Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)
Table of Contents
- Sinus infection (sinusitis) definition and facts
- What are the sinuses? How many do we have?
- 18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis
- What is a sinus infection or sinusitis?
- What causes sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What are the types of sinusitis and sinus infections?
- How is sinus infection or sinusitis diagnosed?
- What kinds of doctors treat sinusitis and sinus infections?
- Are antibiotics necessary to treat sinus infections and sinusitis?
- What decongestants and nasal sprays soothe or cure sinus infections or sinusitis?
- What home remedies help soothe sinus infection or sinusitis symptoms?
- What are complications of sinus infection or sinusitis?
- Can sinus infection or sinusitis be prevented?
18 signs and symptoms of sinus infection or sinusitis
There are many signs and symptoms of sinusitis and sinus infections. The following is a summary of predominant ones (18 total) that may occur. Most patients have several signs and symptoms at the same time. Others may have some symptoms that are intermittent; most do not have all symptoms at once. The signs and symptoms of a sinus infection or sinusitis include the following:
- Headache due to pressure in partially or completely blocked sinuses. The pain may increase when the person bends down.
- Facial tenderness and/or swelling when facial areas over sinus areas are touched.
- Pressure or pain due to mucus pressing on sinus tissue or inflammation of sinuses.
- Fever due to inflammation of sinus tissues and infection.
- A cloudy, discolored nasal drainage is often seen in bacterial sinus infections.
- Congestion is a feeling of nasal stuffiness, and occurs with both infectious and non-infectious sinusitis.
- Post nasal drip is mucus overproduction from sinusitis that flows to the throat and irritates throat tissue.
- Sore throat is inflammation of throat tissue by post nasal drip.
- Cough is a response to post nasal drip and body's attempt to clear out throat tissue irritants.
- Tooth pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Ear pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Eye pain caused by pressure on surrounding nerves and tissues
- Fatigue due to fever, immune response and/or coughing
- Bad breath usually is due to bacterial infections
- Itching/sneezing - In noninfectious sinusitis, other associated allergy symptoms of itching eyes and sneezing may be common, but may include some of the symptoms listed above for infectious sinusitis.
- Nasal drainage usually is clear or whitish-colored in people with noninfectious sinusitis.
- Ulceration can occur with rare fulminant fungal infections with sharply defined edges and a black, necrotic center in the nasal area. Some fungal infections cause dark, black-appearing exudates. This requires immediate medical evaluation.
- Multiple chronic (over 1-3 months) symptoms usually are a sign of subacute or chronic sinusitis