Synjardy

Medical Editor: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Last updated on RxList: 03/17/2022
Synjardy Patient Information Including Side Effects

Brand Names: Synjardy, Synjardy XR

Generic Name: empagliflozin and metformin

What is empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Empagliflozin and metformin is a combination medicine used together with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Empagliflozin and metformin is also used to lower the risk of death from heart attack, stroke, or heart failure in adults with type 2 diabetes who also have heart disease.

This medicine is not for treating type 1 diabetes.

Empagliflozin and metformin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What are the possible side effects of empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; trouble swallowing, difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Seek medical attention right away if you have signs of a serious genital infection (penis or vagina): burning, itching, odor, discharge, pain, tenderness, redness or swelling of the genital or rectal area, fever, not feeling well. These symptoms may get worse quickly.

Stop taking this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have:

  • a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
  • dehydration--dizziness, confusion, feeling very thirsty, less urination;
  • ketoacidosis (too much acid in the blood)--nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, confusion, unusual drowsiness, or trouble breathing;
  • lactic acidosis--unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, stomach pain, vomiting, irregular heart rate, dizziness, feeling cold, or feeling very weak or tired; or
  • signs of a bladder infection--pain or burning when you urinate, blood in your urine, pain in pelvis or back.

Some side effects may be more likely to occur in older adults.

Common side effects may include:

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most important information I should know about empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Stop taking this medicine and call your doctor at once if you have signs of a serious side effect, such as severe stomach pain (may spread to your back), vomiting, tiredness, or trouble breathing.

Tell your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, or if you eat or drink less than usual.

Get emergency medical help if you have symptoms of lactic acidosis such as unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, irregular heartbeats, or if you feel very weak.

This medicine can cause serious infections around the penis or vagina. Get medical help right away if you have burning, itching, odor, discharge, pain, tenderness, redness or swelling of the genital or rectal area, fever, or if you don't feel well.

SLIDESHOW

Type 2 Diabetes: Signs, Symptoms, Treatments See Slideshow
Synjardy Patient Information including How Should I Take

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to empagliflozin or metformin, or if you have:

If you need to have surgery or any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye that is injected into your veins, you may need to temporarily stop taking this medicine. Be sure your caregivers know ahead of time that you are using empagliflozin and metformin.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • liver or kidney disease;
  • a bladder infection or urination problems;
  • congestive heart failure, a heart attack or stroke;
  • a genital infection (penis or vagina);
  • problems with your pancreas, including surgery;
  • if you are on a low salt diet; or
  • if you are 65 or older.

You may develop lactic acidosis, a dangerous build-up of lactic acid in your blood. Ask your doctor about your risk.

Follow your doctor's instructions about using this medicine if you are pregnant or you become pregnant. Controlling diabetes is very important during pregnancy.

You should not use empagliflozin and metformin during the second or third trimester of pregnancy.

Metformin may stimulate ovulation in a premenopausal woman and may increase the risk of unintended pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about your risk.

Do not breastfeed.

Not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I take empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Take with meals.

Swallow the extended-release tablet whole and do not crush, chew, break, or dissolve it. Tell your doctor if you have trouble swallowing the tablet.

Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may also need to test the level of ketones in your urine. Empagliflozin can cause life-threatening ketoacidosis (too much acid in the blood). Even if your blood sugar is normal, contact your doctor if a urine test shows that you have high ketones in the urine.

Blood sugar can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals.

Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can make you feel very hungry, dizzy, irritable, or shaky. To quickly treat hypoglycemia, eat or drink hard candy, crackers, raisins, fruit juice, or non-diet soda. Your doctor may prescribe glucagon injection in case of severe hypoglycemia.

You may get dehydrated during prolonged illness. Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, or if you eat or drink less than usual.

Tell your doctor if you have a planned surgery.

This medicine can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using empagliflozin and metformin.

Your doctor may have you take extra vitamin B12 while you are taking empagliflozin and metformin. Take only the amount of vitamin B12 your doctor has prescribed.

Your treatment may also include diet, exercise, weight control, and special medical care.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

QUESTION

______________ is another term for type 2 diabetes. See Answer
Synjardy Patient Information including If I Miss a Dose

What happens if I miss a dose (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Take the medicine (with food) as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

Overdose may cause lactic acidosis. Symptoms may include unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, irregular heartbeats, or if you feel very weak.

What should I avoid while taking empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Avoid drinking alcohol. It may increase your risk of lactic acidosis.

Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy.

What other drugs will affect empagliflozin and metformin (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Other drugs may increase or decrease the effects of empagliflozin and metformin on lowering your blood sugar. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:

This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect empagliflozin and metformin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Where can I get more information (Synjardy, Synjardy XR)?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about empagliflozin and metformin.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

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