STDs in Men Overview (cont.)
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
In this Article
- STDS in men: Definitions and facts
- What are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
- What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
- What causes STDs in men?
- Who is at risk for STDs?
- List of STDs in men
- 1. Chlamydia
- 2. Gonorrhea
- 3. Trichomoniasis
- 4. HIV
- 5. Genital herpes
- 6. Genital warts (HPV)
- 7. Hepatitis B and C
- 8. Syphilis
- 9. Zika virus
- What tests diagnose STDs in men?
- What is the treatment for STDs in men?
- What happens if a man does not receive treatment for an STD? Can you die from an STD?
- How can a man prevent from becoming infected with an STDs?
- Which specialties of doctors treat STDs in Men?
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) FAQs
- Find a local Urologist in your town
What are the signs and symptoms of STDs in men?
In men, STDs can be grouped into three categories:
- STDs that predominantly cause genital lesions (sores or abnormalities on the genital organs)
- STDs that predominantly cause inflammation of the urethra (urethritis)
- STDs that cause symptoms and signs throughout the body (systemic STDs)
Some of the STDs that cause local lesions or urethritis, including gonorrhea and syphilis, can also cause damage to other organs and spread within the body if not treated.
Depending upon the exact infection, STDs that cause genital lesions may cause genital warts, painful blisters, or ulcers. STDs that cause urethritis cause early signs and symptoms often associated with a urinary tract infection, including a painful or burning sensation during urination and discharge from the urethra.
The section below reviews the specific signs and symptoms of eight common STDs.
What causes STDs in men?
- STDs can be caused by different kinds of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites.
- Sexually transmitted viral infections include human papillomavirus (HPV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus (HSV), hepatitis B and C, and human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8).
- Sexually transmitted bacterial infections include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.
- Trichomonas is an example of a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. Infestations with parasitic bugs, such as lice or scabies, can also be transmitted by close contact and may be acquired during sexual activity.
- Humans contract the Zika virus through the bite of an infected vector mosquito, and the Zika virus can be transmitted to others through sexual contact.
Next: Who is at risk for STDs?
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