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Stomach Pain: Causes, Types and Prevention

Reviewed on 9/10/2020

What is stomach pain or discomfort?

Stomach pain and discomfort may be due to a variety of causes.
Stomach pain and discomfort may be due to a variety of causes.

Sometimes, you may have pain/discomfort in a particular part of your belly or all over the belly for a short or long period of time.

You may also experience troubling symptoms such as bloating, belching and nausea or heartburn, diarrhea or constipation along with cramps

It may be seen across different age groups in both genders. Worldwide, there are various nomenclatures used to describe belly pain, frequency, severity, impact of pain and response.

Your stomach pain could be continuous or intermittent, with or without a relationship to eating, defecation or menses. The pain may affect your everyday digestion (hunger or bowel habits).

What are the different types of stomach pain?

Stomach pain is usually described based on the location within the stomach and abdomen. The types of stomach pain considering the location of your pain are as follows

What are the common causes of stomach pain?

Whether you've got a mild ache, sharp pain, cramps or abdominal pain, it can have many possible causes. Commonly your stomach may hurt because of the following reasons

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How can I prevent stomach pain?

Dietary changes

Self-medication/self-help under your doctor’s advice

  • Take over-the-counter medications for diarrhea, gaseous distention and constipation where appropriate.
  • Take antacids and drugs that prolong acid production (proton pump inhibitors [PPIs]) .  These are probably inappropriate for treating abdominal cramping and pain.
  • Laxatives may cause cramps, but they can reduce pain if you have more severe constipation.

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References
Medscape Medical Reference

World Gastroenterology Organisation


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