SOMATULINE DEPOT (lanreotide) Injection 60 mg/0.2 mL, 90 mg/0.3 mL, and 120 mg/0.5 mL is a prolonged-release formulation for deep subcutaneous injection. It contains the drug substance lanreotide acetate, a synthetic octapeptide with a biological activity similar to naturally occurring somatostatin, water for injection and acetic acid (for pH adjustment).
SOMATULINE DEPOT is available as sterile, ready-to-use, single-use prefilled syringes containing lanreotide acetate supersaturated bulk solution of 24.6% w/w lanreotide base.
|Each syringe contains:||SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg/0.2 mL||SOMATULINE DEPOT 90 mg/0.3 mL||SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg/0.5 mL|
|Lanreotide acetate||77.9 mg||113.6 mg||149.4 mg|
|Water for injection||186. 6 mg||272. 3 mg||357.8 mg|
|Total Weight||266 mg||388 mg||510 mg|
Lanreotide acetate is a synthetic cyclical octapeptide analog of the natural hormone, somatostatin. Lanreotide acetate is chemically known as [cyclo S-S]-3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-tyrosyl-Dtryptophyl-L-lysyl-L-valyl-L-cysteinyl-L-threoninamide, acetate salt. Its molecular weight is 1096.34 (base) and its amino acid sequence is:
For appearance of the formulation, see Dosage Forms and Strengths.
SOMATULINE DEPOT (lanreotide) Injection 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg is indicated for the long-term treatment of acromegalic patients who have had an inadequate response to surgery and/or radiotherapy, or for whom surgery and/or radiotherapy is not an option.
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
SOMATULINE DEPOT Injection 120 mg is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable, well-or moderately-differentiated, locally advanced or metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) to improve progression-free survival [see Clinical Studies].
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Somatuline Depot should be administered by healthcare professionals. Please see enclosed Instructions for Use Leaflet for administration of Somatuline Depot.
Patients should begin treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT 90 mg given via the deep subcutaneous route, at 4-week intervals for 3 months.
After 3 months, dosage may be adjusted as follows:
- GH greater than 1ng/mL to less than or equal to 2.5 ng/mL, IGF-1 normal, and clinical symptoms controlled: maintain SOMATULINE DEPOT dose at 90 mg every 4 weeks
- GH greater than 2.5 ng/mL, IGF-1 elevated, and/or clinical symptoms uncontrolled: increase SOMATULINE DEPOT dose to 120 mg every 4 weeks.
- GH less than or equal to 1 ng/mL, IGF-1 normal, and clinical symptoms controlled: reduce SOMATULINE DEPOT dose to 60 mg every 4 weeks.
Thereafter, the dose should be adjusted according to the response of the patient as judged by a reduction in serum GH and/or IGF-1 levels; and/or changes in symptoms of acromegaly.
Patients who are controlled on SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg or 90 mg may be considered for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks. GH and IGF-1 levels should be obtained 6 weeks after this change in dosing regimen to evaluate persistence of patient response.
Continued monitoring of patient response with dose adjustments for biochemical and clinical symptom control, as necessary, is recommended.
The starting dose in patients with moderate or severe renal impairment or moderate or severe hepatic impairment should be 60 mg via the deep subcutaneous route at 4-week intervals for 3 months followed by dose adjustment as described above [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
The recommended dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT is 120 mg administered every 4 weeks by deep subcutaneous injection. There is no recommended dose adjustment for mild or moderate renal impairment. There is insufficient information to recommend a dose for patients with severe renal impairment or with hepatic impairment of any severity [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
SOMATULINE DEPOT is provided in a single-dose, prefilled syringe affixed with an automatic needle protection system. Inject SOMATULINE DEPOT via the deep subcutaneous route in the superior external quadrant of the buttock. Alternate the injection site between the right and left sides from one injection to the next. Remove SOMATULINE DEPOT from the refrigerator 30 minutes prior to administration. Keep pouch sealed until just prior to injection.
Dosage Forms And Strengths
Injection: 60 mg/0.2 mL, 90 mg/0.3 mL and 120 mg/0.5 mL sterile, single-use, prefilled syringes fitted with an automatic needle guard. The prefilled syringes contain a white to pale yellow, semi-solid formulation.
SOMATULINE DEPOT is supplied in strengths of 60 mg/0.2 mL, 90 mg/0.3 mL, and 120 mg/0.5 mL in a single, sterile, prefilled, ready-to-use, polypropylene syringe (fitted with an automatic needle guard) fitted with a 20 mm needle covered by a low density polythylene sheath.
Each prefilled syringe is sealed in a laminated pouch and packed in a carton.
NDC 15054-1060-3 60 mg/0.2 mL, sterile, prefilled syringe
NDC 15054-1090-3 90 mg/0.3 mL, sterile, prefilled syringe
NDC 15054-1120-3 120 mg/0.5 mL, sterile, prefilled syringe
Storage And Handling
SOMATULINE DEPOT must be stored in a refrigerator at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) and protected from light in its original package. Thirty (30) minutes prior to injection, remove sealed pouch of SOMATULINE DEPOT from refrigerator and allow it to come to room temperature. Keep pouch sealed until injection.
Each syringe is intended for single use. Do not use beyond the expiration date on the packaging.
SOMATULINE DEPOT is manufactured by Ipsen Pharma Biotech, Parc d'Activities du Plateau de Signes, 83870 Signes, France for Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc., 106 Allen Road, Basking Ridge, NJ 07920 USA. Revised: December 2014.
The following adverse reactions to SOMATULINE DEPOT (lanreotide) Injection are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:
- Cholelithiasis and Gallbladder Sludge [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Thyroid Function Abnormalities [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
- Cardiovascular Abnormalities [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS]
Clinical Studies Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The data described below reflect exposure to SOMATULINE DEPOT in 416 acromegalic patients in seven studies. One study was a fixed-dose pharmacokinetic study. The other six studies were open-label or extension studies, one had a placebo-controlled, run-in period, and another had an active control. The population was mainly Caucasian (329/353, 93%) with a median age of 53.0 years of age (range 19-84 years). Fifty-four subjects (13%) were age 66-74 and eighteen subjects (4.3%) were ≥ 75 years of age. Patients were evenly matched for gender (205 males and 211 females). The median average monthly dose was 91.2 mg (e.g., 90 mg injected via the deep subcutaneous route every 4 weeks) over 385 days with a median cumulative dose of 1290 mg. Of the patients reporting acromegaly severity at baseline (N=265), serum GH levels were < 10 ng/mL for 69% (183/265) of the patients and ≥ 10 ng/mL for 31% (82/265) of the patients.
The most commonly reported adverse reactions reported by > 5% of patients who received SOMATULINE DEPOT (N=416) in the overall pooled safety studies in acromegaly patients were gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, flatulence, vomiting, loose stools), cholelithiasis and injection site reactions.
Tables 1 and 2 present adverse reaction data from clinical studies with SOMATULINE DEPOT in acromegalic patients. The tables include data from a single clinical study and pooled data from seven clinical studies.
Adverse Reactions in Parallel Fixed-Dose Phase of Study 1
The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions for SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg by dose as reported during the first 4 months (fixed-dose phase) of Study 1 [see Clinical Studies] are provided in Table 1.
Table 1: Adverse Reactions at an Incidence > 5%
with Lanreotide Overall and Occurring at Higher Rate in Drug than Placebo:
Placebo-Controlled and Fixed-Dose Phase of Study 1 By Dose
|Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Phase Weeks 0 to 4||Fixed-Dose Phase Double-Blind + Single-Blind Weeks 0 to 20|
(N=25) N (%)
(N=83) N (%)
|Lanreotide 60 mg
(N=34) N (%)
|Lanreotide 90 mg
(N=36) N (%)
|Lanreotide 120 mg
(N=37) N (%)
(N=107) N (%)
|Gastrointestinal System Disorders||1 (4%)||30 (36%)||12 (35%)||21 (58%)||27 (73%)||60 (56%)|
|Diarrhea||0||26 (31%)||9 (26%)||15 (42%)||24 (65%)||48 (45%)|
|Abdominal pain||1 (4%)||6 (7%)||3 (9%)||6 (17%)||7 (19%)||16 (15%)|
|Flatulence||0||5 (6%)||0 (0%)||3 (8%)||5 (14%)||8 (7%)|
|Application Site Disorders (Injection site mass/ pain/ reaction/ inflammation)||0 (0%)||5 (6%)||3 (9%)||4 (11%)||8 (22%)||15 (14%)|
|Liver and Biliary System Disorders||1 (4%)||3 (4%)||9 (26%)||7 (19%)||4 (11%)||20 (19%)|
|Cholelithiasis||0||2 (2%)||5 (15%)||6 (17%)||3 (8%)||14 (13%)|
|Heart Rate & Rhythm Disorders||0||8 (10%)||7 (21%)||2 (6%)||5 (14%)||14 (13%)|
|Bradycardia||0||7 (8%)||6 (18%)||2 (6%)||2 (5%)||10 (9%)|
|Red Blood Cell Disorders||0||6 (7%)||2 (6%)||5 (14%)||2 (5%)||9 (8%)|
|Anemia||0||6 (7%)||2 (6%)||5 (14%)||2 (5%)||9 (8%)|
|Metabolic & Nutritional Disorders||3 (12%)||13 (16%)||8 (24%)||9 (25%)||4 (11%)||21 (20%)|
|Weight decrease||0||7 (8%)||3 (9%)||4 (11%)||2 (5%)||9 (8%)|
|A patient is counted only once for each body system and preferred term. Dictionary = WHOART.|
In Study 1, the adverse reactions of diarrhea, abdominal pain, and flatulence increased in incidence with increasing dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT.
Adverse Reactions in Long-Term Clinical Trials
Table 2 provides the most common adverse reactions that occurred in 416 acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT in seven studies. The analysis of safety compares adverse reaction rates of patients at baseline from the two efficacy studies, to the overall pooled data from seven studies. Patients with elevated GH and IGF-1 levels were either naive to somatostatin analog therapy or had undergone a 3-month washout [see Clinical Studies].
Table 2: Adverse Reactions at an Incidence > 5.0%
in Overall Group Reported in Studies 1 and 2
|System Organ Class||Number and Percentage of Patients|
|Studies 1 & 2
(N = 170)
|Overall Pooled Data
(N = 416)
|Patients with any Adverse Reactions||157||92||356||86|
|General disorders and administration site conditions||51||30||91||22|
|(Injection site pain /mass /induration/nodule /pruritus)||28||17||37||9|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders||44||26||70||17|
|Nervous system disorders||34||20||80||19|
|Dictionary -MedDRA 7.1|
In addition to the adverse reactions listed in Table 2, the following reactions were also seen:
- Sinus bradycardia occurred in 7% (12) of patients in the pooled Study 1 and 2 and in 3% (13) of patients in the overall pooled studies.
- Hypertension occurred in 7% (11) of patients in the pooled Study 1 and 2 and in 5% (20) of patients in the overall pooled studies.
- Anemia occurred in 7% (12) of patients in the pooled Study 1 and 2 and in 3% (14) of patients in the overall pooled studies.
Gastrointestinal Adverse Reactions
In the pooled clinical studies of SOMATULINE DEPOT therapy, a variety of gastrointestinal reactions occurred, the majority of which were mild to moderate in severity. One percent of acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT in the pooled clinical studies discontinued treatment because of gastrointestinal reactions.
Pancreatitis was reported in < 1% of patients.
Gallbladder Adverse Reactions
In clinical studies involving 416 acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT, cholelithiasis and gallbladder sludge were reported in 20% of the patients. Among 167 acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT who underwent routine evaluation with gallbladder ultrasound, 17.4% had gallstones at baseline. New cholelithiasis was reported in 12.0% of patients. Cholelithiasis may be related to dose or duration of exposure [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Injection Site Reactions
In the pooled clinical studies, injection site pain (4.1%) and injection site mass (1.7%) were the most frequently reported local adverse drug reactions that occurred with the administration of SOMATULINE DEPOT. In a specific analysis, 20 of 413 patients (4.8%) presented indurations at the injection site. Injection site adverse reactions were more commonly reported soon after the start of treatment and were less commonly reported as treatment continued. Such adverse reactions were usually mild or moderate but did lead to withdrawal from clinical studies in two subjects.
Glucose Metabolism Adverse Reactions
In the clinical studies in acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT, adverse reactions of dysglycemia (hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, diabetes) were reported by 14% (47/332) of patients and were considered related to study drug in 7% (24/332) of patients [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
Cardiac Adverse Reactions
In the pooled clinical studies, sinus bradycardia (3.1%) was the most frequently observed heart rate and rhythm disorder. All other cardiac adverse drug reactions were observed in < 1% of patients. The relationship of these events to SOMATULINE DEPOT could not be established because many of these patients had underlying cardiac disease [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
A comparative echocardiography study of lanreotide and another somatostatin analog demonstrated no difference in the development of new or worsening valvular regurgitation between the two treatments over one year. The occurrence of clinically significant mitral regurgitation (i.e., moderate or severe in intensity) or of clinically significant aortic regurgitation (i.e., at least mild in intensity) was low in both groups of patients throughout the study.
Other Adverse Reactions
For the most commonly occurring adverse reactions in the pooled analysis, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cholelithiasis, there was no apparent trend for increasing incidence with age. GI disorders and renal and urinary disorders were more common in patients with documented hepatic impairment; however, the incidence of cholelithiasis was similar between groups.
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
The safety of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg for the treatment of patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) was evaluated in Study 3, a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients in Study 3 were randomized to receive SOMATULINE DEPOT (N=101) or placebo (N=103) administered by deep subcutaneous injection once every 4 weeks. The data below reflect exposure to SOMATULINE DEPOT in 101 patients with GEP-NETs, including 87 patients exposed for ≥ 6 months and 72 patients exposed for ≥ 1 year (median duration of exposure 22.1 months). Patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT had a median age of 64 years (range 30-83 years), 53% were men and 96% were Caucasian. Eighty-one percent of patients (83/101) in the SOMATULINE DEPOT arm and eighty-two percent of patients (82/103) in the placebo arm did not have disease progression within 6 months of enrollment and had not received prior therapy for GEP-NETs. The rates of discontinuation due to treatment-emergent adverse reactions were 5% (5/101 patients) in the SOMATULINE DEPOT arm and 3% (3/103 patients) in the placebo arm.
Table 3 compares the adverse reactions reported with an incidence of > 5% in patients receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg administered every 4 weeks and reported more commonly than placebo.
Table 3: Adverse Reactions Occurring in > 5% of
Somatuline Depot-Treated Patients and Occurring More Commonly Than in
Placebo-Treated Patients ( > 5% higher incidence) in Study 3
|Adverse Reaction||Somatuline Depot 120 mg
|Any (%)||Severe** (%)||Any (%)||Severe** (%)|
|Any Adverse Reactions||88||26||90||31|
|Injection site reaction3||15||0||7||0|
|1 Includes preferred terms of abdominal pain,
abdominal pain upper/lower, abdominal discomfort
2 Includes preferred terms of myalgia, musculoskeletal discomfort, musculoskeletal pain, back pain
3 Includes preferred terms of infusion site extravasation, injection site discomfort, injection site granuloma, injections site hematoma, injection site hemorrhage, injection site induration, injection site mass, injections site nodule, injection site pain, injection site pruritus, injection site rash, injection site reaction, injection site swelling.
4 Includes preferred terms of diabetes mellitus, glucose tolerance impaired, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus
5 Includes preferred terms of hypertension, hypertensive crisis
6 Includes preferred terms of depression, depressed mood
* Includes one or more serious adverse events (SAEs) defined as any event that results in death, is life threatening, results in hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization, results in persistent or significant disability, results in congenital anomaly/birth defect, or may jeopardize the patient and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the outcomes listed.
** Defined as hazardous to well-being, significant impairment of function or incapacitation
Laboratory investigations of acromegalic patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT in clinical studies show that the percentage of patients with putative antibodies at any time point after treatment is low ( < 1% to 4% of patients in specific studies whose antibodies were tested). The antibodies did not appear to affect the efficacy or safety of SOMATULINE DEPOT.
In Study 3, development of anti-lanreotide antibodies was assessed using a radioimmunoprecipitation assay. In patients with GEP NETs receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT, the incidence of anti-lanreotide antibodies was 3.7% (3 of 82) at 24 weeks, 10.4% (7 of 67) at 48 weeks, 10.5% (6 of 57) at 72 weeks, and 9.5% (8 of 84) at 96 weeks. Assessment for neutralizing antibodies was not conducted.
The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to SOMATULINE DEPOT with the incidence of antibodies to other products may be misleading.
As adverse reactions experienced post-approval use are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
The profile of reported adverse reactions for SOMATULINE DEPOT was consistent with that observed for treatment-related adverse reactions in the clinical studies. Those reported most frequently being gastrointestinal disorders (abdominal pain, diarrhea, and steatorrhea), hepatobiliary disorders (cholecystitis), and general disorders and administration site conditions (injection site reactions). Occasional cases of pancreatitis have also been observed.
Insulin And Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs
Lanreotide, like somatostatin and other somatostatin analogs, inhibits the secretion of insulin and glucagon. Therefore, blood glucose levels should be monitored when lanreotide treatment is initiated or when the dose is altered, and antidiabetic treatment should be adjusted accordingly.
Concomitant administration of cyclosporine with lanreotide may decrease the relative bioavailability of cyclosporine and, therefore, may necessitate adjustment of cyclosporine dose to maintain therapeutic levels.
Other Concomitant Drug Therapy
The pharmacological gastrointestinal effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT may reduce the intestinal absorption of concomitant drugs. Limited published data indicate that concomitant administration of a somatostatin analog and bromocriptine may increase the availability of bromocriptine.
Concomitant administration of bradycardia-inducing drugs (e.g., beta-blockers) may have an additive effect on the reduction of heart rate associated with lanreotide. Dose adjustments of concomitant medication may be necessary.
Vitamin K absorption was not affected when concomitantly administered with lanreotide.
Drug Metabolism Interactions
The limited published data available indicate that somatostatin analogs may decrease the metabolic clearance of compounds known to be metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes, which may be due to the suppression of growth hormone. Since it cannot be excluded that lanreotide may have this effect, other drugs mainly metabolized by CYP3A4 and which have a low therapeutic index (e.g. quinidine, terfenadine) should therefore be used with caution. Drugs metabolized by the liver may be metabolized more slowly during lanreotide treatment and dose reductions of the concomitantly administered medications should be considered.
Included as part of the PRECAUTIONS section.
Cholelithiasis And Gallbladder Sludge
Hyperglycemia And Hypoglycemia
Pharmacological studies in animals and humans show that lanreotide, like somatostatin and other somatostatin analogs, inhibits the secretion of insulin and glucagon. Hence, patients treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT may experience hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. Blood glucose levels should be monitored when lanreotide treatment is initiated, or when the dose is altered, and antidiabetic treatment should be adjusted accordingly [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
Thyroid Function Abnormalities
Slight decreases in thyroid function have been seen during treatment with lanreotide in acromegalic patients, though clinical hypothyroidism is rare ( < 1%). Thyroid function tests are recommended where clinically indicated.
The most common overall cardiac adverse reactions observed in three pooled SOMATULINE DEPOT cardiac studies in patients with acromegaly were sinus bradycardia (12/217, 5.5%), bradycardia (6/217, 2.8%), and hypertension (12/217, 5.5%) [see ADVERSE REACTIONS].
In 81 patients with baseline heart rates of ≥ 60 beats per minute (bpm) treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT in Study 3, the incidence of heart rate < 60 bpm was 23% (19/81) as compared to 16 % (15/94) of placebo treated patients; ten patients (12%) had documented heart rates < 60 bpm on more than one visit. The incidence of documented episodes of heart rate < 50 bpm as well as the incidence of bradycardia reported as an adverse event was 1% in each treatment group. Initiate appropriate medical management in patients who develop symptomatic bradycardia.
In patients without underlying cardiac disease, SOMATULINE DEPOT may lead to a decrease in heart rate without necessarily reaching the threshold of bradycardia. In patients suffering from cardiac disorders prior to SOMATULINE DEPOT treatment, sinus bradycardia may occur. Care should be taken when initiating treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT in patients with bradycardia.
The pharmacological gastrointestinal effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT may reduce the intestinal absorption of concomitant drugs.
Lanreotide may decrease the relative bioavailability of cyclosporine. Concomitant administration of SOMATULINE DEPOT and cyclosporine may necessitate the adjustment of cyclosporine dose to maintain therapeutic levels [see DRUG INTERACTIONS].
Monitoring: Laboratory Tests
Acromegaly: Serum GH and IGF-1 levels are useful markers of the disease and the effectiveness of treatment [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION].
Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (PATIENT INFORMATION).
Advise patients to inform their doctor or pharmacist if they develop any unusual symptoms, or if any known symptom persists or worsens.
Advise patients with acromegaly that response to SOMATULINE DEPOT should be monitored by periodic measurements of GH and IGF-1 levels, with a goal of decreasing these levels to the normal range.
Advise patients experiencing dizziness not to drive or operate machinery.
Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, Impairment Of Fertility
Standard lifetime carcinogenicity bioassays were conducted in mice and rats. Mice were given daily subcutaneous doses of lanreotide acetate at 0.5, 1.5, 5, 10 and 30 mg/kg for 104 weeks. Cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of fibrous connective tissues at the injection sites were observed at the high dose of 30 mg/kg/day. Fibrosarcomas in both genders and malignant fibrous histiocytomas were observed in males at 30 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures 3-times higher than the clinical therapeutic exposure at the maximum therapeutic dose of 120 mg given by monthly subcutaneous injection based on the AUC values. Rats were given daily subcutaneous doses of lanreotide acetate at 0.1, 0.2, and 0.5 mg/kg for 104 weeks. Increased cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of fibrous connective tissues at the injection sites were observed at the dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day resulting in exposures less than the clinical therapeutic exposure at 120 mg given by monthly subcutaneous injection. The increased incidence of injection site tumors in rodents is likely related to the increased dosing frequency (daily) in animals compared to monthly dosing in humans and therefore may not be clinically relevant.
Lanreotide was not genotoxic in tests for gene mutations in a bacterial mutagenicity (Ames) assay, or mouse lymphoma cell assay with or without metabolic activation. Lanreotide was not genotoxic in tests for the detection of chromosomal aberrations in a human lymphocyte and in vivo mouse micronucleus assay.
Subcutaneous dosing (30mg/kg/2 wks) before mating and continuing into gestation in rats at doses five times the human clinical exposure (120 mg every 4 weeks) based on mg/m² had reduced fertility. Gestation length was statistically significantly increased suggesting some delay in parturition at three times the human exposure. The reduction in fertility in non-acromegalic animals is likely related to the pharmacologic activity (decreased growth hormone secretion) of lanreotide acetate.
Use In Specific Populations
Pregnancy Category C
Lanreotide has been shown to have an embryocidal effect in rats and rabbits. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. SOMATULINE DEPOT should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
Reproductive studies in pregnant rats given 30 mg/kg by subcutaneous injection every 2 weeks (five times the human dose, based on body surface area comparisons) resulted in decreased embryo/fetal survival. Studies in pregnant rabbits given subcutaneous injections of 0.45 mg/kg/day (two times the human therapeutic exposures at the maximum recommended dose of 120 mg, based on comparisons of relative body surface area) shows decreased fetal survival and increased fetal skeletal/soft tissue abnormalities.
It is not known whether lanreotide is excreted in human milk. Many drugs are excreted in human milk. As a result of serious adverse reactions from SOMATULINE DEPOT in animals and, potentially in nursing infants, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, after taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between elderly patients with acromegaly compared with younger patients and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Study 3, conducted in patients with GEP-NET, did not include sufficient numbers of patients aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger patients. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.
It is not necessary to alter the starting dose in elderly patients; lanreotide serum concentrations in the elderly are well within the range of serum concentrations safely tolerated in healthy young subjects. Similarly, it is not necessary to alter the titration or maintenance doses of SOMATULINE DEPOT, as dose selection is based on therapeutic response [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lanreotide has been studied in patients with end-stage renal function on dialysis, but has not been studied in patients with mild, moderate, or severe renal impairment. It is recommended that patients with moderate or severe renal impairment receive a starting dose of lanreotide of 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe renal impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
No effect was observed in total clearance of lanreotide in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg. Patients with severe renal impairment were not studied [see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
It is recommended that patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment receive a starting dose of lanreotide of 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks [see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION and CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY].
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
SOMATULINE DEPOT has not been studied in patients with hepatic impairment.
Mechanism Of Action
Lanreotide has a high affinity for human somatostatin receptors (SSTR) 2 and 5 and a reduced binding affinity for human SSTR1, 3, and 4. Activity at human SSTR2 and 5 is the primary mechanism believed responsible for GH inhibition. Like somatostatin, lanreotide is an inhibitor of various endocrine, neuroendocrine, exocrine, and paracrine functions.
The primary pharmacodynamic effect of lanreotide is a reduction of GH and/or IGF-1 levels enabling normalization of levels in acromegalic patients [see Clinical Studies]. In acromegalic patients, lanreotide reduces GH levels in a dose-dependent way. After a single injection of SOMATULINE DEPOT, plasma GH levels fall rapidly and are maintained for at least 28 days.
Lanreotide inhibits the basal secretion of motilin, gastric inhibitory peptide, and pancreatic polypeptide, but has no significant effect on the secretion of secretin. Lanreotide inhibits postprandial secretion of pancreatic polypeptide, gastrin, and cholecystokinin (CCK). In healthy subjects, lanreotide produces a reduction and a delay in postprandial insulin secretion, resulting in transient, mild glucose intolerance.
In healthy subjects, lanreotide inhibits meal-induced increases in superior mesenteric artery and portal venous blood flow, but has no effect on basal or meal-stimulated renal blood flow. Lanreotide has no effect on renal plasma flow or renal vascular resistance. However, a transient decrease in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and filtration fraction has been observed after a single injection of lanreotide.
In healthy subjects, non-significant reductions in glucagon levels were seen after lanreotide administration. In diabetic non-acromegalic subjects receiving a continuous infusion (21-day) of lanreotide, serum glucose concentrations were temporarily decreased by 20-30% after the start and end of the infusion. Serum glucose concentrations returned to normal levels within 24 hours. A significant decrease in insulin concentrations was recorded between baseline and Day 1 only [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS].
SOMATULINE DEPOT is thought to form a drug depot at the injection site due to the interaction of the formulation with physiological fluids. The most likely mechanism of drug release is a passive diffusion of the precipitated drug from the depot towards the surrounding tissues, followed by the absorption to the bloodstream.
After a single, deep subcutaneous administration, the mean absolute bioavailability of SOMATULINE DEPOT in healthy subjects was 73.4, 69.0, and 78.4% for the 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg doses, respectively. Mean C max values ranged from 4.3 to 8.4 ng/mL during the first day. Single-dose linearity was demonstrated with respect to AUC and Cmax , and showed high inter-subject variability. SOMATULINE DEPOT showed sustained release of lanreotide with a half-life of 23 to 30 days. Mean serum concentrations were > 1 ng/mL throughout 28 days at 90 mg and 120 mg and > 0.9 ng/mL at 60 mg.
In studies evaluating excretion, < 5% of lanreotide was excreted in urine and less than 0.5% was recovered unchanged in feces, indicative of some biliary excretion.
In a repeat-dose administration pharmacokinetics (PK) study in acromegalic patients, rapid initial release was seen giving peak levels during the first day after administration. At doses of SOMATULINE DEPOT between 60 and 120 mg, linear pharmacokinetics were observed in acromegalic patients. At steady state, mean C max values were 3.8 ± 0.5, 5.7 ± 1.7, and 7.7 ± 2.5 ng/mL, increasing linearly with dose. The mean accumulation ratio index was 2.7, which is in line with the range of values for the half-life of SOMATULINE DEPOT. The steady-state trough serum lanreotide concentrations in patients receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT every 28 days were 1.8 ± 0.3; 2.5 ± 0.9 and 3.8 ± 1.0 ng/mL at 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg doses, respectively. A limited initial burst effect and a low peak-to-trough fluctuation (81% to 108%) of the serum concentration at the plateau were observed.
For the same doses, similar values were obtained in clinical studies after at least four administrations (2.3 ± 0.9, 3.2 ± 1.1, and 4.0 ± 1.4 ng/mL, respectively).
Pharmacokinetic data from studies evaluating extended dosing use of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg demonstrated mean steady-state, C min values between 1.6 and 2.3 ng/mL for the 8-and 6-week treatment interval, respectively.
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
In patients with GEP-NETs treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 4 weeks, steady state concentrations were reached after 4 to 5 injections and the mean trough serum lanreotide concentrations at steady state ranged from 5.3 to 8.6 ng/mL.
SOMATULINE DEPOT has not been studied in specific populations. However, the pharmacokinetics of lanreotide in renal impaired, hepatic impaired, and geriatric subjects were evaluated after IV administration of lanreotide immediate release formulation (IRF) at 7 mcg/kg dose.
Studies in healthy elderly subjects showed an 85% increase in half-life and a 65% increase in mean residence time (MRT) of lanreotide compared to those seen in healthy young subjects; however, there was no change in either AUC or Cmax of lanreotide in elderly as compared to healthy young subjects. Age has no effect on clearance of lanreotide based on population PK analysis in patients with GEP-NET which included 122 patients aged 65 to 85 years with neuroendocrine tumors.
An approximate 2-fold decrease in total serum clearance of lanreotide, with a consequent 2-fold increase in half-life and AUC was observed. Patients with acromegaly and with moderate to severe renal impairment should begin treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe renal impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks.
Mild (CLcr 60-89 mL/min) or moderate (CLcr 30-59 mL/min) renal impairment has no effect on clearance of lanreotide in patients with GEP-NET based on population PK analysis which included 106 patients with mild and 59 patients with moderate renal impairment treated with SOMATULINE DEPOT. GEP-NET patients with severe renal impairment (CLcr < 30 mL/min) were not studied.
In subjects with moderate to severe hepatic impairment, a 30% reduction in clearance of lanreotide was observed. Patients with acromegaly and with moderate to severe hepatic impairment should begin treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg. Caution should be exercised when considering patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment for an extended dosing interval of SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg every 6 or 8 weeks.
The effect of hepatic impairment on clearance of lanreotide has not been studied in patients with GEP-NET.
The effect of SOMATULINE DEPOT on reducing GH and IGF-levels and control of symptoms in patients with acromegaly was studied in two long-term, multiple-dose, randomized, multicenter studies.
This one-year study included a 4-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase; a 16-week single-blind, fixed-dose phase; and a 32-week, open-label, dose-titration phase. Patients with active acromegaly, based on biochemical tests and medical history, entered a 12-week washout period if there was previous treatment with a somatostatin analog or a dopaminergic agonist.
Upon entry, patients were randomly allocated to receive a single, deep subcutaneous injection of SOMATULINE DEPOT 60 mg, 90 mg, or 120 mg or placebo. Four weeks later, patients entered a fixed-dose phase where they received 4 injections of SOMATULINE DEPOT followed by a dose-titration phase of 8 injections for a total of 13 injections over 52 weeks (including the placebo phase). Injections were given at 4-week intervals. During the dose-titration phase of the study, the dose was titrated twice (every fourth injection), as needed, according to individual GH and IGF-1 levels.
A total of 108 patients (51 males, 57 females) were enrolled in the initial placebo-controlled phase of the study. Half (54/108) of the patients had never been treated with a somatostatin analog or dopamine agonist, or had stopped treatment for at least 3 months prior to their participation in the study and were required to have a mean GH level > 5 ng/mL at their first visit. The other half of the patients had received prior treatment with a somatostatin analog or a dopamine agonist before study entry and at study entry were required to have a mean GH concentration > 3 ng/mL and at least a 100% increase in mean GH concentration after washout of medication.
One hundred and seven (107) patients completed the placebo-controlled phase, 105 patients completed the fixed-dose phase, and 99 patients completed the dose-titration phase. Patients not completing withdrew due to adverse events (5) or lack of efficacy (4).
In the double-blind phase of study 1, a total of 52 (63%) of the 83 lanreotide-treated patients had a > 50% decrease in mean GH from baseline to Week 4, including 52%, 44%, and 90% of patients in the 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg groups, respectively, compared to placebo (0%, 0/25). In the fixed-dose phase at Week 16, 72% of all 107 lanreotide-treated patients had a decrease from baseline in mean GH of > 50%, including 68% (23/34), 64% (23/36), and 84% (31/37) of patients in the 60 mg, 90 mg, and 120 mg lanreotide treatment groups, respectively. Efficacy achieved in the first 16 weeks was maintained for the duration of the study (see Table 4).
Table 4: Overall Efficacy Results Based on GH and
IGF-1 Levels by Treatment Phase in Study 1
|Before Titration 1 (16 weeks)
|Before Titration 2 (32 weeks)
|Last Value Available*
|≤ 5.0 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||20 (19%)||72 (67%)||76 (72%)||74 (69%)|
|≤ 2.5 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||0 (0%)||52 (49%)||59 (56%)||55 (51%)|
|≤ 1.0 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||0 (0%)||15 (14%)||18 (17%)||17 (16%)|
|GH Reduction||Median % Reduction||--||75.5||78.2||75.5|
|IGF-1 Reduction||Median % Reduction||--||52.31||54.52||55.4|
|IGF-1 Normal3 +GH ≤ 2.5 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||0 (0%)||41 (38%)||46 (44%)||44 (41%)|
*Last Observation Carried Forward
This was a 48-week, open-label, uncontrolled, multicenter study that enrolled patients who had an IGF-1 concentration ≥ 1.3 times the upper limit of the normal age-adjusted range. Patients receiving treatment with a somatostatin analog (other than SOMATULINE DEPOT) or a dopaminergic agonist had to attain this IGF1 concentration after a washout period of up to 3 months.
Patients were initially enrolled in a 4-month, fixed-dose phase where they received 4 deep subcutaneous injections of SOMATULINE DEPOT 90 mg, at 4-week intervals. Patients then entered a dose-titration phase where the dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT was adjusted based on GH and IGF-1 levels at the beginning of the dose-titration phase and, if necessary, again after another 4 injections. Patients titrated up to the maximum dose (120 mg) were not allowed to titrate down again.
A total of 63 patients (38 males, 25 females) entered the fixed-dose phase of the trial and 57 patients completed 48 weeks of treatment. Six patients withdrew due to adverse reactions (3), other reasons (2), or lack of efficacy (1).
After 48 weeks of treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT at 4-week intervals, 43% (27/63) of the acromegalic patients in this study achieved normal age-adjusted IGF-1 concentrations. Mean IGF-1 concentrations after treatment completion were 1.3 ± 0.7 times the upper limit of normal compared to 2.5 ± 1.1 times the upper limit of normal at baseline.
The reduction in IGF-1 concentrations over time correlated with a corresponding marked decrease in mean GH concentrations. The proportion of patients with mean GH concentrations < 2.5 ng/mL increased significantly from 35% to 77% after the fixed-dose phase and 85% at the end of the study. At the end of treatment, 24/63 (38%) of patients had both normal IGF-1 concentrations and a GH concentration of ≤ 2.5 ng/mL (see Table 5) and 17/63 patients (27%) had both normal IGF-1 concentrations and a GH concentration of < 1 ng/mL.
Table 5: Overall Efficacy Results Based on GH and
IGF-1 Levels by Treatment Phase in Study 2
|Before Titration 1(12 wks)
|Before Titration 2(28 wks)
|Last Value Available*
|Normal1||Number of Responders (%)||0(0%)||17(27%)||22(37%)||27(43%)|
|IGF-1 Reduction||Median % Reduction||--||41.0||51.0||50.3|
|≤ 5.0 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||40 (64%)||59 (94%)||57 (97%)||62 (98%)|
|≤ 2.5 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||21 (33%)||47 (75%)||47 (80%)||54 (86 %)|
|≤ 1.0 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||8 (13%)||19 (30%)||18 (31%)||28 (44%)|
|GH Reduction||Median % Reduction||--||63.2||66.7||78.62|
|IGF-1 normal1 +GH ≤ 2.5 ng/mL||Number of Responders (%)||0 (0%)||14 (22%)||20 (34%)||24 (38%)|
*Last Observation Carried Forward
Examination of age and gender subgroups did not identify differences in response to SOMATULINE DEPOT among these subgroups. The limited number of patients in the different racial subgroups did not raise any concerns regarding efficacy of SOMATULINE DEPOT in these subgroups.
Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
The efficacy of SOMATULINE DEPOT was established in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 204 patients with unresectable, well or moderately differentiated, metastatic or locally advanced, gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Patients were required to have non-functioning tumors without hormone-related symptoms. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive SOMATULINE DEPOT 120 mg (n=101) or placebo (n=103) every 4 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or a maximum of 96 weeks of treatment. Randomization was stratified by the presence or absence of prior therapy and by the presence or absence of disease progression within 6 months of enrollment. The major efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS), defined as time to disease progression as assessed by central independent radiological review using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST 1.0), or death.
The median patient age was 63 years (range 30-92 years) and 95% were Caucasian. Disease progression was present in nine of 204 patients (4.4%) in the 6 months prior to enrollment and twenty-nine patients (14%) received prior chemotherapy. Ninety-one patients (45%) had primary sites of disease in the pancreas, with the remainder originating in the midgut (35%), hindgut (7%), or unknown primary location (13%). The majority (69%) of the study population had grade 1 tumors. Baseline prognostic characteristics were similar between arms with one exception; there were 39% of patients in the SOMATULINE DEPOT arm and 27% of patients in the placebo arm who had hepatic involvement by tumor of > 25%.
Patients on the SOMATULINE DEPOT arm had a statistically significant improvement in progression-free survival compared to patients receiving placebo (see Table 6 and Figure 1).
Table 6: Efficacy Results in Study 3
n = 101
n = 103
|Number of Events (%)||32 (31.7%)||60 (58.3%)|
|Median PFS (months)(95% CI)||NE1 (NE, NE)||16.6 (11.2, 22.1)|
|HR (95% CI)||0.47 (0.30, 0.73)2|
|Log-rank p-value||< 0.001|
|1 NE = not reached at 22 months
2 Hazard Ratio is derived from a Cox stratified proportional hazards model
Figure 1: Kaplan-Meier
Curves of Progression-Free Survival
Read this Patient Information before you receive your first SOMATULINE DEPOT injection and before each injection. There may be new information. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare professional about your medical condition or your treatment.
What is SOMATULINE DEPOT?
SOMATULINE DEPOT is a prescription medicine used for:
- the long-term treatment of
people with acromegaly when:
- surgery or radiotherapy have not worked well enough or
- they are not able to have surgery or radiotherapy
- the treatment of people with a type of cancer known as neuroendocrine tumors, from the gastrointestinal tract or the pancreas (GEP-NETs) that has spread or cannot be removed by surgery
It is not known if SOMATULINE DEPOT is safe and effective in children.
What should I tell my healthcare professional before receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT?
Before you receive SOMATULINE DEPOT, tell your healthcare professional if you:
- have gallbladder problems
- have diabetes
- have thyroid problems
- have heart problems
- have kidney problems
- have liver problems
- are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. SOMATULINE DEPOT may harm your unborn baby.
- are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if SOMATULINE DEPOT passes into your breast milk. You and your healthcare professional should decide if you will take SOMATULINE DEPOT or breastfeed. You should not do both.
Tell your healthcare professional about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. SOMATULINE DEPOT and other medicines may affect each other, causing side effects. SOMATULINE DEPOT may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect how SOMATULINE DEPOT works. Your dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT or your other medicines may need to be adjusted.
Especially tell your healthcare professional if you take:
- insulin or other diabetes medicines
- a cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, or Sandimmune)
- a medicine called bromocriptine (Parlodel, Cycloset)
- medicines that lower your heart rate such as beta blockers
Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of them to show your healthcare professional when you get a new medicine.
How will I receive SOMATULINE DEPOT?
- You will receive a SOMATULINE DEPOT injection every 4 weeks in your doctor's office.
- Your precriber may change your dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT or the length of time between your injections. Your healthcare professional will tell you how long you need to receive SOMATULINE DEPOT.
- SOMATULINE DEPOT is injected deep under the skin of the upper outer area of your buttock.
- Your injection site should change (alternate) between your right and left buttock from one injection of SOMATULINE DEPOT to the next.
- During your treatment with SOMATULINE DEPOT for acromegaly, your healthcare professional may do certain blood tests to see if SOMATULINE DEPOT is working.
What are the possible side effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT?
SOMATULINE DEPOT may cause serious side effects, including:
- Gallstones. Tell your healthcare professional if
you get any of these symptoms:
- sudden pain in your upper right stomach area (abdomen)
- sudden pain in your right shoulder or between your shoulder blades
- yellowing of your skin and whites of your eyes
- fever with chills
- Changes in your blood sugar (high blood sugar or low blood sugar). If you have diabetes, test your blood sugar as your healthcare professional tells you to. Your healthcare professional may change your dose of diabetes medicine especially when you first start receiving SOMATULINE DEPOT or if your dose of SOMATULINE DEPOT changes.
- Slow heart rate
- High blood pressure
The most common side effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT in people with acromegaly include:
- stomach area (abdominal) pain
- pain, itching, or a lump at the injection site
The most common side effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT in people with GEP-NETs include:
- stomach area (abdominal) pain
- muscle and joint aches
- pain, itching, or a lump at the injection site
SOMATULINE DEPOT may cause dizziness. If this happens, do not drive a car or operate machinery.
Tell your healthcare professional if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. These are not all the possible side effects of SOMATULINE DEPOT. For more information ask your healthcare professional.
Call your healthcare professional for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
General information about the safe and effective use of SOMATULINE DEPOT.
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for conditions other than those listed in the patient leaflet. This Patient Information leaflet summarizes the most important information about SOMATULINE DEPOT. If you would like more information about SOMATULINE DEPOT, talk with your healthcare professional. You can ask your healthcare professional for information about SOMATULINE DEPOT that is written for health professionals.
For more information, go to www.somatulinedepot.com or call Ipsen Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-866-837-2422.
This Patient Information has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.