseline, indicating severe facial lipoatrophy (mean adipose thickness of 0.5±0.7 mm, ranging from 0.0 to 2.1 mm).

B. Treatment

Injection sessions were conducted at approximately two-week intervals, and the majority (86%) of the patients received four to five injection sessions. Generally, one vial of product was injected intradermally into multiple points of each cheek at each injection session. The quantity of injected product and number of injection sessions depended upon the severity of the facial depression.

C. Results

The mean increases from baseline in skin thickness are presented in Figure 6 below.

FIGURE 6
MEAN INCREASES ABOVE BASELINE IN SKIN THICKNESS (MM) OBSERVED IN THE VEGA STUDY

MEAN INCREASES ABOVE BASELINE IN SKIN THICKNESS (MM) OBSERVED IN THE VEGA STUDY - Illustration

All patients experienced increases in skin thickness in the treatment area (minimum increase of 2.2 mm noted at Week 8 visit). Statistically significant increases above baseline values of mean skin thickness were noted at all time points (Weeks 8, 24, 48, 72 and 96) during the study. Increases in mean skin thickness changes above baseline persisted for up to 2 years.

Chelsea & Westminster (C&W) Study

A. Study Design

This was a 24-week, open-label, single-center, uncontrolled study in 30 human immunodeficiency virus positive patients with facial lipoatrophy. Patients were placed into groups of 12 or 24 weeks of follow-up. Patients had a mean age of 41 (range 32-60), 72% were Caucasian and 93% were male.

B. Treatment

All patients received a fixed treatment regimen of three injection sessions conducted at two-week intervals. Each vial of Sculptra was reconstituted with 2 mL of SWFI and 1 mL of 2% lidocaine to give a total volume of 3 mL. Up to 3 mL of the reconstituted product was injected bilaterally into multiple points into the cheek and nasolabial areas.

C. Results

Baseline skin thickness in the treatment areas ranged from 2.1 to 2.7 mm and results after treatment are presented in the Table 23 below.

TABLE 23
RANGE OF MEAN INCREASES IN SKIN THICKNESS FROM BASELINE

12 WEEKS AFTER
1ST TREATMENT
N=27*
24 WEEKS AFTER
1ST TREATMENT
N=14*
Cheek Areas 3.9 – 5.7 mm 4.9 mm
Nasolabial Areas 3.9 – 6.0 mm 4.9 – 5.3 mm
Baselines ranged from 2.1 to 2.7 mm; all changes were significant (p<0.001).
* Number of patients varies dependent upon which group they were placed.

Significant changes from Baseline (p<0.001) in mean skin thickness were observed in the areas treated (left and right nasolabial and cheeks) with Sculptra in all patients. A mean increase in skin thickness of approximately 4-6 mm was observed twelve weeks after the initiation of treatment for all treated patients.

APEX 002 And Blue Pacific Studies

A. Study Design

Data were obtained from two, single-center, open-label, 12-month investigator-initiated studies in human immunodeficiency virus positive patients with facial lipoatrophy. Ninety-nine patients between 31 and 65 years of age were enrolled in each study. The majority of patients were Caucasian males.

B. Treatment

Patients were treated with Sculptra injections at an interval of approximately 3 to 6 weeks and received up to 6 injection sessions.

C. Results

The results from these studies are shown in Table 20 and were provided for safety information only.

DL6049-0417 (FACES Study)

A. Study design

This was a 5 year, open-label, uncontrolled study to evaluate the safety of Sculptra for treatment of the signs of facial lipoatrophy in subjects with HIV. Required protocol visits were minimized and data collection was streamlined to include only those endpoints of interest. Subject retention in this study was notable; a total of 290 subjects were treated, of whom 224 completed the 5 year study, representing a 77.2% retention rate through 5 years of follow-up. A total of 76 subjects (26.2%) reported serious TEAEs. 17 subjects (5.9%) died during the study. No SAEs or deaths were related to injection procedure or related to the study product.

Patient demographics were as follows: mean age (range), 47.4 years (26-74); 51% male, 49% female; 53.4% Caucasian, 23.8% African American, 20.7% Other; Fitzpatrick skin type I (4.1%), II (18.0%), III (27.6%), IV (17.0%), V (15.0%), VI (18.4%). Overall, most patients presented with Grade 2 (35.4%) or Grade 3 (34.4%) lipoatrophy at baseline using the James Scale (Grade 1=Mild/localized facial lipoatrophy, the appearance is almost normal to Grade 4=Widespread atrophy. The facial skin now lies directly on the muscles over a wide area, extending up toward the orbital region). Cheeks (95.6%), nasolabial folds (78.9%), and temples (70.4%) were the most frequently reported areas affected by lipoatrophy. On entry, 118 subjects had CD4 counts of 500 or greater (normal range, ‘immunocompetent’), and 158 subjects had CD4 counts < 500 (CDC categories 2 or 3).

B. Treatment

Patients were treated with Sculptra injections at an interval of approximately 4 to 6 weeks until optimal correction was achieved. Patients received supplemental injections at yearly follow-up visits if needed to maintain an optimal treatment effect.

C. Results

A total of 290 subjects received Sculptra during the study. During the treatment phase of the study, subjects had a mean of 6.0 treatment sessions (range:1-18 sessions). Most subjects (89.0%) received additional touch-up sessions (mean: 3.9, range: 1-6 sessions) after the initial treatment phase of the study. Overall, subjects had a mean of 9.5 treatment sessions (treatment phase + touch-up treatments) over the course of the entire study period (range: 1-20). Approximately 10 mL of Sculptra was administered at each treatment session.

Overall, the efficacy of Sculptra for the treatment of HIV-associated lipoatrophy is supported by the following:

  • The proportions of subjects with a “very good” or “excellent” satisfaction score were 85.0% and 81.2% for the physician’s and subject’s satisfaction with treatment questionnaires respectively for the Year 5 visit.
  • Improvement from baseline to the Year 5 visit in subject-reported QoL, as assessed by a validated disease-specific health outcomes measure (MOS-HIV Health Survey questionnaire), was statistically significant (p<0.05) for the following measures: Health Distress, Quality of Life, Social Activity, and Mental Health Summary.

Figure 7 demonstrates the observed change in the James Score by timepoint and baseline grade.

FIGURE 7
MEAN JAMES GRADE (±SE) BY TIME POINT STRATIFIED BY BASELINE GRADE

MEAN JAMES GRADE (┬▒SE) BY TIME POINT STRATIFIED BY BASELINE GRADE - Illustration

Indiividualization Of Treatment

(See Also Patient Treatment)

The quantity of Sculptra and the number of injection sessions will vary by patient. Treatment for severe facial fat loss typically requires the injection of one vial of Sculptra per cheek area per injection session. A typical treatment course for severe facial fat loss involves 3-6 injection sessions, with the sessions separated by four weeks. Full effects of the treatment course are evident within weeks to months. The patient should be reevaluated no sooner than four weeks after each injection session to determine if additional correction is needed. Patients should be advised that supplemental injection sessions may be required to maintain an optimal treatment effect.

How Supplied

Sculptra is supplied as a sterile freeze-dried preparation for injection in a clear glass vial, which is sealed by a penetrable stopper, covered by an aluminum seal with a flip-off cap. Each carton of Sculptra contains two vials of poly-L-lactic acid, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (USP), non-pyrogenic mannitol (USP).

Storage

Sculptra can be stored at room temperature, up to 30°C (86°F). DO NOT FREEZE. Refrigeration is not required.

Sterility

Each vial of Sculptra is packaged for single-use only. Do not re-sterilize.

IF THE VIAL, SEAL, OR THE FLIP-OFF CAP ARE DAMAGED, DO NOT USE AND CONTACT GALDERMA LABORATORIES, L.P. FORT WORTH, TX 76177 USA 1-855-425-8722.

Instructions for Use

The following supplies are used with Sculptra but are to be provided by the end-user:

  • Sterile Water for Injection (SWFI), USP
  • Single-use 5 mL sterile syringe
  • Single-use 1 or 3 mL (depending on physician practitioner preference) sterile syringes (at least 2)
  • 18 G sterile needles (at least 2)
  • 26 G sterile needles (several should be available)
  • Antiseptic (such as alcohol)
Reconstitution

(for restoration and/or correction of the signs of facial fat loss (lipoatrophy) in people with human immunodeficiency virus.)

Sculptra is reconstituted in the following way:

FIGURE 8
RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 5 mL

RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 5 mL - Illustration

  1. Remove the flip-off cap from the vial and clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic. If the vial, seal, or flip-off cap is damaged, do not use, and call Galderma Laboratories, L.P. at 1-855-425-8722.
  2. Attach an 18 G sterile needle to a sterile single-use 5 mL syringe.
  3. Draw 5 mL of SWFI into the 5 mL syringe.
  4. Introduce the 18 G sterile needle into the stopper of the vial and slowly add all SWFI into the vial.
  5. Let the vial stand for at least 2 hours to ensure complete hydration; do not shake during this period. Upon reconstitution, Sculptra can be stored for up to 72 hours at temperatures between 5-30°C. Refrigeration is not required.
  6. Product should be gently agitated immediately prior to use. Agitate the vial until a uniform translucent suspension is obtained that will have some foam on the top, see Figure 8. A single vial swirling agitator may be used. The reconstituted product is usable within 72 hours of reconstitution. As it is a single use vial, discard any material remaining after use or after 72 hours following reconstitution. FIGURE 8 RECONSTITUTED PRODUCT 5 mL
  7. Reconstituted Sculptra is a suspension with particles that will sediment at standing. To maintain a uniform suspension throughout the procedure, intermittently agitate the Sculptra vial between the withdrawals to syringes. Clean the penetrable stopper of the vial with an antiseptic and use a new 18 G sterile needle to withdraw an appropriate amount of the suspension (typically 1 mL) into a single–use 1 or 3 mL sterile syringe. Tilt the vial horizontally and withdraw suspension from the lower lateral of the vial to avoid withdrawing foam. Do not store the reconstituted product in the syringe.
  8. Replace the 18 G needle with a 26 G sterile needle before injecting the product into the deep dermis. Do not inject Sculptra using needles of an internal diameter smaller than 26 G. If clogging of the needle occurs, remove the needle, attach a new sterile needle, then expel a few drops of Sculptra to eliminate the air and re-check for needle blockage.
  9. To withdraw remaining contents of the vial, repeat steps 7 through 8.
  10. Discard any remaining product immediately after single session/patient use.

Patient Treatment

1. Patient Counseling

The patient should be fully apprised of the indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, treatment responses, adverse reactions, and method of administration with Sculptra.

  • Each patient should be informed that the amount of Sculptra and the number of injection sessions, with four-week intervals between injection sessions, will depend on the patient’s need.
  • Each patient should be informed that up to six injection sessions for restoration or correction of HIV-associated lipoatrophy.
  • For patients who have experienced medically important adverse events, a decision for touchup or re-treatment should take the cause and severity of previous reactions into consideration.
  • Patients should be informed that typically, at the end of the injection session, they will experience some degree of swelling due to the water (SWFI) used to reconstitute Sculptra and the injection procedure. This will give the appearance of a full correction by the end of the injection session, but the injection-related swelling typically resolves in several hours to a few days, resulting in the reappearance of the original contour deficiency.
  • Patients should be informed that the optimal correction after initial injection depends on patient’s severity of the facial depression.
  • Patients should be informed that typically the wrinkle deficiency will gradually improve over time (several weeks) after injection as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs.
  • Patients should be informed that, if needed, their physician may utilize a topical or a local anesthetic prior to injecting Sculptra.
2. Patient Assessment
  • A complete medical history should be taken to determine if Sculptra injection is appropriate.
  • Before and after treatment, health care practitioners are encouraged to conduct vision assessments, including visual acuity, extraocular motility, and visual field testing.
  • During the initial treatment session with Sculptra, only a limited correction should be made. In contrast to other wrinkle fillers, Sculptra provides a gradual improvement of the depressed area over several weeks as the treatment effects occur.
  • Re-evaluate the patient no sooner than four weeks after the injection session to determine if additional correction is needed.
3. Patient Preparation

Each injection session is to be conducted with aseptic technique and universal precautions due to the potential for contact with patient body fluids: blood from the injection site.

  • To prepare for an injection session, all make-up should be removed.
  • The treatment area should be cleaned with a suitable antiseptic solution.
  • Before injecting Sculptra a treatment plan should be determined and the face mapped. The mapping is done using a water-soluble pencil.
  • An ice pack can be applied on the site for a short period or additional topical, local injection or nerve block anesthesia may be used to further reduce pain on injection. If additional (topical or local) anesthetic or ice is used, the area should be cleaned after the anesthetic is removed.
4. Injection Needle
  • Sculptra should be injected using a 26 G sterile needle. Sculptra should not be injected with needles that have been bent.
  • If the needle becomes occluded or dull during an injection session, needle replacement is necessary.
  • If clogging occurs, remove the needle, attach a new sterile needle, then expel a few drops of Sculptra to eliminate the air and re-check for needle blockage.
  • To maintain a uniform suspension throughout the procedure, intermittently agitate Sculptra in the syringe.
  • Before initial injection, expel a few drops of Sculptra through the attached needle to eliminate air and to check for needle blockage.
5. Depth of Injection
  • Sculptra should be injected into the deep dermis or subcutaneous layer
  • Introduce a straight, sterile, bevel-up needle into the skin. It is recommended to introduce the needle at an approximately 30-40 degree angle to the skin and then advance the needle until the desired depth is reached.
6. Injection Procedure

Before injecting Sculptra, always perform a reflux maneuver to avoid intravascular injection. If blood returns to the syringe, the needle is in a blood vessel and should be withdrawn, pressure should be applied to the injected area until bleeding stops and a new syringe should be prepared. If no blood is pulled back into the syringe, the injection may be started.

To guide the needle to the desired plane, create a firm needle insertion plane by stretching the skin. A change in tissue resistance is felt when the needle crosses from the dermis into subcutaneous layer. If the needle is inserted at too shallow (small) an angle or if the needle tip is not sufficiently advanced, then the needle tip may be in the mid or superficial (papillary) dermis, the needle bevel may be visible through the skin. If Sculptra is injected too superficially, the injected area will blanch immediately or shortly after injection. If immediate blanching occurs, the injection should be stopped and the area massaged until it returns to a normal color. Blanching may represent a vessel occlusion.

If normal skin coloring does not return, do not continue with the injection. Treat in accordance with American Society for Dermatologic Surgery guidelines.2

Health care practitioners are encouraged to be prepared with the following in the event of an intravascular injection:

  • ensuring supplies are immediately available, as recommended by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery guidelines
  • identifying a local ophthalmologist or ophthalmology subspecialist to be available in the event of an ophthalmic adverse event related to a dermal filler injection
  • conducting a basic neurologic examination in the event of an ophthalmic adverse event due to the association of such events with central nervous system deficits

a. Threading or Tunneling Technique in a Grid Pattern (cross-hatch)

When the needle tip is in the correct plane, the needle angle should be lowered to 10-20 degrees and the needle should be advanced parallel to the surface of the skin. Deposit a thin trail of Sculptra by doing a retrograde injection when slowly withdrawing the needle. To avoid deposition in the superficial skin, deposition should be stopped before the needle bevel is visible in the skin.

b. Bolus Technique

The depot technique is most appropriate for injections into areas of thin skin at the level of the temples. When using this technique, Sculptra is injected as a small bolus. It is injected in the temporal fascia.

7. Volume per Injection

The maximum volume of Sculptra per individual injection should be limited to 0.1 mL – 0.2 mL, spaced at a distance of 0.5 -1 cm. Avoid overcorrection.

8. Volume per Treatment Site
  • During the initial treatment sessions, only a limited correction should be made. In contrast to other wrinkle fillers, Sculptra provides a gradual correction of a contour deficiency over several weeks. The volume of product injected per treatment area will vary depending on the surface area to be treated. Treatment of an entire cheek typically requires injection of one vial of Sculptra per cheek per injection session. Multiple injections (typically administered in a grid or cross-hatched pattern) may be required to cover the targeted area. The total number of injections and thus total volume of Sculptra injected will vary based on the surface area to be corrected, not on the depth or severity of the deficiency to be corrected.
9. Massage During the Injection Session

The treatment area should be massaged in a circular fashion after every 3-4 injections to evenly distribute the product.

10. Degree of Correction - Treat, Wait, Assess

The contour deficiency should be under-corrected, never fully corrected or overcorrected (overfilled) during any injection session. Under-correction of the treatment area allows for gradual improvement of the contour deficiency as the Sculptra effect occurs over the minimum of four weeks between assessment and possible next injection session.

11. Post-treatment Care
  • Immediately after a Sculptra injection session, redness, swelling, and/or bruising may appear in the treatment area. To reduce the risk of edema and/or bruising after injection, an ice pack wrapped in cloth (avoid any direct contact of the ice with the skin) is applied to the treated areas. See ADVERSE REACTIONS for details of the incidence and severity of adverse event observed immediately post-injection during the clinical trial.
  • To help Sculptra distribute evenly in the contour deficiency, it is important at the end of the treatment session to manually massage in a circular fashion the treatment area for a minimum of 2 minutes. A facial moisturizer should be used to perform the massage. It is recommended that the patient should massage the treated areas for five minutes, five times per day for five days after the injection session to promote a natural-looking correction.
  • Early occurrence of subcutaneous nodules at the injection site (within 3 to 6 weeks after the treatment) may be minimized by adhering to proper dilution and injection techniques (e.g., avoiding superficial injections or over-correction). In addition, massaging the treatment area to ensure proper distribution of the product may also minimize the appearance of nodules. Nodules usually resolve spontaneously. However, as reported in published literature, some nodules may require medical treatment such as subcision (break-up of nodules with sterile saline solution), and delayed occurrence of subcutaneous nodules at the injection site (usually will manifest within 3 to 4 months after the treatment) may require treatment such as intralesional injections of corticosteroids, subcision and/or excision.

Patient Instructions

It is recommended that the following information is shared with patients by the healthcare provider:

  • Within the first 24 hours, an ice pack wrapped in cloth (avoiding any direct contact of the ice with the skin) should be applied to the treatment area to reduce swelling and bruising. Sculptra may cause redness, swelling, or bruising when first injected into the skin, typically resolving in hours to one week. Hematoma may also occur, typically resolving in hours to about two weeks. Worsening or prolonged symptoms or signs should be reported to the health care provider. The original skin depression may initially reappear, but the depression should gradually improve within several weeks as the treatment effect of Sculptra occurs. The health care provider will assess the need for additional Sculptra injection sessions after at least four weeks.
  • It is recommended to massage in a circular fashion the treated areas for 5 minutes, 5 times per day for 5 days following any injection session, according to the physician’s advice.
  • Treatment with Sculptra can result in small papules in the treated area. These subcutaneous papules are typically not visible and asymptomatic and may be noticed only upon pressing on the treatment area. However, visible nodules, sometimes with redness or color change to the skin, have been reported. Patients should report these events and any other side effects to their health care provider.
  • Aesthetic make-up may be applied a few hours post-treatment if no complications are present.
  • Exposure of the treated area to sun and UV lamp exposure and extreme temperatures are to be avoided until any initial swelling and redness has resolved. Patients should be informed about appropriate sunscreen protection according to the physician’s advice.

1 Jones, Derek; Fitzgerald, Rebecca; Cox, Sue Ellen; et al. Preventing and Treating Adverse Events of Injectable Fillers: Evidence-Based Recommendations from the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery Multidisciplinary Task Force, Dermatologic Surgery: February 2021 - Volume 47 - Issue 2 - p 214-226

2 Jones, Derek; Fitzgerald, Rebecca; Cox, Sue Ellen; et al. Preventing and Treating Adverse Events of Injectable Fillers: Evidence-Based Recommendations from the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery Multidisciplinary Task Force, Dermatologic Surgery: February 2021 - Volume 47 - Issue 2 - p 214-226

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