Sodium Bicarbonate

Last updated on RxList: 3/23/2021
Sodium Bicarbonate Side Effects Center

What Is Sodium Bicarbonate?

Sodium Bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate 5% injection) is an electrolyte alkalinizer used to treat metabolic acidosis, which can occur in severe renal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory insufficiency due to shock, anoxia or severe dehydration, extracorporeal circulation of blood and severe primary lactic acidosis. Sodium bicarbonate is also used to treat certain drug intoxications, including barbiturates, or salicylates or methyl alcohol poisoning. Sodium bicarbonate is available in generic form.

What Are Side Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate?

Common side effects of sodium bicarbonate include:

Dosage for Sodium Bicarbonate

Dosage of Sodium Bicarbonate depends on the condition being treated and the weight of the patient.

What Drugs, Substances, or Supplements Interact with Sodium Bicarbonate?

Sodium Bicarbonate may interact with other drugs. Tell your doctor all prescription and over-the-counter medications and supplements you use.

Sodium Bicarbonate During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

During pregnancy, Sodium Bicarbonate should only be used if prescribed. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Additional Information

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Our Sodium Bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate 5% injection) Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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Sodium Bicarbonate Consumer Information

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Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Stop using sodium bicarbonate and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe stomach pain;
  • swelling, rapid weight gain; or
  • shortness of breath (even with mild exertion).

Common side effects may include:

  • dry mouth;
  • increased thirst; or
  • urinating more than usual.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Read the entire detailed patient monograph for Sodium Bicarbonate (Sodium Bicarbonate 5% Injection)

SLIDESHOW

Digestive Disorders: Common Misconceptions See Slideshow
Sodium Bicarbonate Professional Information

SIDE EFFECTS

Overdose of sodium bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate 5% injection) may result in a severe degree of alkalosis which may be accompanied by hyperirritability or tetany. Should alkalosis result, the bicarbonate should be stopped and the patient managed according to the degree of alkalosis present. Severe alkalosis may be controlled by parenteral injections of calcium gluconate or an acidifying agent such as ammonium chloride.

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation, and hypervolemia.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

Read the entire FDA prescribing information for Sodium Bicarbonate (Sodium Bicarbonate 5% Injection)

© Sodium Bicarbonate Patient Information is supplied by Cerner Multum, Inc. and Sodium Bicarbonate Consumer information is supplied by First Databank, Inc., used under license and subject to their respective copyrights.

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