Generic Name: Sufentanil
Brand Name: Sufenta
Drug Class: Opioid Analgesics; Synthetic, Opioids
What Is Sufentanil and How Does It Work?
Sufentanil is a prescription medication used as anesthesia.
- Sufentanil is available under the following different brand names: Sufenta
What Are Dosages of Sufentanil?
Adult and pediatric dosage
Injectable solution: Schedule II
Adult and geriatric dosage
- Induction/intubation: 1-2 mcg/kg IV, THEN 10-50 mcg IV as needed
- General Anesthesia: 8-30 mcg/kg IV, THEN 25-30 mcg IV as needed
- Children below 2 years: Safety and efficacy not established
- Children between 2-12 years: 10-25 mcg/kg IV increments
- Children above 12 years: 8-30 mcg/kg IV, THEN 25-30 mcg IV as needed.
Dosage Considerations – Should be Given as Follows:
- See “Dosages”
What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Sufentanil?
Common side effects of Sufentanil include:
- dry mouth,
- feeling full,
- muscle spasm,
- redness or the face, neck, arms, and upper chest,
- drowsiness, and
- difficulty sleeping.
Serious side effects of Sufentanil include:
- difficulty breathing,
- swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat,
- blurred vision,
- unusual tiredness,
- red or pink urine,
- blue lips, fingernails, or skin,
- burning feeling in the chest or stomach,
- numbness or tingling feeling,
- chest pain or pressure,
- little or no urination,
- painful or difficulty urinating (dribbling),
- slow or shallow breathing,
- increased blood pressure,
- increased thirst,
- rapid breathing,
- loss of appetite,
- lower back or side pain,
- severe constipation,
- severe vomiting,
- slow, fast or irregular heartbeat,
- stomach pain,
- swelling of the fingers or lower legs,
- abdominal pain,
- weight gain,
- darkening of the skin,
- difficulty swallowing,
- poor coordination,
- talking or acting with excitement,
- trembling or shaking,
- cold and clammy skin,
- constricted pupils,
- cough with pink frothy sputum,
- severe drowsiness, and
- loss of consciousness.
Rare side effects of Sufentanil include:
What Other Drugs Interact with Sufentanil?
If your medical doctor is using this medicine to treat your pain, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider, or pharmacist first.
- Sufentanil has severe interactions with the following drug:
- Sufentanil has serious interactions with at least 49 drugs.
- Sufentanil has moderate interactions with at least 231 drugs.
- Sufentanil has minor interactions with at least 59 drugs.
This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker for any drug interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns.
What Are Warnings and Precautions for Sufentanil?
- Relative: hepatic function impairment
Effects of drug abuse
- See “What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Sufentanil?”
- See “What Are Side Effects Associated with Using Sufentanil?”
- Use caution in bradycardia, compromised cardiac reserve, head injury, hypothyroidism, increased intracranial pressure, intracranial lesions, renal function impairment, respiratory impairment
- Concurrent administration of benzodiazepine or neuromuscular blocker will decrease chest wall rigidity
- In patients who may be susceptible to intracranial effects of CO2 retention (e.g., those with evidence of increased intracranial pressure or brain tumors), therapy may reduce respiratory drive, and resultant CO2 retention can further increase intracranial pressure; monitor such patients for signs of sedation and respiratory depression, particularly when initiating therapy; opioids may obscure the clinical course in a patient with a head injury; avoid the use in patients with impaired consciousness or coma
- May cause spasm of the sphincter of Oddi; opioids may cause increases in serum amylase; monitor patients with biliary tract disease, including acute pancreatitis, for worsening symptoms
- Therapy may increase the frequency of seizures in patients with seizure disorders and other clinical settings associated with seizures; monitor patients for worsened seizure control during therapy
- Life-threatening respiratory depression is more likely to occur in elderly, cachectic, or debilitated patients because they may have altered pharmacokinetics or altered clearance compared to younger, healthier patients; monitor closely
- Profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, and death may result from concomitant administration with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (e.g., non-benzodiazepine sedatives/hypnotics, anxiolytics, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, general anesthetics, antipsychotics, other opioids, alcohol); because of these risks, reserve concomitant prescribing of these drugs for use in patients for whom alternative treatment options are inadequate
- Opioids can cause sleep-related breathing disorders including central sleep apnea (CSA) and sleep-related hypoxemia; opioid use increases the risk of CSA in a dose-dependent fashion; in patients who present with CSA, consider decreasing opioid dosage using best practices for opioid taper
- Cases of serotonin syndrome, a potentially life-threatening condition, reported with concomitant use of serotonergic drugs; this may occur within the recommended dosage range; the onset of symptoms generally occurs within several hours to a few days of concomitant use, but may occur later than that; discontinue therapy immediately if serotonin syndrome is suspected
- Muscle rigidity occurring during induction of can be treated by decreasing rate or discontinuing infusion of drug or by administering a neuromuscular blocking agent; neuromuscular blocking agents used should be compatible with the patient's cardiovascular status
- Not to be administered into same IV tubing with blood due to potential inactivation by nonspecific esterases in blood products
- Proper placement of needle or catheter in epidural space should be verified before the drug is injected to assure that unintentional intravascular or intrathecal administration does not occur; unintentional intravascular injection of sufentanil could result in a potentially serious overdose, including acute truncal muscular rigidity and apnea; unintentional intrathecal injection of sufentanil/bupivacaine epidural doses and volume could produce effects of high spinal anesthesia including prolonged paralysis and delayed recovery; if analgesia is inadequate, placement and integrity of catheter should be verified before administration of any additional epidural medications; administer epidurally by slow injection
- Bradycardia may occur; monitor heart rate during dosage initiation and titration; responsive to ephedrine or anticholinergic drugs
- Therapy may cause severe hypotension including orthostatic hypotension and syncope in ambulatory patients; there is increased risk in patients whose ability to maintain blood pressure has already been compromised by a reduced blood volume or concurrent administration of certain CNS depressant drugs (e.g., phenothiazines or general anesthetics); monitor patients for signs of hypotension after initiating or titrating dosage; in patients with circulatory shock, therapy may cause vasodilation that can further reduce cardiac output and blood pressure; avoid therapy in patients with circulatory shock
Pregnancy and Lactation
- Prolonged use of opioid analgesics during pregnancy may cause neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome; available data in pregnant women are insufficient to inform a drug-associated risk for major birth defects and miscarriage
- Labor or delivery
- Opioids cross the placenta and may produce respiratory depression and psycho-physiologic effects in neonates; an opioid antagonist, such as naloxone, must be available for reversal of opioid-induced respiratory depression in the neonate; the drug is not recommended for use in women during and immediately before labor when the use of shorter-acting analgesics or other analgesic techniques are more appropriate; opioid analgesics can prolong labor through actions that temporarily reduce strength, duration, and frequency of uterine contractions; however, this effect is not consistent and may be offset by an increased rate of cervical dilatation, which tends to shorten labor; monitor neonates exposed to opioid analgesics during labor for signs of excess sedation and respiratory depression.
- The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for therapy; capsules and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from therapy or underlying maternal condition
- Monitor infants exposed to the drug through breast milk for excess sedation and respiratory depression; withdrawal symptoms can occur in breastfed infants when maternal administration of an opioid analgesic is stopped, or when breastfeeding is stopped
- Withdrawal signs can occur in breast-fed infants when maternal administration of an opioid analgesic is stopped or when breastfeeding is stopped; naloxone may precipitate opioid withdrawal in a breast-fed infant whose mother received opioid analgesics