Scutellaria barbata: A Chinese herb that belongs to a group of herbs named Scutellaria (scullcap or skullcap). It is related to mint. Both the root and the above-ground part of Scutellaria barbata have been used to make herbal medicines. The root has been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cancer of the liver, lung and rectum, and other medical problems. Extracts of the herb have antibacterial activity. Also called Ban zhi lian, Barbat skullcap, Scullcap, Scutellaria, Skullcap, Skute barbata.