Shigella Infection (cont.)
In this Article
- Shigellosis facts*
- What is shigellosis?
- What are the symptoms of Shigella?
- How long after infection do symptoms appear?
- How long will symptoms last?
- Can there be any complications from Shigella infections?
- How can Shigella infections be diagnosed?
- How can Shigella infections be treated?
- Is antibiotic resistance a problem with Shigella?
- How will I know if I have an antibiotic-resistant Shigella infection?
- What should I do if I have an antibiotic-resistant Shigella infection?
- How can we reduce the spread of antibiotic-resistant Shigella?
- How is Shigella spread?
- How can I reduce my risk of getting shigellosis?
- I was diagnosed with shigellosis. What can I do to avoid giving it to other people?
- My child was diagnosed with shigellosis. How can I keep others from catching it?
- Should an infected person be excluded from school or work?
- What else can be done to prevent shigellosis?
- What can be done if an outbreak of Shigella occurs in the childcare setting?
- People at Risk
People at Risk
- Young children are the most likely to get shigellosis, but people from all age groups are affected. Many outbreaks are related to childcare settings and schools, and illness commonly spreads from young children to their family members and others in their communities because it is so contagious.
- Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are more likely to acquire shigellosis than the general adult population. Shigella passes from stools [poop] or soiled fingers of one person to the mouth of another person, which can happen during sexual activity. Many shigellosis outbreaks among MSM have been reported in the United States, Canada, Tokyo, and Europe since 1999.
- HIV-infected persons can have more severe and prolonged shigellosis, including having the infection spread into the blood, which can be life-threatening.
- Large outbreaks of Shigella have occurred in traditionally observant Jewish communities. Documented outbreaks in traditionally observant Jewish communities often begin in childcare settings and spread within and between households during social gatherings.
- Travelers to developing countries may be more likely to get shigellosis, and to become infected with strains of Shigella that are resistant to important antibiotics. Travelers may be exposed through contaminated food, water (both drinking and recreational water), or surfaces. Travelers can protect themselves by strictly following food and water precautions, and washing hands with soap frequently.
In 2013, the average annual incidence of shigellosis in the United States was 4.82 cases per 100,000 individuals.
United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Shigella -- Shigellosis." <http://www.cdc.gov/shigella/general-information.html>. Last updated: 8/3/2016
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