Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Last updated on RxList: 7/17/2023

Drug Summary

What Is Sotradecol?

Sotradecol (sodium tetradecyl sulfate) Injection is a sclerosing agent used to treat small, uncomplicated varicose veins in the legs. Sotradecol is not a cure for varicose veins and the effects of this medication may not be permanent.

What Are Side Effects of Sotradecol?

Common side effects of Sotradecol include:

  • mild headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • discolored skin along the treated vein (may be permanent)
  • injection site reactions (pain, hives, ulveration), or
  • allergic reactions (hives, hay fever, asthma, and severe anaphylaxis)

Seek medical care or call 911 at once if you have the following serious side effects:

  • Serious eye symptoms such as sudden vision loss, blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights;
  • Serious heart symptoms such as fast, irregular, or pounding heartbeats; fluttering in your chest; shortness of breath; and sudden dizziness, lightheadedness, or passing out;
  • Severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, arm or leg weakness, trouble walking, loss of coordination, feeling unsteady, very stiff muscles, high fever, profuse sweating, or tremors.

This document does not contain all possible side effects and others may occur. Check with your physician for additional information about side effects.

Dosage for Sotradecol

The strength of solution of Sotradecol required depends on the size and degree of varicosity. In general, a dose using the 1% solution will be found most useful with the 3% solution preferred for larger varicosities.

What Drugs, Substances, or Supplements Interact with Sotradecol?

Sotradecol may interact with birth control pills or other medications that stop or prevent ovulation (ovaries releasing eggs). Tell your doctor all medications and supplements you use.

Sotradecol During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding

During pregnancy, Sotradecol should be used only if prescribed. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.

Additional Information

Our Sotradecol (sodium tetradecyl sulfate) Injection Side Effects Drug Center provides a comprehensive view of available drug information on the potential side effects when taking this medication.

Drug Description


Sodium tetradecyl sulfate is an anionic surfactant which occurs as a white, waxy solid. The structural formula is as follows:

SOTRADECOL (Sodium Tetradscyl Sulfate) structural formula illustration

C14H28NaS04       7-Ethyl -2-methyl -4-hendecanol sulfate sodium salt       MW 316.44

Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) is a sterile nonpyrogenic solution for intravenous use as a sclerosing agent.

1% (10 mg/mL): Each mL contains sodium tetradecyl sulfate 10 mg, benzyl alcohol 0.02 mL and dibasic sodium phosphate, anhydrous 4.0 mg in Water for Injection. pH 7.9; monobasic sodium phosphate and/or sodium hydroxide added, if needed, for pH adjustment.

3% (30 mg/mL): Each mL contains sodium tetradecyl sulfate 30 mg, benzyl alcohol 0.02 mL and dibasic sodium phosphate, anhydrous 9.0 mg in Water for Injection. pH 7.9; monobasic sodium phosphate and/or sodium hydroxide added, if needed, for pH adjustment.

Indications & Dosage


Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) is indicated in the treatment of small uncomplicated varicose veins of the lower extremities that show simple dilation with competent valves. The benefit-to-risk ratio should be considered in selected patients who are great surgical risks.


Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Do not use if precipitated or discolored.

Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) is for intravenous use only. The strength of solution required depends on the size and degree of varicosity. In general, the 1% solution will be found most useful with the 3% solution preferred for larger varicosities. The dosage should be kept small, using 0.5 to 2 mL (preferably 1 mL maximum) for each injection, and the maximum single treatment should not exceed 10 mL.


Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection)

1% (10 mg/mL) - 2 mL vials; in packages of 5 (NDC 65974-162-02)
3% (30 mg/mL) - 2 mL vials; in packages of 5 (NDC 65974-163-02)


Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

Manufactured for: Angiodynamics, Inc. Queensbury, NewYork12804. Tel: 1-800-772-6446. Manufactured by: Bioniche Teo, Inverin, Co. Galway, Ireland. Sotradecol (sodium tetradecyl) is a registered trademark used by Bioniche under license from a third party. Issued: October 2006. Revised: December 2006. FDA rev date: 11/12/2004

Side Effects & Drug Interactions


Local reactions consisting of pain, urticaria or ulceration may occur at the site of injection. A permanent discoloration may remain along the path of the sclerosed vein segment. Sloughing and necrosis of tissue may occur following extravasation of the drug. (See WARNINGS section).

Allergic reactions such as hives, asthma, hay fever and anaphylactic shock have been reported. Mild systemic reactions that have been reported include headache, nausea and vomiting. (See WARNINGS section).

At least six deaths have been reported with the use of Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) . Four cases of anaphylactic shock leading to death have been reported in patients who received Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) . One of these four patients reported a history of asthma, a contraindication to the administration of Sotradecol®. (See WARNINGS section).

One death has been reported in a patient who received Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) and who had been receiving an an ovulatory agent. Another death (fatal pulmonary embolism) has been reported in a 36-year-old female treated with sodium tetradecyl acetate and who was not taking oral contraceptives.


No well-controlled studies have been performed on patients taking anovulatory agents. The physician must use judgment and evaluate any patient taking anti ovulatory drugs prior to initiating treatment with Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) . (See ADVERSE REACTIONS section).

Heparin should not be included in the same syringe as Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) , since the two are incompatible.



Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) should only be administered by a physician familiar with venous anatomy and the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the venous system and familiar with proper injection technique. Severe adverse local effects, including tissue necrosis, may occur following extravasation; therefore, extreme care in intravenous needle placement and using the minimal effective volume at each injection site are important.

Emergency resuscitation equipment should be immediately available. Allergic reactions, including fatal anaphylaxis, have been reported. As a precaution against anaphylactic shock, it is recommended that 0.5 mL of Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) be injected into a varicosity, followed by observation of the patient for several hours before administration of a second or larger dose. The possibility of an anaphylactic reaction should be kept in mind, and the physician should be prepared to treat it appropriately.

Because of the danger of thrombosis extension into the deep venous system, thorough preinjection evaluation for valvular competency should be carried out and slow injections with a small amount (not over 2 mL) of the preparation should be injected into the varicosity. Deep venous patency must be determined by angiography or noninvasive testing such as duplex ultrasound. Venous sclerotherapy should not be undertaken if tests such as Trendelenberg and Perthes, and angiography show significant valvular or deep venous incompetence.

The development of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism have been reported following sclerotherapy treatment of superficial varicosities. Patients should have post-treatment follow-up of sufficient duration to assess for the development of deep vein thrombosis. Embolism may occur as long as four weeks after injection of sodium tetradecyl sulfate. Adequate post-treatment compression may decrease the incidence of deep vein thrombosis.




Extreme caution must be exercised in the presence of underlying arterial disease such as marked peripheral arteriosclerosis or thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's Disease).

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment Of Fertility

When tested in the L5178YTK +/- mouse lymphoma assay, sodium tetradecyl sulfate did not induce a dose-related increase in the frequency of thymidine kinase-deficient mutants and, therefore, was judged to be non mutagenic in this system. However, no long-term animal carcinogenicity studies with sodium tetradecyl sulfate have been performed.


Teratogenic Effects - Pregnancy Category C. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) . It is also not known whether Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed and the benefits outweigh the risks.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when SotradecoP is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.

Overdose & Contraindications


No information provided.


Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) is contraindicated in previous hypersensitivity reactions to the drug; in acute superficial thrombophlebitis; valvular or deep vein incompetence; huge superficial veins with wide open communications to deeper veins; phlebitis migrans; acute cellulitis; allergic conditions; acute infections; varicosities caused by abdominal and pelvic tumors unless the tumor has been removed; bedridden patients; such uncontrolled systemic diseases as diabetes, toxic hyperthyroidism, tuberculosis, asthma, neoplasm, sepsis, blood dyscrasias and acute respiratory or skin diseases.

Clinical Pharmacology


Sotradecol® (sodium tetradecyl) (sodium tetradecyl sulfate injection) is a sclerosing agent. Intravenous Injection causes intima inflammation and thrombus formation. This usually occludes the injected vein. Subsequent formation of fibrous tissue results in partial or complete vein obliteration that may or may not be permanent.

Animal Toxicology

The intravenous LD„ of sodium tetradecyl sulfate in mice was reported to be 90 ± 5 mg/kg.

In the rat, the acute intravenous LD„ of sodium tetradecyl sulfate was estimated to be between 72 mg/kg and 108 mg/kg.

Purified sodium tetradecyl sulfate was found to have an LD„ of 2 g/kg when administered orally by stomach tube as a 25% aqueous solution to rats. In rats given 0.15 g/kg in drinking water for 30 days, no appreciable toxicity was seen, although some growth inhibition was discernible.

Medication Guide


No information provided. Please refer to the WARNINGS and PRECAUTIONS sections.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.