Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
Table of Contents
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- What is temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?
- What are the risk factors for TMJ syndrome?
- What causes TMJ syndrome?
- What are TMJ syndrome symptoms and signs?
- How do health-care professionals diagnose TMJ syndrome?
- What is the treatment for TMJ syndrome? Are there any home remedies that provide TMJ pain relief?
- What types of doctors treat TMJ?
- What is the prognosis for TMJ syndrome?
- Is it possible to prevent TMJ syndrome?
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome facts
- The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome.
- Causes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing.
- Signs and symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome include
- pain in the jaw joint,
- jaw clicking and popping,
- ear pain/earache,
- popping sounds in ears,
- stiff or sore jaw muscles,
- pain in the temple area, or
- locking of the jaw joint.
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome often responds to home remedies, including ice packs to the joint, over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), avoiding chewing gum, massage or gentle stretches of the jaw and neck, and stress reduction.
- When home treatment does not work, medical treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome includes dental splints, Botox injections, physical therapy, prescription medications, and in severe cases, surgery.
- The prognosis for TMJ syndrome is generally good as the disorder can usually be managed with self-care and home remedies.
1/6Reviewed on 12/1/2016