Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD
Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.
- What is a seizure?
- What causes seizures?
- Seizure medications list
- What are the most common seizure medications?
- What are common seizure medication side effects?
- What is the best seizure medication?
- Seizure medications for headaches and migraines
- Seizure medications for children
- Seizure medications for pregnancy
- Seizure medications and alcohol
- Antiseizure medications for anxiety
What is a seizure?
A seizure occurs when there is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures are also known as convulsions – but not all seizures produce convulsive behavior – that is uncontrollable muscle contractions. Absence seizures, for example, involve brief periods of staring. With atonic seizures, there is a loss of muscular tone or strength. The symptoms produced by a seizure are dependent on which part of the brain is experiencing the abnormal electrical activity. Seizures are generally short-lived – from 15 seconds to 15 minutes – however; there is a life-threatening type of seizure, status epilepticus, in which the seizure does not stop.
What causes seizures?
A variety of conditions and substances can trigger seizures. Common causes include congenital abnormalities of the brain, illicit drug use, fever, brain tumors and metabolic imbalances, such as high levels of glucose or sodium. Epilepsy is a condition in which a person experiences repeated seizures, due to an overall electrical disturbance in the brain.
Seizure medications list
AMPA Receptor Antagonist
- Perampanel (Fycompa)
Calcium Channel Modulators
- Levetiracetam (Keppra, Keppra XL)
Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
- Acetazolamide (Diamox)
GABA Reuptake Inhibitors
- Tiagabine (Gabitril)
- Ezogabine/Retigabine (Potiga)
- Felbamate (Felbatol)
- Sodium Channel Modulators
- Lacosamide (Vimpat)
- Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
- Phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Zonisamide (Zonegran)
- Clobazam (Onfi)
- Clonazepam (Klonopin, Epitril, Rivotril)
- Diazepam (Valium, Diastat)
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
NMDA Receptor Blockers
Find tips and treatments to control seizures.